Hahnemann’s proving symptoms of homeopathy remedy Cannabis Sativa from Materia Medica Pura, which Samuel Hahnemann wrote between 1811 to 1821…

(From vol. i, 3rd edit., 1830.)

(The fresh expressed juice of the tops of the floweringmale or female hemp-plant, mixed with equal parts of alcoho, and after standing some time the clear supernatant fluid decanted off.)

Hitherto only the seeds, generally (rubbed up with water) as emulsion, or decoction, have been used with advantage in the inflammatory stage of gonorrhoea, and in ancient times (by DODONAEUS, SYLVIUS, HERLIZ) in some kinds of jaundice. In the former case of the homoeopathic reason observed in the urinary organs after the administration of hemp to healthy persons, although no physician ever recognized this. The plant itself has only been used as a domestic remedy, but it was much employed in Persian country inns in order to relieve the fatigue of pedestrian travellers (CHARDON, Voyage en perse), for which it is truly homoeopathic as the following cannabis symptoms (269 to 275) demonstrate.

But we may employ the juice of hemp for curative purposes of much more importance in various diseases of the genital organs, of the chest, of the organs of the senses, &c. for which the following observations present the homoeopathic indications.

For a long time I employed the undiluted alcoholic tincture of cannabis, in the dose of the smallest portion of a drop; but the higher and the very highest yet made dilution and potency (X) of it develops the medicinal powers of this plant in a much greater degree.


A few symptoms were taken from the following old-school sources:

HALLER, in Vicat, Mat. Medorrhinum

MORGAGNI, De Sed. Et Causis Morb.

NEUHOLD, in Actea Nat. Cur. iii.

OLEARIUS, Oriental, Reisebeschrieb.

RAMMAZANI, Diatribe de Morb. Artif.

The 1st Edit. Has only 69 symptoms, the 2nd Edit. Has 308, this 3rd Edit. 330.]


Vertigo when standing and dizziness. [Gss.]

Vertigo when walking, as if he would fall sideways (aft. 1 h.). [Ho.]

Whirling and stupid in the head (immediately). [Gss.]

Giddy and dull in the head. [Ws.]

5. Attacks of vertigo. [NEUHOLD, (Effects of effluvia of hemp, before being dried.) in Actea Nat. Cur., iii, p. 150, et seq.]

Confusion and dulness of the head. [Stf.]

Hesitation and unsteadiness of the mind; overpowering vividnessof the thoughts that arise. [Hl.]

Wanting in reflective power, deficient in imagination, spiritless. [Stf.]

The thoughts seem to stand still; he stares before him; he feels as if his mind were occupied by elevated contemplations, but he does not know what they are; with a slight feeling of aching pain on the parietal bone. [Fz.]

10. He can, no doubt, think of one thing and another, but the ideas remain stationary, as if they stood still, and he looks long at the object on which he was going to work. [Fz.]

He often makes mistakes in writing. [Stf.]

Agreeable warmth in the brain. [Fz.]

Quivering as if in the blood of the head. Chest, and stomach.

Great rush of blood to the head.

15. Rush of blood to the head, which causes an agreeable warmth in it, but with aching pain in the temples. [Fz.]

Throbbing pain that extends forwards into the right temple; at the same time a warmth about the head; the cheeks are red and hot; in the warmth the nausea increases. [Ts. Hb.]

Violent pains in the head [NEUHOLD, l. c.]

Very penetrating headache. [NEUHOLD, l. c.]

Uninterrupted headache all day. [Fz.]

20. Constant pain on the top of the head, as if a stone lay on it. [Fz.]

Confusion of the head; it is heavy and she feels a painful pressure on the forehead and eyelids, so that they are like to close. [Gss.]

Pressure under the frontal protuberance too deep through the brain into the occiput. [Gss.]

When leaning the head against the wall an aching on the opposite side internally in the head. [Gss.]

Pressure in the temples. [Ho.]

25. Aching pain in the right occiputal bone.

Tension first in the occiput then in the sinciput, lastly in the temples (aft. ½ h.). [Ho.]

On moving the head a painful sensation in the head and nape. [Stf.]

Drawing pain in the occiput towards the ears. [Stf.]

Painful constriction of the sinciput. [Gss.]

