OPIUM



Causes ulcers on the palate and tongue. [WEDEL, l. c., p. 26.]

When chewed it burns the mouth and tongue, and inflames the fauces. [LINDESTOLPE, De Venenis, p. 591. (General statement.) ]

Causes intolerable biting burning like pepper on the tongue. [BOERHAAVE, Praelect., iv, p. 529. (Taken into the mouth in some quantity.) ]

165. On the neck distented veins, and violently beating arteries. (No distention is made in the original between veins and arteries.) [MATTHAEI, l. c.]

Difficulty of swallowing. [LASSUS, l. c.]

Impossibility of swallowing. [AEPLI, l. c.]

Bitterness of the mouth. [GRIMM, l. c.]

Insipid, flat, almost no taste.

170. Sout taste.

Bitter taste in the mouth, the next morning. [CHARVET, l. c.]

Anorexia.

(In large doses) it takes away the appetite immediately. [WILLIS, l. c.]

Loss of appetite. [JOERDENS, in Hufel. Journ., xvii, 1. (Observation on self, when taking laudanum to secure sleep.) – REINEGGS,- BERGIUS, l. c.]

175. Want of appetite for food and drink. [MURRAY, l. c.]

He loathes everything. [REINEGGS, l. c.]

For a long time distate for all food. [TRALLES, § I, p. 142.]

Extreme loathing of food with great weakness. [MATTHAEI, l. c.]

Extreme loathing of animal food, with dirty tongue. [MATTHAEI, l. c.]

180. He wishes to eat, but has scarcely taken a morsel when he desires no more. [REINEGGS, l. c.]

Increased appetite.

Ravenous hunger in frequent fits, sometimes with insipid taste in the mouth (aft.3 and more h.).

Ravenous hunger. [KAMFER, (Observation on self in health.) Amoen, exot., fasc. iii, obs. 15.]

Ravenous hunger, with distension and oppression of the stomach after eating. [MANCHART, (From a grain of crude opium taken by self. Said by reporter to be a common occurrence with him. (Wrongly printed “Mouchard.”)Eph Nat. Cur., cent. I, obs. 15.]

185. Excessive hunger with great exhaustion. [WARD, in Neues Journ. d. Ausland. Medorrhinum Literatur, iv, 1. (From external application.) ]

Ravenous hunger with loathing of food. [GRIMM, l. c.]

Nausea. [GRIMM. MATTHAEI, l. c., viii, 4.]

Inclination to vomit. [MATTHAEI, l. c., xi, 2.]

Frequent loathing and vomiting. [J. J. WALDSCHMID, Monita Medica Circa opium, Marburg. 1679. (Not accessible).]

190. Violent, ineffectual efforts to vomit. [CHARVET, l. c.]

Ineffectual efforts to vomit. [CHARVET, l. c.]

Vomiting (after a few minutes).

Inclination to vomit on moving. [CHARVET, l. c.]

Vomiting after eating. [CHARVET, l. c.]

195. Efforts to vomit, haematemesis. [HECQUET, l. c., p. 314.]

Excites vomiting. [WEDEL, l. c.]

Along with stomachache and convulsive movements she vomits. [JUNCKER and BOEHMER, Diss. sistens casum Matronoe largissimo usu Opii tractoe, Halae, 1744, p. 7. (Not accessible).]

Constant vomiting. [PYL, l. c., p. 94.]

Vomiting of green matter. [DE LA CROIX, l. c.]

200. Insensibility of the stomach to emetics. [MURRAY, l. c.]

Eructation (aft. 5 h.). [GRIMM, l. c.]

Full in the stomach. [JOERDENS, l. c.]

Stomachache. [BOHN, l. c.]

Hiccough continued, with short interruptions. [SCHWEIKERT, in Hufel. Journ., viii, 3.]

205. Great aching in the stomach (immediately). [WILLIS, l. c.]

Pressure in the stomach, as if a stone lay there (aft. 2 h.).

Immediately after a meal violent pressure in the gastric region relieved by walking. [Ctz.]

Painful (i.e. to touch.) distension of the stomach. [D’ OUTREPONT, l. c.]

210. After dinner, extremely annoying pressure over the stomach, as if he had eaten too much or too hard food, which was relieved by movement in the open air. [Sche.]

Violent pains in the stomach. [LEVESQUE – BLASOURCE, l. c.]

