STRAMONIUM


STRAMONIUM.

(Thorn-apple.)

(From …


(Thorn-apple.)

(From vol. iii, 2nd edit., 1825.)

(The juice expressed from the fresh plant, Datura Stramonium, and mixed with equal parts of alcohol.)

The narcotic plant shows in its primary action, with the exception of very disagreeable sensations which the prover cannot call “pain,” no actual pains. Sensations which can strictly be called pain only occur in the secondary action, from the subsequent reaction of the organism, which develops not only the natural sensation as opposed to the sensation-destroying action of the thorn-apple, but, in the case of large doses, even morbidly exalted sensation (pain). So, also, this plant produces in its primary action great mobility of the voluntary muscles and suppression of all secretions and excretions, the reverse of which occurs in the secondary action, to wit, paralysis of the muscles and excessive secretions and excretions. On the other hand, in suitable doses it curatively allays some spasmodic muscular movements, and restores suppressed excretions in several cases in which absence of pain is a prominent symptom.

Hence thorn-apple can only cure homoeopathically the morbid states produced in its primary characterisic action.

The symptoms of the secondary action, which, as with all narcotic drugs, are much more numerous, better expressed and more distinct than with non-narcotic drugs, serve to make the observant physician refrain from its employment in cases where the patient is already suffering from ailments resembling those of the secondary action. Thus, a true physician would never administer thorn-apple in, for example, complete paralysis, or inveterate diarrhoeas, or in cases where violent pains constitute the chief feature of the disease.

But what incomparable curative action (I speak from experience) follows the homoeopathic application of the peculiar mental affections caused by thorn-apple for similar natural mental maladies, and how useful it is in convulsive ailments similar to those it causes.

I have found it efficacious in some epidemic fevers with symptoms similar to those it is capable of exciting in the mind and body.

As sure as there are several varieties of hydrophobia from the bite of rabid animals, so sure is it that we cannot cure them all with one remedy, and that we require belladonna in some, henbane in others, and thorn-apple in yet others, in order to cure them, according the totality of the morbid symptoms presents more similarity with the symptoms of the first, second, to third of these plants.

Moderate doses act for only 36 to 48 hours doses a shorter time. Injurious consequences of several days’ duration are to be feared from very large doses, these are partly primary, partly secondary effects.

Excessively violent primary actions are removed to citric acid, or fruits containing it (currents, barberries, &c. much more effectually than by vinegar. Smoking tobacco greatly allays the stupefaction of the head caused by thorn-apple. According to Falk, alcohol, and according to PLEHWE, cold foot-baths are useful for it.

A drop, often even but a small portion of a drop of the trillion fold dilution of the juice, is an adequate homoeopathic dose, all other extraneous medicinal influences being removed.

{HAHNEMANN’s fellow provers were FRANZ, FR. HAHNEMANN, MICHLER.]

The following old-school authorities are cited:

ALBERTI, Jurisp. Medorrhinum, i.

BOERHAAVE, kAAW, Impel. Fac. Hipp., L. B., 1745.

BRERA, in Harles Bemerk. Ub. D. Behandl. D. Hunderwuth, Fft. A. M., 1809.

BUCHNER, Bresl. Samml., 1727.

BUSCH, (In the 1st edit this is given as “B. RUSH,” but neither name can be found under the reference given.) B., in Philos. Transact. Vol. 60, 1771. Commentarri de rebus in Medorrhinum et Sc. Nat. gestis, vol. ii.

COSTA, CPH. A, in Schenk, Lib. vii, obs. 139.

CRUGER, DAN, in Misc. Nat., Cur., Dec. iii, ann.2.

DE WITT, in Phys. Medorrhinum Journale, Leipz., 1800, January.

DODERLIN, in Comment lit. Nor., 1744.

DU GUID, in Sauvages, Nosol, ii.

FOWLER, in Medical and Philosoph. Comment., v. – Edinb. Medorrhinum Comment.

GARCIAS Ab HORTO, DE Plantis, cap.24.

