Hahnemann’s proving symptoms of homeopathy remedy Dulcamara from Materia Medica Pura, which Samuel Hahnemann wrote between 1811 to 1821 …

(Solanum dulcamara, Woody Night-shade.)

(The juice freshly expressed from the young stalks and leaves of this shrub-like plant before its flowering time, mixed with equal parts of spirits of win. Two drops of the clear fluid lying over the sediment are added to 98 drops of spirits of wine, the phila shaken with two strokes of the arm, and in this way diluted through 29 phials (filled two third full with 100 drops of spirits of wine), and each potentized with two succussions up to the decillion-fold development of power; one or two smallest globules moistened with this serve for a dose.)

It is very probable, as experiments have indeed partly that this very powerful plant belongs to the antipsorics, as the following pure effects of it seem also to show; still, I shall try to obtain more accurate corroboration of this.

It will morever be found specific for some epidemic fevers, as also for various acute diseases the result of a chill.

Its long duration of action is shown in its trials on healthy persons.

[AHNER, CUBITZ, GROSS, MULLER, of TREUEN, NENNING (in HARTLAUB and TRINKS’ Mat. Medorrhinum), E. F. RUCKERT, STAPF, TRINKS and HARTLAUB (in their Mat. Medorrhinum), GUST, WAGNER, WAHLE, aided HAHNEMANN in this proving.

Symptoms quoted from the following old-school authorities:

ALTHOF, in Murray, Appar. Medorrhinum

CARRERE, Ueber das Bittersuss, 1789.

FRITZE, Annal d. Klin. Ins. In Berlin, iii.

GOUAN, Memoires de la Soc. De Montpellier.

HAEN, DE, Ratio Medendi.

LINNAEUS, Diss. de Dulcamara. Upsal., 1753.

PIQUOT, Samml. br. Abh. f. pr. A., ii.

STARCKE, in Carrere, l. c.

TODE (reference not given).

In the 1st edit. Of the ‘R.A.M.L.’ dulcamara had 123 symptoms, in the 2nd edit. 349, and in this last edit. 401; the Chr. Kr. gives 409.]


A transient slight vertigo. [Ng.]

At noon before eating, whilst walking, giddy, as if all objects remained standing before him, and as if it became black before his eyes.

Momentary vertigo. [PIQUOT, (From vol. I, 3rd edit., 1830.) in samml. br. Abh. f. pr. A., ii, 4.]

Vertigo [ALTHOF, (Statement from observation.) in Murray, Appar. Medorrhinum, I, p. 621.]

5. When he wanted to get up out of bed in the morning, he almost fell from vertigo, general weakness and trembling of all the body (aft. 24 h.). [Mr.]

Stupefaction. [CARRERE, (Carrere’s original work is “Traite des properties, usages, et effets de la Douceamere,” Paris, 1789. The citations have been corrected from this treatise. They consist of effects of dulcamara when given for chronic rheumatism, suppressed secretions, and cutaneous diseases. The author says that he has after seventeen year’s experience with the drug; seen no inconvenience result from full doses save those described in S. 88 and 278; 199; 395, 358 (sometimes the precursors of a new eruption, and then associated with 341 and 342); 11 and 65; and 94.) Ueber das Bittersuss, v. Staracke, Jen., 1786.]

Great stupefaction of the head. [STARCKE, (Carrere’s german translator. Additional observations (of the same kind) by him.) in Carrere, l. c.]

Dull stupefying headache.

Headache in the morning in bed, aggravated by rising. [Mr.]

10. Headache, lassitude, icy coldness of all the body, and inclination to vomit. [Mr.]

Heaviness of the head. [CARRERE, l. c.]

Heaviness in the forehead (aft. 12 h.). [We.]

Heaviness in the forehead for several days, at the same time frequent darts from within outwards in the temporal region. [We.]

Heaviness in the occiput, for three days. [We.]

15. Heaviness of the whole head all day, as if the integuments of the head were stretched, especially in the nape, where the sensation becomes a kind of formication. [We.]

Heaviness of the head, with out-boring pain in the temple and forehead, as after a debauch overnight. [Wr.]

Stupid feeling in the head, as after intoxication, which went off in the open air. [Wr.]

Stupid and empty in the head, in the afternoon about 6 o’clock. [Ng.]

Stupid feeling in the head and slight drawing in the left frontal protuberance. [Ng.]

20. The stupid headache lasted for 10 days. [Ng.]

Giddiness in the head with warmth rising up into the whole face. [Ng.]

Heat in the head. [CARRERE, l. c.]