30. The sinciput is compressed from the borders of the orbits to the temples; not relieved by stooping. [Gss.]

Below the left frontal protuberance a beating outwards, immediately followed by stupefying pressure on that part. [Gss.]

On a small spot of the parietal bone (afterwards on other parts of the head also) a cold feeling as if a drop of cold water fell on it [Gss.]

A creeping in the skin of the hairy scalp.

A kind of tickling spasm in the temples (aft. ¾ h.). [Ho.]

35. Feeling as if the eyebrow were pressed down. [Gss.]

Tearing pressure on the upper eyelid. [Gss.]

Alternate dilatation and contraction of thepupils in one and the same light (aft. 1 h.). [Ho.]

Weak feeling in the eyes, and weakness of vision; distant and near objects are indistinct (aft. 1.1/2 h.). [Ho.]

The cornea of the eye becomes opaque; pannus.

40. A circle of white flaming zig-zags on the right side of the field of vision; so that he can see objects only partially and indistinctly. [Gss.]

Cataract. (The original is “suffusioness oculorum,” and occurs in a list of the observed effects of hemp. Though technically this phrase may mean cataract (as in Celsus, seventh book, vii, 13, 14), yet it seems unlikely that the author means to hazard in this manner so startling an assertion as that hemp can cause it.) [NEUHOLD, l. c.]

Pressure outwards at the back of the eyes (aft. ¾ h.). [Ho.]

Sensation of spasmodic drawing in the eyes (aft. ¾ h.). [Ho.]

Slight palpitation on many parts of the face, especially in the muscles of the left cheek. [Gss.]

45. Paleness of the face [MORGAGNI, (Cases of disease occuring in adult male hemp-dressers, but not adduced as results of their occupation. This is merely a statement that the man was pale, but other wise in good health.) De Sed. Et Causis Morb. Epist. x, art. 13.]

Drawing pressure on the left zygoma. [Gss.]

Itching here and there in the face.

Formication, itching, and smarting as from salt, in the face.

Large lumps on the nose surrounded by red swelling, like acne.

50. Itching swelling on the ala nasi (aft. some h.).

Dryness in the nose.

Stupefying pressure as with a blunt point on the root of the nose. [Gss.]

Warm sensation in the nose as if it would bleed. [Fz.]

Epistaxis to syncope. (From the odour alone.) [NEUHOLD, l. c.]

55. Epistaxis.

Roaring before the ears.

Sensation as of a skin drawn before the ears. [Ws.]

Instantaneous pain as if the aurible were drawn out of the head. [Gss.]

Acute twitching pain in the right membrana tympani extending to the shoulder. [We.]

60. Sore pain in the external aural cartilage, which he might have somewhat pressed as he lay at night in bed. [Gss.]

Tinnitus aurium. [NEUHOLD, l. c.]

A throbbing in the ear.

In the ear a throbbing forcing pain that extends almost into the cheek, goes off immediately on stooping and recurs on rising up again (aft. 3 h.). [Stf.]

Stitches in the external meatus when chewing. [Gss.]

65. Fine stitches from within outwards in the left ear. [Ws.]

Pain behind the right ear as if a blunt point were violently thurst in. [Gss.]

Large sharp stitches on the mastoid process. [Gss.]

Stupefying compressive pain on the left side of the chin, in which the teeth of that side participate. [Gss.]

Cramp-like pain in the teeth on the left side of the lower jaw. [Fz.]

70. Fine pecking in the left ramus of the lower jaw, on the cessation of which a drawing always ensues. [Gss.]

A darting and fine pecking in several teeth at the same time. [We]

Eruption on the red part of the lips and on the corner of the mouth.

Pinching aching in the cervical muscles over the throat. [Gss.]

Speech aching in the cervical muscles over the throat. [Gss.]

Speech is difficult. (In subject of S. 223, q. v.) [MORGAGNI, l. c., Epist. xv, art. 6.]

75. Altered speech more a clangour than a human vioce. (Local effect.) [MORGAGNI, l. c. Epist. vii. Art. 13.]

He could not speak properly; at one time words failed him, at another the voiitself (for 4 hours); towards eveningthe attacks recurred, at one time there was a stream of eloquence, as if forced from him, at another a stoppage in his discourse, so that he sometimes repeated the same word ten times in succession in one breath, sometimes anxiously recalling his whole thought he was annoyed that he could not repeat it in the same words. [Fz.]

