THE VITALISM OF THE HAHNEMANNIAN SCHOOL



Again, the founder of microbiology, Pasteur, demonstrated his vitalist criterion when he said, “When the vital resistance of the subject is modified or weakened, all microbes in general will invade the organism giving rise to a definite disease. No organism is receptive to infectious agents as long as it preserves its vital attributes of natural health.”

Opotherapy, a therapeutics known from the time of Hippocrates, was scientifically sanctioned in 1859 by Brown Sequard, who is considered one of the founders of Endocrinology and Opotherapy or Organotherapy, a treatment which is meant to substitute, maintain or stimulate the organic functions of the patient, in accordance with the Natura Medicatrix principle, this being a strictly Hahnemannian concept.

Ehrlich (1854 -1915), who was convinced of the truth of the microbian theories, established a “chemical-resource therapeutics” and tried to obtain a “terapia esterilisans magna” with arsenic for syphilitic patients, seeking the sterilization of the subject in order to effect the destruction of the spirochaeta, or treponema palladium, of Schaudinn and Hoffmann.

This therapeutics, which is not free of danger because of the phenomena it is liable to produce with the Herxheimer reaction, nitritoid and white crisis of Millian, cerose apoplexy, etc., gives impressive results in syphilis and its several evolutional periods and provides a new orientation in therapeutics for the use of pharmacals having a bacteriotropic action.

Vitaminotherapy, which began its scientific period with Hopkins and was later reaffirmed by Funk, in 1911, has as its purpose to administer substances in infinitesimal quantities in defective diseases, whereby is proved the similarity of doses and their biological action in the form of catalytic agents for some vitamins as is the case with the prescription of homoeopathic medicaments in high dilutions.

Domagk, 1935, marks as important a date for the Traditional School as that on which Ehrlich published his investigations with the arsenobenzols.

Sulfamidotherapy won large numbers of proselytes throughout the world an sulfanilamides and their derivatives were obtained for therapeutics in white and red series under the names of Prontosil Rubrum, Rubiazol, Uliron, Albucid, Cibazol, etc. Following repeated and numberless hypotheses and laboratory verifications, the following conclusion was reached: All sulfanilamided products, in any of their series and derivatives, have a bacteriostatic, nonbactericidal action, since they alter the nourishment of bacteria, prevent their encapsulation, and neutralize their toxins. The organic defenses of the subject them act on elements of diminished virulence and altered vitality, which permits the destruction and elimination of pathogenic agents.

In view of the importance of sulfamidotherapy, several studies were conducted from the viewpoint of pure Hahnemannian experimentation, as well as clinical observations with cases of over-dosage and intoxication, and the works, of Dr. Tyler of London, and Drs. Sutherland, Roberts, Brown, etc., of the United States, and of the writer, in Mexico, were made known in 1943, obtaining pathogeneses for their application within the Similia law, clinical results being verified with 3X, 6X, and 200. potencies, whereupon the conclusion was reached that with these dynamically acting doses, satisfactory curative results are obtained, provided their prescriptions adhere to the Similia law.

Before this brief historical survey of the theories and therapeutic methods of medicine is brought to a conclusion, I will mention the doctrine of “antibiosis,” which, having been foreseen by Pasteur and his followers, culminated in 1928 with the discovery by Fleming of penicillin, a mold which has an anti-bacterial action on Staphylococcus Aureus and other pathogenic germs.

Hilario Luna Castro