NECESSITY FOR A HOSPITAL.
THANKS FOR BOOKS.
Dr. Rummel wrote to Hahnemann, from Merseburg March 6th, 1831 : In the name of the Homoeopathic Society I am tendering you the thanks of the members for your present of books made to them. I have mentioned your gift to the Director for this year, as well as to our good friend Stapf, and ordered them in Leipsic to see how this gift can best be capitalised, unless the books are likely to be of value in the future, when opening a Homoeopathic Clinic, in which case they will have to be stored.
Hahnemann to Boenninghausen : Cothen, March 16th, 1831.
The proposal which you have put before me in your written formulary is sensible, and it would be advisable to fill in the headings according to your and my wishes. Perhaps I would be able to manage something similar, if only I were forty years younger. But even then I would not be able to do justice to the task unless I had a homoeopathic hospital entirely at my disposal, so that I might be able to verify the many points which are contested. Because, among the available symptoms so far recorded, so far recorded, there are still many obscure points which greatly need confirmation and revision. Who would wish to draw positive results from these in their present state? It is a marvel that so much that is true has been evolved through the few people whom I could, by an effort, induce to undertake provings, and who at the same time did not have equally good capacities for observation. Have pity on the great maiden science! One single individual could not possibly put it in its final form, thousands are needed for it, as also helpful channels, such as a well organised hospital, the most indispensable help of all for this purpose, yet in spite of their united longings the homoeopaths have not hitherto had the good fortune to receive this concession from any Sovereign.
In order to render the available material really useful to the physicians, your repertory, compiled with untold labour, would indeed be of great use to the world if you could make up your mind to issue it in print. You would render invaluable services to the homoeopathic physicians, who have neither the time nor the intellect to compile anything similar for themselves. I would urge you not to let your great modesty deter you from this. I ask you in the name of suffering humanity. Cothen, April 24th, 1831. If we only had a homoeopathic hospital, under State protection, with a teacher attached to it, who could instruct students in the practice of homoeopathy, the rapid propagation of our science, as well as a solid education for the young homoeopaths of the future, would be assured. The little fund of 3,000 thalers we have for it, is lying dormant. But who knows how wonderful God’s ways may be for bringing things about.
COLLECTION FOR THE HOSPITAL OF LEIPSIC.
Dr. Rummel to Hahnemann: Merseburg, March 22nd, 1832.
I have not yet announced the receipt of the ducat which I have added to the fund; it will be published in the “Zeitung fur Homoeopathie.” Slowly the capital continues to grow, and the slow thinking and ill advised Government will give us time to collect more, because at present I hardly think that we should obtain permission, even if we had sufficient money for the erection of a Clinic. Foreign countries will have to come first- as this seems to be the case at Lyons-before we slow Germans decide to give recognition to your discovery.
Ernst Georg von Brunnow wrote to Hahnemann: Dresden, November 4th, 1832. It is very gratifying to think that at last the great undertaking of a homoeopathic hospital at Leipsic is coming to life. I am convinced that the homoeopathically thinking public will take a lively interest in this important event, and will support it to the best of their abilities. I have already received in Dresden from several people the provisional promise of yearly subscription. I am only awaiting the Statutes of the homoeopathic Society in order to solicit a fair number of friends and acquaintances to become members. Undoubtedly we have to thank the noble Minister von Lindenau for the concession that a homoeopathic hospital may be founded by the homoeopathic physicians of Leipsic. Dr. Clarus may be very indignant about it. Heaven grant that the first experiments may be crowned with success, and instill due respect into our scoffing opponents. I hear that Dr. Schweikert is to be the Director of the new clinic.
OPENING OF THE LEIPSIC HOSPITAL.
Dr. Moritz Muller to Hahnemann: Leipsic, January 25th, 1833. Dear Sir,
In September or October you expressed a wish to distribute to the public yourself, some copies of the appeals for contributions to the Homoeopathic Hospital. I have, therefore, asked the bookseller Schumann to send you the quantity required, and hope that the wording of it will meet with your approval. It is drawn up for all classes of society, and therefore not only for those who know homoeopathy, and this may bring us a larger circle of contributors.