GARDANE, Gazette de Sante, 1773, 1774.

GREDING, in Ludwig, Advirs., i.

GRIMM, J. C., in Eph. Nat. Cur., cent, ix.

HEIM, in Selle’s Neue Beitrage z, Nat.u, Arzn. ii.

JOHNSON, in Medic. Facts and Observ., vol. v.

KELLNER, Bresl. Samml., 1727.

KING, in Phys. Medorrhinum Journale, Leipz.,1800, March.

KRAMER, in Comment. Lit. Nor. 1733.

LOBSTEIN, J. F., Obs. de Stramonium semivirt. Ven., in Append. Diss. Speilmann et geurin, de Plant. Venen. Alsat. Argent., 1766. M., in Baldinger’s Neues Magaz., vol. i.

ODHELIUS, L. L., Mem. sur l’us. Du Stramonium, 1773.

PFENNIG, in Hufel. Journ., xiv.

RAY. Istor. Plantar., tom. i.

RUSH (vide supra, “BUSCH”).

SAUVAGES, Epist. ad Haller, iii.- Nosol., ii.

SCHROER, in ufel. Journ., x.

STOERCK, Lib. de Stramonium Aconite, Hyoscyam., Viennae, 1762.

SWAINE, ABR., Essays phys. and lit., ii, edinb., 1756.

UNZER, Medorrhinum Handbuch, ii.

VAN EEMS, in H. Boerhaave, Praelect. De morb. Nerv., i.

VICAT, Plantes Venenuses de la Suisse.

WEDENBERG, A. F., Diss. de Stramonii usu in Morbis convulsivis, Ups., 1773.

The frag. De Vir. Has 216, the 1st edit. 546, this 2nd edit. 569 symptoms.]

STRAMONIUM

Vertigo. [KING, (Effects of large medicinal doses.) iin Phys. Medorrhinum Journale, Leipzig, 1800, March, – VICAT, (Observations of poisoning.) Planets Veneneuses dela Suisse, p. 248. – GREDING, (Symptoms occurring in patients taking the extract. Those referred to p. 261 – 277 of his essay were maniacs and melancholies, those of p. 277 – 311 epileptics, and those of p. 314 – 335 epileptic – maniacs.) in Ludw. Advers., I, p. 285.]

Vertigo (immediately). [DU GUID, (From root, in an old man.)in Sauvages, Nosol., ii, p. 241. – ABR. SWAINE, (From decoction of fruit.) Essays Phys. and Lit., ii, Edinb., 1756, p. 247.]

Vertigo: his head always feels drawn backwards; he is at the same time very sleepy.

Vertigo, with red face. [GREDING, l. c., p. 302.]

5. Vertigo with bellyache and dimness of vision, like a veil before the eyes. [GREDING, l. c., p. 327.]

Vertigo with diarrhoea. [GREDING, l. c., p. 306.]

Vertigo, headache, dimness of vision, great thirst, viscid mucus in the mouth, rumbling in the abdomen and pain in its upper part. [GREDING, l. c., p. 300.]

Vertigo for eight days. {PFENNING, (From seeds, in an adult.) in Hufel. Journal, xix, i. p. 158.]

Vertigo so that he staggered to and fro as if drunk. [D. CRUGER, (From the fruit.) in Misc. nat. Cur., Dec. iii, ann. 2, obs. 68.]

10. He is giddy when sitting and standing, in the room; he staggers. [Fz.]

(Four successive mornings) after he has risen from bed, vertigo, absence of thoughts; everything hovers before his memory only in a dim and distant manner (weakness of memory), and he seems to have a veil before the eyes, for ten hours. [Fz.]

Staggering. [PFENNING, l. c.]

Staggering as from intoxication. [DU GUID, – SWAINE, l. c.]

He staggers when walking. [Fr.H-n.]

15. He staggers about the room and seems to be looking for something. [Fz.]

He always knocks up against the door, when going out at it. [Fz.]

