IGNATIA


Hahnemann’s proving symptoms of homeopathy remedy Ignatia from Materia Medica Pura, which Samuel Hahnemann wrote between 1811 to 1821…


(The seed of the Ignatia amara.)

(One grain of the pulverised(If the mortar is kept constantly Standing in very hot water, and thus maintained at a moderately high temperature, then this seed (as is the case with nux vomits) may be easily reduced to a fine powder without diminution of ire medicinal power.) seed is first brought.to the million-fold (third) trituration in the way taught in the introduction to arsenic, and of this one grain after being dissolved, is brought by means of 27 diluting phials to the thirtieth potency (X).

The characteristic peculiarities of this very powerful vegetable substance, as far as they are known to me, are pointed out in the foot notes.

On account of the alternating actions, that follow one another very rapidly, which it excites, it is particularly suitable for acute diseases, and for a considerable number of these, as may be seen from the symptoms corresponding in similarity to symptoms of disease frequently met with in daily life. It is therefore very properly regarded as a medicine created for great usefulness (polychrest).

Its action is usually exhausted in a few days; yet there are constitutions and states of the body where it cannot effect any evacuation, and in such cases I have sometimes observed its action last nine days. It is suitable for but few cases of chronic disease, and then only with the intermediate employment of some other suitable medicine of mote persistent action.

In its employment it sometimes happens, which is seldom the case with other medicines, that where the first dose has not done what was intended, because (for some unknown cause) it first acted on the disease with its opposite symptoms and consequently soon caused an aggravation of the disease in its secondary action, like a palliative remedy, then (without any intermediate medicine having been given in alternation) a second dose of the same dilution can be given with the best curative effect, so that the cure is only obtained by the second dose. This is no doubt owing to the directly opposite symptoms (alternating actions) of this remarkable drug, of which I shall speak further on. But such cases do not often occur, for, as a rule, in an acute disease, the first dose effects all that this medicine can do in a homoeopathic way, if it has been accurately selected according to similarity of symptoms.

Where in the case of an over-excitable system, perhaps also given in too large a dose, it produces too great sensitiveness, or an anxious, exalted states of the sensibility, hastiness, &c., coffee is serviceable as a homoeopathic antidote. When it his been unsuitably chosen so that its symptoms do not correspond in sufficient similarity to those of the disease, the sufferings it causes may, according to their character, be relieved by the antidotal power of pulsatilla of chamomilla, and in rarer cases by cocculus, arnica, camphor or vinegar.

Although its positive effects have a great resemblance to those of nux vomits (which indeed might be infected from the botanical relationship of these two plants) yet there is a great difference in their therapeutic. Employment. The emotional disposition of patients for whom ignatia is serviceable. differs widely from that of those for whom nux vomits is of use. Ignatia is not suitable for persons of patients in whom anger, eagerness, of violence is predominant but for those who are subject to rapid alternations of gaiety and disposition to weep, of in whom we notice the other emotional states indicated at the end of the following list of ignatia symptoms, provided always that the other corporeal morbid symptoms resemble those that this drug can produce.

Even in a high potency, ignatia is a main remedy in cases of vexation in subjects who have no tendency to break out violently of to revenge themselves, but who keep their annoyance to themselves; in whom, in a word, the resemblance of the vexatious occurrence is wont to dwell in the mind, and so also especially in morbid states which ate produced by occurrences that cause grief. So also attacks of even chronic epilepsy, which only occur after mortification or some similar vexation (and not from any other cause). may always be prevented by the timely administration of ignatia. Epileptic attacks that come on in young persons after some great fright, before they become very numerous, may also be cured by a few doses of ignatia. But it is very improbable that chronic epileptic fits of other kinds can be cured, or have ever been cured, by this medicine. At all events, the cases recorded in medical writings as having been cured by ignatia are not to be relied on, for other powerful drugs were almost always administered at the same time or as intermediate remedies, or there is no evidence that the cute was permanent.

When a person has, for the first time in his life, in consequence of some external disturbing circumstance, been seized with epilepsy which assumes a serious character by its duration or rapid recurrence, a single small dose of ignatia-tincture may be relied upon for relief and generally for permanent cure (as I have seen). But it is otherwise with chronic epilepsies. In these cases it cannot be of permanent benefit for the same reason that it is of no use in other chronic diseases. For its peculiar opposite primary actions (alternating actions) follow one another in this opposite way when it is given in diseases, so that, if the first dose has removed the morbid state, a second must not be given soon afterwards, for this would cause a recurrence of the morbid state, because its opposite alternating action comes into play, which produces the injurious effects of the secondary action of a palliative.( Thus, also, as above stated, a second dose of ignatia-tincture only acts curatively (in opposition) in those cases in which a first dose of, the same remedy, though ) Hence it is proved that it is only applicable and curative in sudden attacks and in acute diseases.