The hospital was opened by Schweikert on the 22nd inst; yesterday and to-day we admitted the first two patients. We still need the confirmation of the Council, which has been obstructed by Clarus, the Medical Officer of Health.
Schweikert did not accept the post of Director, and Franz, whom I had thought of, was too ill, and as no other candidate was forthcoming, I found myself, for a two-fold reason, unwillingly forced to undertake the management of the hospital. At Schweikert’s recommendation we took Seidel as assistant physician, since Langhammer has shown no desire for this post. With the request that you may further continue your interest in the hospital. I am, yours faithfully, Dr. MORITZ MuLLER.
Dr. Rapou, of Lyon, wrote from Leipsic to Hahnemann at Kothen, on December 22nd, 1832 :
I shall not find as much help, in Leipsic, towards my homoeopathic education as I expected, unless Dr. Schweikert undertakes the management of the hospital, and this be soon opened, which I do not think is quite certain. As I do not understand German I cannot get into communication with the homoeopathic physicians, none of whom knows French, with the exceptions of Dr. Franz who is too ill to teach others. I am told that, in the hospital at Munich, two wards are reserved as a homoeopathic Clinic. This clinic is managed by Prof. Ringbeil or Prof. Roth, one of your most recommended pupils. If that be so, I would prefer that city which I know better than any of the others, especially as Professor Ringbeil speaks French very well
Hahnemann remarked on the letter : “He must learn German in Leipsic, and then come here.’
Rapou who was present at the opening of the Institution, gave an account of it in the “Histoire de la Doctrine Medicale Homoeopathique,” Vol.2.
A dispensary which was open daily was connected with the hospital, and all the homoeopaths of Leipsic gave their time and services to support this new undertaking. This unselfish zeal promised to bring forth brilliant results, and all those who held the same views in Germany were eagerly awaiting the results of this experiment.
HAHNEMANN AGAINST THE LEIPSIC HOSPITAL.
Hahnemann wrote to Dr. Gerstel of Brunn in Mahren (copied from the original in the possession of the late Dr. Blackley, of London) : Cothen, June 21st, 1833.
I still hold your Bill of Exchange for the Institution at Leipsic, because I know you have only sent it for the promotion of a good cause; this was not at all the case under Moritz- Muller, and I hope for a better management. Now it seems that Schweikert is to take it over, and as soon as I am certain of it I shall send your Bill to him. S.HAHNEMANN.
The homoeopaths of Magdeburg did not hand over the contributions collected until, in April, they had ascertained through a special deputation that the Institution was fairly well conducted. Otherwise spite of circumstances, Dr. Muller said that “generous contributions of money” were flowing in.
ACCUSATIONS AGAINST THE MANAGEMENT OF THE LEIPSIC HOSPITAL.
Dr. Moritz Muller reported in his explanatory writing, “Contributions to the history of homoeopathy, ” Leipsic, 1837, page 48, that on April 10th, 1833, at the appointed meeting of Directors of the Society of Homoeopathic Physicians, a combined vote was agreed upon by both members of the Directorate, Muhlenbein and Hartlaub, senr., of Brunswick : in which it was stated :
The Leipsic men wanted to predominate and use other people’s money for that purpose; they were aiming at splendour and financial gain. Those who had been accused by Hahnemann made an amalgamation of homoeopathy and allopathy. Hahnemann had certainly not acted without a reason ( with his Tageblatt Article-R.H.]. They were in need of rebuke. The Directors were giving banquets. Five people (among them a young physician from Bremen, who had visited the Leipsic Hospital for a few weeks) had brought them sad reports of Clinic, for one thing, they were taking no notes of the cases, and the managing physicians showed great indecision in prescribing. They therefore exhort the Board of Management of the Central Society, to take strong measures.
