Hospital & Teaching Center

A marginal note reads :

Hornburg’s illness is getting worse : Haubold had already taken over his patients when I came to Leipsic. The others are now all going their way, no one hears anything of them; if I call upon one or the other, they are constantly on the watch, and suspicious yet full of politeness. Nothing of a homoeopathically scientific nature can be undertaken with any of them; it is pitiful tragedy to find this in the cradle of homoeopathy.

Hartlaub wrote in a leaflet on the evening of the same day :

On my way home from the clinic at midday to-day I got into conversation with the Director Schweikert regarding his relations with Seidel. I was very outspoken, and talked like an apostle and a prophet combined, but for all that we remained on the right track, as I constantly fell back by saying that I thought he was a man who wished that people should tell him openly what they thought. In order to bring about a decision in this strained relationship, he had already summoned Dr. Seidel on the evening of the same day, and for the present they have both arrived at a friendly understanding, so that Seidel will remain. The two letters for which I asked you, are therefore unnecessary; it is probably better that you should say nothing about my information. Leipsic, 26.1.34.

In the midst of fire but unafraid! Everything falls upon me, but until the last spark of life I shall defend the truth. I have been forbidden access to the Clinic; I am openly accused, not a particle of good is left in me, but I always remain the same.

When I wrote you the last letter I had been four days in succession in Schweikert’s Clinic, previous to that I had not been there at all. It seemed to have attracted his attention very much that I should have gone there so frequently, and should oppose him in words, for the sake of defending poor Seidel (which was of no advantage to me, and which I had not been asked to do by Seidel), consequently, on the following day, he asked the student Dorner, who also attends the Clinic : “Does Hartlaub wish to help manage the clinic?” What am I to think of it? As a Leipsic Physician, I suppose I should give him two Louis for listening to his feeble prescriptions. And he asks these questions, of a student, behind my back! Schweikert was then away for three days, and only last Monday was I able to go his room and ask him straight out what he meant by his remark. He answered that he could not actually remember, but that he could not allow anyone to attend the clinic several days in succession. as otherwise there would eventually not be sufficient room, but that I could come at intervals; that was all right; we however, exchanged more words, and when I told him ultimately, that I did not come for the sake of learning, but in order to see what was done in the clinic, which ought to concern every homoeopathic physician, he said that he would have to ask me not to come at all. ( Therefore I have been forbidden access ); I said good night and went away.

Now I remember that you have retained the supreme supervision of the hospital, and I would ask you, most venerable man, at the same time, to procure for me the temporary re- admission to our hospital, if it is right that I should have it; it would only require a few lines from you to Schweikert, and only one to me in which you say that I am at liberty to go there. I do not know otherwise before whom I could put my complaint, and I would urgently ask you to consider it.

Schweikert’s prescriptions were often very feeble; he does not remember the remedies very well; now they give whole bottles in the clinic ( like Aegidi, etc.), one, or a few globules are put in a medicine-glass with water, and dissolved, and two or three tablespoonfuls are given per day. Does that not mean seeking an innovation? Was the old way useless, or are these gentlemen not cognisant of it? If it has no effect, why give it at all? If it does act ( which is certain ), they give two or three doses a day, even in chronic cases; is that homoeopathy? Is it not the old routine practice?

More about myself : at the beginning of this month the “Leipsic Tageblatt ” published an advertisement recommending the second edition of Schwartz’s cookery book; I expostulated about this on the 10th of January, in the Tageblatt; I was attacked in the same paper, after that, in the lowest manner, first by someone unknown ( perhaps by Dr. Muller), and then by Schwartz himself.

If no one agrees with me then I must look for a kind of homoeopathy which differs from that of others, and I shall have to establish a new kind. Truth will for ever remain truth!

Haubold appears to be the best of all these uncertain men; he seems at least to have good intentions, even if his power is not so great; he seeks more after small external details than after the deeper intellectual principle; that is part of his personality, but he is said to be diligent in his homoeopathy.

Hartlaub refused the offer of having Hahnemann’s portrait sold for his own benefit, and wrote :

They might say,. that you are paying me for being so outspoken here in Leipsic. They shall not say that; I testify to truth and justice, and besides you know well that in case of need I am not too proud to ask openly for a loan from you, if you in your kindness wish to help me in that way.

