The catarrhal manifestations involve particularly the larynx and the trachea and are characterized by a feeling of soreness and burning (in the larynx, under the sternum, in the chest.) The cough is dry, hard, the sputum is scanty and raised with difficulty and must be swallowed. The cough is relieved by drinking cold water. The improvement from the warmth of bed does not refer to the cough, but on the contrary the aggravation at 3-4 in the morning was especially evident in the provings. Outside of the involuntary discharge of urine, a pain in the left hip is noted with the coughing. An echoing of the voice in the ears may result from the catarrhal processes in the throat.


The gastro-intestinal symptoms are without significance except the already mentioned weakness of the sphincter ani. The burning pain prevails everywhere, also in the hemorrhoids, whose condition is said to be worse from thinking about them. In the mouth the burning vesicles and ulcers are worthy of note.

The menses do not have a definite type, but the blood flows only during the day and ceases at night.

On the skin, warts, old scars and the results of burning should react, likewise itching and burning intertriginous eczema.

As an extraordinary symptom reported the feeling as if a hollow space existed between the forehead and the brain, which perhaps can be connected with the feeling of looseness of ammon. carb. In the Hahnemannian symptom register besides diverse trembling and twitching in the muscles, also epileptiform attacks are described. The therapeutic use for this purpose is rare. The dependence upon the weather should guide the choice.

The indications for cataract are very uncertain.


Chief trends:

1. Locomotor apparatus; rheumatic affections; peripheral nerve paralysis (sphincter vesicae!).

2. Respiratory passages (larynx and trachea).


Aggravation from dry cold, in cold weather; better damp weather; rheumatic affection better from warmth of bed; cough worse nights, particularly 3-4 A.M.; huskiness worse mornings; burning pain chiefly predominates.

DOSE : Usually the sixth and higher potencies.

Otto Leeser
Otto Leeser 1888 – 1964 MD, PHd was a German Jewish homeopath who had to leave Germany due to Nazi persecution during World War II, and he escaped to England via Holland.
Leeser, a Consultant Physician at the Stuttgart Homeopathic Hospital and a member of the German Central Society of Homeopathic Physicians, fled Germany in 1933 after being expelled by the German Medical Association. In England Otto Leeser joined the staff of the Royal London Homeopathic Hospital. He returned to Germany in the 1950s to run the Robert Bosch Homeopathic Hospital in Stuttgart, but died shortly after.
Otto Leeser wrote Textbook of Homeopathic Materia Medica, Leesers Lehrbuch der Homöopathie, Actionsand Medicinal use of Snake Venoms, Solanaceae, The Contribution of Homeopathy to the Development of Medicine, Homeopathy and chemotherapy, and many articles submitted to The British Homeopathic Journal,