In May, 1833, the Society of Lausitz, in Silesia, wrote to the Director of the Leipsic Homoeopathic Society, Dr. Muller (therefore not to the Central Society), thus hinting that they considered the Leipsic Society, merely a local Society like the others, and not the centre of all the Societies, as the men of Leipsic considered it to be. In the letter a protest was raised against the introduction of allopathic methods in the hospital, against the infringement of the statutes, the retarding of homoeopathy, and the revolt against their accusations, and announcing the probability of his resignation as Director of the Society.
HARTMANN AS TEMPORARY MANAGER OF THE HOSPITAL.
Dr. C.F. Franz wrote to Hahnemann :
Leipsic, October 9th, 1833.
Dr. Muller yesterday resigned his office as manager. of the hospital. In this difficulty we were obliged to nominate Hartmann for the interim period, with a salary of 8 Rth. a week, to carry on until the election of Schweikert has been decided, otherwise we should have had to close the institution. Good! why am I sentenced to inactivity? Do make me again a useful being.
(The letter contains-like all previous ones-a detailed description of his long and painful illness, for which he asks advice of Hahnemann.)
INSTALLATION OF DR. SCHWEIKERT AS DIRECTOR OF THE LEIPSIC HOMOEOPATHIC HOSPITAL AND TEACHING CENTRE. ( Printed in the “Zeitschriff der Homoopathischen Heilkunst” by Schweikert, Vol. 7, page 297.)
Dr. Moritz Muller has resigned from the Directorship of the Homoeopathic Hospital; to him and also to Drs. Haubold and Franz Hartmann we would like to publicly express, herewith, our thanks for their ardous task of first initiating and managing this important Institution. I, Samuel Hahnemann, who am, during my lifetime, Supervisor and Counsellor for the advancement of homoeopathy in general, and in particular for our hospital, which is so indispensable for the public demonstration of its inappreciable worth, see with particular pleasure that Dr. Schweikert has decided to sacrifice many very favourable opportunities for the love of our science, and for the cause of humanity, and establish himself in Leipsic. From henceforth he intends to assume the management and leadership of this homoeopathic hospital and teaching centre. He has proved by his pen and his practice to be a true and excellent homoeopath.
In order to show publicly my marked approval, I have asked my friend and colleague, the homoeopathic physician, Dr. Gottfried Lehmann, to go to Leipsic, as my representative, in order to solemnly install, with my blessing, Dr Schweikert in this Institution, which he will henceforth manage as Director, physician, and teacher of practical homoeopathic therapy, in the cause of humanity. May God grant him health and strength.
At the same time I call upon all friends and admirers of homoeopathy, far and near, but especially on those have been saved and re-established and who owe their health, the greatest jewel of earthly existence, to our system of treatment, and also upon all true homoeopathic physicians, asking them most urgently to send a yearly contribution for the maintenance of this hospital and teaching centre, which holds such promises for the future, as it is not supported by the Sate. The administrator of the fund ( who is now Dr. C.G. Franz of Leipsic) will receive all contributions. May, in this way, the infinite advantages of true homoeopathy be laid before the eyes and ears of the world, and may our Institution through the good-will of private philanthropic support, steadily arise, grow and flourish. I, at the end of my career, can now only offer on the alter of human charity, a contribution of twenty Friedrichs d’or for the institution. SAMUEL HAHNEMANN. Cothen, October 31st, 1833.
This letter was posted up in the Conference Room of the Hospital.
HAHNEMANN’S LETTERS TO THE NEW DIRECTOR.
Dear friend and colleague,
I send my best wishes for the Institution, and for your management of the same, and think that I may remain assured, that you will not tolerate any assistant for the treatment of patients who does not follow our teachings, in a pure way, for the cure of diseases, so that we may acquire honour before the great world which is looking at us with critical eyes, impatiently watching, doubting and disbelieving.
27th November, 1833.
Dear friend and colleague,
Herewith an extract by me, for your paper, from documents which will now appear in extenso in the Archiv, concerning the newly established and favourable conditions for homoeopathy in Russia.