It is beat to administer the (small) dose in the morning, if there is no occasion for hurry. When given shortly before bed-time it causes too much restlessness at night. For all therapeutic purposes the administration of one small globule moistened by the thirtieth attenuation is sufficient, and still better, the olfaction of a globule the size of a mustard seed imbibed with the same potency, repeated once or twice daily.

[HAHNEMANN was aided in this proving by GROSS and FR. HAHNEMANN. The symptoms referred to HARTLAUB and TRINKS are those Of JORG’s proving-which HAHNEMANN took from their Arzneimittellehre.

The old-school authorities whence symptoms were obtained are:

BERGIUS, Mat. Medorrhinum

CAMILLI, Philos. Transact., vol.. xxi, No. 250.

DURIUS. Misc. Nat. Cur., Dec. iii, Ann. 9, 10, Obs. 126.

GRIMM, J. C., Eph. Nat. Cur., Obs. 72.

VALENTINUS, Hist. Simpl. reform.

In the Frag, de Viribus Ignatia has 176 symptoms, in the 1st edit. of the ‘R. A. M. L, 624, in the 2nd edit. 674, and in this 3rd edit. 794.]

IGNATIA

Heat in the head.

Feeling of hollowness and emptiness in the head.

Weak, fallacious memory (before the 8th and 10th h.).

Thinking and speaking are difficult for, him, towards evening [Hb. Ts.( Proving of the drug by Jorg and twelve associates, taking from 10 to 200 drops of the tincture, and from 1 to 4 grains of the powdered bean.) ]

5. He is unable to concentrate the thoughts for an instant. [Hb. Ts.]

Vertigo. (BERGIUS,( General accounts of the drug. All his symptoms, save 431, are evidently taken from Camelli.) Mat. Medorrhinum, p. 150.]

Slight vertigo which changed into aching pain in the right half of the occiput (all the 1st d.). [Hb.Ts.]

Vertigo with some stitches in the head. [Hb. Ts.]

A kind of vertigo : feeling of swaying hither and thither.

10. Vertigo : he staggered when walking and could only with difficulty keep himself upright. [Hb. Ts.]

Dazedness of the head, in the morning after rising (2nd d.). [Hb. Ts.]

Dulness and confusion of the head. [Hb., Ts.]

Intoxication(From a drachm.) (Taken by a man. The symptoms appeared in an hour.) (aft. 1 h.). [ J. C. GRIMM, Eph. Nat. Cur., Cent. x, Obs. 72.]

homoeopathically selected (for some unknown reason) only acted on the disease with its palliative alternating symptoms, whereby it must have caused an aggravation in the secondary action.

A strong feeling in the head, a kind of intoxication, as from brandy, with burning in the eyes (immediately). [Fr. H-n.]

15. Head is heavy (aft. 4, 6 h.),

He hangs the head forwards. (16, 17, 19, 47, contrasted with 20, 21, 22, are alternating actions of the primary sort, both of almost equal importance.)

He lays the head forwards on the table.

He feels as if the head were too full of blood; and the interior of the nose is very sensitive to the air, as if epistaxis were coming on.

Heaviness of the head as if it were too full of blood (as after stooping too low), with tearing pain in the occiput, which is alleviated by lying on the back,( See note to 599. ) is aggravated by sitting up, but is most relieved by stooping the head low when sitting,

20. Headache which is increased by stooping forwards (aft. 1 h.).

Headache coming on immediately after stooping, tow, which soon goes off on raising it up again (aft. 18 h.).

In the morning, in bed, on awaking and opening the eyes, severe headache, which goes off on rising (aft. 40 h ).

Confusion of the head with pains in its right side, especially in the occiput, rendering thinking and speaking difficult. [Hb. Ts.]

Confusion of the head, which changed into aching pain in the vertex; this afterwards -extended to the forehead and down to the left eye. [Hb. Ts.]

25. Heaviness and confusion of the head. [Hb. Ts.]

Confusion of the head like intoxication, lasting all day, and frequently passing into actual aching pains in the forehead and especially the right half thereof, rendering thinking very difficult. [Hb. Ts]

Confusion of the head, in the morning on awaking, changing into actual aching headache, that fixed itself particularly in the forehead, and affected the eyes so much, that the movement of the eyelids,

and eyeballs caused pain in them (3rd d.), aggravated by going upstairs and every other bodily movement. [Hb. Ts.]

Pain in the frontal region, that extended sometimes into the right, sometimes into the left eyeball, and was aggravated by bodily movement. [Hb. Ts.]

Pain in the occiput on the side above the mastoid process, which sometimes was communicated to the auditory organs, and then seemed to blunt the sense of hearing. [Hb. Ts.]

30. Dull headache, which was chiefly confined to the right half of the forehead and thence extended at the same time to the right eye, rendering this organ very sensitive to the light. [Hb. Ts.]

