Hahnemann’s proving symptoms of homeopathy remedy Capsicum Annuum from Materia Medica Pura, which Samuel Hahnemann wrote between 1811 to 1821…

(From vol. vi, 2nd edit., 1827.)

(The ripe seed-capsules along with seeds reduced to powder and digested in alcohol, in the proportion of 20 grains of the powder to 400 drops of alcohol, without heat, for a week, the mixture being shaken twice daily to form a tincture, twenty drops of which contain one grain of capsicum-powder.)

In both the indies where “Spanish pepper” (Piper Indicum sive Hispanicum), as it called, is indignous, it is chiefly used only as a spice. It was introduced as such into England, France, and Italy, and at length was adopted in Germany as a spice to season sauces at the dainty tables of high livers (the pulverised seeds of the still more pungent Capsicum baccatum, “or “Cayenne pepper,” being often used as a substitute) in order to stimulate the palate to a unnatural appetite, and thus – ruin the health.

In the meantime but little was heard of the medicinal use of this powerful substance. BERGIUS alone (Mat. Medorrhinum, p. 147) mentioned having cured several agues of long standing with two grain doses of capsicum; but he did not give it alone, for the old original sin of traditional medicine, the mixture craze, in induced him to combine it with bay berries, in the proportion of twenty of the latter to three of the former. He does not describe the agues cured by it according to the totality of their symptoms, but only employs the expression”olg agues” after the manner of his other school collegues, so that the virtus ab usu of the mixture prescribed is shrouded in darkness.

On the other hand, the homoeopathic physician proceeds much less doubtfully and with much greater certainty in his cures with capsicum, for guided by the peculiar, pure morbid states produced by this powerful medicinal substance in the healthy body (some of which I here record), he only attempts the removal of those natural diseases the sum of whose symptoms is contained in the greatest possible similarity among those of capsicum.

The diseases curable by capsicum are rarely met with in persons of tense fibre.

A very small portion of a drop of the tincture diluted to the trillionfold degree – each diluting bottle having been only twice succussed – I have found to be quite sufficient for a dose for all homoeopathic curative purposes; and as antidote to diminish the over – strong action of a dose of capsicum in some very sensitive persons, I have found the olfaction of a saturated solution of camphor effacicious.

[HAHNEMANN was aided in this proving by AHNER, HARTUNG, MOSSDORF, and WISLICENUS.

Symptoms are taken from the following old-school sources:

BROWNE, in Murray’s Appar. medic., i. 2nd edit.

FORDYCE, in Murray’s Appar. medic., I, 2nd edit.

PELARGUS, Obs., tom. ii,

In the Frag. De Vir. Capsicum has 147 symptoms, in the 1st Edit. 346, in this 2nd Edit. 344.]



When he wakes up from sleep. His head is so stupid as if he did not know himself.

Cloudiness of the head. [Htg.]

In the morning on awaking, dull in the head.

5. During the febrile rigor and coldness at the same time anxiety, dizziness and stupidity in the head, like thoughtlessness and awkwardness, so that she knocks against everything.

Emptiness and stupidity of the head (aft. 12 h.). [Ar.]

Dulness and confusion of the head. [Ar.]

Vertigo, swaying from side to side.

All the senses are more acute. (Reaction of the vital force of the organism, secondary action, curative action.)

10. When moving the head and when walking, headache, as if the skull would burst.

Throbbing, beating headache, in one of the temples.

Beating headache in the forehead.

A throbbing, beating headache.

Aching pain in the temples.

15. Aching pain in the temporal region. [Htg.]

Pressive pain in the forehead as if it pressed from th occiput forwards out at the forehead, with a cutting from the occiput forwards (immediately).

A continual pressive headache in the forehead above the root of the nose and occasionally some stitches through the ear and over the eye.

A semi-lateral, pressive shooting headache, like a hysterical megrim, which is aggravated by raising the eyes and head, or by bowing the head forewards, and is accompanied by forgetfulness and nausea.

Drawing tearing pain in the left side of the head (aft. 17, 48 h.). [Ar.]

20. A shooting headache.

A headache more shooting than tearing, which is worse when at rest, but mitigated by movement.