A disagreeable lightness in the head, with weak feeling in it.

Intoxication (aft. 8 h.).

Intoxication and heaviness in the body (aft. 1 h.).

20. Intoxication. [KAAW BOERHAAVE, (From root, in an old man.)Impet. Fac. Hipp., L., B., 1745, p. 282 – BRERA, (Not accessible.) in Harles, Bemerk, ub. D. Behandl. D. Hunswuth, Frft. A. M., 1809, 4.]

Intoxication with thirst and great flow of escalding urine. [GREDING, l. c., p. 301.]

Rush of blood to the head. [SCHROER, (From seeds, in children.) in Hufel. Journ., x, I, p. 195.]

Heat of the head and sparkling eyes. [GREDING, l. c., p. 302.]

Apoplexy. [BUCHNER, (Not found.) Bersl. Samml., 1727.]

25. Weakness of the head. [GREDING, l. c., p. 307.]

Heaviness in the head. [A. F. WEDENBERG, (Statement.) Diss. de Stramonii usu in Morbis Convulsivis, Ups., 1773, 4.]

Stupefaction of the head. (King’s word in “numbness,” Gerding’s “obnubilatio.”) [KING, l. c. – GREDING, l. c., p. 271.]

Stupefaction of the head with dimness of vision. [GREDING, l. c., p. 290.]

Stupidity. [FOWLER, (From seeds in children.) Medical and Philosoph. Comment., v, p. 161.]

30. She sits devoid of reason and immovable like a statue. [FOWLER, l. c.]

Stupid feeling in the head.

Stupid feeling in the head. [Fr.H-n.]

Diminished memory.

The loose of consciousness seems to be attended by an internal restlessness, and to proceed from that.

35. Obscuration of all the senses. [DU GUID, l. c.]

After the obscuration of all the senses and anxiety, red miliary rash (In original, “purpura.”) on the back, with sweat. [GREDING, l. c., p. 289.]

Extreme insensibility of all the senses. (Literally, “entire unconsciousness.”) [PFENNIG, l. c.]

Insensibility. [SWAINE, l. c., p. 285. – FOWLER, l. c.]

40. Violent headache. [GREDING, l. c., p. 293. – DODERLIN, (From cooked plant.)Comm. Lit. Nor., 1744, p. 15. – FOWLER, l. c.]

Obtuse headache. [STOERCK, (Effect of sleeping in a room where he had been expressing the juice of the fresh leaves.) Lib. de Stramonium, Aconite, Hyoscyam., Viennae, 1762, p. 5.]

Pain in the head and pelvis. [GREDING, l. c., p. 276.]

Headache with anorexia. [GREDING, l. c., p. 278.]

Alternately headache and distension of the abdomen. [GREDING, l. c., p. 279.]

45. Squeezing headache.

Throbbing headache in the right temple, with diarrhoea. [GREDING, l. c., p. 310.]

Giddy headache. With faintness and thirst. [GREDING, l. c., p. 327.]

Pains in the head and eyes. [GREDING, l. c., p. 325.]

Severe headache and toothache, with profuse flow of tears. [GREDNIG, l. c., p. 325.]

50. Convulsions of the head and arms, with hiccup. [GREDING, l. c., p. 232.]

Spasmodic drawing only of the head, with snoring. [GREDING, l. c., p. 333.]

Spasmodic drawing only of the head and eyes, with grinding of the teeth. [GREDING, l. c., p. 232.]

Frequent raising of the head from the pillow. [PFENNIG, l. c.]

Spasmodic drawing only of the head on both sides, with screaming and raising of the arms over the head. [GREDING, l. c., p. 298.]

55. In the morning moving of the head to and fro, with extreme thirst. [GREDING, l. c., p. 302.]

Moving of the head to and fro, which was interrupted by hiccup. [GREDING, l. c., p. 302.]

Swollen face distended by blood. [KELLNER, (Not found.) Bresl. Samml., 1727.]

Swelling of the face. [FOWLER, l. c.]