Quickly, stomachache and compression of the diaphragm. [FR. HOFFMANN, Diss. de corrections Opii., hal., 1702, § 16. (Not accessible.) ]

Constrictive pain in the stomach, which is intolerable and causes deathly anxiety. [YOUNG, l. c. (From opium taken immediately after dinner. [Young’s statement is that the man took his dose ‘after a plentiful supper and load of liquor.”) ]

Weakens the stomach. [HALLER, l. c., p. 519.]

215. Makes the digestion slower and diminishes the appetite. [GEOFFROY, Mat. Medorrhinum, ii. (General statement.) ]

Slow digestion. [WILLIS, l. c. cap. 2.]

Deranges the digestion, excites a feeling of weight and compression in the stomach, and an indescribable uneasiness in the scrobiculus cordis. [ETTMULLER, l. c.]

Painful distension of the scrobiculus cordis. [TRALLES, l. c., p. 142.]

The abdomen is distented especially in the umbilical region. [De LA CROIX, l. c.]

220. Feeling of distension of the abdomen and particularly of the stomach.

In the stomach and bowels accumulation of flatulence. [MURRAY, l. c.]

Distented abdomen. [DE LA CROIX,- TRALLES, l. c.]

Abdomen tense and painful. [J. HUNTER, l. c.]

Bellyache, as from a purgative (aft. ½ h.).

225. Bellyache, as from a chill.

Bellyache of simple pain, as if bruised (aft. 2 h.).

Aching and pressing distension of the abdomen as if it would burst; it was relieved by bodily exertion, on sitting down the aching returned (aft. 2 h.). [Gn.]

Constant development of flatulence. [TRALLES, l. c., pp. 142, 148,- REINEGGS, l. c.]

Frequent discharge of flatus (aft. 24 h.). [Gn.]

230. Sensation ofa weight in the abdomen, in the umbilical region, with anxiety, sensation of transient, internal heat, and stupefaction of the head (aft. 1 h.).

Throbbing in the abdomen.

Aching and tensive pain in the abdomen (aft. 24 h.).

Stitches in the left side of the abdomen, also when not breathing (aft. 3 h.).

Bellyache before and after evacuation of the bowels.

235. Pressure and heaviness in the abdomen as from a stone. [CH G. BUTTNER, Unterr, uber d. Todtlichk. D. Wunden, p. 224. (Observation (p. 204). ]

Drawing pain in the abdomen. [MATTHAEI, l. c.]

Pain in the abdomen, as if the bowels were cut to pieces. [JUNCKER and BOHMER, l. c., p. 8.]

Inactivity of the bowels and retained stool. (In the original – “dulness or difficulty of evacuation.”) [WILLIS, l. c.]

Paralysis of the bowels. (Rather – “the intestines seemed paralysed.”) [PYL, l. c., p. 94.]

240. Almost always binds the bowels. [TRALLES, l. c., p. 145.]

Rare evacuations. [MURRAY, l. c.]

Constant retention of the stool and costiveness. [TRALLES, l. c., p. 144.]

Retention of the intestinal evacuations.

Faeces and urine interrupted. [KILIAN, l. c.]

245. Constipation for ten days (ending in death). [PYL, l. c.]

Hard stool only passed with an effort, for six days. [Ctz.]

Costiveness for six or eight weeks, with anorexia; the excrements only come away with clysters, and in the form of small hard balls. [JUNCKER and BOHMER, l. c., p. 8.]

250. Costiveness for several months. [TRALLES, l. c., p. 145.]

Stool in small hard lumps, with labour-like pains, as in parturition. [TRALLES, l. c., p. 146.]

Almost incurable, chronic costiveness. [WALDSCHMID, l. c., p. 17.]

Opium sometimes causes diarrhoea (in its secondary action). [HAMBERGER, l. c., § 15.]

Evacuation of the bowels, pappy stool (Immediately or within ½ h.).

255. Very foetid stool (aft. 20 h.).

Increased faecal evacuation. [BAURR, (Observation). In (Acta Nat. Cur., ii, obs. 93.)

Watery diarrhoea. [BAUTZMANN, (Observation (Obs.44.) in Misc. Nat. Cur.,Dec. ii, ann. 8. (When ever she uses opium for her toothache.)

Evacuation of a black matter by stool (aft. 24 h.). [LEVESQUE – BLASOURCE, l. c.]

Fluid frothy stools, with itching burning in the anus and violent tenesmus. [GRIMM, l. c.]

260. Very foetid diarrhoea. [GRIMM, l. c.]

Violent painful movements of the foetid, often remitting for hours, but recurring in still greater intensity. [D’OUTERPONT, l. c.]