Digging aching in the whole of the forehead. [Gss.]

Violent headache like a digging in the middle of the brain in the sinciput, like dulness, and a sensation as if the brain were swollen, a pain that came on early in bed, and was not diminished or increased either by rest or movement; but it was worse on getting up. [Mr.]

25. Out-boring headache at one time in the forehead, at another in the temples (aft. 15 h.). [Wr.]

Before midnight boring headache from within, [We.]

Boring headache in the right temple (aft. 23 h.). [We.]

The headache never involves the whole head, but only quite a small spot, where it shows itself as pressure as with a blunt instrument. [Gss.]

All the afternoon a dull headache, especially in the left frontal protuberance. [Ng.]

30. In the evening the dull pressive headache became more severe, with increasing coryza. [Ng.]

30. In the evening the dull pressive headache became more severe, with increasing coryza. [Ng.]

Painful stupefying aching in the left side of the vertex (aft. 3 h.). [Ng.]

Aching stupefying pain in the occiput, from the nape upwards. [Rkt.]

In the temples a pressure, as with a blunt instrument, at one time on the right, at another on the left side. [Gss.]

Dull feeling in the forehead and root of the nose, as if he had a board in front of the head. [Gss.]

35. Towards evening, when walking in the open air, headache like a pressing outwards. [We.]

Quite late in the evening out-pressing pain in the left frontal protuberance. [Ng.]

Out-pressing pain in jerks in the sinciput, worse when moving. [Ng.]

Drawing pressure in the left frontal protuberance (6th d.). [Ng.]

Aching drawing in the left temporal region, in the afternoon. [Ng.]

40. Headache, drawing from both temples inwards. [We.]

Aching tearing in the temples in fits. [Gss.]

Aching beating in the left side of the forehead with whirling feeling. [Ng.]

Tearing compression in the top of the head. [Gss.]

Intermitting tearing in the left temple. [Gss.]

45. Stitches in the head, so that she got angry over it, mostly in the evening; relieved when lying.

A very slow pricking in the occiput, as with a needle, that was always drawn back again. [We.]

Deep in the brain violent shooting in the sinciput, with nausea. [Mr.]

Intermitting pressure on the left of the crown, as if a blunt instrument were pressed into the head. [Gss.]

Sensation as if the occiput were enlarged. [We.]

50. Pressing pain in the left occiputal bone. [We.]

Headache in the occiput, in the evening in bed.[We.]

Slow drawing pain through the whole brain, especially in the evening (aft. ¼ h.).

In the evening when eating a drawing pain on the skull to the nasal bones, where to became contractive.[We.]

From the frontal protuberance there is a drawing down to the tip of the nose in rapid jerks. [Gss.]

55. A slight drawing in the left frontal protuberance, especially on stooping forwards. [Ng.]

On the head, just over the left ear, a stupefying pain, as if some one pressed with a blunt instrument into the head. [Gss.]

On the forehead lumps, touching which causes shooting pain.

Aching tensive pain over the right eye (aft. 3 h.). [Wr.]

Boring pain over the right palpebral arch from within outwards.

60. Contractive pain at the supra-orbital border. [Gss.]

Aching in the eyes when reading and at other times, but aggravated by reading. [Rkt.]

When she walks in the sun it is as if fire flew out of the eyes, as also in the room.

Sparks before the eyes. [PIQUOT, l. c.]

Commencement of amaurosis and such weakness of the eyes that he saw al objects, both ear and distant, as if through a veil; the upper lid was as if half paralysed, as if it would fall down. [Mr.]

65. Dim vision. (With S. 11.)[CARRERE, l. c.]

Inflammation of the eyes (chemosis). [TODE, (Cannot be traced for want of reference.) – STARCKE, l. c.]

Painless pressure on the left zygoma (immediately). [Gss.]

Ringing in the ears. [Rkt.]

Ringing in the ears.

70. Clear ringing in the ears. (a. 4 to 8 d.). [Stf.]

A kind of pricking in the left ear and then in the right, as if every cold air had penetrated into the ear. [We.]

Tearing in the left ear intermingled with shooting from within outwards; a drumming and bubbling before the ear, he does not hear well afterwards; on opening the mouth a cracking in the ear as if something broken were in it. [Ts. Hb.]

Squeezing pain in the left ear, at the same time great nausea. [Ts. Hb.]

Frightful earache all night, he cannot sleep on account of it. In the morning the pain ceased all at once, but there remained a roaring before the ear for some time. [Ts. Hb.]

