LYCOPODIUM CLAVATUM


It is particularly adapted to ailments that develop gradually, weakening functional powers associated with digestive disorders and functional disturbance of the liver. It is principally a right- sided remedy, and it meets many symptoms running from right to left. Craving for everything warm, is another remarkable symptom of this drug. Persons with weak muscular power but intellectually keen; weakly precocious children, are the best soil for the action of Lyco.


Pages from the Manual of Materia Medica, edited by Dr. N. C. Bose. Copyright to Messrs M. Bhattacharyya & Co., 84, Clive Street Calcutta.

(N. O.–Lycopodiaceae).

Common name. Club moss.

Habitat. Nearly all northern countries.

Triturations (as directed in the Pharmacopoeias) are made of the pollen of Lycopodium clavatum, then dilutions. To convert into a liquid it is best to start with the 12x rather than with 6x as is the rule with other insoluble substances. It can be had in either forms, tincture and trituration.

Lycopodium was first proved by Hahnemann.

Therapeutic uses:

Constipation; haemorrhoids: Dyspepsia: flatulence; waterbrash; catarrh; pneumonia; bronchial catarrh of infants; otorrhoea; tonsillitis; catarrh of bladder; nephritis; gravel; chronic hepatitis; dropsy; humid eruptions; mercurial ulcers; ophthalmia; leucorrhoea; glandular swellings; caries; rheumatism. Atony. Malnutrition. Premature senility. The chief characteristic of this remedy is an excessive accumulation of flatulence in the abdomen.

Generalities:

Emaciation is the leading indication of Lycopodium; it corresponds to Grauvogls carbonitrogenoid constitution. Glands are thickened and hardened on getting feet cold. Tremulous sensation through body after eating. Discomfort, in every position at night, which vexes even to weeping; after eating. DESIRE TO GO INTO OPEN AIR. Aversion to rising in morning. Weakness, in morning on rising, with heaviness.

AGGRAVATION BETWEEN 4 and 8 P.M., BETTER at 8 P.M. BUT WEAK; this is very characteristic of Lycopodium. “It is frequently useful in dropsies of the pericardium, pleura and abdomen. In general it is a remedy for persons who are emaciated than for those who are well nourished. It is very valuable for children who look wrinkled and prematurely old. General relief in open air.” The Lyco patient cannot tolerate any exertion, weakness after every effort, Weakness after an emission, with trembling.

It is particularly adapted to ailments that develop gradually, weakening functional powers associated with digestive disorders and functional disturbance of the liver. It is principally a right- sided remedy, and it meets many symptoms running from right to left. Craving for everything warm, is another remarkable symptom of this drug. Persons with weak muscular power but intellectually keen; weakly precocious children, are the best soil for the action of Lyco.

Mind: “

It is a remedy of great value in mental torpor, especially valuable for old people, for forget-fullness of words and syllables, and confusion of ideas generally. Lack of mental steadiness: want of self-confidence. Great mental and nervous weakness, with physical relaxation. Melancholia. Hypochondriasis, often misanthropic and irritable. Very easily frightened and started.” Ill humour (Nux v.); easily aroused to anger and scorn; with violence; with taciturnity. Anthropophobia is so marked that she flees from her children.

Disinclined to talk. Fear; all day; in evening, of fancied images. Sadness (Nat. m., Ign.); with weeping and discontent; with confusion of head. Despondent and weak. CONFUSION ABOUT EVERY-DAY THINGS. Difficulty of expressing himself, better evening. Inability to comprehend or remember what is read. Stupefaction (Op., Phos. ac., Sep.). Memory weak (Anac.). Forgets words (Bell., Kali brom.).

Head:

Involuntary shaking of head, making him dizzy; shaking head on stepping hard. Every step is felt in head; and a shock in brain on every motion. Aching during hunger, better eating. THROBBING AFTER EVERY PAROXYSM OF COUGH. (Nat. m.); during and after rising (Bry.; Puls). Rush of blood; in morning on waking. SHATTERING IN TEMPLES AND CHEST DURING COUGH. Aching and throbbing in occiput; heaviness, better motion, with confused pain in forehead. Occiput fills with blood after stooping.