The speech is given out with extraordinary anxiety and agony on account of pain in the back. [Fz.]

In the morning burning dryness in the palate.

A burning in the throat. (See note to S. 74.) [MORGAGNI, l. c., Epist. xv., art. 6.]

80. Dryness in the mouth; the saliva is viscid, at the same time want of thirst especially in the evening, and hot hands. [Stf.]

On partaking of food that he relishes highly, there occurs, when he is nearly satiated, a transient sickness up in his throat.[Gss.]

Belching of a bitter-sour acrid fluid.[Gss.]

Without nausea or retching, a tasteless water rises up in his throat and wind-pipe so that he always chokes in swallowing. [Gss.]

Eructation of a bitter-sour fluid into the mouth. [Gss.]

85. Eructation of nothing but air. [Gss.]

A choking sensation always rises up in the throat, as from acidity of the stomach. [Gss.]

A choking in the scrobicuuls cordis rises thence up into the throat. [Gss.]

Nausea; she heaves as though she would vomit. [Ts. Hb.]

Vomiting of a slimy bitter-tasting water; at the same time a scraping in the throat, followed by stupid feeling and confusion of the head in the occiput. [Ts. Hb.]

90. Green bilious vomiting. (Local effect. See S. 226.) [MORGAGNI, l. c., Epist. vii, art. 13.]

She became anxious and apprehensive in the scrobiculus cordis, with oppression of the breathing and palpitation; warmth rises up to the throat and stops the breath, as if something stuck in the wind-pipe with flying heat. [Gss.]

Fulness in the abdomen, compelling him to breathe deeply.

Cardialgia. [NEUHOLD, l.c.]

Pinching in the scrobiculus cordis.[Gss.]

95. Cutting in the scrobiculus cordis.[Gss.]

After stooping a cutting above and across the stomach. [Fz.]

Uninterrupted obtuse shooting in front, just below the ribs near the scrobiculus cordis, which only varies in degree; by moving the body forwards or backwards it is alleviated for an instant, but soon returns. [Gss.]

On the left side, near the xiphoid cartilage, burning shooting pain, [We.]

In the left side, just under the ribs, an obtuse shooting when breathing and when not breathing. [Gss.]

100. At various times several attacks of the most violent stomach pains, with paleness of the face and perspiration on the face, pulse almost extinct, and rattling respiration like that if a dying person. (Subject of S. 218, 219, 224, 307. Heart found much enlarged post mortem.) [MORGAGNI, l. c., Epist. xxiv, art. 13.]

The stomach is extremely painful to the touch, as if ulcerated; but ir goes away on eating. [Fz.]

He feels as if he had caught cold in the stomach; in the forenoon especially he has working round in the bowels and pinching, but without diarrhoea.

Several mornings, from 8 to ten a.m., sensation under the navel as if he had caught cold; a working round in his abdomen, but without diarrhoea.

Just above the navel pinching (aft. a meal). [Gss.]

105. Pinching throughout all the abdomen. [Gss.]

In the epigastrium anxious beating, like strong pulse beats. [Gss.]

In the epigastrium anxious beating, like strong pulse beats. [Gss.]

On the right near the navel pain like a beating there from within outwards. [Gss.]

In the left side under the last ribs, towards the back, there is a beating outwards as with a small hammer. [Gss.]

110. On the left near the navel, and at the same time behind near the spine, pain as if the parts were seized by pincers and compressed. [Gss.]

All the bowels pain as if bruised.[Fz.]

In the abdomen shaking of the bowels on moving the arms violently, as if the bowels were quite loose.[Fz.]

An almost sore itching for several hours at the navel, where, after rubbing, there is acute sore pain.

Tickling sensation on the integuments of the hypogastrium (aft. ½ h.). [Ho.]

115. Shudder in tbe abdomen, as from the movement of cold water therein (aft. 8 h.). [Ho.]

In the side of the abdomen an out-stretching. [Fz.]

In the right hypocondrium a painful hard swelling. (Liver found diseased post mortem.) [MORGAGNI, l. c., Epist. xxiv, art. 13.]

Encysted abdominal tumour, without swelling of legs or feet. (Subject of S. 217, found post mortem to be due to spinal incurvation. This symptom occurred eight days before death. Morgagni says only “abdomen universum tumere.” After death much turbid fluid was found in the peritoneum.) [MORGAGNI, l. c., Epist. x, art. 13.]