An outstretching headache, or as if the brain were too full.

A pressing-asunder headache in the forehead.

A drawing headache in the forehead.

25. Drawing tearing pains in the frontal bone, more on the right side (aft. 6, 7 h. and 3 d.). [Ar.]

Violent deeply-penetrating shooting in the crown. [Ar.]

(Tearing headache.)

On the hairy scalp an eroding itching, as from vermin, which compelled scratching; after the scratching the roots of the hair and the scalp were as painful as if the hair had been pulled out.

Slight shudder on the hairy part of he head, which is diminished by scratching, but then erturns with increased violence (aft. 2 h.). [Htg.]

30. Unusual redness of the face, without heat, but after half an hour a wretched appearance and pale complexion (aft. 3 h.). [Htg.]

Sweat on the forehead. [Ar.]

Facial pains, sometimes as pains in the bones, excitable by external touch, sometimes as fine penetrating through the nerves, which torment him when going to sleep.

(On the left side of the face pimples, with smarting sensation as from salt.)

In the face red points, and on the forehead a tetter with eroding itching (aft. 2 and 24 h.).

35. Very dilated pupils.

Great dilatation of the pupils. [Ar.]

Pressure on the eyes so that he cannot open them wide enough. [Ar.]

Eyes projecting out of the head with paleness of face (aft. 16 h.).

An aching pain in the eyes as from a foreign body.

40. In the morning a burning in the eyes, which are red and water.

Fine shooting pain in the eyes. (From the exhalation.)

Inflammation of the eyes.

In the morning a dimness of vision, as if a foreign substance swam upon the cornea and obscured it, so that by rubbing the eye the transparency can be restored for some instants.

All objects appear black before the eyes.

45. Vision almost quite extinguished, like blindness.

Tearing in the concha of the ear.

An itching pain quite deep in the ear (aft. 16 h.)

An aching pain quite deep in the ear (aft. 1 and 8 h.).

On the petrous bone behind the ear a swelling, painful to the touch.

50. Tearing pain behind the left ear (aft. 6 h.). [Ar.]

A pain under the ear.

(An itching mingled with stitches in the nose.)\

Contractive twitching pains in the left side of the nose to above the left eye (aft. 5 h.). [Ar.]

Burning tensive sensation on the left nostril, as if a pimple would come there. [Mss.]

55. Epistaxis in the morning in bed, and afterwards frequent blowing of blood from the nose.

Bloody nasal mucus.

Painful pimples under the nostrils.

Burning in the lips. [Mss.]

Ulcerated eruption on the lips – not in the angles – which is painful only on moving the part.

60. Swollen lips.

Rough lips.

Chaps on the lips; fissured lips.

Pains on the left side of the lower jaw, as from a boil or an ulcer, for three – quarters of an hour. [Ar.]

Swelling of the gums.

65. Drawing pain in the gums.

A drawing pain in the tooth, which, however, is not increased either by touching the tooth or by eating.

The teeth feel to him as if lengthened and elvated, and as if on edge.

Eruption of pimples on the inside of the cheeks.

On the tip of the tongue, pimples, which when touched cause shooting pain.

  1. Flow of saliva.

Twitching tearing pain in the right cervical glands. [Ar.]

Pain when swallowing, as in inflammation of the throat, but when not swallowing a drawing pain in the oesophagus.

Pain in the upper part of the oesophagus, when not swallowing, as if the parts were sore and spasmodically drawn together, as in water-brash.

A simple pain in the fauces, only when coughing.

75. In the palate a pain, as if it were pressed or pinched by something hard, art first more when not swallowing, afterwards more whilst swallowing.(aft. 1.1/2 h.).

Scontraction of the oesiphagus.

Dryness in the mouth.

On the anterior part of the tongue, a dry feeling, without thirst, in the morning (aft. 8 h.).


80. Viscid mucus in the mouth (aft. 2 h.).

Taste in the mouth as from foul water.

Insipid, qualmish, earthy taste (e.g. of butter).

Watery insipid taste in the mouth, then heart-burn.


85. Eructation from the stomach only when walking, and at every eructation a stitch in the side; when sitting no eructations and hence no stitch.

An astringent, sourish taste in the mouth.

