Hahnemann’s proving symptoms of homeopathy remedy Euphrasia Officinalis from Materia Medica Pura, which Samuel Hahnemann wrote between 1811 to 1821 …


(From vol. v, 2nd edit., 1826.)

(The freshly expressed juice of the whole plant mixed with equal parts of alcohol. The juice in the latter part of summer is often so viscid, that after pounding the plant to a fine pap of uniform consistence, it must generally be mixed up and diluted with some of this alcohol, in order to allow of the juice being expressed.)

From the following few observations, it may be seen that the ancients did not give it either its German (Augentrost, Angl., eye-comfort.) to its Latin name without reason, and that this plant does not merit the neglect with which modern physicians treat it.

The homoeopathic physician, who for the cure of a case of disease only selects a medicine proved to cause similar symptoms in the healthy, will find the smallest portion of a drop of this juice generally too strong a dose.

[HAHNEMANN was assisted in this proving by Fr. HAHNEMANN, LANGHAMMER, WISLICENUS.

Symptoms were obtained from the following old-school authorities:

BONNET, Merci. Compil., 13.

LOBELIUS, Advers., 210.

PAULLI, SIM, Quadripart. Bot., class, 3.

In the 1st edit, of the ‘R.A.M.L.’ euphrasia had 115 symptoms, in this 2nd edit, 127.]


(Confusion and pressure externally on the top of the head.)

Much eat in the head, with aching.

Heat in the forehead with headache in the temple.

In the evening such violent dazed and bruised headache (with fluent coryza) that he was compelled to go to bed earlier than usual, and yet the headache was increased by lying (aft. 14 h.). [Lr.]

5. A long-continued, penetrating needle-prick in the right temple (aft. 7 h.). [Lr.]

Fine needle-pricks externally on the left temple (aft. ½ h.). [Lr.]

Some sharp stitches on the right side of the forehead (aft. ½ h.). [Lr.]

Sharp tearing stitches on the right side of the occiput, when at rest and when moving, in the afternoon (aft. 6.1/2 h.). [Lr.]

A pressive pain externally on the head, but especially on the forehead (aft. 2 h.). [Lr.]

10. On blowing the nose a sensation of painful dazedness in the head and painfulness of the interior of the nose, so that he can only blow his nose gently (aft. 15 h.). [Lr.]

The candle appeared to him dimmer.

The candle seemed to be insteady, and to burn at one time more brightly, at another more dimly.

The eyes are painful from the glare of light, as though he had not slept enough.

Dimness of vision on looking at distant objects (short sight) all day. [Lr.]

15. On walking in the open air dimness of vision for distant objects (short sight), for three days(aft. 1.1/2 h.). [Lr.]

Vessels in the sclerotic run close up to the cornea. (At the same time an aching he had long felt in the eyes and dark spots on the cornen disappeared in two days. [Lr.]) [Lr.]

Painful aching in the left inner canthus; the eye waters (aft. 24 h.). [Ws.]

Aching in both eyes, as if he would go to sleep. [Fr.H-n.]

Aching sensation in both eyes, as if he were trying to keep awake (aft. 2 h.). [Fr.H-n.]

20. Sleepy dry aching in both eyes, not aggravated by the brightest daylight nor by looking at the fire. [Fr.H-n.]

Tiresome dryness in the eyes, just as if he had had no sleep. [Fr.H-n.]

In the evening a sensation of contraction from both sides in the eyes, especially in the upper eye-lids, which compelled him to wink frequently (aft. 10 h.). [Lr.]

Contractive aching in the eye, when walking in the open air.

Sometimes a smarting in the eyes; scalding water runs from them.

25. Very fine pricks in the eye-ball (aft. 11 h.). [Fr.H-n.]

In the inner canthi eye-gum, even during the day.

Eye-gum in the canthi (aft. 13 h.). [Lr.]

Twitching together of the upper and lower lids.

Flux of the eyes, so that he almost became blind. (After using the plant for a quarter of a year.) [LOBELIUS, Advers., (From three month’s internal use of euphasia for an ophthalmia with lachrymation.) 210.]

30. Sore eyes; he almost became blind. [BONNET, (Not accessible.) Merci. Compil., 13 – SIM. PAULLI, (Only a citation of Lobelius(S. 29.) Quadripart. Bot. Class. 3.]

Very violent boring pain in the interior of the right ear, in the region of the membrana tympani, as from within outwards (aft. 7 h.). [Ws.]

Painful tension in the interior of the left ear (aft. 6 h.). [Ws.]

Stiffness of the left cheek when speaking and chewing, with sensation of heat and single flying stitches in it (aft. 6 h.). [Ws.]

Eruption of pimples, containing pus, in the alae nasi (aft. 1.1/2 h.). [Lr.]

