Aconitum Napellus

Aconitum Napellus signs and symptoms of the homeopathy medicine from the Dictionary of Practical Materia Medica by J.H. Clarke. Find out for which conditions and symptoms Aconitum Napellus is used…

      Common Aconite. Monkshood. Wolfsbane, (Moist pastures and waste places in mountainous districts, Central and Southern Europe, Russia, Scandinavia, and Central Asia.) *N. O. Ranunculaceae. Tincture of whole plant with root when beginning to flower.


*Amaurosis. *Anger. *Apoplexy. *Asthma. Blindness, sudden. *Bronchitis. Catalepsy. Catheter fever. *Chest, *affections of. Chicken-pox. Cholera. *Cholera *infantum. *Cold. *Coldness. *Consumption. Convulsions. *Cough. *Croup. Cystitis. *Dengue *fever. *Dentition. Diarrhoea. *Dropsy. Dysentery. Dysmenorrhea. *Ear, *affections of. Enteritis. *Erythema *nodosum. *Excitement. *Eye, *affections of. Face, flushing of. *Fear, *effects of. *Fever. *Fright, *effects of. Glands swollen. Glossitis. Gonorrhoea. Haemorrhages. *Haemorrhoids, *strangulated. *Headache. *Heart, *affections of. *Hip-joint, *diseased. *Hodgkin’s *disease. *Hyperpyrexia. *Influenza. Jaundice. *Joints, *affections of. *Labour. *Lactation. *Laryngitis. Liver, inflammation of. *Lumbago. *Lungs, *affections of. *Mania. *Measles. *Meningitis. *Menstruation, *disorders of. *Miliaria. *Miscarriage. *Mumps. *Myalgia. *Myelitis. Nephritis. *Neuralgia. *Numbness. Oesophagus, inflammation of. *Paralysis. *Peritonitis. *Phlegmasia *alba *dolens. *Pleurisy. *Pleurodynia, *Pneumonia, *Pregnancy. *Puerperal *fever. *Purpura. *Quinsy. *Remittent *fever. *Roseola. *Scarlatina. *Shivering. *Sleeplessness. *Smell, *disorders of. *Stiff-neck. *Testicles, *affections of. *Tetanus. Tetany. *Thirst. *Throat, *affections of. *Tongue, *affections of. Toothache. *Traumatic *fever. *Urethra, *spasmodic *stricture of. Urethral fever. *Urine, *suppression of. Uterus, prolapsus of. *Vaccination, *effects of. *Vertigo.

*Whooping-cough. *Yawning. *Yellow fever.


The *Wolfsbane “grows in the damp and covered parts of almost every mountainous country in north or middle of Europe, especially in the Jura, Switzerland, Germany, and Sweden. ” Teste mentions that it has the reputation of being much more poisonous to carnivorous animals than to the herbivora. This he partly endorses, and it has recently been apparently confirmed by a vain attempt to poison an elephant with *Aconitine in this country. A carrot was scrapped out and enough *Aconitine to poison 2,000 men was put in. The elephant ate it readily, but nothing at all happened, and three hours later a large dose of prussic acid had to be administered, which proved fatal in a short time.

Before Hahnemann’s time *Aconite had a reputation as a sudorific, in cases of rheumatism, sciatica, and tumors, but it was not till Hahnemann proved it that its properties were really understood. *Aconite is more closely associated with the rise and progress of homoeopathy than any other member of the materia medica. If *Cinchona was the “Newton’s apple” of the homoeopathic discovery, *Aconite was the remedy by means of which Hahnemann was able to meet most of the conditions which in his day were treated by blood-letting. It was *Aconite more than any other remedy which paved the way for the disappearance of blood-letting from general medical practice. One of the deadliest and most rapidly acting of poisons, through Hahnemann’s discoveries has been turned into the best friend of the nursery. *Aconite in potencies above the 3rd is a perfectly safe medicine for any age. Sensitive patients complain of its depressing action when repeated, and I have known instances in which the characteristic prostration of mind and body has occurred after *Aconite had been given in the potencies. But such cases are exceptions, and are not attended with danger when they do occur. The great majority of patients to whom *Aconite is given in the potencies experience nothing of the kind.

The rapidity of action of *Aconite determines its appropriateness for conditions in which the symptoms set in with great intensity, such as Asiatic cholera, certain fevers, and acute inflammations. To this list may be added attacks of sudden blindness. But it must not be supposed that the sphere of *Aconite is limited to acute cases. When the symptoms correspond it will cure cases of great chronicity_for example, cases of indurated glands.