Eruption on scalp, with swelling of cervical glands, Hair becomes very gray (Ars.); Dearborn says, this premature grayness is preceded or accompanied by dryness of the scalp. Great falling of hair (Gnaph., Sep., Sulph), but in other parts of the body it increases. According to Lippe, “Baldness after disease of the abdominal viscera and after parturition.” Boil on occiput. Scurf over whole scalp, which the child scratches at night till it bleeds. Itching; and on face as far as beard.

“It has been used in tubercular meningitis, sleep with half- open eyes and moaning. Chronic hydrocephalus, with screaming out in sleep, but without general Apis symptoms”.

Eyes:

We meet many important symptoms here. The eyes are sunken, and surrounded by blue rings, thus completing the picture of weakness and emaciation. Inflammation, with itching in canthi, redness and swelling of lids. DISTRESSING PAIN ON EYES GETTING DRY, WITH NIGHTLY AGGRAVATION (Sulph.). Mucus, must wipe them to see more clearly (Euphras.).

Dryness of lids, feeling as from dust, in morning on waking, with necessity to close them. ULCERATION AND REDNESS OF LIDS, with smarting lachrymation. Sensitiveness to day-light. Weak vision. It is of great value in NIGHT-BLINDNESS (China, Verat.a. Phos.), especially when accompanied by floating of black spots at a short distance from eyes (Cycl., Sulph.). Far-sighted. Dim vision, as through a cobweb or fog, in morning; as from glutinous moisture in eyes which he cannot wipe away. Letters run together when reading.

It has been of service in “Polypus in external canthus. Catarrhal conjunctivitis. Purulent ophthalmia, with associated inflammation of the cornea in the chronic stage.” It has benefit- ted many cases hemeralopia dependent upon chronic degenerative changes in the retina.” It arrests the progress of cataract, when associated with key-note abdominal symptoms of Lyco. Asthenopia.

Ears :

Suppuration and discharge. Has cured numerous cases of chronic deafness, with and without otorrhoea, especially after scarlet fever and measles. Polypus. Eczema of external ear, especially behind ear (Graph.). Rush of blood. Sensitiveness to noise (Sil.). Roaring.

Nose:

It is useful, yet frequently neglected, remedy in nasal catarrh, especially in acute conditions. Coryza worse after -noon when walking, with heat in head, burning in eyes and cold limbs. STOPPAGE, towards morning; towards evening (Puls.); CHILDS BREATH IS OFTEN STOPPED IN SLEEP FOR FIFTEEN SECONDS, EVEN WHEN MOUTH IS OPEN. It is useful in acute coryza, with swelling of the nose externally and stoppage internally, the stoppage being especially worse at night. (Iod., Nat. carb., Nux v., Puls.). VIOLENT CORYZA. WITH SWELLING OF NOSE (Phos.); with catarrhal headache. STOPPED AT NIGHT, SO THAT HE COULD NOT GET HIS BREATH. Watery coryza, with acrid discharge, alternating with stoppage. Smell acute; even the smell of hyacinths causes nausea. Odor of crabs in nose on expectoration.

Lyco. is very useful in “influenza, with stoppage of the nose, sometimes excoriating. Stoppage of nose, when Lyco. symptoms are associated with a feeling of dryness posteriorly or with scanty excoriating discharge anteriorly; it is not only valuable in chronic catarrhs, but is too frequently overlooked in acute coryza.” Dryness of the entire mucous membrane, worse evening, with stoppage at root; hardened mucus in nose; blowing out of bloody mucus. “Stoppage of nose in diphtheria. Polypus of nose. Fan-like motion of wings of nose in pneumonia (Phos)”.

Face:

Yellow (Chelid., Sep.); pale and puffy. YELLOWISH GRAY. It takes a sickly color; emaciated, and pinched. Ulcer on vermilion of the lower lip (Sulph.). Itching pimples on upper. Tearing pain in cheek-bones.

