The process of dilution more frequently employed is the following, recommended by Hahnemann: To prepare, for instance, the first thirty dilutions of the mother tincture of Nux vomica you take thirty vials numbered I, 2, 3, 4, etc., up to thirty, and containing ninety-nine drops of distilled water or alcohol. To prepare the second dilution you put one drop of the first dilution into the second vial, to which you give the same number of shakes. You continue to prepare in that way each dilution by dropping into each vial one drop of the dilution previously made. Therefore, to prepare the first thirty dilutions of the remedy, there are needed thirty times five grams of distilled water or alcohol; in other words, one hundred and fifty gums of liquid.
To prepare the first thirty dilutions of an insoluble remedy you take five centigrams of the drugs, which are triturated with five grams of sugar of milk; in that way the first centesimal trituration is obtained. To prepare the second trituration, five centigrams of the first and trituration, five centigrams of the first are trituration with give grams of sugar of milk. The same process is continued up to the third or fourth trituration. the remedies having become soluble can then be prepared by successive dilutions up to the 30th.The thirty successive dilutions of the remedy constitute thirty different degrees of the radiant state of that remedy. The radiant state of that remedy. This radiant state has been brought about by separating more and more its constituent particles or molecules from each other. To do this; dilutions and successions (two factors in all dilutions) have been used. these two factors have the same value, since they accomplish the same end; that is to say the more widely separate the constituent molecules of any given remedy.
The first thirty dilutions of a remedy have been prepared by employing these two factors. On the one hand, thirty times one hundred drops of liquid; on the other, thirty successions given to each of the thirty vials; thirty equal quantities of liquid, multiplied by thirty successions., give nine hundred as the product.
To a certain extend on factor may take the place of the other, provided one obtains the same product, nine hundred, to bring about the 30th dilution. When the latter is prepared in this manner it has the same strength as when it is prepared by thirty successive dilutions was indicated by a Hahnemann, who, by one of those intuitions that come to men of genius, had guessed the conditions necessary to bring remedies into the radiant state. After having explained the first process of dynamization with vials, he explains in Section 270 of the Organon, in a note to this paragraph, the other process in the following manner: I have dissolved one grain of Nat. carb. in one-half ounce of water misted with a little alcohol, and for one-half hour shook without stopping he vital two-thirds full, which contained the liquid., I afterward found that this liquid excelled the 30th dilution in strength.
In doing this Hahnemann may have given the vial one succession every two seconds for thirty minutes; in other words, a total of 900 succussions. Now., 900, multiplied by the first quantity of liquid contained in the thirty vials and multiplied by the thirty succussions given to each of these vials; for thirty multiplied by thirty equals 900, mad Hahnemann discovered by experiment that the 30th dilution, prepared in either way, has the same strength.
Confirming to the experimental teaching of Hahnemann to separate more and more the constituent molecules of each remedy and bring the latter to a more radiant state, Jenichen substitutes a given number of dilutions. For instance, to raise Arsenic from the 800th to the 2600th dilution he gives the sane vial 51,000 successions, or about twenty eight for each intermediate dynamization.
It has been affirmed, without proof, that Jenichen taking a vial of the fourth centesimal dilution, gave it 1000, or 6000, or 16,000 shakes to make his 1000, 6000, or 16,000th dilution. It matters little, provided that by means of thousands of succussions he has separated the constituent molecule o each remedy so as to bring it into a more and more radiant state and develop its curative powers. Hence it is very justly state the name of potency has been given to the very high dilutions, ranging from 100th to the 40,000th, and that of dynamization to all infinitesimal doses, since this term is more expressive than that of dilution and attenuation. All of this is in conformity with the teaching of Hahnemann, who says:
The Homoeopathic remedy in each division or dilution acquits a new degree of potency y means of the successions which it receives, a means unknown before my day for developing the virtues inherent in medicinal substances, and which is so energetic that latterly experience has compelled me to reduce to two the number of succussions, of which I formerly prescribed ten for each dilution.-Organon aphorism 280.