Dr. Hughes has acutely remarked that the condition to which *Aconite is homoeopathic is one of *tension, and this word gives the best idea of the action and sphere of *Aconite. There is emotional and mental tension, as shown in fright or fear and its consequences, anxiety, and fear of death, tension of the systemic vessels, as in the effects of a chill, Asiatic cholera, and Haemorrhages; muscular tension, as in tetanus, tension of involuntary muscles; as in heart spasms, and tension of the semi- involuntary muscular apparatus of respiration, as in asthma, and finally tension of the special senses in heightened sensation and heightened sensitiveness to pain, in a feeling of numbness in parts, as if bound tightly, and also a sensation of being tightly bound in the limbs and in other parts. Hence it is that *Aconite in its therapeutic action corresponds to the effects of a number of conditions which excite a state of tension. Plethora may be classed under this head. Plethoric persons of a lively character, bilious and nervous constitutions, high colour, brown or black hair, are specially suited to *Aconite Active, sanguineous congestions of all kinds, especially those following chill. Guernsey puts it in another way: “The pure and fully developed blood globule, in its most perfect type, when diseased, has a great affinity for *Aconite When the blood globules are disorganized it is seldom indicated. We think of *Aconite in sudden inflammation, especially if caused by cold, *dry *air, suppressing exhalations of the body.” Teste relates a remarkable case of an Englishman who had been obliged to take a long sleigh journey in North Russia in midwinter, who suffered thereafter for two years from violent paroxysms of palpitation and acute stitching pains in the heart region, threatening cerebral apoplexy. Aneurism had been diagnosed by leading physicians in England and on the Continent. Teste localized the affection to neurosis or spasm of the pectoralis major muscle, and proved his diagnosis by promptly curing it with *Aconite The keen, cutting winds of the mountains amongst which the plant flourishes give the signature of this remedial action.

There are not many drugs which have causation so strongly marked among their characteristics. Chill, fright, injury, or surgical operation, the effects of these will be met in large majority of cases by *Aconite, the timely administration of which will ward off serious results.

The reaction from the primary effect of chill gives another characteristic of *Aconite, that of fever. With the *Aconite fever there are: Restlessness and tossing about, and the tension state is evidenced still in the anxiety with which it is accompanied, sometimes amounting to fear of death. The mental exaltation sometimes goes so far as to the predicting of the day and hour of death. Clairvoyance. Extreme sensitiveness to light and sound and all sensations including pain. When the sickness is borne with calmness and patience *Aconite is not likely to be required. It was the feverish restlessness of the *Aconite provings that led Hahnemann to infer its homoeopathicity to so many fever states, and it is the presence of this restlessness, anxiety, fear, and exalted sensibility which are its leading indications in cases of all kinds.

Some characteristics of *Aconite are the following: Active Haemorrhages in stout, plethoric people. Passes almost pure blood by Stool and Anus.. In Haemoptysis the blood comes up with great ease by hemming and coughing, bright red in large quantities, from cold, dry winds, with great fear, anxiety, and palpitation. Every inspiration increases the cough. After the cough tingling sensation in chest. Unquenchable thirst: everything tastes bitter, except water (*China everything, *including water). In croup the child grasps the throat with every coughing fit. Coldness, numbness, and tingling characterise the paralyses and neuroses of *Aconite Facial paralysis from exposure to cold, dry winds. The fear and apprehension of *Aconite is shown in dread of crossing streets. There is intolerance of music. Some curious symptoms are: Imagines some part of body is deformed. Imagine they do all their thinking from the stomach. Predicts the hour of death (clairvoyance).

*Aconite is one of the great *pain remedies, vying with *Chamomilla and *Coffea in the intensity of the pain it causes. Pains are intolerable, driving to desperation. The pains of *Aconite are tearing, cutting, are attended with restlessness, accompanied by numbness, tingling, or formication. *Aconite cannot bear the pain, cannot bear to be touched, cannot bear to be covered. The toothache of *Aconite is one-sided, with red cheek on same side.

Guernsey gives the following excellent directions: “If a child is suffering from a watery diarrhoea, is crying and complaining very much, biting his fists and is sleepless, *Aconite will usually settle this trouble in a short time. The disturbed condition of the mind will cease and quiet sleep will follow. The mother will now remark: ‘Doctor, he is all right, except his bowels, and they are as bad as ever.’ Now, do not give another remedy, but wait and see if *Aconite will not complete the cure by itself.” Again: Scanty, red, and hot urine, arising from taking cold, especially in children. The child screams and appears to be in great pain because it cannot urinate. *Aconite will ease the pain, quiet the child, and the urine will flow some time after. In adults, incontinence of urine will sometimes be relieved by *Aconite

There is a great and sudden sinking of strength, fainting on attempting to get up, with anxiety, restlessness, numbness, tingling, formication.