Abdomen and chest are externally painful. (See note to S. 74.) [MORGAGNI, l. c., Epist. xv, art. 6.]

120. Drawing pain from the renal region to the inguinal glands, with anxious sick feeling in the scrobiculus cordis.

In the renal region pain as if ulcerated per se, and on touching. [Fz.]

In the side of the abdomen, just under the ribs, sharp blows. [Gss.]

Flying, pinching stitches in the abdomen. [Gss.]

A working round in the abdomen, and then in the left side obtuse stitches up into the ear. [Gss.]

125. Flatulence sticks in the epigastrium and hypogastrium until the evening with colicky pains. [We.]

Painful jerks dart round about in the abdomen from one place to another, as if something alive was in it; at the same time a drawing from the left hip-bone over to the right and tence into the knee; but the pain remains all the time in the hip, and assumes the character of tearing blows. [Gss.]

In the evening in bed, she has obtuse stitches in both sides of the abdomen, they then spread up the back, and there are similar stitches between the scapulae, they then return into the sides of the abdomen. [Gss.]

Painful blows above the bend of the left groin. [Gss.]

Needle prick on the right side of the mons veneris. [We.]

130. In the bend of the groin at first some twitching blows, he then feels the region of the inguinal ring as if stretched, and the inguinal ring itself as if pressed out. [Fz.]

In the inguinal ring an out-pressing and pain, as if all were ulcerated there. [Fz.]

Every morning discharge of much almost inodorous flatus. [Gss.]

Colicky pains in the epigastrium, followed by a diarrhoeic stool and a sore pain in the anus. [We.]

The first five days normal stool, the following two days quite constipated. [Gss.]

135. In the rectum and sacrum a pressing as if all the bowels descended and would be pressed out, when sitting. [Fz.]

At the anus a sensation as if something cold dropped out on the skin. [Fz.]

Contractive pain at the anus.; at the same time she feels as if the thighs were drawn together, so that she must close them. [Gss.]

Itching in the perinaeum.

Urging to urinate, with aching pain.

140. Turbid white urine.

Urine reddish and turbid.

Difficulty in urinating; paralysis of the bladder. (The urine could at first only be passed by means of the catheter, but afterwards not even by this instrument, because it gets stopped up by mucus and pus.)(In subject of S. 118, eight days before death, after paraplegia had lasted some time.)[MORGAGNI, l. c., Epist. x, art. 13.]

Urine full of flocci, as if pus were mingled with it. [Fr. H-n.]

Diuresis; he must urinate frequently at short intervals, when a large quantity of urine resembling water is discharged (immediately). [Gss.]

145. A tearing as if in the fibres of the urethra, as it were in the form of a zig-zag. [Hl.]

Itching. Tickling stitches in the anterior part of the urethra. [We.]

Burning shooting in the posterior part of the urethra during the passage of the urine (aft. 10 h.). [Ho.]

Whilst urinating pain from the mouth of the urethra going backwards, burning smarting, posteriorly more shooting.

Simple, but violent burning in the anterior part of the urethra during the flow of urine.

150. Burning in the mouth of the urethra while urinating.

Burning while urinating, but especially while immediately afterwards.

Burning during, but especially after urinating, worst in the evening.

Whilst urinating, from tglans penis to the back part, a pain at first burning, and after urinating smarting pain.

Even when not urinating some burning pain in the anterior part of the urethra, which obliges him to be almost continually trying to pass water, even when there is no more urine in the bladder.

155. Shooting smarting pain when passing water, when not urinating a smarting pain.

When not urinating pressure as if to make water, especially in the anterior part of the urethra.

Stitches along the urethra when not urinating.

When standing twitching stitches in the posterior part of the urethra.

Burning throughout the urethra, but only at the beginning and the end if micturition.[Fr. H-n.]

160. Anteriorly in the orifice of the urethra, very fine shooting pecking when not urinating. [Fz.]

Cutting pain in the anterior part of the urethra when urinating. [Fz.]

Watery mucus discharge from the urethra. [Fr. H-n.]

Painless discharge of a clear transparent mucus from the urethra (Prostatic fluid?) without erection. [Fz.]