Sour taste in the mouth.

Sour taste of soup (aft. 2 h.).

Qualmishness in the stomach (aft. 1 h.).

90. A coldness in the stomach; a sensation as if cold water were in it – followed by a sensation as if he trembled.

Want of hunger, anorexia.

When he would eat he must force himself to do so; he has no appetite although food tasted all right.

After a meal, frequently yawning.

Longing for coffee (aft. 8 h.)

95. Nausea wirth inclination to vomit, and spitting of saliva after drinking coffee.

Inclination to vomit.

Qualmishness and inclination to vomit in the scrobiculus cordis in the morning and afternoon (aft. 24 h.).

Aching in the scrobiculus cordis, with inclination to vomit.

After a meal, fulness and anxiety in the chest; thereafter sour eructation or heart-burn – finally thin stool.

100. After a meal (at noon), immediately stool with redness of the cheeks )aft. 6 h.).

Immediately after a meal, at noon and evening, a burning over the scrobiculus cordis.

A burning in the stomach up into the mouth, after breakfast.

Deep in the abdomen, a pain in the bowels more burning than shooting – with simultaneous cutting in the umbilical region – when moving, especially when stooping and walking, with ill humour on account of the pain and discontent and tendency to weep about lifeless things (not about persons or moral subjects), and during the crossness a kind of anxiety with perspiration on th face.

An aching tension in the abdomen, especially the epigastric region, between the scrobiculus cordis and avel, which is particularly increased by movement, at the same time with an aching tension in the lower part of the back.

105. Distension of the abdomen two hours after eating; followed by a headache darting towards the occiput, and profuse perpiration.

A tensive pain from the abdomen to the chest, as from distension of the abdomen.

Distension and hardness of the abdomen; she could not bear any tight clothing.

Sensation as if the abdomen was distented almost to bursting, whereby the breathing is impeded to suffocation.

A rumbling in the abdomen going upwards and downwards.

110. Grumbling in the abdomen from flatulence (aft. 1 h.).

Pinching in the epigastrium.

An aching under the short ribs, and in the scrobiculus cordis.

Fine quick stitches in the scrobiculus cordis (aft. some m.). [Ws.]

Aching pain in the scrobiculus cordis. [Ar.]

115. In the scrobicuuls cordis, a pinching, out-boring pain, especially when sitting bent forwards, lasting severely for eight minutes (aft. 1.1/2 h.). [Ar.]

Uncommonly strong pulsation of the blood-vessels of the abdomen. [Htg.]

A hard pressing almost shooting pain on a small spot in the left hypogastrium (aft. 1 h.).

An aching here and there in the abdomen.

Increased internal heat in the bowels. [Htg.]

120. Aching pinching pain in the belly immediately after a meal, ilke incarcerated flatulence.

Bellyache as from flatulence in the hypogastrium.

The flatulence move about painfully in the abdomen.

Much flatulence. [Ar.]

Painless rumbling in the abdomen. [Htg.]

125. Along with cutting colic twisting round the navel, diarrhoeic evacuations of viscid mucus sometimes mingled with black blood; after every stool thirst, and after every drink shuddering.

A drawing and turning over in the abdomen, without and with diarrhoea.

A flatulent hernia comes forcibly and with pain out at the inguinal ring.

After some flatulent colic in the hypogastrium, small frequent stools which consist of mucus sometimes intermixed with blood, and cause tenesmus.

Slimy diarrhoea with tenesmus.

130. Immediately, diarrhoea; and shortly afterwards, ineffectual urging to stool.

Small stools, consisting of nothing but mucus.

Small stools of bloody mucus.


Tenesmus. [BROWNE, (General statement.) in Murray, Medic. I, edit. Secale, p. 703.]

135. Along with pressive pain in the bowels, he has urging to stool, but he is costive. [Ar.]

After drinking he must go to stool, though he os costive, but only mucus is passed. [Ar.]

As soon as he has drunk something he feels as if diarrhoea would come on, but every time only a little is passed. [Ar.]

Constipation, as if there was too much heat in the abdomen.

Burning pain in the anus (aft. 3, 4, 8 h.).

140. Burning at the anus. [BROWNE, l. c.]

Itching in the anus. (aft. 3, 4, 8 h.).