The uterus as soft. (In the original – “The utherus was so soft that the movements of the child”- see previous symptom – “could be felt externally.” This was coincident with a general paralysed state.)

Horrible labour-like pains in the uterus, which compelled her to bend the abdomen double, with anxious, almost ineffectual urging to stool (aft. ¼ h.).

Horrible pressing-asunder pain in the rectum (between 4 and 6 h.).

265. Lemon-coloured urine, with much sediment. [GRIMM, l. c.]

Dark coloured urine. [RIEDLIN, Lin. Medorrhinum, ann. Iv, þDecemb., obs. 16. (Observation.)]

Dark urine and dry tongue (in himself). [YOUNG, l. c.]

Very dark red urine, which deposits a sediment. [MATTHAEI, l. c.]

Haematuria. [HECQUET, l. c.]

270. Very scanty, very red urine, without cloudiness. [MATTHAEI, l. c.]

The urine has a brick-coloured sediment. [CHARVET, l. c.]

Sensation when straining to pass urine as if the passage to the urethra were closed.

Involuntary interruption of the stream when urinating. [CHARVET, l. c.]

He can only pass the urine after long straining. [CHARVET, l. c.]

275. He passes little urine of very dark red colour, with cutting pains while urinating. [MATTHAEI, l. c.]

Suppresses the evacuation of urine.[MURRAY, l. c.]

Urine suppressed. [KILIAN, l. c.]

Retention of urine. [MATTHAEI, l. c. – HUNTER, l. c., p. 641.]

Opium suppresses the secretion of urine. [PITCRAINE, Diss. de Circulatione in Animalibus genitis et non genitis, L. B., § 13. (Observations.) ]

280. Retention of urine, with quite dry mouth and increased thirst. [MATTHAEI, l. c.]

Keeps back the evacuation of urine. [ETTMULLER, l. c., §§ 3. 4.]

Weakens the contractile power of the bladder. [DE HALLER, De Partib. Corp. irritab. Et sensib., sect. 2. (Not found.) ]

Opium sometimes suppresses sometimes promotes the urine. [GEOFFROY, l. c.]

Excites the urinary secretion. [WILLIS, l. c. – BERGER, l. c., § 2.]

285. Stiffness of the penis during sleep, and after waking complete impotence. [SRALPAART VAN DER WIEL, cent. ii, obs. 41. (From 3ss of solid opium.) ]

Excessive stiffness of the penis. [MOSES CHARAS, Pharm., Reg., cap. 51. (Symptoms not found.) ]

Exalted sexual desire, with erections, pollutions, and lascivious dreams. [MURRAY, l. c.]

Exaltation of the sexual desire, with erections, pollutions, and lascivious dreams. [MURRAY, l. c.]

Exaltation of the sexual desire, erections of the penis, nocturnal emissions of semen. [GEOFFROY, l. c.]

Lascivious dreams and nocturnal emissions of semen. [WEDEL, l. c., ii, 3.]

200. It excites the sexual desire. [WEDEL, l. c.]

Amorous ecstasy, erection of the penis for twenty-four hours, lascivious dreams, nocturnal seminal emmisions. [TRALLES, l. c., I, p. 131.]

Nocturnal seminal emission (the 1st n.).

At night amorous pictures of fancy, pollutions. [CH. DE HELLWICH, bresl. Sammlungen, 1702. (Not accessible).

Uncontrollable lechery. [JOH. JAC. SAAR, Reise nach dem Orient. (Statement as to use of opium by Chinese.) ]

295. In some excitation, in others diminution of the sexual desire. [SACHS VON LEWENHEIM, in Misc. Nat. Cur., ann. 2, obs. 69. (General statement.) ]

Sluggishness of the sexual desire. [RENODAEUS, Mat. Medorrhinum, lib. 1, sect. 13, cap. 2.(Statement.) ]

Is considered as emasculating and weakening the sexual desire. [WEDEL, l. c.]

Excitation of the sexual passion.

Impotence. [CHARVET, l. c.]

300. Impotence of the lame. [REINEGGS, l. c. – GARCIAS AB HORTO, hist. Aromat., cap. 4. (Observation.) ]

Cooling of the sexual desire. [REINEGGS, l. c.]

Increased menstrual flux (aft. 2 h.).

Opium left the menses regular, even in a case where the patient had swallowed for thirty years a drachm and more daily, on account of very painful and spasmodic attacks. [JUNCKER and BOHMER, l. c.]