The farther a dilution is carried by giving each time two succussions, the more of rapidity and penetration does the medicinal action of the preparation does the medicinal action of the preparation seem to acquire over the vital force of the patient. It is strength is diminished but very little in that way, even when the dilution is carried very far and when., instead of stopping at the 30th, which is most always sufficient, it is carried up to the 60th, the 150th, the 300th and beyond, Only the duration of the action seems thus to diminish more and more. – Organon 287.
In the latter paragraph from the Organon, edition of 1833, Hahnemann emits two contradictory opinions in affirming the highs the dilution of the remedy is carried, 1st) the more its strength increase, (2nd) that its strength diminishes a little. Later on he confined his practice to the first opinion experience having led him to give up the ordinary use of dilutions about the 30th and up to the 300th, because e had found the action of these high dilutions too powerful. This what Dr, Gross, his disciple tells us in 1846. Hahnemann having but seldom used the high dilutions, had but little opportunity to not that, contrarily to his statement above quoted, the action of the high statement above quoted, the action of the high dilutions is much more prolonged than that of the lower dilutions as has been demonstrated by comparative experiments.
But as it would take too much time and be too expensive to prepare these thousands of dilution buy Hahnemann’s first process, Hahnemann’s second process, that of succession, has been employed instead. By this Process, used with exceptional vigor, as related by Dr. Perry in the Journal of the Welsh Homoeopathic Medical Society, 1851, vol. 2, p. 778, Jenichen prepared the high dilutions of 156 remedies, as list of which was published in said Journal.
By means of a third process, utilizing simultaneously dilutions and succussions, a homoeopathic pharmacist of lyons, the late Dr. L. L. Lembert, prepared the high dilutions of 141 remedies were raised up to the 10,000th dilution. Lembert’s high dilutions have seemed to me quite as efficacious as Jenichen’s
I advise those physicians who would like to prepare for themselves very high dilutions of remedies, in order to be personally sure of their authenticity, to use Lembert’s process, which I am about to describe.
This former professor of chemistry prepared with thirty vials the first thirty centesimal dilutions of the remedies according to Hahnemann’s process; then with the thirty dilutions he prepared the high dilutions to the 10,000th in the manner which I will now detail. Lembert had had manufactured for the preparation of the high dilutions of each remedy a small cylindrical vial of white glass, having the following form and dimensions:
Height of vial,……………….. 5 centimeters
Height of the neck of the vial,….. 1 centimeter.
Diameter of the vial,…………… 15 millimeters.
Diameter of the neck of the vial,…. 12 millimeters.
Diameter of the opening of the neck of the
vial 1 centimeter.
Lateral orifice placed one centimeter above the bottom of the vial and having a diameter of 6 millimeters
Into the bottom of this vial, and below the lateral opening, he poured forty drops of the 30th centesimal dilution, contained in the bottom of the vial-falling without interruption into the medicated water of the vial-produced incessant:
1st, dilution of this water; and succession of this water.
when the water in the vial passed the level of the lateral opening it ran out of the vial.
In order to determine the quantity of water which ran out of the vial in that way, Lembert placed at the distance of twenty centimeters below it a large jar graduated from bottom to top in the following manner:
Knowing that 100 drops, or give grams of water are necessary to prepare each centesimal dilution., Lembert had calculated that in order to produce twenty dilutions, ranging from the 30th to the 50th, 100 grams of water were necessary. He had therefore poured 100 grams of water in the aforesaid and whitener number fifty upon the outside of the jar at the upper level of the 100 grams of water poured into the jar.
He thus continued to proceed in the same manner in order to determine what successive levels would reached in therefore said jar by the different quantities of water necessary to prepare the 100th, 200th, 400th, 600th, 1000th, 2000th, 4000th, 6000th and 10,000th dilutions, writing on the outside of the jar the number corresponding to each dilutions.
To make the 10,000 dilution be needed 10,000 times five grampus of distilled water; that is to way, fifty kilograms or fifty liters of distilled water.
To prepare the 10,000 dilution he allowed the water of the siphon to run for about thirteen hours a day, during from seven to eight days.
In order to get along more rapidly, Lembert prepared simultaneously the high dilutions of six remedies, having, at a distance of forty centimeters, six siphons above six vials with lateral orifices, each one above a graduated jar, such as I have described.