Smarting shooting pain in the anus, with the diarrhoeic stool.

Blind haemorrhoids; vascular knots at the anus, which cause severe pain during the evacuation.

Piles at the anus, which sometimes itch.

145. Discharge of blood by the anus for four days.

Strangery, tenesmus of the neck of the bladder; he has urging to frequent, almost ineffectual urination (aft. 4, 8 h.).

Spasmodic contraction, with cutting pain, at the neck of the bladder – not exactly like urging to urinate – sometimes intermitting, sometimes recurring, in the morning in bed; it seems to be somewhat allayed by urinating (aft. 24 h.). [Ws.]

The urine is passed only with great difficulty by drops and in spurts (immediately and for a long time).

Frequent urging to urinate, chiefly when sitting, not when walking (aft. 42 h.).

150. Scalding of urine.

After urinating a burning, smarting pain in the urethra (aft. 7 d.).

A burning in the mouth of the urethra immediately before, during and in one minute after urinating.

Pain in the urethra, especially in the forenoon.

Immediately after urinating a fine shooting in the orifice of the urethra.

155. When not urinating, pricking as with needles in the fore part of the urethra (aft. 8 h.).

When not urinating, severe stitches in the orifice of the urethra.

When not urinating, a cutting pain in the urethra backwards (aft. 6 h.).

The urethra is painful when touched (aft. 7 d.).

The urine deposits a white sediment.

160. A constant aching and prickling in the glans penis, especially in the morning and evening.

A fine, itching prickling on the glans penis, like gnat bites. [Ar.]

In the morning, on awaking, coldness of the scrotum.

Coldness of the scrotum and impotence.

Seminal emission at night.

165. A drawing pain in the spermatic cord and a squeezing pain in the testicle whilst urinating, and for some time afterwards (aft. 48 h.).

Erection in the forenoon, afternoon, and evening.

Stiffness of the penis, in the morning in bed without amorous thoughts.

Violent erection, in the morning on getting up, only to be allayed by cold water.

During amorous toying, an incontrollable trembling of the whole body.

170. Purulent discharge from the urethra, a kind of gonorrhoea.

Urethral blennorrhoea. (From wearing on the abdomen next to the skin a linen bag filled with powdered seeds of the Capsicum baccatum.)[FORDYCE, in Murray, App. Medorrhinum, I, edit. Secale, p. 704.]

(The gonorrhoea becomes yellow and thick) (aft. 7 d.).

During the menstrual flux, aching in the scrobiculus cordis with inclination to vomit.

Creeping and tickling in the nose, as in stuffed coryza.

175. Burning formication in the nose, with violent sneezing and flow of mucus. (From the exhalations.) (immediately). [Ws.]

Violent, shaking sneezing, with discharge of thin mucus from the nose. (immediately). [Mss.]

Stuffed coryza.


Feeling of roughness in the throat, for nearly two days. [Mss.]

180. Tickling sensation in the wind-pipe, so that he must sneeze violently several times.[Ar.]

Continual stitches in the throat in the region of the epiglottis, which excite dry cough, that, however, does not remove them. [Mss.]

Mucus in the upper part of the wind-pipe, which must be expectorated from time to time by hawking abd voluntary tussi(aft. 3 h.).

Very frequent short cough.

Dry, frequent, short cough.

185. Cough, especially towards evening (from 5 to 9 o’clock).

In the evening, after lying down, a formication and tickling in the larynx, and dry short cough.

Cough, especially after drinking coffee.

Painful cough.

Only when coughing, a pain in the throat, as from a simply painful swelling.

190. Only during the fit of coughing, an aching pain in the throat, as if an abscess were about to burst there.

When coughing headache, as if the skull would burst.

The cough causes inclination to vomit.

Fits of coughing in the afternoon (about 5 o’clock), which cause nausea and vomiting.

With every cough a pressive pain in the ear, as if an abscess would burst there.

195. When coughing a drawing pain in the side of the chest extending up to the throat.

When coughing a deep pressing-in pain on the side of the thigh extending into the knee.

From coughing or sneezing a pain darts through one or other limb.