In the warm room, after walking in the open air, stoppage of the nose like a stuffed cold. [Gn.]

305. Hoarseness. [YOUNG, l. c.]

Hoarseness, with very dry mouth and white tongue. [GRIMM, l. c.]

Extreme hoarseness. [YOUNG, l. c.]

Hoarseness, as from mucus in the windpipe.

She coughed while swallowing fluid. [DE lA CROIN, l. c.]

310. The cough becomes worse after eating.

Hollow, very dry cough (immediately after taking it); it goes off again quickly.

Attack of violent, dry cough; thereafter yawning and sudden loud cry (aft. 36 h.).

He becomes suddenly blue in the face and wants to cough, but the breathing stops (suffocative spasm); thereafter deep sleep with cold sweat of the body (aft. 30 h.).

Cough when swallowing. [DE LA CROIX, l. c.]

315. He coughs up frothy mucus. [MATTHAEI, l. c.]

Haemoptysis. [YOUNG, l. c.]

Expectoration of thick. Bloody mucus. [MATTHAEI, l. c.]

Keeps back bloody expectoration and stool. [THOMPSON, l. c.]

Quick breathing. [BUCHNER, l. c., § 45.]

320. Quick, oppressed, anxious breathing. [GRIMM, l. c.]

More rapid, difficult breathing. [MURRAY, l. c.]

Breathing always shorter and shorter. [SAUVAGES, l. c.]

Slow breathing.

Difficult, tight breath, especially at night.

325. Sometimes single deep respirations, sometimes cessation of breathing for a minute at a time.

The respirations are long and sighing. [CHARVET, l. c.]

Short, stertorous (Instead of :schnarchendes,” snoring, Pyl says “rochelndes,” rattling.) respiration, which from time to time ceases for half a minute. [PYL, l. c., p. 95.]

Difficult respiration. [TRALLES, l. c.]

Attacks of anxiety of short and duration, with short, tight respiration, and trembling of arms and hands. [Ctz.]

330. Difficult breathing and anxiety. (“Anxiety” not found in original.) [HAMBERGER, l. c., §§ 10 and 49.]

Anxiety with contraction and tightness of the chest. [MATTHAEI, l. c.]

Constriction of the chest, as if it were stiff; difficult respiration. [YOUNG, l. c.]

Tigof the chest as if pleurisy were about to occur, and tension in the shoulder-blade. [GABR. CLAUDER, in Eph. Nat. Cur., dec. ii, ann. 5, obs. 178. (Experiment with an extract prepared with sulphuric acid.)]

Spasmodic tightness of the chest. (In the original,”asthma.”) [YOUNG, l. c.]

335. Tightened and difficult respiration and praecordial anxiety. [FR. HOFFMANN, Medorrhinum Rat. Syst., ii, p. 270. (General statement (p.273). “Praecordial anxiety” not found.) ]

Obstructed respiration, tightness of the chest. [STUTZ, in Hufel. Journ., viii, 3. (From opium given in a convulsive attack (X. 4, 35-7).) ]

Difficult obstructed respiration. [VICAT, Pl. Venen., l. c.]

Deep stertorous breathing. [SAUVAGES, l. c.]

Difficult deep breathing. [DE LA CROIX, l. c.]

340. Panting, loud breathing. (Not found.) [WILLIS, Pharm, rat., p. 305.]

Loud, difficult breathing. [LASSUS, l. c.]

He fetches his breath with the greatest effort and anxiety, with open mouth. [GRIMM. l. c.]

The respiration was sometimes stertorous and loud, sometimes difficult and very weak. [LEROUX, l. c.]

Loud, laboured, rattling respiration. [DE LA CROIX, l. c.]

345. Slow, difficult, stertorous breathing. [CRUMPE, l. c.]

Groaning, slow breathing (aft. 4 h.). [MUZELL, l. c.]

Groaning, (Rather, “sobbing.” ) interrupted respiration. [AEPLI, l. c.]

The inspiration is interrupted. [ALIBERT, l. c. (Not accessible.)]

Respiration imperceptible, sometimes with a noise. [VERMENDOIS. (Not accessible.) ]

350. Irregular breathing threatening suffocation. [GRIMM, l. c.]

Oppressed and not merely difficult, but also irregular breathing. [WILLIS, l. c.]

Breathing ceasing for some minutes, (Rather, “for a minute at a time.”) then returning with a deep sigh. [SAUVAGES, l. c.]