Sensation in the head, as if suddenly attacked by coryza; a dull aching in the sinciput extended markedly down into the nasal cavity, and produced there for ten minutes the feeling that a violent coryza

usually causes there; this aching went after ten minutes into other parts of the head and went on changing about in this way, came again and disappeared. [Hb. Ts.]

Slight aching pains in the frontal region, aggravated by the light of the sun. [Hb. Ts.]

Violent aching pains in the head, especially in the frontal region, and round about the orbits, becoming always more violent and lasting till the evening. [Hb. Ts.]

Aching pain behind and above the upper eyelids of both eyes, for two hours. [Hb. Ts.]

35. Aching pain in the right half of the forehead, going thence into the left side, latterly involving the whole head. [Hb. Ts]

Aching in the frontal region, that extended at one time to this, at another to that part of the head, but was nowhere persistent; this pain extended even to beneath the orbits and into the cheeks. [Hb. Ts.]

Aching pain, especially in the right half of the forehead, which extended down to the tight eye, and there particularly assumed such a character, that it seemed as if it would press out the right eyeball, in the afternoon. [Hb. Ts.]

Aching contractive pain in the vertex spreading to the forehead. [Hb. Ts. ]

Violent pain of an aching character in the temples. [Hb. Ts.]

40. Aching pains in the right side of the head and in the occiput. [Hb. Ts.]

Aching pain that extended from the forehead to one side, either the right or the left. [Hb. Ts.]

Aching and pressing pain in the right half of the occiput, until he went to sleep. [Hb. Ts.]

Aching pains in the right side of the occiput. [Hb. Ts.]

Dull aching pain that spread all over the head. [Hb. Ts.]

45. Aching pain in the head increased by taking food. [Hb. Ts.]

Immediately after the midday sleep headache : a general pressure through the whole brain, as if there were too much brain or blood in the head, gradually increased by reading and writing (aft. 20 h.).

Tearing headache in the forehead and behind the left ear, which is tolerable when lying on the back, increased by raising up the head, with heat and redness of the cheeks and hot hands (aft. 5 h.).

Lacerating headache after midnight when lying on the side, which goes off by lying on the back.

( See note to 599.)

Twitching pain in the head on ascending.

50. Twitching headache, which is increased on opening the eyes (aft. 1 h.).

Aching pain in the forehead above the root of the nose which compels him to bend forward the head, (The relief caused here and in 19 by stooping forwards stands with the other symptoms, 20, 21, 58, where stooping forward aggravates, in the position of alternating action but the latter seems to be the beat adapted for homoeopathic curative purposes, and is more frequent and more strongly marked.) followed by inclination to vomit (aft. 5 h.).

Extreme aching in both temples especially the right one. [Gss.]

An aching pain deep under the right side of the frontal bone: [Gss.]

Under the left frontal protuberance a stupefying intermitting aching. [Gss.]

55. Under the left palpebral arch a violent aching. [Gss.]

Pain as if the occipital bone were pressed in.

Cramp-like headache above the root of the nose in the region of the inner canthus (aft. 3 h.).

Above the right orbit, at the root of the nose, aching and Somewhat drawing pain in the head, renewed by stooping low (aft. 10 h.).

Headache, like(Comp. note to 297. This and almost all the other kinds of headache from ignatia are soon removed by coffee.) a pressure with something hard on the surface of the brain, recurring in fits (aft. 6 h.).

60. An aching in the temples, sometimes accompanied by profound sleep.

Headache as if the temples were pressed outwards.( 61, 62, 65. The out-forcing and out-pressing headache in the temples, as also the pain as if the head would burst, is related to the bursting feeling m the bowels, 283, and even to the sore throat 161, and also to 172 and 297; for the internal feeling of compression and constriction and the pressing asunder easily become alternating sensations. At all events the pressing asunder is opposed to the marked constriction in hollow organs 366, 368, 431, 465, 468, 472, as alternating action.)

In the morning (in bed), when lying on one side or the other, a furious headache as if it would force out at the temples, relieved by lying on the back(See note to 599.) (aft. 48 h.).

Furious headache; a constant digging under the right frontal protuberance and on the right side of the frontal bone. [Gss.]

When walking in the open air aching pain in one half of the brain, increased by talking and reflection (aft. 2 h.).

65. When talking and speaking much there comes on a headache, as if the head would burst, which goes off entirely when reading and writing quietly (aft. 48 h.).

Headache increased by talking.

When reading and listening very attentively to a speech the headache is aggravated, but not by mere spontaneous reflection (aft. 6 h.).

Deep stitches in the right temple (aft. 3/4 h.). [Gss. ]

Throbbing headache.( This kind of headache is not unfrequently felt on the side of the occiput a few hours after taking the drug.)