Swelling of the face with very red cheeks and lips. [J. F. LOBSTEIN, Obs. de Stram Sem. Virt. Ven., in Append. Diss. Spielmann et Geurin de Plant. Venen Alsat., Argent., 1766.]

60. Swelling of face, eyes, and tongue. [FOWLER, l. c.]

Swelling and redness of the eyes and face. [FOWLER, l. c.]

Redness of the face, [KAAW BOERHAAVE, – PFENNIG, – DODERLIN, l. c.]

The skin of the forehead is wrinkled, the look staring, the whole face distorted and horrible. (aft. 3 h.). [Fz.]

His face is at first pleasant-looking, all except the staring eyes; but at last it is quite disfigured by deep furrows which run from the inner canthus of the eye to the cheek, and by furrows over the commissure of the mouth down from the alae nasi, and by knitted eyebrows, and at first looks frightful with the sparkling eyes; but after an hour it is disfigured by dim eyes (aft. ½, 2 h.). [Fz.]

65. At first his face looks quite pleasant, with the exception of dilated pupils, it is then disfigured by deep furrows and wrinkled forehead like the face of a person suffering from anxiety. [Fz.]

The face is red and puffy on the cheeks, but above is narrowly contracted and gloomy. [Fz.]

Frequent redness of face with staring eyes. [GREDING, l. c., p. 232.]

Erysipelas on the right side of the cheeks, nose, and face. [GREDING, l. c., p. 276.]

Paleness of the face. [GREDING, l. c., pp. 293 and 307.]

70. Very profuse sweat on face and forehead. [GREDING, l. c., p. 334.]

Pupils quite contracted, they scarcely dilate at all in the dark; he sees everything much smaller and more distant, and like a person dazzled by the light (aft. ½ h.). [Fz.]

Dilatation of the pupils. [KING, – KAAW BOERHAAVE, – VICAT, l. c.]

Extremely dilated pupils with obscuration of sight. [BRERA, l. c.]

Pupils extremely dilated (aft. 3.1/2 h.). [Fz.]

75. After drinking vinegar the pupils again become extremely contracted. [Fz.]

Dilated, immovable pupils. [PFENNIG, – SCHROER, l. c.]

Dull, sad look. [DU GUID, l. c.]

Sparkling eyes, with complaints of dazzling of the sun’s rays, (Though no such cause was actually present.) and anorexia. [GREDING, l. c., p. 273.]

Gleaming eyes. [KAAW BOERHAAVE, l. c.]

80. Staring eyes. [PFENNIG, l. c.]

Staring sleepy eyes. (In original, “dull, heavy eyes.”) [SWAINE, l. c.]

Burning of the eyes with dimness of vision and profuse sweat. [GREDING, l. c., p. 314.]

Pressure and tension in both eyes, for six days (aft. 2 h.). [Fr.H-n.]

Pressure in the eyelids, as if they were swollen, which they are, or as if they were overcome by sleep; hence a great inclination to sleep, which, however, he succeeds in overcoming (aft. 3.1/2 h.). [Fz.]

85. Ulcerated eyelids. [GREDING, l. c., p. 272.]

At night the eyelids stick together. [GREDING, l. c., p. 288.]

Swelling of the eyes. [FOWLER, Medorrhinum edinb. Comment., v, p. 170.]

Swollen eyes, with very dilated pupils and turning of the eyeballs to all sides. [LOBSTEIN, l. c.]

The eyes are involuntarily closed, blackness before the eyes. [Fz.]

90. Swollen and inflamed eyelids.

Hanging down of the upper eyelid as if caused by a spasm of the orbicular muscle. [Fz.]

The white of the eyes and the edges of the lids are red, the eyes weep much. [Fz.]

The eyes are excessively sensitive to daylight, they weep (aft. 24 h.). [Fz.]

Involuntary weeping.

95. Weeping of the left eye. [GREDING, l. c., p. 300.]

Weeping of the right eye. [GREDING, l. c., p. 300.]