I may perhaps, soon meet a poor girl that I shall like, and then I might need something to begin with. Yet it does not matter what you do. You will never hear from me anything but what I consider the truth. H. HARILAUB.

Hahnemann replied to this letter :

Dear Colleague,

During the last few years you have lived apart from human society, and been so completely isolated that you have almost forgotten how you should adapt yourself to others, and yet you can hardly live among them without this knowledge. Without ingratiating yourself with the people with whom you have to live, and upon whom you depend, without obliging and giving way, without politeness and consideration of their weak points, which do us no harm, and without deference towards those who have power, you cannot get on in the world. We must even ask politely for that which we could demand as our own right. The world has been made in this fashion, and not even a king can alter it, much less we, ourselves-to have pleasant manners has many good points in its favour, and is indispensable in our relationships with others. This, my dear Hartlaub, you must without delay, acquire, if you wish to be tolerated, loved and to gain promotion in this world. What harm would it have done to your honour, if you had first called on Schweikert, as was only fair, and asked for permission to attend the clinic? And after having neglected to do this, you went every day without any explanation, and told him to his face that you had not come to learn-but (do not be offended with me ) what was rude, repellent and bound to arouse hatred. Besides it was also insidious, because if you declare that you do not wish to learn from it, then you imply that you want to play the part of overseer and teacher. That is of course bound to arouse the indignation of the honourable Director of the Institution.

You must therefore blame yourself if he turns you out. Do try and alter your ways, for your own advantage. Alter from to- day onwards; do not only stop offending people, and saying rude things to them-for that would amount to very little towards adapting yourself in the world-no, begin immediately to practise the art of being polite, obliging, deferential, and thoughtful. It is high time you should do it. Others will not readily admit beforehand that they need you, but can easily see that you need their help.

You have followed our advice on so many points, as for instance, in altering your rough outward appearance, now quickly take the advice of your faithful friend, who also knows your good points and appreciates them.

The moment you alter(which you can do by reason of your strength of character) you will fare better and things will go well with you-you wish for this, and you must try to attain it, as I cannot contribute to it. I have politely asked Schweikert (not as jure quodam meo-as my privilege-demanded, which I could not do) to accept my recommendation of you, and with that ends my interference. From to-day onwards you treat everyone with politeness and courtesy-accomplish your metamorphosis as by a miracle-and you will find admission everywhere.

As regards marrying a poor girl, do not be in a hurry. Your poverty might make her very unbearable, useless, and insolent, and work your destruction. Poverty rarely works for good. I am not in a position to lend you money. You do not know the number of calls upon my purse, and how many relatives for whom I have to provide.

Remain assured that I wish to further your welfare in every possible way.

Your, S. HAHNEMANN. Cothen, January 28th, 1834.

This was followed by Hartlaub’s last letter to Hahnemann : Leipsic. 4.2.1834.

Esteemed Hofrath.

This is the first letter which I am not pleased at writing to you; it contains the long outcome of such a short period of activity. We do not appear to have understood one another; under your leadership I wish to become the candid and staunch defender of your true and pure doctrine, and yet in the first fight you say, ” Sheathe your sword!” I obey, I have sheathed it, but at the same time, the fight is finished and I withdraw like a silly boy. I knew that alone and unsupported I could not possibly fight openly against such a number of men of different minds without being crushed or repulsed with derision, and I should have guided my activity otherwise. But you will see that in this way, with the eternal praise and the occasional distinguished attacks on the reputation of this hospital, no blessing can result; it is a puppet for the sport of fools, a painted mask, which will ultimately fall off with fright. I have withdrawn, as you see I cannot now court their favours after first opposing them. I will continue to work quietly by myself for our science, as well and as much as I can. I will not bend my back or crawl; my deeds shall be unhampered, open and deliberate; I will not go through life bowing, creeping, simulating, deceiving and sliding; I know that I should get on better than many others; I might even to-day still be with Dr. Muller, earning good money, and laughing at the world in general. I showed already then that I would not do that; leave me this pride. Perhaps it will be of use some day. I quite believe that in Leipsic I shall not now be able to reap a big harvest, but fate may soon throw me elsewhere; your kindness may help me to that, if it is possible. In the beginning I called on Schweikert in a friendly way, and asked for permission to attend the clinic, but gentlemen of his type cannot sense the truth, and it is that which upset him so much.