A drawing pain transversely across in the upper jaw (aft. 2.1/2 h.). [Lr.]

At noon, when eating, needle-pricks penetrating forwards in the left lower jaw, which even prevented chewing (aft. 7 h.). [Lr.]

Violent stitches from behind forwards, under the right lower jaw nar the neck, which quickly went off on touching (aft. 8.1/2 h.). [Lr.]

Fine stitches on the chin, with sensation of internal heat on that part (aft. ½ h.). [Ws.]

Shooting in the lower teeth.

40. (A throbbing in two teeth, after eating and at other times)

Great bleeding of the gums (aft. 1 h.). [Fr.H-n.]

He repeats frequently when speaking, both at the first word (a kind of stuttering), and also often repeating sentences frequently in order to express himself differently – whereas he formerly spoke correctly. [Fr.H-n.]

Insipid taste in the mouth.

In the morning bitter taste from tobacco-smoking (aft. 512 h.). [Lr.]

45. He became qualmish and sick from (accustomed) tobacco-smoking, which tastes to him bitter pungent (aft. 14 h.). [Lr.]

At noon hunger without appetite (aft. 54 h.). [Lr.]

Hiccup (aft. 5 m.). [Lr.]

Eructation with the taste of food.

During inspiration and expiration some fine pricks beneath the scrobiculus cordis, in the evening, when sitting (aft. 15 h.). [Lr.]

50. Distension of the abdomen, as if without flatulence, before dinner.

Painless rumbling in the abdomen, as when hungry and empty (aft. 1.1/2 h.). [Lr.]

A kind of oppression in the abdomen, a burning pressing pain going across when at rest and when moving (aft. 5.1/2 h.). [Fr.H-n.]

Pinching in the abdomen in short fits (aft. 5.1/2 h.). [Lr.]

Bellyache for seven hours (aft. 2 h.). [Fr.H-n.]

55. Stool everyday, but only hard and scanty.

A pressure in the anus, when sitting.

Frequent micturition (aft. ¾ h.). [Lr.]

Frequent discharge of clear urine (aft. 2 h.). [Ws.]

A voluptuous itching in the seam of the prepuce compelling scratching, after the scratching and on pressing on it the part is painful (aft. 2 h.). [Lr.]

60. Several needle-pricks on the point of the glans penis (aft. 1.1/2 h.). [Lr.]

When sitting voluptuous itching needle-pricks on the glans penis, which is painful after scratching (aft. 10 h.). [Lr.]

(In the condylomata an itching sensation.)

The testicles are drawn up, and there is formication in them (aft. 12 h.). [Ws.]

65. Spasmodic retraction of the genitals, with aching above the os pubis, in the evening in bed. [Ws.]

65. Spasmodic retraction of the genitals, with aching above the os pubis, in the evening in bed. [Ws.]

Sneezing with severe fluent coryza, during which much mucus passes through the nostrils anteriorly and also through the posterior nares (aft. 9 h.). [Lr.]

In the morning copious fluent coryza, and severe cough with expectoration (aft. 46 h.). [Lr.]

For several days, copious mucous expectoration by voluntary hacking cough. [Lr.]

Cough most severe by day, with phlegm on the chest, which cannot be detached.

70. Cough only during the day; at night he has no cough.

During the cough he loses his breath, almost as in whooping-cough.

Laboured breathing, even in the room.

He has difficulty in drawing a deep breath, even when sitting.

Single fine stitches under the sternum, especially during inspiration (aft. 10 h.). [Ws.]

75. Cramp-like backache (aft. 1 h.). [Fr. H-n.]

Continued aching pains in the back when sitting and walking (aft. 54 h.). [Lr.]

Intermittent camp-like backache, for half an hour 9aft. 1 h.). [Fr.H-n.]

Sensation in the arms as if they had gone asleep.

A numbing stitch in the left upper arm (aft. ½ h.). [Lr.]

80. Single obtuse stitches anteriorly on the left forearm, close to the wrist (aft. 13 h.). [Lr.]

In the right forearm and in the hand, pain as if gone asleep (aft. 1.1/2 h.). [Fr.H-n.]

Dull tearing in the elbow and wrist-joints (aft. 2 h.). [Ws.]

Pain like cramp in the wrists for half an hour (aft. 24 h.). [Fr.H-n.]

Cramp-pain in the metacarpus. [Fr.H-n.]

85. In the metacarpus, pain like cramp, alternately stronger and weaker for half an hour (aft. 1 h.). [Fr.H-n.]

Cramp-like aching pain in the left hand, after which the squeezing aching pain wet into the fingers. [Fr.H-n.]

Very penetrating pinching pain on the back of the hand (aft. 3 h.). [Fr.H-n.]

Pinching pain in thr proximal phalanx of the index (aft. 3 h.). [Fr.H-n.]