Weeping of both eyes. [GREDING, l. c., p. 300.]

Without consciousness, he sheds tears. [GREDING, l. c., p. 267.]

Weeping of both eyes, with dimness of vision. [GREDING, l. c., p. 300.]

100. He opens his closed eyes only when spoken to. [PFENNIG, l. c.]

Dimness of vision. [GREDING, l. c., pp. 271, 273, 274, 280, 283.]

Obscuration of sight. [GREDING, l. c., pp. 264, 275, – L. L. ODHELIUS, (Not accessible.) men. Sur l’us du Strmonium, pa. 4, 1773.]

Great obscuration of sight. [GREDING, l. c., p. 293.]

Extreme obscuration of sight. [GREDING, l. c., p. 316.]

105. Every morning, obscuration of sight. [GREDING, l. c., p. 278.]

Usually every morning dimness of vision, as if the eyes were covered by a veil. [GREDING, l. c., p. 287.]

Dimness of vision with great thirst. [GREDING, l. c., p. 327.]

Almost complete blindness, for six hours, after which on the following day (in the secondary action) a pressure as if from the centre of the eyeball outwards ensued at every change of light, either when he came into the sun or suddenly into the dark.

Along with dimness of vision at the same time thirst and sweat. [GREDING, l. c., p. 284.]

110. After dimness of vision, blear-eyed. (Literally “lippitudo.”) [GREDING, l. c., p. 314.]

After dimness of vision vertigo, then headache. [GREDING, l. c., p. 301.]

Very clear vision, more distant than ordinary. (Curative action after 24 h.).

Long-continued presbyopia; he could only read writing at a considerable distance. [GREDING, l. c., p. 310.]

During the contraction of the pupils (reproduced by drinking vinegar) all objects appear extremely small, he hardly sees distant objects at all; but if he looks into the sun the pupils remain fixed, and it is quite black before his eyes. [Fz.]

115. Small objects, e.g. the point of a needle, he cannot perceive. [KING, l. c.]

Indistinct, confused vision. [KING, l. c.]

Objects always appear to have a sloping position.

False vision; all objects seem sloping. [GREDING, l. c., p. 276.]

Displaced diplopia; small objects he sees in their true position, but, as it were, a second example of them is perceived above and to one side. [Fr.-n.]

120. Diplopia. [GREDING, l. c., pp. 275, 280.]

It seemed to him as if he saw the objects through coarse linen, as if only in bits, and as if cut through, e.g. of a face he only sees the nose, &c., just as though the eyes had only a small field of vision, and he could only see a small point at once.

Objects appear multiplied and of various colours. [KING, l. c.]

He fancies he around white things, e.g. around a piece of paper, a reddish grey border.

Black things appear of a grey colour. [Fr.H-n.]

125. Black letters appear to him grey, and as if another of a lighter grey stood above and at the side of it (a kind of diplopia) e.g. F. (When he attempted to draw this appearance, he first drew a single f, and in order to draw the second he went over the same marks, and yet imagined that he had indicated the double appearance.)

He sees in the room objects that are not there. [KING, l. c.]

She sees fiery appearances before the eyes. [JOHNSON, (From seeds, in an adult. – Literally, “She had repeatedly a sensation of a flashing light, which made her think that she saw it lighten” (comp. S, 78) in Medorrhinum Facts and Observ., vol. v, p. 78.]

When reading he could not bring out a syllable; the letters seemed to move and run into one another.

Vision obscured, like a mist before the eyes, as if he saw the objects through a glass of turbid water; the objects seemed as if they flowed into one another, and as though they were too distant.

130. Loose of the senses of sight and hearing. [KELLNER, l. c.]

Wind is discharged from both ears. [GREDING, l. c., p. 276.]

Shuddering on the chin. [VAN EMS, (Nothing about Stramonium found here.) in H. Boerhaave, Praelect. De Morb. Nerv., I, p. 237.]

Wind is discharged from both ears. [GREDING, l. c., p. 276.]

