THE VITALISM OF THE HAHNEMANNIAN SCHOOL



To prove the actualization of Hippocratism, Maranon, one of the most learned physicians of our times, declares in the work, Therapeutic Ideas, of Sanchez de la Cuesta, Seville, 1951, that present therapeutics (allopathic) should direct itself towards the ancient, magnificent doctrines of the Old Man of Cos.

Modern physicians and biologists, in an effort to adapt themselves to the present rules of biology, accept vitalism under the name of Neo-Hippocratism and scientific Neo-Vitalism, with Driesch, Reinke, Hertwig, Uexkull, Bertalanffi, Bergson, etc., as their main supporters. Moreover, one of the most renowned physicians of the homoeopathic school, Dr. Fortier-Bernoville, in his work submitted to the Budapest Congress in 1935, pointed to the need for directing the practice of modern Homoeopathy to Neo-Hippocratism. Similarly, Dr. Vannier, a famous and learned French physician, and his collaborators in the Homoeopathic Center of France, of which he is the Director, maintains in his work, Neo-Hippocratism and Homoeopathy, 1938, that it is necessary to apply in practice the principles of Hippocrates. Drs. Cawadias of London, and Allendy of Paris, both distinguished homoeopathists, share also in these tendencies. In short, for the Hahnemannian School, Neo-Hippocratism is a just and reasoned interpretation of the Vis Medicatrix Naturae principle of Hippocrates in all modern knowledge of medicine, adjusting it to the vitalist criterion of Hahnemann.

Morales Macedo, a biologist of the University of San Marcos, Lima, in his treatise Fundamental Biology, 1936, says:

Vitalism is the generic name used to designate the theories admitting the existence of a force that, acting on organized matter, has life as its result [Neo-Vitalism is] a new orientation of modern thought on the basis of ancient vitalism, accepting the new acquisitions of physics and chemistry in relation to vital phenomena.

Dr. M. Banuelos, professor of therapeutics in the University of Valladolid, Spain, in his book Clinical Therapeutics, Vol. II, Infectious Diseases, page 7, 1942, says:

Quinine in malaria, or arsenic, bismuth and iodine in syphilis, or sulfamides in diseases produced by bacterial cocci, would not be able to accomplish their curative actions without the presence of the vital forces of the living organism.

Dr. Gonzalo Castaneda, a renowned Mexican physician of the Traditional School, in his book Clinical Lessons, 1942, declares:

Clinics demonstrate a vital state, by virtue of which the symptoms appear. The directive idea will be to consider a local perturbance as depending on and bound to the vital union of the organism.

Present investigations in psychosomatic medicine are a further confirmation of the Hahnemannian Vital Principle and its philosophic interpretation in health and disease. (Dumbar, Paschero, Lain Entralgo, Rascovsky, Carcamo, Krapf, Salerno, Garcia Vega, etc.)

Dr. Seguin, of Peru, at the International Congress of Psychiatry, held in Santiago de Chile, December 1952, declares,

Disease in the last analysis is a manifestation of vital unbalance. And we should understand it as such, because in life the dynamic and uninterrupted inter-relation of the living being to environment should be regarded as fundamental.

Gil Sanz, Professor of Medical Pathology at the Central University of Madrid, Spain, in his treatise Orientation to Pathology, 1953, accepts the definition of disease given by Bauer, that is, “Sickness is an abnormal course of the vital process, that perturbs the individual and diminishes his aptitudes and defenses.”

The renowned Founder of Homoeopathy, Dr. Samuel Christian Friedrich Hahnemann, drew a sharp line of difference between the three elements of Man, namely, the soul, the vital force or energy, and the material body.

Hilario Luna Castro