As regards the loan, do not be offended, but I was not really in earnest about it.

Meanwhile I will continue to work peacefully; I shall write again sometime. Keep me in your memory. With hearty good wishes of you and yours, and kind regard to Dr. Lehmann.


Hahnemann did not reply; he wrote on the letter : ” Received on February 5th.”



He wrote to the Inspectors :

Dear Colleagues,

The proof of the manifold advantages of our method of treatment over the Old School which is so devoid of principle and purpose, and frequently harmful to the patient, can only be demonstrated to the public in a well and carefully administered hospital, where all the objections made by our allopathic opponents, in cases of private patients fall away altogether. (“That,” for instance, “the name of the patient was only signified by a letter, and that no one had witnessed the treatment or the recovery, and, therefore, the result might quite well be imaginary.”

In a homoeopathic clinic, which is properly administered, the patients are available for the inspection of experts, and the medical treatment can be carried out in their presence, and thus all possibility of fraud ceases, and consequently all denial of the homoeopathic treatment will be silenced.

You will, therefore, consider it justifiable that I am so anxious about the upkeep and perfecting of our homoeopathic clinic in Leipsic, and you colleagues, will perceive that I have every reason for conceiving all possible means which shall give our institution the dignity of a model clinic for homoeopathic therapy, so that we can put before the world the irrefutable proofs of the superiority of our Art. The deep love for pure homoeopathy, which animates our friend, Dr. Schweikert, and which has induced him to give up his previous remunerative occupation to undertake the management of our hospital, gives us the first true, prospects of succeeding in our purpose.

But it is impossible for him to live in expensive Leipsic, on the yearly income of 400 thalers, which has been accorded to him. We can, therefore, forsee that the zeal of this leader, who is so indispensable to our institution, may grow cold, and it may even become impossible for him to remain at the head of it; even for a short time. All things considered, our homoeopathic clinic stands or falls with this honourable man. Without him it will irretrievably fall. I, as the natural protector and life- long patron of this hospital, recognise, therefore, after careful consideration, that it is necessary to give Dr. Schweikert, as Director :

(1) A salary of 800 thalers as a minimum for the first year, to be paid in quarterly instalments, with a future assurance of an increase of his yearly salary in accordance with the increased income of the institution from the contributions of its patrons.

(2) That a quarter of the proceeds from the Polyclinic should be paid to him monthly or quarterly, in order to maintain his zeal for our Art, through a comfortable income, seeing that if he devotes all his strength to our hospital, he has hardly any time for private practice.

In order to assure a more comfortable subsistence for the assistant physician, and in this way stimulate his willingness, it is necessary to allot to him a twentieth part of the proceeds of the Polyclinic as an addition to his salary.

Through a very widely spread private appeal I have provided for the increase of the revenues of the clinic, and my name, which is not devoid of importance, is to me an assurance that the appeal will be remunerative.

I shall personally announce to Dr. Schweikert my suggestion that his salary be increased, as soon as he comes to see me, as he has promised in his letter, and you, my colleagues, will find it a pleasure to carry out this wish of mine, as I know.

I assure you of my continued good-will.

Yours faithfully, S. HAHNEMANN.

Cothen, March 22nd, 1834.

Hahnemann’s son-in-law, Dellbruck, wrote from Stotteritz :

November 24th, 1833.

The public was very pleased with your contribution of 20 Frdrs-d’ or, and if the homoeopathic hospital receives support from other quarters it will bring much comfort. I consider that it would be very useful, and even necessary for you to publish, in the “Leipsic Zeitung,” the list of contributions already received, together with the appeal for support, as a means of encouraging further subscriptions. I know personally of a stranger who said that he did not know what had happened to his contribution.

Hahnemann to Boenninghausen : Cothen, April 6th, 1834.