Shuddering on the chin. [VAN EMS, (Nothing about Stramonium found here.) in H. Boerhaave, Praelect. De Morb. Nerv., I, p. 237.]

Trembling of lips, hands and feet. [KAAW BOERHAAVE, l. c.]

The lips have a yellow stripe on their vermillion, as in malignant fevers, and stick fast together; he fears they might grow together. [Fz.]

135. Toothache. [GREDNIG, l. c., p. 319.]

Throbbing pain in the teeth as if some of the teeth would fall out.

Grinding of the teeth. [KELLNE, – KAAW BOERHAAVE, l. c.]

Grinding of the teeth with shivering all over the body. [GREDING, l. c., p. 293.]

Grinding of the teeth, during which he raises the hands above the head and moves them as if he were winding thread. [GREDING, l. c., p. 394.]

140. Grinding of the teeth, with dulness of the head. [GREDING, l. c., p. 394.]

Grinding of the teeth, twisting of the hands and shivering. [GREDNIG, l. c., p. 294.]

Trismus with closed lips. [KAAW BOERHAAVE, l. c.]

He mutters to himself. [DU GUID, – PFENNIG, l. c.]

Constant muttering. [PFENNIG, l. c.]

145. The patient cries out till he is hoarse. [GREDING, l. c., p. 272.]

He cries out till he loses his voice. [GREDING, l. c., p. 323.]

The patient stammers. [KING, – DU GUID, – (aft. ½ h.). SWAINE, – KAAW BOERHAAVE, l. c.]

He stammers and speaks imperfectly. [BRERA, l. c.]

He speaks little, and then stammers out single, interrupted words in a loud voice. [Fz..]

150. His speech is quite deficient in proper modulation; it is much higher and finer, it is a mere intonation of the voice, he cannot bring out any word that can be understood (He hears and feels this himself and gets anxious about it). [Fz.]

A kind of paralysis of the vocal organs, he must try for a long time before a word comes out; he only stammers and stutters (aft. 4, 5 h.). [Fz.]

He is dumb and does not answer. (With S. 37.) [PFENNIG, l. c.]

Dumbness. [SWAINE, – VICAT, l. c.] – GREDING, l. c., p. 272.]

To a great extent dumb, he indicates his wishes by pointing to objects. [SAUVAGES, (Observation.) Nosol. Ii, p. 212.]

155. Dumb, quiet and pulseless, with paralysed limbs, he lay for six to seven hours without consciousness, then tossed about raging furiously in bed, made innumerable signs to those around him which could not be understood, and then again became quiet [DU GUID, l. c.]

Sensation as if the interior of the mouth were raw and excoriated (aft. 24 h.).

The tongue is paralysed, or when he wishes to put it out it trembles, as in typhoid fever. [KING, l. c.]

Swelling of the tongue. [FOWLER, Edinb, Medorrhinum Comment., v., p. 170.]

The tongue is swollen all over. [GREDING, l. c., p. 285.]

160. The swollen tongue hangs out of the mouth. [LOBSTEIN, l. c.]

Bloody foam before the mouth. [UNZER, (Not accessible.) Medorrhinum Handbuch, ii, § 28.]

Hydrophobia. [BRERA, l. c.] (In connexion with the symptoms recorded in their proper places: restlessness; the most violent convulsions, during which he was furious so that he must be bound; sleepless, he turned very restlessly about in bed, and uttered a piercing cry; he was delirious without memory or consciousness; extremely dilated pupils; excessive desire to bite and tear everything with his teeth; extreme dryness of the interior of the mouth and fauces; horrible convulsions on seeing a light, a mirror, or water, insuperable repugnance to water, with constriction and convulsion of the oesophagus, slaver from the mouth, and frequent spitting.)

Fear or horror of water and every other liquid, with spasmodic movements. [DE WITT., (Observation. – (Vol. I, p. 84, or English edition.) in Phys. Medorrhinum Journale, Lepiz., 1800, January.]

Samuel Hahnemann
Samuel Hahnemann