X-rays, Radium and Cancer

X-rays, Radium and Cancer. RADIO sensitivity has been put forward to explain the action of the X-rays and radium on cancer growths. It has been said, and this saying h…

RADIO sensitivity has been put forward to explain the action of the X-rays and radium on cancer growths. It has been said, and this saying has become the basis for the use of these rays in cancer therapies, that cancer cells are radio sensitive, that is they are affected and destroyed by these rays more than are normal tissue cells. But neither radium nor X-rays have any effect whatsoever on tissues in which mineral carbonates are absent. And both radium and X-rays have a destructive action on tissues in which carbonates are present. Moreover, this latter action of radium and X-rays is exactly the same as that produced by the caustic end product of the hydrolysis of mineral carbonates. With a very small and quite inexpensive quantity of a caustic mineral salt, such as that of caustic soda, the same tissue destruction has been caused as that produced by the implantation of thousands of pounds worth of radium in tissues in which the radium has any action-namely in tissues in which mineral carbonates are present. Radium and X-ray sensitivity of tissues is entirely dependent on the presence of carbonates. Why? Because these radiations convert the carbonates, which must be present for any result to occur, into caustic mineral salt. Why are cancer growths radio-sensitive when the only action of radium on tissues occurs when carbonates are present? Because carbonates are always present in excess in the tissue fluids of cancer subjects since cancer growths cannot be present without their caustic-mineral-salt cause. These caustic minerals can only be produced in the body by hydrolysis of carbonates. Cancer growths are ray-sensitive purely and simply because carbonates are present to be converted by the rays to caustics and the degree of so-called radiation sensitivity is entirely dependent on the degree of saturation of tissue fluids with carbonates. The smaller the sensitivity. This essential carbonate factor for radiation sensitivity and for effects on tissues from the use of radium and X-rays discloses why many clinical symptoms and pathological conditions arise as the result of the use of these radiations on cancer subjects. So-called radium necrosis becomes nothing more than caustic necrosis, it is continuous long after the radium has been removed because the caustic supply is maintained continuously at the local site by hydrolysis at that site, of carbonates present in the exudation from the ulcerated or necrosed surfaces. The radium action on the tissues through the formation of caustic from the carbonates in the circulating tissue fluids into which the radium has been implanted, is temporary, but through the tissue necrosis thus brought about, the formation of caustic by tissue exudate carbonate hydrolysis becomes continuous and the ulceration becomes continuous, increasing in extent as more and more tissue becomes ulcerated and more and more carbonate containing exudate is poured out from the tissue fluids.

The apparent success of radium therapy in many superficial cancer cases cannot be denied. This does not alter the fact that the effect of radium is entirely due to the conversion of carbonates in the tissue fluids, in which, the radium is implanted, into caustic mineral salt. This hydrolysis is slow-the caustic formation is slow-the effect of this slow caustic formation in the tissues surrounding the cancer growth has a double effect-namely, it causes fibrosis or tissue destruction, cutting off the blood supply to the growth, leading to its atrophy, but also the hydrolysis of the carbonates in the tissues surrounding the growth brought about by the implanted radium ‘cuts off the source of the cancer cell proliferation; without this cause the cancer cells must undergo physiological or disuse atrophy. But exactly the same effect can be brought about by injections of dilute caustic mineral salts round the cancer growth. The question can well be asked: Why use expensive radium to produce the same effects as the ridiculously inexpensive caustic mineral salt, more especially when the action of the expensive radium is entirely dependent on the formation of the caustic from the mineral carbonates in the tissue fluids in which the radium is inserted?.

And again with deep X-rays:

The patient-victim of cancer, who undergoes deep X-ray therapy has varying degrees of nausea, vomiting, physical and mental prostration and a sensation as if the body is on fire! What produces these constitutional symptoms?.

X-rays convert the carbonates circulating in the cancer victim’s blood and tissue fluids into caustic mineral salt and the body tissues are burnt. Protein destruction occurs, uric acid is formed and these combine with the caustic mineral salt to form urates. Can this be proved? Yes. How? The urinary excretion of cancer victims who have undergone X-ray treatment are loaded with urates, even though these are absent before the ray therapy is instituted. Truly, the cancer victim after deep X-ray therapy is being burned up by the burning caustic which the rays produce in the blood circulation from the blood carbonates. Undoubtedly deep X-rays will remove the source of the cancer cause from the local site of the cancer growth by producing hydrolysis in the blood circulation and thus precluding carbonate hydrolysis and caustic formation at the cancer site, but it is open to grave doubt whether such heroic measures can possibly attain any other finale than destruction of the body, which must result from continuous production of caustic mineral salt in the blood and tissue fluids.

From this viewpoint, any adherence to radium and X-ray radiation for cancer is not only illogical but expensive in human life and money.

Why use expensive radium when inexpensive caustic produces directly the same effect as the radium can only produce indirectly?.

Moreover, why destroy the whole body by the production of caustic in the tissue fluids, in the attempt to save a local part of the body from the local action of the caustic produced locally? There can be no rational answers to such questions.

Radium will and has produced some apparently curative results in cancer cases in which it is applicable, but this action is only indirectly due to the radium, the direct action being due to the production of mineral caustic from the tissue carbonates and the action of this so-called caustic! Why not. use the caustic itself? Why use radium which costs thousands of pounds and is dependent on another factor for its activity, when caustic mineral salt acts directly and costs practically nothing. Ten thousand pounds worth of radium will only produce the same effect as a therapy for cancer as six penny worth of caustic soda. The radium, it is true, produces results for many years and can be used on many cases, whereas the same caustic cannot be used on two cases, as once used it cannot be regained for further use, but ten thousand pounds worth of caustic mineral salt would be sufficient to treat cancer cases in every living man, woman and child, and yet ten thousand pounds is a small amount of money compared to that which even Australia has expended on supplies of radium.

Radium and X-rays depend entirely on the causation of malignant disease as a constitutional carbonate blood source of the local caustic cancer cause, as set forth in this publication because without blood carbonates neither radium nor deep X-ray radiations could produce any effect on cancer growths, and the whole conception of cancer causation here put forward for the first time is dependent on the fact that blood carbonates must be present as the source of the caustic mineral salt formed in a local site by local deposition of the carbonates through lymph or venous stasis, and the hydrolysis of this deposited carbonate to the caustic mineral-the cause of the evolution and proliferation of the cancer cells- the caustic agent without whose continuous local formation a localizes cancer growth cannot arise. The caustic mineral salt is the cause of cancer-the cancer growth is only the effect of that cause. One is the sequela of the other and cancer can only be cured when the se ‘t of chemical circumstances which lead to the local formation of the caustic is prevented.

Edward Henty Smalpage
Edward Henty Smalpage (1895-1962), was an Australian doctor. He netered medical school at Sydney at age 16. He went into Military service after that. After leaving services on medical grounds (epilepsy), he cleared FRCS from England in 1921. In 1940 he published the book Cancer, it's Cause, Prevention and Cure.