Hospital & Teaching Center



On the other hand the fund has a mortgage on the house of 2000 Rth., with interest of 0 Rth. to pay off per year, so that really the capital bearing interest only amounts to 600 Rth.

But as we have against this debt the value of the house, the balance remaining is as follows :

a. State Debentures after August ‘ 33 which at the present higher currency amounts to 2795 Rth. capital 498 ”

You will be able to estimate from that how far the increase of salary for Schweikert, who is indeed indispensable to us, will be possible for the future, if we do not wish to use the capital, or if subscriptions do not come in more abundantly. The opinion of the inspectors is that a definitely assured increase of salary would be inadvisable at the moment, if you take into consideration the balance in hand, but a monthly or quarterly allowance could be made in accordance with the state of the balance.

Hahnemann replied to this:

To the Inspector of the Homoeopathic Hospital at Leipsic.

Dear Colleague Dr. Franz,

I have examined the balance sheet which you sent me, and I am glad to see that the Inspectors agree with my proposal of increasing Dr. Schweikert’s salary. I, therefore, express the wish that for this first quarter of 1834, a grant of 100 thalers should be made to him, above and beyond his own salary, and I consent that on the 10th of August a definite arrangement should be made regarding the increase of stipend which I suggested. This ought to be all the more possible since I have already secured, through contributions, for the remaining three quarters of 1834- 300Rth.-which will come to him from me without the necessity of taking them from the funds. This, however, is with the condition that he should also receive one quarter of the proceeds from the Polyclinic, as I had arranged, and the assistant physician one twentieth, which should be paid quarterly. The result of this, as can be readily appreciated, is bound to be advantageous to the balance.

Yours Faithfully, S.HAHNEMANN.

Cothen, April 8th, 1834.

I think that 200 extra copies of the Annual Report of the Institution should be printed for the purpose of sending them gratuitously to those who contribute at least four Rth. a year. They should be sent to them shortly before their subscription become due, enclosing at the same time a short printed reminder of their promise to send an annual contribution. Then they receive something for their money, and also see in the book that their annual contribution has been duly entered as received. Then they will be all the more certain to renew their subscriptions.

Yours, S. HAHNEMANN.

Cothen, April 8th, 1834.

We must do all in our power to raise our institution. If that is not done now, it will never happen.

Esteemed Sirs, I wish to know why Director Dr. Schweikert has not received from you the grant of 100 Rth., doubling his stipend, which I have promised him, due at Easter for the first quarter, as you had the available money, and I wait for you to carry out this agreement, as a keen management of the hospital constitutes the pivot of the whole undertaking.

As soon as I am informed that this has been done, I shall send you 300 Rth. from subscriptions received, so that you can pay to the Director at Midsummer, Michaelmas, and Christmas quarters, one hundred Rth. each time, thus doubling his stipend.

Yours faithfully, SAMUEL HAHNEMANN.

To Mr. M. Lux for the Inspectors of the Homoeopathic Hospital, Cothen, May 23rd, 1834.

SUPPLEMENT 151.

HAHNEMANN COLLECTS CONTRIBUTIONS FOR THE HOSPITAL

Dr. Hermann Lovy, of Prague, sent 179 thaler 2 ggr. and wrote at the same time: Prague.

April 30th, 1834.

I must apologise for not fulfilling your desire of collecting annual contributions, I can well understand that it would be desirable for the institution to be able to rely with certainty upon an annual support, and I am willing to pay a yearly contribution in accordance with my small means. I could not and would not force my patients, and if I had insisted on demanding an annual subscription I should not have received anything from some of them, and very little generally, while now after a time I can ask again and collect a handsome amount. When you publish the list of names of the supporters in Prague please mention the town (Prague) as a confirmation of the money received, but do not mention it as having come through me, because the Government may not like to see that I have collected contributions for a foreign institution. It is only fair that every homoeopathic physician should contribute, as he owes his reputation and practice to homoeopathy. I shall pay this contribution every year as long as the institution works in the way it should, and brings honour to homoeopathy.

On May 23rd, 1834, Dr. Lovy, of Prague, whilst announcing another 8 fl. sent a reminder for the receipt of the 179 thalers 2 ggr.; in October 1834, he sent a further contribution of 28fl.

Dr. Griesselich wrote to Hahnemann: Karlsruhe, May 20th, 1834.

Since Schweikert has had the hospital we have been more hopeful here; the predecessor and his two rare annual reports have done much harm here, and have spread mistrust.I have sent your letter to Mr. von Lotzbeck; he will do nothing for the Leipsic institution. Also several belonging to the Association of Baden will do nothing, since it has not accomplished anything.