Mouth:

Teeth yellow (Iod., Nit. ac.); they loose, with easy bleeding of gum. Toothache, as if suppurating WHEN CHEWING AND ON TOUCH, with sensitiveness; drawing, better warm drinks. Throbbing pain at night; after eating; with swelling of gum. Profuse bleeding from gums when cleaning teeth (Iod., Merc., Carbo veg.). Tongue coated white. (Bry., Ant. cr.). with prominent papillae; in morning, with bad taste; with acidity in mouth. VESICLES ON TIP (Nat. m., Sulph.). Laxity, with heaviness of tongue.

Dryness, without thirst. Bad odor. Salivation, from sublingual glands; from submaxillary glands, with tension in submaxillary region which was sensitive to touch. Saliva tastes salty; dries up on palate and lips to a tenacious mucus. Taste bitter (Puls., Bry., Chel., Sulph.) in morning. Taste sour. after eating (Puls.); after drinking milk; on drinking cocoa; Sour taste to all food. It is a valuable remedy in acid dyspepsia.

Throat:

FEELING AS IF A BALL ROSE FROM BELOW INTO THE THROAT (Ign., Nux mos.). THROAT FEELS CONTRACTED, NOTHING GOES DOWN; TOO TIGHT FEELING ON SWALLOWING, FOOD AND DRINK REGURGITATE THROUGH NOSE. Dryness. Constricted feeling in pharynx, with difficult swallowing of liquids (Chelid). Mucus, in pharynx; in fauces; with inclination to swallow. Hawking of mucus; thick, yellow, offensive, easily expectorated; in small greenish-yellow masses. Swelling and elongation of uvula. Ulceration of tonsils; like chancres.

It is to be thought of in “tonsillitis, especially of the right side; tonsillitis assuming a diphtheritic character, beginning on right side, patient worse about 4 P.M., especially with fan-like motion of wings of nose and stoppage of nostrils. Diphtheria of right side, with stoppage of nose, albuminuria, oedema of face, hands and feet (following scarlet fever)”.

Stomach:

In the stomach and abdomen Lycopodium has some very prominent symptoms and some of these are very likely to be present whenever the remedy is indicated, irrespective of the patients complaint and the region of the trouble. There may be GREAT APPETITE (like Iod. and China). THEN DISTENSION OF ABDOMEN. Appetite may be LOST, and whatever she eats goes against her, even to vomiting. The patient eats hastily, SUDDEN SATIETY after a little food, WITH THIRST, heaviness in stomach and distension in abdomen. Aversion to coffee and tobacco; to solid food, especially meat; to bread (Nat. m.), then develops aversion to all food. Lyco. patient prefers warm food.

Frothy saliva, with dry lips and dry mouth. Thirstlessness (Puls.). Eructations INCOMPLETE, BURNING, RISING ONLY INTO PHARYNX WHERE THEY CAUSE BURNING (Puls., Phos., Nat. m.). SOUR ERUCTATIONS, the taste of which does not remain in mouth, BUT THE ACID GNAWS THE STOMACH. WATER-BRASH (Bry., Sil., Sulph., etc.). Eructation of milk taken in morning lingers, with scraping- clawing taste in throat. HICCOUGH (Amm. m., Cycl., Ign., Nux v.); after supper; after every meal. DIGESTION SLOW. DISCOMFORT AFTER EATING A LITTLE. Anxiety in pit. Heartburn, DISTENSION AND CRAMP. Nausea every morning fasting (Sil.). Here is a remarkable feature, the Lyc. patient cannot tolerate fasting. Vomiting of food and bile; worse during menstruation.

