Physical activity is recommended for everyone. It is suggested to be done when a person is able and willing to exercise and fasting blood glucose is below 250 mg/dl. The minimum time recommended is about 30 minutes; five times a week. Activity may include moderate walking and household chorus, such as gardening and cleaning as well as jogging, biking and other sort of exercises. However it is recommended to follow a programmed walking plan starting with 15 minutes; 5 minutes of slow walking at the beginning and another 5 at the end plus 5 minutes of brisk walking between the two fives.
|Benefits of proper physical activity
|-Improved blood sugar control
-Lower blood pressure
-Lower cholesterol level
|-Improved muscle strength and tone
-Improved digestion and appetite control
-Improved mood, attitude
-Increases energy level
When starting an exercise plan, the patient should be sure to warm up, set a comfortable pace, wear good shoes and drink plenty of water. He should make it as enjoyable as possible without overdoing it. A good partner will make it easier to commit to it. He must be cautious about the duration and intensity of the exercise; then gradually increase the length of the activity by a few minutes every week.
– When not to exercise:
- If one is ill.
• In extreme hot or cold weather.
• During peak of insulin action times.
- If one’s blood glucose is high, exercise will usually help bring it down; but if the blood glucose is over 250mg/dl he/she should prefer not to exercise.