Cessation of respiration; he was for five minutes as if dead, then short, sudden snatches of breath, as if hiccup would come on. [SCHWEIKERT, l. c.]

The respiration ceases for a longer and longer time until death. [SAUVAGES, l. c.]

355. Excessive aching pain in the right side of the chest, also when not breathing, with stitches in the same side while inspiring (aft. 1 h.).

Drawing tearing pain in the side of the chest.

Contractive (squeezing) pain in the sternum and back, felt when moving.

He feels heat in the chest (on himself). [BELLONIUS, libr. 3, Observ., cap. 15. (from opium eating(p. 431).]

In the heart, burning as from live coals, so that he thinks he must die. [JUNCKER and BOHMER, l. c., p. 7.]

360. Pain in the hypochondria, especially the right. [GRIMM, l. c.]

Tension of the region below the ribs, which is very painful when touched (aft. 4 h.). [GRIMM, l. c.]

Tensive pain under the short ribs along where the diaphragm is attached, whilst breathing.

Single twitches in the arms. [RADMACHER, l. c.]

Single twitches in the arms.

In one or other arm a convulsive moving to and fro.

Trembling of the left arm in fits (aft. 3 h.).

Formication as if asleep in the fingers, increased by grasping anything.

Itching in the arms and on the shoulder. [MATHHAEI, l. c.]

Trembling of the hands. [A. THEUSSINK, l. c.]

270. The (left) arm is paralyzed (aft. 48 h.). [LEVESQUE-BLASOURCE, l. c.]

Disagreeable formication in the hands and feet, which changed into a frightful, intolerable rolling. [MULLER, l. c.]

Almost no feeling in the legs. [YOUNG, l. c.]

Severe itching in the legs, in the evening. [MATTHAEI, l. c.]

Weakness if the legs. [GRIMM, l. c.]

375. Sensation sometimes as if flashes of fire, sometimes as if ice-cold water flowed through the blood-vessels. [JUNCKER and BOHMER, l. c.]

Drawing tearing pain in the back.

He kicks his feet up and down as in convulsion, with sudden loud cry.

Numbness in the foot.

The foot is so stiff and sensitive that he cannot tread on it nor walk.

380. Swelling of the foot.

Heaviness of the feet after eating )aft. 2 h.).

Frightful pains, that penetrate through the marrow of his bones. (In confirmed opium-eaters.) [CHARDIN, l. c.]

Emaciation of the body. [BERGIUS, l. c.]

Dropsical state of the body. [REINEGGS, l. c.]

385. Intolerance of the open air and feeling as I he would catch cold.

Pale, bluish colour of the skin. [GRIMM, l. c.]

Blueness of the skin of the body, especially of the genitals. [AEPLI, l. c.]

Blue spots here and there on the body (aft. 15 h.). [Histoire de l’ Academie des Sc., 1735. (Not accessible.)

Redness of the whole body. [J. HUNTER, l. c.]

390. Burning pain, (In the original simply “burning.”) sometimes itching of the skin. [MATTHAEI, l. c.]

Burning, itching and elevation of he epidermis into pustules. [HECQUET, l. c. (From taking opium frequently.) ]

Here and there in the skin pricking itching.

Itching, especially on the upper part of the body, from the chest up over the face, especially the nose. [MATTHAEI, l. c.]

Very tiresome itching. [WILLIS, l. c.]

395. Tiresome itching all over the body. [BERGERm, l. c., § 3.]

Redness and itching of the skin. [GEOFFROY, l. c.]

Itching all over the body; after scratching there come thick red lumps (wheals) which itch much, but soon go off. [MATTHAEI, l. c.]

Cutaneous eruption and occasional itching. [FRIEND, (General statement.) opera, tom. I, Emmenol., cap. 14, p. 139.]

After perspirations, frequent cutaneous eruptions and smarting itching on the skin. [TRALLES, l. c.]

400. Small red, (Matthaei adds :thick” to “red”) itching spots here and there on the skin. [MATTHAEI, l. c.]

Itching and formication in all the limbs (Schelhammer simply speaks of “pruritus.”) (aft. 5 h.). [SCHELHAMMER, l. c.]

First diminution of sensibility, afterwards diminution of the irritability.

Obtuseness and insensibility of the limbs. [STUTZ, l. c., x, 4.]

Numbness and insensibility of the limbs with coldness of the whole body (aft. 2 h.). [SCHERLHAMMER, l. c.]