SUPPLEMENT 152.

HAHNEMANN’S VISIT TO THE HOMOEOPATHIC HOSPITAL AND SCHOOL AT LEIPSIC.

Dr. Schweikert’s “Zeitung der homoeopatischen Heilkunst” of June 28th, 1834 reported: The 17th of this month was an important and joyful day for our hospital and school which was founded by the Society of Homoeopathic Physicians, and maintained in this city by private efforts and charitable contributions. During the forenoon, the hospital was inspected by the Honourable Hofrath Dr. Hahnemann, the President of the Society. He arrived from Cothen for this purpose, the previous day, accompanied by his three daughters, Dr. Lehmann, Mr. Isensee, Councillor of Justice, Mr. and Mrs. Rhost, and Dr. Jahr.

The resident homoeopathic physicians had been invited to meet him the same evening to discuss several new arrangements to be made, which would promote the success of the hospital and school. They celebrated the arrival of their Master, with a serenade before the windows of the Hotel Pologne, where he was staying, and at the conclusion, the crowd assembled in the street, burst forth with a shout of applause. He not having visited Leipsic for thirteen years, was greatly surprised by this demonstration of welcome, and several of the friends who surrounded him, exclaimed, “Vox populi, vox Dei!”.

The hospital was festively decorated for this reception of Hahnemann who was solemnly received and welcomed, in the Boardroom, by the Director Dr. Schweikert with an address in Latin, in the presence of almost all the homoeopathic physicians of Leipsic, and a considerable number of ladies and gentlemen.

The venerable man, then in his seventy-ninth year, replied in German, and expressed his gratitude towards the Director, as well as his satisfaction with the institution he was now managing. He made a donation to the funds, and gave presents to the nursing staff and then visited the wards, where he expressed his complete satisfaction with the treatment, and care taken of the patients. He dined at midday in his rooms with many of his admirers, and after enjoying the afternoon in the little Swiss hut of the Rosenthal, he spent a few hours with his guests in instructive and pleasant conversation. His time did not allow him to tarry any longer in Leipsic, and he left early the following morning, the 18th, accompanied with many hearty wishes for a long and happy life.

Hahnemann’s married daughter, Dellbruck, wrote: Stotteritz, June 28th, 1834.

Dear good father and dear sisters,

I have not experienced such a happy day for many years, as when you and my dear sisters came to me; it is a great pity that I could not give you any honours, as time was too short. The whole village would have liked to have seen you, and it talks of your renown.

Dr. Moritz Muller relates (To the History of Homoeopathy, page 90): Hahnemann came to Leipsic in June 1834 to inspect the hospital. In the forenoon of June the 18th, I received through a waiter of the Hotel Pologne, an ordinary invitation from him, inviting me to a discussion there in evening, As it was not an invitation to a meeting of directors, and I could not be expected to call on him until he had given me satisfaction for personal insults, I therefore politely declined the invitation… When those who had been invited had assembled, he sent to me, Dr. Franz, my personal friend and a pure homoeopath, in order to invite me to come. I sent back the message that when I wanted anything from Hahnemann I would come to him, should he want anything from me he would have to take the trouble to come to me. (Hartmann had declined the invitation for the same reason.)

Thus was broken the bond of a friendship of many years, which in spite of a difference of opinion had united Dr. Franz and me.

SUPPLEMENT 153.

DR. SCHWEIKERT’S REQUEST TO HAHNEMANN CONCERNING THE STIPEND.

(See also Supplement 150.)

Leipsic, 2.2.35

I am grateful to you and much obliged for the good opinion you have of me and my work in the hospital, and for the way you speak of it, and I can also truly assure you that I strain all my faculties, in order to serve the institution; I am equally convinced that if my salary is not increased to 800 Rths. and sanctioned by the Board of Inspection, I am facing the ruin of my children and myself; I certainly have brought a great sacrifice in my financial position and life generally by taking over the directorship of the hospital, as I know best how much this year has cost me; without capital I am not in a position to keep this up much longer, however much I wish to do so. The Board of Inspectors have not yet given their sanction, and I do not like to ask them for it; this would only happen if you urged our friend Franz to take the matter in hand, but it would have to be a written agreement. I am willing, now that my salary is due, to write a receipt for 200 Rth. for the quarter, and if they refuse it, to tender my resignation, and I shall then hear what those gentlemen have to say, yet I will first await your reply to these lines. But I beg of you most urgently that you should settle this question; I as father of family ought to see this realised; I readily grant you that I hold a true post of honour, and I am very proud of it, but wife and children have to live also, and living is dear here, as you know yourself. But this communication of mine must remain private between us please; my great confidence in you, and your affection for me, induce me to make it. I hope that no one will buy the piece of garden over our heads. If we postpone the purchase. They now say that someone wants to erect a sugar refinery on that site-that would be a damnum irreparable for the institution.