I take a very warm interest in the hospital; in order to establish it firmly, to secure its funds, and to make it possible for the salaries of Schweikert and the assistant physician to be increased, I have issued appeals-far and near-in my own name, and I now have every reason to hope that it ( the establishment ) will do honour to our Art. Everything is to be honestly and publicly acknowledged in the papers, and used to further the work of this important hospital.

There are already several foreign physicians in Leipsic for sole purpose of attending this institution.

On April 19th, 1834, Hahnemann wrote to Baron von Brunnow :

Now that Dr. Schweikert is managing the Leipsic Hospital as I wanted it, for the great purpose of practising pure homoeopathy, I am not anxious about its maintenance and welfare.

I have already provided for an abundant supply of contributions, so that it will not lack funds, and I shall experience the satisfaction of taking from the Saxon State the privilege of supporting it, because they exiled one of its good subjects. Should you have an opportunity of furthering my efforts by effecting a small subscription in favour of our hospital, by distributing the enclosed appeal, let me cordially thank you in anticipation.

Our regenerated true homoeopathic hospital, which is already attended by several foreign physicians, will actually lay before the eyes of the world, the proof that the conscientious practise of our method does not require any assistance from the old science of maltreatment, in order to cure all that is curable, without weakening or torturing the sufferer as allopathy is unable to avoid doing.

Baron von Brunnow replied to this : Dresden, May 15th, 1834.

It will always be my great endeavour to further the best work in the homoeopathic hospital at Leipsic. I already last summer, gained many annual subscribers and will continue to try and obtain others. I contribute five thalers yearly, in addition to the subscription to the Convention, which I pay on August 10th. I still have in my possession three or four hundred copies of my preface to the first translation of the Organon, and also of my rendering of your essay on coffee. I shall send these to the publisher Arnold, with the stipulation that the proceeds are to be handed over to the Leipsic Clinic. The homoeopathic physicians themselves can do most for the clinic. If each of them made it a condition that every wealthy patient, after being successfully treated, should bind himself to pay a yearly subscription of two thalers, the cost of administration and upkeep would soon be assured. I have written this to Schweikert, and added that he should publish, in his paper, an invitation to this effect.

Dr. Franz wrote to Hahnemann in connection with the increase of stipend for Schweikert ( see pages 309 and 310 ) :

Leipsic, April 2nd, 1834.

Dear Sir, Although your wishes with regard to the increase of salary for Schweikert, as manager of our hospital, are well meant and just, so much so that the inspectors who agree with you would be glad to meet them, yet they have charged me to point out to you, that they themselves cannot decide this matter, but that in accordance with the Statutes, they will have to ask the Board of Directors, or perhaps even the Convention on August 10th. Also they want to put before you the balance in hand of our fund, and to again hear your opinion.

At the close of the accounts on April 10th, 1833, the capital of the endowment fund amounted to:

Capital. Annual interest. a. Two debentures of the Prussian English loan of 100 pounds sterling in the currency of the time. 612 Rth. 1224 Rth. 54 Rth. 8 b. One Wurtt. Deed of Mortgage of currency of the time,305 305 ” 12 ” 12 c. 800 thalers of Prussian State Bonds at 96 768 ” 32 ” – d. 300 Rth. deposited by Felge & Co. 300 ” 12 ” –

2597 ” 110 ” 20 e. Balance in hand 168 ”

Sa 2765 ”

At the end of last month, March 31st of this year the amount was: a. Receipts since Aug. 10th,’ 33 1371 Rth. 17 b. Surplus from last year’s accounts 168 ” 13

Total with receipts 1540 ” 6 c. Total expenditure to date 1273 ” 11 Therefore balance available at present 266 ” 19 The fund allotted by the Board of directors for emergency purposes 232 ” –

That would therefore leave a balance in hand for current expenditure, of 498 ” 19

The receipts in the hospital amounted to,

In August 1833 33 Rth. 22 September & October 44 ” 4 November 31 ” 12 December 45 ” 16 January 1834 69 ” 6

Sa… 224 Rth. 12

Therefore the average receipts per month during the last six months was approximately 38 Rth. which is however already included in the general receipts quoted of 1371., and under Schweikert’s management will probably rise to a monthly average of 50 Rth.

Richard Haehl
Richard Haehl was the author of - Life and Work of Samuel Hahnemann