The orifice of the urethra is stuck together by a fluid which becomes visible when pressed. [Hl.]

165. The whole penis is somewhat swollen, without actual erection. [Fr.H-n.]

The urethra is as if inflamed, and painful in its whole length when touched; during erection there occurs tensive pain.

Stream of urine spread out.

Frequent eections of the penis; afterwards stitches in the urethra.

Frequent erections by day, only when sitting, not when walking.

170. When coughing erections of the penis, then pain in the urethra.

Painless discharge of mucus from the urethra ( a kind of gonorrhoea?).

Swelling of the glans and penis; a kind of erection without sensation. [Fz.]

Coldness of genitals with warmth of the rest of the body (the same day, and lasting three days. [Hl.]

Disinclination for coitus. [Fr. H-n.]

175. Swelling of the right and lower side of the prepuce. [Fr.H-n.]

Swelling of the frenum and of the prepuce, especially where the frenum ends. [Hl.]

Pleasant itching on the border of the prepuce and at the orifice of the urethra. [We.]

Disagreeable itching on the right side of the prepuce at its anterior border, more internally, but pleasant during and after scratching. [Fr. H-n.]

An itching under the prepuce and at the frenum, with some redness and moisture behind the corona glandis. [Hl.]

180. Eroding burning and shooting in the external parts of the prepuce, and in the urethra at the corona glandis. [Fz.]

The whole of the prepuce is dark red, hot, and inflamed. [Fr. H-n.]

Soreness on the border and on the inside of the prepuce. [Fr. H-n.]

Constant burning on the whole of the prepuce and glans, for four days; on applying cold water there occurred soreness. [Fr. H-n.]

The border of the prepuce is excoriated. [Fr. H-n.]

185. The glans itself is dark red, as dark red as the prepuce itself. [Fr. H-n.]

The skin of the glans is covered with lentil-sized, bright-red spots, brighter than the glans itself. [Fr. H-n.]

The whole penis pains when walking as if excoriated and as if scalded (he must tie it up in an upright position). [Fr. H-n.]

Round about the back of the corona glandis an exudation and moisture like gonorrhoea preputialis. [Fr. H-n.]

On the right near the penis pain like penetrating blows, when at rest and when moving.[Gss.]

190. When standing, a tensive pain in the spermatic cord, and contraction of the scrotum, with a contractive feeling in it.

When standing a pressive feeling in the testicles, a tugging in them.

Swelling of the prostate gland.

The sexual desire is much excited, but sterility is caused. [OLEARIUS, (General statement of effects; but C. Indica is probably intended.) Oriental. Reisebechrieb., p. 529.]

Excited the sexual desire in human beings and in animals. [HALLER, in Vicat, (General statement of effects.) Mat. Medorrhinum]

  1. Profuse menstrual flux (from external application). [NEUHOLD, l. c.]

Premature labour (in the eighth month) accompanied by frightful convulsions. (From lying all day on fresh hemp. Preceded by S. 18.) [NEUHOLD, l. c.]

Dryness and dry feeling in the nose (aft. 5 d.).

Dry feeling and heat in the nose (aft. 5 d.).

Sneezing and feeling of stuffed coryza, and yet he can breathe through the nose. [We.]

200. In the morning, viscid mucus sticks in the lower part of the wind-pipe; coughing and hacking cannot reach it, and he strains too much to detach a little, which, however, does not comeinto the mouth, and which he must swallow; after the coughing and hacking there remains a scraping feeling down along the wind-pipe, as if it was raw and excoriated there; at length the mucus detaches itself spontaneously and he must repeated hawk it up. [Gss.]

In the morning she has scraping in the hest as from salt; she must hack and swallow what she hawks up because it will not come into the mouth. [Gss.]

Samuel Hahnemann
Samuel Hahnemann (1755-1843) was the founder of Homoeopathy. He is called the Father of Experimental Pharmacology because he was the first physician to prepare medicines in a specialized way; proving them on healthy human beings, to determine how the medicines acted to cure diseases.

Hahnemann's three major publications chart the development of homeopathy. In the Organon of Medicine, we see the fundamentals laid out. Materia Medica Pura records the exact symptoms of the remedy provings. In his book, The Chronic Diseases, Their Peculiar Nature and Their Homoeopathic Cure, he showed us how natural diseases become chronic in nature when suppressed by improper treatment.