In order to prepare these high dilutions, Lembert thus utilized the two factors ordinarily used; that is to say, dilution in a certain quantity of water or alcohol and succussions, He determined, as has been seem, the exact quantity of the diluting liquid and the approximate number of successions.* these are by no means the each quantities of the diluting liquid required for the preparation of Hahnemannian potencies (I; 99); for, practically, the ratio of Lembert’s potencies is I:I; however, this would not interfere with their efficacy. Counting three successions produced by the distilled water, falling from the siphon into the medicated water of the little vial with lateral orifice, during each second thee would have been I,080 per hour, and 14,040 during the thirteen hour occupied each for the preparation of these high dilutions; and as it took from seven to eight days for the preparation of the 10,000th dilution; and as it took from seven to eight days for the preparation of the 10,000th dilution, this was brought about by means of from 88, 280 to 112,320 succussions; in other words, from eight to eleven succussions for each dilution.
The use of these thousands of succussions, in order to chance the molecular state of the remedies and thus bring them into the radiant state-this practice, which at first sight seems, like all new things, so eccentric and ridiculous-is now beginning to be made use of by chemists themselves, in order to educe mater to a species of radiant state which favors certain chemical reactions between different bodies., This is related in the following manner, in his opening lecture delivered in 1876 in the medical school, and Montpellier, by the celebrated chemist, Mr. Bechamp, then the dean of that medical faculty and now dean OF the free Medical Faculty of Lille:
For making alcohol, Mr. Berthelot has taken the carbonated hydrogen produced by the reduction or carbonic acid. He has caused this gas to be absorbed b means of an ingenious process, which consisted in agitating buy a number of succussions sulphuric acid in the presence of mercury. The absorption having taken place, water is added and the whole is then distilled-the distilled product contains alcohol.
……I was, in 1856, at the College de France, in Mr. Berthelot’s laboratory, when Mitscherlich the celebrated berlin chemist and discoverer of isomorphism, dropped in. At once the following conversation took place between the visitor and they visited:
Mr. Mitscherlich-I have tried to repeat your experiment concerning the synthesis of alcohol, but I did not succeed in causing he absorption of the carbonated hydrogen by the sulphuric acid.
Mr. Berthelot-How did you got about it
Mr. Mitscherlich-I put the sulphuric acid into a vial with the hydro-carbonic gas, and the absorption did not take place.
Mr. Berthelot-You did not put in mercury, or shake the whole together.
Mr. Berthelot-Then you neglected an essential condition. In order to case the absorption of thirty liters of bi–carbonated hydrogen by 900 grams of sulphuric acid, in the presence of a few kilograms of mercury., 53,000 succussions re necessary. That is what you neglected to do.
And Mr. Berthelot demonstrated on the reality of the fact to Mr. Mitscherlich.
These 53,000 successions divide the molecules of mercury and separate them more widely from each other. Then these molecules in their turn divide and more widely separate the molecules of the bi-carbonated hydrogen and of the sulphuric acid educe the two latter to the species of radiate state, and permit the sulphuric acid to absorb the bi-carbonated hydrogen. In that case the mercury plays the same role as does the sugar of milk used by homoeopathic pharmacists to operate the trituration of remedies and greater and greater separation of the constituent molecules, which brings them into the radiant state and develops there curative powers. Mr. Berthelot, therefore, and all other chemists like him unconsciously make use of this process of succussions which has been used for half a century by Hahnemann and his disciples-a process considered so ridiculous by the ignorant, but so useful, indispensable indeed, by chemists.
This long digression on the subject of the dynamization of remedies seems at first sight to have no connection with the treatment of drunkenness; and yet this digression is necessary in order to justify and explain the use of use of dilutions in general, and especially of the high potencies, for the cure of certain morbid somatic or psychical conditions, and especially for drunkenness, which is becoming more and more the courage of families and of modern society. In order to remedy these evils, it is urgent to try the curative means which I propose, since none so efficacious are as yet known.