70. Throbbing in the head, above the right supraorbital arch.

Headache at every beat of the arteries.

Shooting pains in the forehead and above the eyebrows. [Hb. Ts.]

Shooting pains in the whole forehead and right side of the occiput. [Hb. Ts.]

Single stitches dart through his head. [Hb. Ts.]

75. External headache; the head is painful when touched.

External headache; drawing from the temples above the orbits;

when touched there is pain as if bruised.

Pain in the head as if bruised (aft. 8 h.).

In the morning on awaking headache as if the brain were smashed and crushed; on getting up it goes off and there comes on instead a toothache as if the dental nerve were smashed and crushed; a similar pain then goes into the sacrum; this headache is renewed on thinking.

(The hair of the head falls out) (aft. 36 h.).

80. In the evening the inner surface of the upper eyelid is painful, as if it were too dry.

In the evening when reading dimness before one eye, as if a tear were in it, which he should wipe away, and yet there is no moisture in it.

On closing the eyelids pain like excoriation in the outer canthus.

In the morning the eyelids are closed by purulent mucus, and when he opens them, the light dazzles.

In the outer canthus of the left eye, sensation as if some dust had got into it, which pressed on the membranes at intervals. (Comp. 86.) [Gss.]

85. In the outer canthus shooting tearing; the eyes are sealed up in the morning and water in the forenoon.

In the morning the eyelids are sealed up; there is aching in the inside of the eye, as if a grain of sand were in it; on opening the eyelids there is shooting in it (aft. 36 h.).

Gnawing smarting on the edges of the eye-lids (when reading in the morning) (aft. 18 h.).

Smarting in the outer canthi (aft. 24 h.).

Pimples round the inflamed eye (aft. 2 h.).

90. Itching in the interior of the eye (aft. 2 h.).

Itching of the eyeball in the inner canthus (aft. 4 h.).

(Stitches in the right eye.)

Pressure outwards in the right eye, as if the eyeball would come out of the orbit. [Hb. Ts.]

Painful aching over the eyes and in the eyeballs themselves, especially when looking into the light. [Hb. Ts.]

95. Burning and weeping of the eyes, especially the left. [Hb. Ts.]

Inflammation of the left eye (the 2nd d.). [Hb. Ts.]

Swelling of the eyelids; the Meibomian glands excrete much mucus. [Hb. Ts.]

Increased secretion of mucus in both eyes (the 2nd d.). [Hb. Ts.]

Increased secretion of tears. [Hb. Ts.]

100. The objects apparently moved before the eyes. [Hb. Ts.]

Cannot bear the light of the candle(Comp.83.) (aft. 8 h.).

The light of the candle is intolerable to him (aft. 10 h.).

After the midday sleep dimness of vision of the right eye, as if a veil were drawn over it (aft. 6 h.).

A circle of brilliant white, glittering zig-zags beyond the visual point when looking at anything, whereby the letters on which the sight is directed become invisible, but those at the aide are more distinct (104, 105, two alternating actions, very much resembling HERZ’S so-called false vertigo) (aft. 16 h.).

105. A zig-zag like and serpentine white glittering at the aide of the visual point, soon after dinner (aft. 30 h.).

At first contracts the pupils. (106-109, alternating actions; the contraction seems to be first in point of time, and thus has the chief rank.)

The pupils are more capable of dilatation than of contraction (later).

Pupils more easily dilatable and dilated (aft. 4 h.).

The pupils are easily dilated and equally easily contracted.

110. Fine stitches in the cheeks.

Before going to sleep pressure in both zygomatic processes. [Gss.]

Shooting pressure on the zygomatic process, in front of the left ear. [ Gss.]

In the zygomatic process of the left upper maxilla an intermittent, paralytic pressure. [ Gss.]

(Feels a throbbing in the interior of the ear.)

115. Ringing in the ears.

Roaring in the ears. [Hb. Ts.]

Pain in the inner ear.

Stitches in the interior of the ear (aft. 3 h.).

Itching in the meatus auditorius (aft. 3 h.).

120. Music causes an uncommon and agreeable sensation (120 and 121, alternating actions )(aft.2 h.).

Insensibility to music (aft. 30 h.).

Shooting in the lips, especially when they are moved (aft. 1/4 h.).

Shooting in the lower lip, also when it is not moved (aft. 8 h.)

A very penetrating fine shooting on the lower lip on touching a hair of the beard there, as if a splinter had stuck in there (Comp. 533.)

(aft.3 h.).

125. The inner surface of the lower lip is painful, as if it were raw and excoriated (aft. 8, 10 h.).

The internal surface of the lower lip is ulcerated (without pain).

On the inner surface of the lower lip an elevated cutaneous gland become ulcerated, with sore pain (aft. 4 h.).

Samuel Hahnemann
Samuel Hahnemann