ALLEN points to “Canine hunger, but attempt to eat is followed by flatulent distension and inability to take more food, or sometimes the flatulent distension immediately takes away the appetite, or sometimes a feeling of constant satiety, he feels too full before he has eaten anything and cannot eat. Acid dyspepsia (Mag. c.), the region of the stomach becomes distended and extremely sensitive to touch. Gastralgia. Chronic dyspepsia, solid food causes excruciating pain and sometimes vomiting. Atonic dyspepsia, with bloating. Chronic gastritis, with burning pain and waterbrash. Scirrhous indurations of pyloric orifice of the stomach, with vomiting of blood, burning and extreme flatulence.” These symptoms are mostly associated with marked eructations so characteristic of the remedy.

Abdomen:

Cannot eat to satiety, as it causes unpleasant and distended feeling in hepatic region. DISTENSION (Carbo veg., Graph., Mag. c., Sulph.). after eating, with tension, better EMISSION OF FLATUS. FLATULENCE, here and there, in hypochondria. better empty eructations. Gurgling. Emission of flatus, offensive; sulphurous. Pain, worse region of transverse colon (Sep., Petrol.). TENSION; AND INCARCERATION OF FLATUS. WEIGHT IN LEFT HYPOCHONDRIA WHEN WALKING, SITTING AND LYING, NOT AFFECTING BREATHING. Glandular swelling in groins.

T. F. ALLEN, in his clinical notes, says that Lyco. has been “palliative in cirrhosis of liver. Abdominal flatulence, with much rumbling and pains of various sorts. Chronic inflammation of the liver, with enlargement, heaviness and pain. It has proved palliative in strangulated hernia, with great distension and retching.” Its use has been known to make hernia easier to reduce than usual, though constantly protruding. It is very serviceable in gall-stone colic; also in abdominal dropsy from chronic hepatic disease. Brown spots, particularly on abdomen, a symptom peculiar to Lycopodium in hepatic disorders”.

Rectum and Anus:

Discharge of blood during stool; even during soft stool. RECTUM PROTRUDES DURING HARD STOOL (Nat. m.; Nux v.). Cramps, like labor-pains in rectum and in small of back. Inactivity at stool. ANUS PAINFULLY CLOSED (Sil., Nux v., Nit. ac.). Haemorrhoids swollen; protruding, burning, sticking; protruding during soft stool; painful when sitting; PAINFUL ON TOUCH.

Very useful in “haemorrhoids which become very painful when sitting, with distention of abdomen and mental depression. Haemorrhoids which frequently bleed, even when the patient is not constipated. Rectal fistula has occasionally been cured.”.

Stool:

Usually hard, difficult and scanty, Crumbly. FIRST PART LUMPY, SECOND SOFT. Stool difficult, from constriction of anus; painful accumulation of flatus in abdomen. “It is occasion- ally indicated in diarrhoea.” Stool yellow, frequent, painless, undigested, fetid, with flatus; sometimes green, and offensive; or may be mixed with hard lumps, with tenesmus and burning from anus deep into rectum. “The attempt to evacuate the bowels causes severe pain in anus; anus and rectum seem constricted (Sil)”.

Urinary Organs:

Frequent desire to urinate, at night, with scanty discharge; with pains before and after micturition, urine lemon colored. Burning during micturition. Dark brown urine, with sediment of mucus; only a teaspoonful at a time, wants to pass it, but cannot. Copious sediment of RED OR REDDISH-YELLOW SAND in urine, is characteristics of this remedy.

Involuntary urination at night while dreaming that patient was at the urinal. Interrupted stream and subsequent dribbling, painful during last drops.

Very valuable in “Chronic cystitis, with a milky deposit of bad odor. Tendency to formation of calculus in bladder has been cured. Dysuria in children, especially with scanty deposit. Haematuria, caused by gravel.” Retention of urine (Nux v.), especially when there is history of gleet. Renal colic of right side. It is also useful in uric acid diathesis, if there are deposits of red sand.” Chronic inflammation of prostate, with more or less inflammation of the bladder. ALLEN points out that it is frequently indicated in chronic Brights disease, with oedematous extremities and the gastric derangements characteristics of the drug.