75. In the left ear, a pinching stitch towards the membrana tympani. [We.]

Fine pricks in the meatus auditorious and parotid gland. [Rt., senr.]

Squeezing, accompanied by small pricks, in the right ear. [We.]

Transient drawing in the external meatus. [Gss.]

Below the left ear, towards the ramus of the lower jaw, a cramp-like contraction. [Gss.]

80. There occurred such a violent bleeding of the nose that the blood lost amounted to four ounces; it was bright red, flowed very warm out of the left nostril, with a pressure continued after the profuse haemorrhage. [Ng.]

Episaxis. [STARCKE, l. c.]

In the inside of the left ala nasi, a pimple with ulcerative pain. [We.]

Eruption in both angles of the nose, a pimple.

Drawing and tearing in the whole cheek.

85. Itching on the cheeks, close to the alae nasi (aft. 1/12 h.).

A humid eruption on the cheek. (Not found.) [CARRERE, l. c.]

On the inside of the upper lip, on the anterior part of the palate, also externally round the mouth, pimples and small ulcers, which on moving give rise to tearing pain.

Twitching movements of the lips and eyelids (in cold air). [CARRERE, l. c.]

Under the chin, a pinching on a small spot. [Gss.]

90. Itching pimples on the chin.

A drawing pain in the right cervical muscles. [Mr.]

Obtuseness of the teeth, as if they were insensible. [Mr.]

Pressure in the throat, as if the uvula were too long.

Pains in the throat. [CARRERE, l. c.]

95. Flow of saliva. (Not found.) [CARRERE, l. c.]

Flow of saliva with loose, spongy gums. [STARCKE, l. c.]

Flow of saliva, what is called waterbrash.

Flow of much viscid, soapy saliva. [STARCKE, l. c.]

Itching crawling on the tip of the tongue. [We.]

100. Dry tongue. [CARRERE, l. c.]

Dry rough tongue. [CARRERE, l. c.]

Paralysis of the tongue, which hindered her in speaking (when using dulcamara in cold wet weather). [CARRERE, l. c.]

Paralysis of the tongue after taking it for a long time. [LINNEUS, (Not accessible. According to Murray, Linnaeus is only citing Gouan (See next symptom.) Diss de Dulcamara, Upsal., 1753.]

Paralysis of the tongue. [GOUAN, (Not accessible) Memoires de la Soc. De Montpellier.]

105. Much eructation. [Mr.]

Very scrapy fauces, with constant hawking up of very viscid mucus. [Ng.]

Four times eructation, with scratching in the oesophagus and heartburn. (aft. 9 h.). [Ng.]

Empty eructation, with scratching in the oesophagus and heartburn. (aft. 9 h.). [Ng.]

Frequent empty eructation. [Gss.]

110. Eructation combined with hiccup. [Gss.]

Flat, soapy taste in the mouth, and hence want of appetite. [STARCKE, l. c.]

While eating repeated eructation, so that the soup comes up again into the throat immediately after it is swallowed. [Gss.]

Hunger, with repugnance to all kinds of food.

He has a good appetite and eats with relish, yet he soon becomes satiated and full, with much rolling and rumbling in the bowels. [Gss.]

115. While eating repeated pinching in, and distension of, the abdomen. [Gss.]

Nausea. [ALTHOF, in Murray, Appar. Medorrhinum, I, p. 621. – LINNEUS, l. c.]

Nausea and disgust. [CARRERE, l. c.]

Nausea, vomiting heat, and anxiety. [STARCKE, l. c.]

Disgust with shuddering, as though about to vomit. [Ng.]

120. Great nausea, as if he would vomit, with rigor. [Ts. Hb.]

Actual vomiting of nothing but viscid mucus, but not of the medicine (aft. ½ h.). [Ng.]

Warmth rises up and there then occurs vomiting of mucus, in the morning.

Retching. [ALTHOF, l. c.]

Feeling of increased warmth in the fauces. [Rkt.]

125. Vomiting. [LINNEUS, l. c.]

After a moderate meal, distension of the abdomen as if it would burst. [Gss.]

Feeling of distension in the pit of the stomach, with a disagreeable feeling of emptiness in the abdomen. [Ng.]

In the left side, below the short ribs, sudden contraction, almost like cutting. [Gss.]

On going to sleep continual pinching in the region of the stomach, until he fell asleep (2nd d.) [Ng.]

130. Uneasiness in the abdomen, like flatulent distension, with frequent eructation only of air (3rd d.). [Ng.]

Tensive pain on the right near the scrobiculus cordis, as if he had strained and injured himself.[We.]