Your devoted, SCHWEIKERT.

Hahnemann had already written on this matter to the Board of Inspectors of the hospital (Haubold, Franz and LUx):

Esteemed Sirs and dear Colleagues, Although I have not seen any written record of the expenditure and receipts of our Homoeopathic Clinic, yet the news received appears so re-assuring (on this point Hahnemann had been deceived-R.H.) that I may hope that the Inspectors from now onwards, may grant out of their own funds, to the Director of the Institution, Dr. Schweikert, the necessary and adequate quarterly salary of 2000 thalers, without my help. I would have been able to contribute 100 thalers through contributions from abroad, towards the salary promised him by the Board in the beginning, if the contributions promised from Lyon has passed through my hands, but as they have been paid in directly to the hospital, the purpose has been accompanied without my help.

As this institution can now look after its own upkeep, I leave it to its faithful care to continue the grant of 200 thalers salary, a quarter, to Dr. Schweikert out of the balance in hand, as my work no longer gives me time to try and collect contributions from abroad, but I will not neglect to remit to you whatever may be sent to me in the form of contributions, and I shall always rejoice in the welfare of the institution which is so important to our science.

Your devoted, SAMUEL HAHNEMANN.

Cothen, January 4th 1835.

HAHNEMANN’S APPEAL TO ALL HOMOEOPATHIC PHYSICIANS.

(“Allg. hom. Ztg., 1835, Vol. 6, page 366.).

Since the homoeopathic hospital came into existence it has accomplished much that is good and gratifying, but particularly during the last year through the excellent internal arrangements and the exemplary management of its present Director, Dr. Schweikert, well known as a practical and true homoeopath, who is directing the whole work of the institution with untiring activity. It will readily be seen from the Annals of the Institution, which will shortly be published, (this never took place-R.H.) how much need there is of powerful support from the homoeopathic physicians and philanthropic friends, if it is to continue its existence, and do further good service for science and mankind. Since its beds now number twenty-one, and the total cost of the yearly upkeep, according to superficial estimate, amounts to 3300 thalers, of which the patients may pay approximately 1300 thalers under the present arrangements, the institution can only remain permanent if an additional 200thalers is obtained through contributions, otherwise the funds which are very small will be exhausted. This could easily be accomplished if every homoeopathic physician binds himself to contribute a definite annual amount in accordance with his capacity, even if only for five years, as many as have already agreed to do. Each of them should make an effort to induce other philanthropic friends, and patients to make contributions. He should collect these, and send the sum total annually, either through a bookseller, or a provincial Society in his neighbourhood, to the Treasurer, Mr. Schumann, publisher, not later than the 10th of August, this being the most practical method.

I urgently invite all staunch homoeopathic practitioners, and friends of humanity, who take an interest in the promotion of our therapeutic science, which is the only true one, and in the model homoeopathic hospital of Leipsic, in which everyone can personally witness the unsurpassable advantages of this new science, to do this. SAMUEL HAHNEMANN.

Cothen, May 8th 1835.

SUPPLEMENT 154

WHO AND WHAT WAS FICKEL?

Dr. Moritz Muller published in the “Allg, hom Ztg., ” of June Ist 1840, (Vol. 17 page 321) the following proved facts, as a reply to Fickel’s abusive work, “Direct proof of the invalidity of the homoeopathic therapeutic system.”

Dr. Fickel qualified at Leipsic in 1831, and practised in Zwickau in 1832. He was impudent, expensive, and unsuccessful. (Already he had published a book anonymously entitled,”Words of Comfort,” under the name of “Leckif,” which closed with the following sentence: “The ditch in which I have so comfortably is not without oxen.”) He returned to Leipsic in 1833. having been driven away from Zwickau by his creditors. Impoverished, and shunned by all physicians of both schools, he tired to find some means of subsistence.