Male Sexual Organs:

Penis small, cold and without erections. Discharge of prostatic fluid, with lasciviousness without erections. Redness and inflammation of prepuce. Itching on inner surface of prepuce. Erections, with relaxed scrotum; without inclination to coition, and weakness after coition. Desire diminished, as also the power, even voluptuous thoughts cause no erection. These symptoms constitute a picture of impotency, in which condition Lycopodium acts wonderfully well and wins many grateful patients to the doctor. “Falls asleep during coition: without emission,” is another peculiar symptom of Lyco.

“Sexual exhaustion and loss of appetite, especially after chronic gonorrhoea or cystitis.” LILIENTHAL refers to it as the “old mans balm”.

Female Sexual Organs:

Menses to early; and scanty; or delayed, prolonged. Pudenda feel swollen during menstruation, with itching. Inflammation of ovaries. Burning in vagina during and after coition. Chronic inflammation of uterus, with discharge of gas from vagina. This symptom of the passing of gas from vagina is an individual symptom of Lyco., not known to occur in any other remedy. It has been found palliative in cancer of uterus.

It is a valuable remedy for vaginal catarrh. Leucorrhoea, especially with burning in vagina. Before full moon, frequent discharge of blood-red leucorrhoea. Milky leucorrhoea, associated with the abdominal symptoms of this remedy. Chronic vaginal catarrh, with dryness and burning. Useful in varicose veins of pudenda. It is occasionally indicated in fibroid tumors of the uterus.

Lycopodium has been occasionally found useful in suppression of menses, with great flatulence and other symptoms. In dysmenorrhoea, with bloating, constipation, low spirits, etc. Neuralgia of the ovaries, when confined to the right side, or starting there travelling to the left.

With the troubles relating to the female sexual organs, we should mark flatulence, abdominal symptoms and melancholia, as confirmation for prescribing Lyco.

Respiratory Organs:

We studied the utility of this drug in acute nasal catarrh. It is useful in acute catarrh of the respiratory organs. Itching tickling in larynx, compelling forcible cough. Irritation to cough as from sulphur fumes; and from deep breathing. Hoarseness, worse afternoon. Nasal speech. Its cough is worse evening, by motion and lying on right side, with difficult respiration; more prominently At NIGHT, worse BEFORE SUNRISE, AFFECTING STOMACH AND DIAPHRAGM.

Like Phosphorus it has violent cough, with tightness of chest, and fatiguing. Paroxysmal, from tickling in larynx. Yellowish purulent expectoration. with rawness and sore pain in chest. With nightly cough, hawking of thick, firm, yellow mucus from throat, pharynx and trachea. Expectoration GRAY, SALT (Sep., Calc. c.); or thick, yellowish mucus from bronchi in morning (Calc. c.). Respiration short, difficult; DYSPNOEA AS IF CHEST WERE CONSTRICTED BY CRAMP.

Lycopodium, says Allen, is useful in chronic bronchial catarrh, “especially in old people,” dyspnoea. Chronic bronchial catarrh, worse 4 P.M.; cough, with free expectoration. Subacute pneumonia, with great difficulty in breathing, and fan-like motion of wings of nose, patient worse when lying on back. Hard, dry cough, day and night, with emaciation. Cough rather worse when going down hill than up. This is quite a unique symptom of Lyco. Many cases of phthisis pulmonaris, characterized by the persistent abdominal symptoms, have been cured.

Oppression of chest, worse deep breathing. Tightness, worse moving about; worse after walking in open air. with loud thumping of heart. Palpitation, in evening in bed. Allen says that carotid aneurism is reported to have been cured (Baryt. c.). Pulse rapid; with coldness of face and hands.

Neck and Back:

Swelling of cervical glands, internally and externally; hard on sides. Pain in nape, with stiffness, of left side. Pain above hips; in kidney region, worse pressure; in morning on rising during menses, so that she could not move, “In lumbago it is especially useful after Bryonia.”.

Extremities:

“A valuable remedy in chronic rheumatism, always worse till evening and in warmth, pains worse right side. Chronic gout, with chalky deposits in joints. Chronic rheumatism of hands; hands and fingers swollen and stiff, etc,” Spasmodic contraction and extension, almost without pain. Stiffness of all joints (Zinc.). All joints are affected.