If you have an opportunity to help Dr. Hermann Hartlaub of Leipsic, and also to give him some remunerative part in the Dispensary, you will oblige me very much, as he has shown himself a staunch and diligent young physician, who is devoted to the true science, and who only lacks a pleasant manner to make him a capable homoeopath, and that he will soon acquired in fashionable Leipsic.
Otherwise I wish you once again God’s blessing on the management of our Institution, and good health.
To not fail to follow my example, in your private practice, to take a fee from your patients every time. You can do it now you are just settling. Accipe dum dolet! You will thank me some day for it. Money gives courage. Your devoted, SAM. HAHNEMANN. P.S. Please insert in your paper, first the essay written in feminine hand writing ( originating from Hermann), and then my extract from the documents. Postmark, Cothen, 14th December, 1833.
Very esteemed Doctor,
From time to time I have heard of the progress you have made in homoeopathy, and of the good results obtained, and I have been glad of your honest endeavour to accept the truth without prejudice, wherever you found it, even when you had to sacrifice a whole world of teachings which have been practised for many years by the old school. I know only too well how much self- denial is required, after first studying medical science at three Universities, and then practising it-and after having been instructed in numerous maxims, and practising them for some years-to forsake the old ideas, and so to speak, annihilate the whole collection of conceptions which have been acquired by study, in order to make room for the establishment of truth in an atmosphere which it has been so hard to clear; without this it would be impossible to give genuine help to our suffering fellow-brethren.
I say that I can thoroughly realise how you must have struggled, and what efforts you must have made to be able to become a perfect homoeopath at your age. Apart from hard work great integrity is required as well as love for mankind and self- denial, which I am glad to find in you.
You set others a rare example, and I ( who never dissimulate) consider it my duty to express to you my conviction. The feeling of a wonderful consciousness will be your reward.
The book you have sent me as the beginning of an elaboration for an easier way to find the symptoms of the medicines which have so far been proved, has my whole approval, and I encourage you, without considering the work of others (who for the same purpose have followed a different path), to continue faithfully in your own way, and not to be deterred by apparent competition. Duo cum faciunt idem non est idem. ( When two do the same, it is not the same-R.H.) I think that your work will excel. Intelligence requires something systematic; you put your subject systematically-but the alphabetical tabulation is also a necessity, and will make it easy for reference as no other method can. Hold fast to it, if I may advise you. As regards your questions I have not stated everywhere as I should have done, that for preparing the tinctures, 100 drops of the best spirits of wine about 80*, should be added be five grammes of powder, Please consider this for all cases of that kind-as a weight twenty times larger would yield quite a different result ( which would not carry out my wishes ).
With regard to beer that will not interfere with the action of our fine homoeopathic doses of medicine, I prefer the white beer, brewed from wheat and malt which is neither kiln-dried nor roasted, when it is, as is usually the case, prepared without the addition of intoxicating herbs. If it is entirely prepared without any addition like the so-called wheat beer of Arnstadt in Thuringen, it is indeed to be preferred, but it cannot be kept for long without producing strong wine fermentation with much froth, and eventually forming vinegar. A middle path has been taken by the brewer Gose at Goslar and at Anhalt ( at Sondersleben, Glaubig and Wenndorf). He takes for brewing purposes wheat- air-malt, but adds small decoction of hops, which is scarcely perceived by the palate. This beer keeps better, and our body gradually becomes so accustomed to the small quantity of hops which it contains, that it ultimately makes no difference to the action of our homoeopathic remedies. ( The Kirchberg and other similar white beers have an additional intoxicating substance which is harmful.) Even the use of brown beer, although I could not recommend it myself, when it only contains hops and no other bitter herb or intoxicating substance, and the hops are present only in a small quantity, may be allowed for want of a better kind, especially if the patient is already accustomed to it, as this would makes it almost neutral.
If the patient can procure it, he can take a good wheat- air-malt (failing that, barley-air-malt) dried very hard roughly pounded in a mortar, and then infused with twenty to thirty times its weight of boiling water, and covered so that it may draw. When it has been filtered he must put the liquid into bottles for several days supply. After keeping it for a few days it yields a very harmless, light and nourishing drink which contains a small amount of alcohol.