An acute aching pain in the scrobiculus cordis, as if he had received there a blow with a blunt instrument, which becomes more painful by pressing on it (aft. 35 h.). [Ar.]

To the left of the scrobiculus cordis an obtuse stitch, that rapidly went off, returned again soon, and then went off gradually (aft. ¼ h.). [Ar.]

A shooting pain in the scrobiculus cordis (aft. 9.1/2 h.). [Ar.]

135. In the umbilical region a shooting pain, that did not go off by pressure (aft. 1 h.). [Ar.]

Under the ribs on the right side, obtuse stitches that take away the breath. [Gss.]

In the left side of the abdomen intermittent obtuse stitches; pressing with the finger just upon the painful spot causes pain, and the shooting becomes worse. [Gss.]

Short obtuse stitches to the left of the navel, in the evening. [Ng.]

Obtuse stitches outwards in rapid succession on a small spot on the left of the abdomen, which take away his breath; when he presses on it with the finger, the place is painful; he feels as if something would force itself through from within. [Gss.]

140. Single pulsating stitches under the left short ribs, when sitting, which went off on rising up (aft. 6 d.). [Ar.]

Pinching shooting pain to the right of the navel which did not go off by pressure (aft. 4.1/4 h.). [Ar.]

On the left above the navel a fine pinching in a small spot of the abdomen. [Gss.]

Violent pinching in abdomen, as if a long worm crept about and gnawed and pinched in the bowels (aft. 31 h.). [Ar.]

Obtuse pinching in the abdomen, as if diarrhoea were about to come on (aft. 2 h.). [Ng.]

145. Just under the navel, a pinching pain on sitting in a bent-forward attitude, but on stretching himself out it dimished, and soon afterwards ceased (aft. 4.1/2 d.). [Ar.]

Quite early, a pinching pain around about the umbilical region, as if he must go to stool, but without urging. [Ar.]

Transient pinching and cutting in the abdomen and chest, as from incarcerated flatulence. [Gss.]

Bellyache (immediately).

Bellyache as from a chill.

150. Rumbling in the abdomen (immediately).

Each time he leans forward a gushing round about in the bowels as if he had taken a purgative. [Ng.]

Rumbling in the bowels, as if a stool would ensue, with some sacral pain. [Ng.]

Bellyache as though he had caught cold (aft. 23 h.). [We.]

Bellyache such as usually occurs during cold wet weather. [We.]

155. He has pinching and cutting and digging round about in the abdomen, as if diarrhoea were coming on. [Gss.]

In the morning, without having eaten anything, flying pinching and cutting in the bowels, with distension of the abdomen. [Gss.]

Twitching cutting and pinching here and there in the abdomen, that soon goes off. [Gss.]

A twisting, digging pinching pain round about the umbilical region (aft. 10 h.). [Ar.]

A forcing out pain on the left above the navel, as if a rupture would occur there. [Mr.]

160. A gnawing beating pan just above the navel. [Gss.]

Aching pain now in the left, now in the right inguinal gland.

Swelling of the left inguinal gland as large as a walnut.

(In the inguinal swelling, severe burning (mingled with shooting) on the slightest movement; also on touching it burning mingled with shooting.)

Swelling of the glands of the groin. (During treatment of scrofula by D., there supervened S. 378 going on to 376, and followed by this swelling of the inguinal glands, and also of those of the neckand axillae. The continued use of the medicine removed all.) [CARRERE, l. c.]

165. Swollen hard inguinal glands of the size of a haricot-bean, but without panis. [We.]

Pinching pain in the umbilical region and above the left hip, that compels him to go to stool; after the passage of some flatus, in spite of strong straining, there only passes a little hard faeces, but the pain after this was somewhat lessened (aft. 2.1/2 d.). [Ar.]

Pain in the abdomen, as if diarrhoea were about to ensue; after the passage of some flatus the bellyache ceased. [We.]

In the evening, in the whole abdomen, pinching with call to stool; after having previously had in the afternoon his usual stool, though it was very hard and difficult, he had a large moister stool, and at last a copious, quite thin, sour smelling motion, whereupon he felt relieved but exhausted. [Gss.]

Very slight sensation of cold on the back, with rumbling in the bowels and pain in the left groin, not increased by touch (aft. 12 h.). [Ng.]

170. Tension in the region of the os pubis on rising up from the seat.

Soft stool in small pieces.[We.]

Mucous diarrhoea, alternately yellow and greenish. (All these symptoms are critical discharges, coinciding with improvement in the patient’s malady.) [CARRERE, l. c.]