405. Cold, stiff body. (“The whole body paralysed and stiff” is Pyl’s statement.) [PYL, l. c.]

Tetanus. [MUZELL, l. c.]

Beginning of opisthotonos. [AEPLI, l. c.]

Head bent backwards (a kind of tetanus of the nape)(aft. 1 h.).

The back is stiff and straight (a kind of tetanus)(between 1 and 2 h.).

410. Bending of the trunk like a bow from the violent trembling movement in the limbs, which strains all the nerves. [JUNCKER and BOHMER, l. c.]

Stiffness of the whole body (aft. 1 h.). [LEVESQUE-BLASOURCE, l. c.]

Tetanus and epileptic convulsions. [STENTZELIUS, de Venen. I, § 46. (Shortly before death.) ]

Convulsions. [VAN SWIETEN, (General statement.) l. c., p. 372.- Acta Nat. Cur., cent. I, obs. 54. (General statement.) – SCHWEIKERT, l. c. (From large doses.) ]

Spasmodic movements accompanied by crying. [LEVESQUE-BLASOURCE, l. c.]

415. Convulsive movements. [MUZELL, l. c.]

Epilepsy. [MUZELL, l. c.]

Epileptic fits, with violent delirium. [MUZELL, l. c.]

Foam before the mouth. [REINEGGS, l. c.]

Restlessness in the sound limbs, which cannot remain a moment in one place. [MATTHAEI, l. c.]

420. Trembling in the whole body, as if he had been frigthened, with single jerks of the body and twitchings in the limbs, in which only the flexor muscles are involved, with external coldness of the body.

Convulsive trembling of the limbs. [AEPLI, l. c.]

Spasmodic trembling of the limbs. [STUTZ, l. c.]

Trembling movement in all the limbs, which distorts all the nerves. [JUNCKER and BOHMER, l. c.]

Staggering. [REINEGGS,- GRIMM, l. c.]

425. Unsteadiness; he cannot walk without staggering. [SCHELHAMMER, l. c.]

Agreeable lassitude, as from intoxication. [MATTHAEI, l. c.]

Slow, unsteady gait.

Unconquerable lassitude. [MATTHAEI, l. c.]

Laziness. [STUTZ, l. c. – FR. HOFFMANN, de Correct. Opii, § 16.]

430. Great desire to lean against everything, to stretch out the lower limbs lazily and to support the head on a hand. [Sche.]

Feeling of strength.

Exhaustion (aft. 8, 12 h.).

Relaxation, laziness. [REINEGGS l. c.]

Lazy movement. [MURRAY, l. c., p. 285.]

435. Exhaustion; everything external is distasteful to him, he is sleepy, dazed, stupefied, sad, and his memory fails him. [MURRAY, l. c. (When the primary action of the opium is passed.) ]

Exhaustion. [BERGIUS,- (immediately) WILLIS, l. c.]

Checks the activity of the voluntary muscles, diminsensibility and hence induces sleep. [TRALLES, l. c., p. 110.]

Diminishes (in robust persons) the power of the muscles subject to the will, causes weight of the head and great exhaustion. [TRALLES, l. c., p. 107. (Opium diminishes only in the secondary action the power of the muscles subject to the will, and then also paralyses them completely; but in its primary action it excites them, but if this primary action is interrupted by stupefaction and stupefied slumber, then in this opium sleep one or another limb twitches.) ]

Premature senility. [BERGIUS, l. c.]

440. It causes remarkable loss of the powers and deprives the firm parts of tone and mobility. [FR. HOFFMANN, Medorrhinum Rat., ii, p. 270.]

Relaxation of the limbs and weakness. [HAMBERGER, l. c., § 16.]

The power of movement of the muscles is depressed. [ETTMULLER, l. c.]

Heaviness of the limbs (aft. 1.1/4 h.). [Gn.]

Weakness of the powers. [KAMFER, l. c., p. 645. (From large doses.)]

Samuel Hahnemann
Samuel Hahnemann (1755-1843) was the founder of Homoeopathy. He is called the Father of Experimental Pharmacology because he was the first physician to prepare medicines in a specialized way; proving them on healthy human beings, to determine how the medicines acted to cure diseases.

Hahnemann's three major publications chart the development of homeopathy. In the Organon of Medicine, we see the fundamentals laid out. Materia Medica Pura records the exact symptoms of the remedy provings. In his book, The Chronic Diseases, Their Peculiar Nature and Their Homoeopathic Cure, he showed us how natural diseases become chronic in nature when suppressed by improper treatment.