Axillary glands swollen. Tearing. in joints; during rest, and in elbows. Sticking in left shoulder, elbow and wrist all day. Pain in thighs. Swelling of knees; stiffness in hollows in morning on rising. Sticking in ankles as if sprained when walking. Swelling of the feet, worse right; of backs of feet. Sore, painful indurations on heel. Appearance of corns. Painful corn. Pain as from a stone under heel on stepping. Smarting sore pain between toes (Sil.). Sore-pain in toes, worse walking.

Skin:

Freckles on face, more on left side and across nose. Itching liver spots. Redness of finger-tips with swelling. Brown spots on inner side of thighs, close to scrotum. Eruption about mouth; scaly, bleeding, on face and corner of mouth. URTICARIA. Pustules. Boils. Skin unhealthy; corrosive vesicles. Sticking itching, worse scrotum.

It has been successfully used in “Eczema, herpes; psoriasis; naevus (Fluoric. ac.) lupae; phagdenic ulcers; impetigo; varicose veins and ulcers, with oedema; carbuncles; intertrigo.” In these skin conditions the remarkable concomitant is aggravation from heat and hot applications. In eczema and psoriasis, with itching and easy bleeding, worse warmth, better from cold or in open air. Useful in intertrigo, especially under the arm, between the thighs and on the scrotum. (DUNHAM.).

Sleep:

Unrefreshing. Anxious cries; laughing aloud; weeping, with unintelligible words, in sleep. Starting up on falling asleep. Sleep, with mouth open; always gets on his back at night in sleep. Sleep full of dreams; frightful: anxious; of murder; voluptuous, with erection and emission; that she felt the irritation of coition. Nightmare.

Fever:

It is frequently indicated in “chronic malarial fever, paroxysms recurring at 4 P.M., there is general nervous irritability, with thirst, red sand in urine, enlargement of spleen sour vomiting, teasing cough, the chill often beginning in the back.” We may also find slight chilliness in evening, then violent and long lasting heat, weariness and pains in limbs. Shaking chill in evening, beginning in back; with cold hands and feet, cannot get warm in bad for two hours, tearing in limbs worse, with nausea and constant yawning; sometimes general goose- flesh.

Heat in flushes; BURNING BETWEEN SCAPULAE AS FROM HOT COALS (Phos.). Sweat over whole body; sourish after midnight, worse chest; offensive exhalations as from onions. Whether in fever or otherwise, Lyco. patient is prone to sweat much IN FEET till they become sore (Calc.c., Carbo v., Iod., Phos., Puls., Sep., Sil., Sulph., Thuja). HERING draws attention to its thirst “after the sweating stage.”.

ALLEN found it useful in suppurating fever. It is occasion- ally indicated in typhoid fever with distension of abdomen, red sand in the urine, great mental depression, lower jaw hanging down, etc.

Its duration of action is forty to fifty days. Hahnemann says that “it is especially efficacious when it is homoeopathic- ally indicated after the previous use of Calcarea” (Chronic Disease).

Modalities:.

Aggravation:

All symptoms are aggravated from 4 to 8 P.M.; after eating; while sitting; on lying down; right side. Its troubles run from right to left, from above downward. Worse from heat, hot air, warmth of bed and warm applications; but its throat and stomach feel better from warm drinks; on beginning to move (Rhus).

Amelioration:

From continued motion (Rhus t.); after 8 P.M.; from warm food and drink; getting cold; being uncovered.

Antidotes:

Camphor, Caust., Puls., a cup of coffee. It is antidotal to Cinch.

Similar:

Ars., Bell., Bry., Calc c., Graph., Hep. s., Merc., Nat. m., Nat. a., Nux v., Petrol., Phos., Puls., Rhus t., Sil., Sulph.

Dose:

Thirtieth to the highest potencies. Should not be repeated too frequently.

N C Bose