Mucous diarrhoea with prostration. (All these symptoms are critical discharges, coinciding with improvement in the patient’s malady.)[CARRERE, l. c.]

175. Soft stool (immediately).

Several successive afternoons thin evacuations with flatus (aft. 3 d.). Normal stool, but with some straining (aft. ¼ h.). [Ng.]

He had a rapid call to stool which he could scarcely retain, although only little and hard faeces came away (aft. ½ h.). [Ar.]

Along with nausea he had frequent call to stool, and yet all day long he could pass nothing (aft. 2 h.). [Mr.]

180. He has pinching in the bowels and must go to stool, but he is costive and but little passes with much straining (aft. 8 h.). [Ar.]

Pressure in the abdomen and colic before the stool, not during the evacuation, afterwards recurring with rumbling in the bowels. [Rkt.]

Difficult, dry, rare stools. [CARRERE, l. c.]

Suddenly a dreadful pressing on the rectum, so that he can scarcely keep back the motion, and when he gets to the night-stool, there comes away slowly, after a while, with some straining, very hard faeces, along with transient pinching and cutting here and there in the abdomen. [Gss.]

Rare, slow and hard stool, even when he wants to go there is no urging in the rectum, and it is only by a great effort that a very large hard motion comes slowly away. [Gss.]

185. Great discharge of flatus. [We.]

Flatus smelling of asafoetida. [Mr.]

Turbid whitish urine. (All these symptoms are critical discharges, coinciding with improvement in the patient’s malady.) [CARRERE, l. c.]

Copious discharge at first of clear and viscid, and then of thick and milk-white urine. (All these symptoms are critical discharges, coinciding with improvement in the patient’s malady.)(For “viscid” read “limpid.”) [CARRERE, l. c.]

Urine at first clear and viscid, then white, then turbid, then clear, with white sticky sediment. (All these symptoms are critical discharges, coinciding with improvement in the patient’s malady.)[CARRERE, l. c.]

190. Turbid, ill-smelling urine and ill-smelling perspiration. (All these symptoms are critical discharges, coinciding with improvement in the patient’s malady.)[CARRERE, l. c.]

Urine reddish and scalding. (See note to S. 343.)

Urine with mucous sediment, at one time red at another white. (This symptom is a critical discharge, coinciding with improvement in the patient’s malady.) [CARRERE, l. c.]

Turbid urine. (Critical phenomenon.) [CARRERE, l. c.]

Turbid whitish urine. (Repetition of S. 187.) [CARRERE, l. c.]

195. Pulsating (The corresponding symptom in the Chr. Kr. stands thus:”Pulsating (stitches?) in the urethra.”) outwards in the bladder. [We.]

Strangury, painful micturition. [STARCKE, l. c.]

Burning in the orifice of the urethra while urinating.

Tetter-like rash on the labia majora. (During treatment of “dartrous” vagina and uterus by D.) [CARRERE, l. c.]

Heat and itching on the genitals, and inclination for coitus. [CARRERE, l. c.]

200. Increase and anticipation of the menses. (Curative effect.) [CARRERE, l. c.]

Increased menstrual flux. (Curative effect.) [CARRERE, l. c.]

Stuffed coryza, with confusion of head and a single sneeze. [Ng.]

205. Very dry nose, in the evening.[Ng.]

Sneezing. [We.]

Short hacking cough, that seems to be produced by deep inspiration. [Gss.]

Haemoptysis. (Not found.) [CARRERE, l. c.]

A very acute undulatory pain, almost like tearing pressure, darts through the left side of the chest in fits. [Gss.]

210. Numbing, obtuse stitch under the right clavicle into thwe chest. [Gss.]

To the left above the xiphoid cartilage (when sitting bent forward) a painful pressure, as with a blunt instrument, afterwards it comes even in an erect posture of the body in long fits, and develops into blows penetrating deep into the chest. [Gss.]

Samuel Hahnemann
Samuel Hahnemann (1755-1843) was the founder of Homoeopathy. He is called the Father of Experimental Pharmacology because he was the first physician to prepare medicines in a specialized way; proving them on healthy human beings, to determine how the medicines acted to cure diseases.

Hahnemann's three major publications chart the development of homeopathy. In the Organon of Medicine, we see the fundamentals laid out. Materia Medica Pura records the exact symptoms of the remedy provings. In his book, The Chronic Diseases, Their Peculiar Nature and Their Homoeopathic Cure, he showed us how natural diseases become chronic in nature when suppressed by improper treatment.