If I can see you once more, and speak to you, before my days are ended I shall be very pleased.
Your very devoted SAM. HAHNEMANN.
Kothen, Novr, 24, 1834.
That Schweikert afterwards experienced very little joy with Hartlaub, The man whom Hahnemann so warmly recommended to him, can be seen from the following letter of Hartlaub to Hahnemann.
Letter of Hermann Hartlaub to Hahnemann against Schweikert : Leipsic (Petersstr. No. 115. First floor) 9.1.34.
Our homoeopathic hospital, or rather institution for sick people (cures are few and far between) has only been managed by Schweikert from the beginning of this month; until then everything was carried on the old routine lines; it could be said that the patients were fed on homoeopathy, with the only difference that Haubold did what Hartmann had previously undertaken. So much more about homoeopathy than Haubold ( though he is not as good-natured). He is far better acquainted with the Materia Medica, he is a small- minded man, but that is another matter. Haubold is a good-natured slovenly homoeopath, who has to be differently approached from the way you have done. A short time ago he showed me, with satisfaction, a letter you had written to him ( in which you tried to stimulate him by putting him on his mettle), but he does not understand such things, and he was feeling very flattered. Schweikert, it seems, will do more for the patients as regards remedies, but I cannot see that things are progressing very well yet. Put yourself in my clairvoyant state of mind, and you will then see pretty clearly from a distance that Schweikert has an easy time of it, and does his duty to the hospital in a very superficial manner.
Seidel (the assistant physician-R.H.) had been formerly trained by Schweikert, or rather had been misused as his understrapper, instead of having his talents educated; good honest Seidel. He has spoken several times about the bad management of the hospital, and wanted to leave. Now he would very much like to stay; he has helped to keep the hospital going, but now they will force him to go. He was formerly indispensable; what would have happened, if to bad management had been added an ignorant assistant physician? It could almost be said that Seidel alone kept it going. Schweikert had an assistant at Grimma. He tried to obtain for him the post of assistant physician at the hospital. Already more than a month ago, Seidel was accused of no longer having much faith in homoeopathy; of course he did not agree with the old harmful and careless routine work, and he does not intend to nod his head in approval, for the sake of politeness or to satisfy their craving for praise, otherwise he surpasses them all, including Schweikert. This good-natured man is incessantly active. Schweikert has so far treated him as his attendant, to the shame of the hospital; Seidel feels insulted and depressed, but cannot speak out against it, and will soon be forced to give up. Of course he does not show a cheerful countenance under these conditions, he is more reserved, silent and surly; once or twice they have openly quarrelled in the hospital. Such paltry behaviour should not occur in our hospital, and I should not have expected such things from Schweikert. You might write two letters for the purpose of altering these conditions, one to Schweikert and the other to Seidel; urge Schweikert to keep the peace, and express the wish that Seidel should remain at the hospital at all costs, and that at the same time rules should be drawn up, regulating the duties of the junior physician; that must naturally be settled by Schweikert and Seidel together ( otherwise the poor fellow will be burdened with everything); at the same time ask the latter to remain in the hospital, so that he can show the letter to the Director. Altogether, act as if I had only written telling you of the dissension between them, and saying that Seidel would be giving up his post. Schweikert has not thought of increasing Seidel’s salary, or of making your wishes known to the committee. The increase is only to be made known when his own assistant, Herzog, arrives. It is a scandal. Several clinicians are at present in the hospital : Dr. Vesemeyer from Magdeburg ( fairly good ), Dr. Theyson from Eisenach (passable); Student Nithak from Magdeburg (a casual fop), Student Bergt, Schubert’s assistant, a local man, of no class I should say. The first three mentioned have already been here three months. Since yesterday there is also a physician from Russian Poland ( Mitau) who will remain for several months. Something could certainly be done with careful arrangements and good management.