Whilst coughing and some time afterwards a pressing towards the bladder and some stitches from within outwards in the region of the neck of the bladder. [Mss.]

The air from the lungs, when coughing, causes a strange disagreeable taste in the mouth.

200. The cough forces an ill-smelling breath from the lungs.

Pain in the ribs and sternum when fetching a breath.

Pain on the chest, under the right arm, when he touches the place or raises the arm.

A single prick in the left side of the chest, between the third and fourth ribs, as with a blunt needle. [Ar.]

Stitches in the left side, at the fifth and sixth ribs (aft. 1 h.). [Ar.]

205. Single stitches in the left side of the chest, between the second and third ribs (aft. 5 h.). [Ar.]

Shooting stitches in the left side of the chest, between the second and third ribs (aft. 5 h.). [Ar.]

Shooting in the left side, which takes away his breath (aft. 10 h.). [Ar.]

Shooting in the left side of the chest hwne fetching a breath, between the third and fourth ribs. [Ar.]

(Simple pain on a rib, on a small spot, which is worst when touching it, but is not excited either by breathing or by coughing).

When coughing pain like shooting in the side of the chest and in the back.

210.When breathing a shooting pain between the scapullae and in the reiogn of the stomach, and single stitches in the side of the abdomen, on the ensiform cartilage and in the sternum – pains which do not penetrate, however, but appears to be superficial only.

When breathing, whilst walking, a stitch in the side of the chest; not when sitting.

In the region of the heart several violent stitches, so that he was inclined to cry out.

Anxiety compelling him to breathe deeply.

An involuntary, strong expiratory impulse.

215. He must often draw a single very deep breath, whereby he imagines that he feels alleviation of all his sufferings.

Deep breathing, almost like a sigh.

A pain in the chest when sitting, as if the chest were too full and there was not room enough in it.

Tightness of chest even when at rest, with stiffness of the back, which hurts when stooping forwards, while occasionally a deep sighing inspitration and dry cough occur.

Asthma, feeling of fulness of the chest.

220. Tightness of chest, which appears to come out of the stomach.

Easier respiration from day to day. (Reaction of the vital force of the organism, secondary action, curative action.)

Tightness of chest, with redness of face, eructations, and sensation as if the chest were distented.

Tightness of chest when at rest and when moving.

He can only breathe when his body is erect – orthopnoea.

225. Pain as if the chest were constricted which oppressed the breath, and is increased on very slight movement.

A pain, like pressure on the chest, on breathing deeply and turning the body.

Tightness of chest when walking.

A throbbing pain in the chest.

An aching pain in the side of the chest on which she lies.

230. In the sacrum a dragging-down pain when standing and moving, with bruised pain.

Pain in the back on stooping.

Drawing pain in the back.

Drawing, aching pain in the back.

Drawing tearing pain in and near the spine. [Ar.]

235. Sudden, drawing shooting pain in the middle of the spine. [Ar.]

Stiffness in the nape, which is diminished by movement.

Painful stiffness in the nape, only felt on moving it.

Feeling of weakness over the whole nape, as if it were loaded (aft. 4 h.). [Htg.]

A twitching pain in the nape.

240. A pain externally in the neck.

Sweat under the shoulders (aft. 8 h.).

The shoulders-joint pains as if dislocated.

(Drawing, paralytic pain above and below the elbow-joint.)

Drawing, tearing pain, which extends from the right clavicle over the whole of the right arm to the finger tips, for three minutes. [Ar.]

245. Shooting in the left elbow-joint, which darted into the hand with flying heat, causing the arm to feel as if asleep. [Ar.]

Samuel Hahnemann
Samuel Hahnemann (1755-1843) was the founder of Homoeopathy. He is called the Father of Experimental Pharmacology because he was the first physician to prepare medicines in a specialized way; proving them on healthy human beings, to determine how the medicines acted to cure diseases.

Hahnemann's three major publications chart the development of homeopathy. In the Organon of Medicine, we see the fundamentals laid out. Materia Medica Pura records the exact symptoms of the remedy provings. In his book, The Chronic Diseases, Their Peculiar Nature and Their Homoeopathic Cure, he showed us how natural diseases become chronic in nature when suppressed by improper treatment.