During 1834 and 1835 he wrote, under two false names, three volumes of fictitious homoeopathic cures and similar provings of medicines.The manuscript of the first book, which appeared under the name L. Heine, was taken to the publisher Schumann, by one of his few acquaintances here (Leipsic) a dentist, probably his dupe. The second work in two volumes was printed in 1835 by Reinmann, under the name J. T. Hofbauer (the last volume of this work had been written by him in eight days). The former which had been more carefully compiled, was after its publication praised in some homoeopathic periodical by reviewers who did not suspect the possibility of such fraudulence. Encouraged by this success, Fickel disclosed, in 1835, to the publisher of his first work that he himself was Heine, and made the excuse that his creditors forced him to adopt a pseudonym and to remain anonymous. He offered him a work which was to be published under the title, ” A Compendious Homoeopathic Cyclopedia, by a Society of Homoeopathic physicians,” which he had begun to write by himself, and which would make it possible to dispense with all other homoeopathic books. The publisher dazzled by the reviews of the books already published, accepted this seemingly very advantageous offer and advanced him a considerable sum in order to enable him to complete the work. Deceived by Fickel’s plausible manner while he rapidly handed in the manuscript, the publisher believed he had found in him the man who could preside over the homoeopathic hospital, and gave him the first inkling of the post of the senior physician which was to become vacant. The publisher was co-inspector of the institution. He made Fickel acquainted with the medical inspector, and the latter quite charmed by his capabilities, realised the idea, of which Fickel had not even dreamt six months previously. ( Only those who know Fickel’s eloquence and facility of speech, can appreciate how the physician and the publisher, both men of honour, who had rendered and are still rendering great service to homoeopathy at great sacrifices to themselves, could be so grossly deceived. It was possible that he described to them in glowing terms the interesting lectures he would give on homoeopathy.) In vain did three other homoeopathic physicians of Leipsic, who had been at the time crowded out, and prevented from taking any active part in the hospital, warn the two men thus deceived. In justifiable indignation they abstained from influencing it in any respect.

In vain did they tell him that a mystification, or some fraud must exist….Helbig, Trinks, and Noack had found out that “Hofbauer’s” and Heine’s ” cures and provings of medicines were fictitious, and that Heine and Hofbauer were identical; Noack had at last discovered that Fickel himself was the “Society of Physicians.” writing the “Compendious Cyclopedia” and that as a matter of fact, he was Heine and Hofbauer, and also that he had simultaneously (1835) published, through Reimann, two allopathic therapeutical works under the name of Dr. Herting. But the Board of Inspectors thought that the discoverer was mistaken, and Fickel received the post of physician to the hospital on January Ist, 1836.

Moritz Muller is wrong in the last details that is regarding the date, as Noack, Helbig, and Trinks disclosure took place in 1836, therefore, after Fickel’s appointment.

The officially reported unmasking of the man took place on June 10th 1836. On that day Heinrich Robert Kabitzsch, a servant in the shop of Arnold the publisher, at Dresden, gave evidence before the District Authorities (Gustav Kramer, ordinary actuary and obligatory recorder, and Fr. Christ Stein, lay assessor of the provincial court of law) that Dr. Fickel manufactured his homoeopathic books in the summer of 1835, and said several times, “I shall for once deceive those fellows” (the homoeopaths). Dr. Noack then heard from Kabitzsch what kind of person Fickel was; yet he was already appointed chief physician, and Noack was still in communication with him on March 5th of the same year. Then in July Noack’s Alla potrida appeared, in which Fickel’s deception was disclosed without reserve.

After his release Fickel wished to go to Paris, but did not get farther than Frankfurt a-M., where followed up by his creditors, his effects were seized. He returned to Leipsic, and lived there separated from his wife and children. He then wandered about in several other towns, among others Teplitz (1839) where he still posed as a homoeopathic physician. In 1840 at Grosschonau he wrote his book, “Direct proof, etc.” but only for the sake of making money. Moritz Muller proved that the book contained gross untruths.

Later he tried to practise in various places. For instances, in 1858 he advertised especially for Typhus patient’s in Dresden.

THE HOMOEOPATHIC HOSPITAL AT MUNICH.

Dr. J. Fr. Hennicke of Gotha, wrote on November 3rd, 1837, to Hahnemann, in Paris:

I have already received three reports from the Homoeopathic Hospital in Munich, and have published extracts from them in the “Allg. Anz. d.” The hospital was founded by the Home Minister, Prince Carl Ottingen-Wallerstein and supported by the State. The doctors Hofrath Reubel, Medicinalrath Widemann and Roth were appointed. The contents of these reports does great credit to homoeopathy, and must disconcert even the greatest unbelievers.

Only those who know Fickel’s eloquence and facility of speech, can appreciate how the physician and the publisher, both men of honour, who had rendered and are still rendering great service to homoeopathy at great sacrifices to themselves, could be so grossly deceived. It was possible that he described to them in glowing terms, the interesting lectures he would give on homoeopathy.

The Diet of Bavaria, therefore, conceded a more substantial State allowance, yet on the other hand-which is a very rare occurrence-the King made a protest, giving as his reason, that the affirmed results had not stood the test, and could not be proved without objections.

Richard Haehl
Richard Haehl was the author of - Life and Work of Samuel Hahnemann