In the knuckles of the fingers and finger-joints, more towards their outer side, pain as if gone asleep (aft. 1.1/2 h.). [Fr.H-n.]

90. Cramp-pain in the fingers, especially the finger-joints of the left hand (aft. 1.1/2 h.). [Fr.H-n.]

Shooting in the left hip-joint, when walking.

A violent needle-prick in the posterior muscles of the right thigh, only when standing (aft. ½ h.). [Lr.]

Violent needle-pricks in the anterior muscles of the right thigh, when standing (aft. ½ h.). [Lr.]

Shooting drawing from the upper part of the thigh to the groin, most severe when sitting (aft. 48 h.). [Ws.]

95. Only when walking in the open air a voluptuous itching on the front of the thigh, that compels scratching, whereupon the part is painful (aft. 9.1/2 h.).[Lr.]

Twitching shooting in the left knee, when walking.

Weariness in the knees, as from a long walk (aft. 4 h.). [Ws.]

Whilst walking, painful tension in the tendons of the hough, as if they were too short, whereby walking is difficult (aft. 3 h.). [Lr.]

Continued boring stitches upwards in the shaft of the tibia, (aft. 1.1/2 h.). [Lr.]

100. When sitting, an up-and-down drawing pain anteriorly in the periosteum of the shaft of the left tibia (aft. 2.1/2 h.). [Lr.]

On standing long, a cramp-like pain in the calves, with sensation of heaviness (aft. 2.1/2 h.). [Ws.]

In the evening when walking, a voluptuous itching in the right calf, that compels scratching (aft. 12 h.). [Lr.]

When walking and sitting, a tension from the outer ankle near the tendo Achillis towards the calf.

On the left outer ankle a cracking when treading. [Lr.]

105. A tickling formication on the left toes; the part is painful after rubbing (aft. 2 h.). [Lr.]

All through the night, flying, itching pricks here and there; he tosses about uneasily in bed and cannot get warm enough. [Ws.]

Such great exhaustion in the whole body, especially the lower extremities, that he must make a great effort to walk – all the third day. [Lr.]

By day very tired, and yet the ensuing night when he lay in bed he could not fall asleep till about 2 a.m. – for three successive nights.

Uncommon yawning, on walking in the open air.

110. Very sleepy by day, and yet he had slept all through the previous night.

Drowsiness, which begins as it were in the eyes, for ten hours (aft. ½ h.). [Fr. H-n.]

Drowsy yet busy. [Fr.H-n.]

Drowsiness without being able to sleep, with much yawning. [Fr.H-n.]

At night frequent waking as if from fright.

115. At night horrible dreams of fire and burning by lightning (the 2nd night). [Lr.]

Attack for three dreams successive mornings; he wakes up at night after 3 a.m. every instant, then about 6 a.m. falls into a stupefied sleep, without dreams, an on awaking from this, he has pressure on the upper part of the chest, the head is giddy and heavy; at the same time he feels sick and perspiration breaks out all over him; at every, even the slightest movement, the vertigo increases, inclining him to fall sideways; all the limbs are at the same time weak and trembling; the upper part of his body seems heavy on rising, as if his legs could not support him; the attack gradually declines till noon, with loss of cheerfulness.

Paleness of face – for an hour (immediately). [Fr.H-n.]

Always chilly.

All the forenoon, internal chilliness, but in the afternoon (after 2 o’clock), great chilliness in both arms, which were quite cold.

120. Febrile rigor all over (aft. ½ h.). [Lr.]

Redness and heat of the cheeks – for an hour (aft. ¼, ½ h.). [Fr.H-n.]

Red, hot face – for an hour and a half (aft. ¼ h.). [Fr.H-n.]

Sudden flush of heat and redness of face, with coldness of hands (without thirst) aft. ¼ h.). [Lr.]

Sweat at night in sleep, which went off on awaking – for two successive nights.

125. For three successive nights, sweat all over, in sleep, of a strong smell. Chiefly on the chest (on rising from bed, chilliness).

Silent, wrapped up in himself and disinclined to speak, all day. [Lr.]

Lazy, hypochondriacal; external objects had no charm, no life for him.

Samuel Hahnemann
Samuel Hahnemann (1755-1843) was the founder of Homoeopathy. He is called the Father of Experimental Pharmacology because he was the first physician to prepare medicines in a specialized way; proving them on healthy human beings, to determine how the medicines acted to cure diseases.

Hahnemann's three major publications chart the development of homeopathy. In the Organon of Medicine, we see the fundamentals laid out. Materia Medica Pura records the exact symptoms of the remedy provings. In his book, The Chronic Diseases, Their Peculiar Nature and Their Homoeopathic Cure, he showed us how natural diseases become chronic in nature when suppressed by improper treatment.