I am very far, I repeat it, from prescribing exclusively the very high dilutions in my practice, for that would be a mistake that would injure the sick. In many cases the 3rd, 6th, 12th and 30th dilutions, and sometimes even remedies in massive doses, are preferable; but in many others the very high potencies are more efficacious, because they have a more energetic, deep and lasting action. I might adduce many facts to prove it. to that end, however, I think it will be sufficient to relate the give following facts:
Dr. Burnett, professor of materia medica in the Homoeopathic Hospital, London, did me the honor of sending to me, in 1882, a gentleman, 34 years of age, who had for four or five ears been compelled to abandon the practice of his profession, and during that time had been treated by at least one hundred English homoeopathic physicians. He has been declared incurable by two or three homeopathic physicians in Paris. This gentleman came from London to Lyons to consult me. From the 9th of February, 1882, till the 6th of March, 1883, I gave him or sent him, at different intervals, give different remedies, in the 200th, 300th, and 10,000th dilutions. These sufficed to cure him and to permit him to resume the practice of his profession. These five remedies-Nux vomica 200th and 10,000th, Staphis 200th and 10,000th, Calcarea carb. 300th, Mercurius sol. 200th, Laches. 200th-are often used, and doubtless were prescribed by some of the one hundred English physicians who had treated him. But these physicians usually prescribe no high than the third or sixth dilution to be taken several times a day. These lower dilutions proved inefficacious for give uses, while the high dilutions just mentioned cured his gentleman completed in fourteen months, as Was informed by Professor Burnett. This fact is a very instructive for the homoeopathic physicians, who, according to circumstances, would prescribe remedies in all doses and in all dilutions.
When I saw this gentleman taking several times a day the remedy which I had previously prescribed, I quite naturally supposed that he acted in this way in accordance with the advice of his physicians, for in all countries the majority of homoeopathic physicians follow this practice. I followed it myself the first twenty years of my practice, because I was surrounded and influenced by confreres who had that custom. Since then experience, favorable results becoming more and more numerous, has led me to understand and to accept the teaching which I had received from the celebrated Boenninghausen in Monster in 1855, and which is the same as that of Hahnemann, who recommends for the cure of chronic diseases to let the indicated remedy, administered in a single dose, act far weeks and even months. (See Chronic Diseases.) those physicians who do not conform to his teaching are in danger of meeting with failures in the cases of some of their patients and to see those same patients cured by some more faithful disciple of Hahnemann. Those physicians then demonstrate practically just is the thought of Dr. Widmann, expressed in the title of his work on The Sufficiency of Homoeopathy and the insufficiency of Homoeopathists, an article published about thirty years ago two medical journals, one French and the other German. When I do not meet with the desired success in the treatment of a patient, I am often tempted to blame therefore my insufficiency and not the insufficiency of Homoeopathy.
Mr. X., aged 40, had had a fall from his carriage, which had probably caused a concussion of the spinal cord for he was no longer able to ride in a carriage, but only in tramways (street cars),. which jolt at little, it at all. During eighteen months he was treated without success by three allopathic physicians, two of whom are professors in a medical college, one a hospital surgeon and another a hospital physician.
These three physicians had very probably prescribed for him Arnica in ponderable doses, but without result. After those eighteen months of lack of success, Mr. X. having come to consult me, I placed upon is tongue six or seven globules of Arnica, in the 200th potency. During the five days following Mr. X felt a slight aggravation of his lumbar sufferings, after which a complete and final; cure of his traumatic pains took place.
A lady, aged about 30 years, had the cornea of those eye excoriated by the nail of child was suckling. /the next year another nursling had again scratched with its nail the cornea of the same eye. For five years this lady felt pain in that eye, and suffered from photophobia, which prevented her working in the evening by the light of a lamp. She had been declared incurable by two physicians, one of whom was connected in a medical school; but she was completely and permanently cured of her traumatic pains by from six to seven globules of Arnica 200th which I placed upon her tongue, after having felt a slight aggravation of her pain for give days.
As physicians often have the opportunity of observing similar chronic traumatic pains after a contusion or fall, they will frequently be able to test the rapid action of Arsenic a 200th in such cases, and nose physicians will be thenceforth more inclined to convince themselves by experiments that, in other chronic disease, in which other remedies are indicated. they lose their lime when they administer the third or sixth dilution, instead of the 200th dilution of the indicated remedy.
In some acute cases the 200th dilution may cure in less than twelve, twenty-four of forty-eighteen hour. In proof of this assertion I cite the four following facts, which may be z(the fourth especially) tested experimentally by all practitioners.