*Aconite has a very wide sphere of usefulness in affections of the eye. Inflammations of many kinds, from cold, injury, dust, surgical operations, scrofulous inflammation with enlarged glands, all come within its range. Some remarkable cases of sudden blindness have been cured by it. Hirsch of Prague records two such cases, one in a man of thirty, who went to bed well, having walked home in rough and stormy weather after spending the evening in a hot room. *Aconite 3 was given, and the following night he perspired freely, and in the morning his sight was thoroughly restored. Hirsch himself suddenly lost his sight while bathing in hot weather. He took *Aconite 3 in water as he had given it to his patient. In two hours he began to perspire, and after a six-hours’ sleep awoke well. Lippe has recorded the case of a lady whom he found much distressed, anxious, fearing paralysis. In her usual health she had taken a full dinner, and when reading afterwards, the letters danced before her eyes, and the print became blurred, then face and nose became numb, pulse small, 120 a minute. One dose *Aconite c.m. (Finke) was given. The numbness disappeared in half an hour, pulse 72, the sight was perfect when she closed either eye, but everything looked indistinct when she kept both open. This symptom disappeared next morning, a slight lightness of the head remaining that day.

The time of the aggravation of *Aconite symptoms is chiefly night and about midnight. *Heat, as well as *cold, is injurious to the *Aconite patient, sunstroke is among the conditions which call for it, and *Aconite will cure many headaches caused by exposure to the sun, and also sun-erythema. Headaches are generally better in open air, worse in warm room, toothache and cough worse in open air. Better from uncovering. Warm room worse chill, in fever, the bed is intolerable, he wants to uncover. Sweat on affected or covered parts. There is worse from wine or stimulants, worse from drinking (any kind of liquid). *Rest better the symptoms generally, but during the night the pains are intolerable, limbs feel tired and rigors are worse. Lying relieves headache and vertigo, and aggravates other complaints. Lying on back better cough and stitches in chest, lying on side worse stitches in chest and cough: the cheek lain on sweats. Rising from a seat causes vertigo. Vertigo, pallor, faintness on sitting up in bed. Bending double better colic and dysmenorrhea pain. Motion worse pains in muscles, joints, and stiffness.


Aconitum napellus is related in its action to the other Aconites and to Aconitinum, and also to the Ranunculaceae, Act-r., Act- sp., Paeon., Podophyllum, Ran-b., Staphysagria Teste places in the Aconite group: Cocc., Chamomilla, Dulcamara, Cann-i., Conium But he admits that the relationship is not close, and that Aconite is really without analogues. *It is antidoted by: Acet-ac., Alcohol, Paris. *It antidotes: Belladonna, Chamomilla, Coffea, Nux-v., Pet., Sepia, Spongia, Sulphur *It is often indicated after: Arnica, Coffea, Sulphur, Veratrum *It is complementary to: Coffea (in fever, sleeplessness, intolerance of pain), Arnica (bruises, injury to eye), Sulphur *It relieves ailments from: Act-r., Chamomilla, Coffea, Nux-v., Petroleum, Sepia, Sulphur Abuse of Aconite calls for Sulph. Aconite should be compared with Stramonium and Opium in effects of fright, and with Sulph. in most of its symptoms. Sulph. is the chronic of Aconite, it will often complete an action that Aconite begins, and will cure cases in which Aconite is apparently indicated but fails to relieve. *Compare also: Pulsatilla, Lycopodium, Secale, and Camph. ( better from uncovering); Hepar and Coffea (intolerance of pain); Chi. (white Stool and Anus.); Gelsemium (effects of bad news, fright, anger); Nux-v. and Bryonia (diarrhoea from anger); Bryonia (effects of cold, dry winds).


Fear. Fright. Chill. Cold, dry winds. Heat, especially of sun. Injury. Surgical operation. Shock.


Great agitation and tossing of the body with anguish, inconsolable irritability, cries, tears, groans, complaints, and reproaches. Sensitive irritability. Fearful anticipations of approaching death, predicts the day he is to die. Sadness. Presentiments, as if in a state of clairvoyance. Anthropophobia and misanthropy, has no affection for anybody. Maliciousness. A strong disposition to be angry, to be frightened, and to quarrel. The least noise, even music, appears insupportable. Humor changeable, at one time sad, depressed, irritable, and despairing, at another time gay, excited, full of hope and disposed to sing and dance. Vexed at trifles, takes every joke in bad part. Dislike to talk, answers laconically. Alternate paroxysms of laughter and tears. Great, inconsolable anxiety. Anxiety respecting one’s malady, and despair of a cure. Fear of spectres. Fear of the dark. Disposition to run away from one’s bed. Mind, as it were, paralysed, with incapability of reflection, and a sensation as if all the intellectual functions were performed in the region of the stomach. Paroxysms of folly and madness. Unsteadiness of ideas. In the delirium is unhappiness, worry, despair and raving, with expression of fear upon the countenance, but there is rarely unconsciousness. Delirium, chiefly at night, with ecstasy. Weakness of memory. Ailments from fear, fright, vexation.


Head affected, as if the brain was nailed up, principally in the heat of a room. Vertigo, particularly on rising from bed, or else on getting up from one’s seat, on stooping, on moving or shaking the head, and often with a sensation of intoxication or dizziness in the head, loss of consciousness, dimness of the eyes, nausea, and sensation of weakness at the pit of the stomach. Vertigo, with inclination to fall to right side. Vanishing of sight, bleeding of the nose. Sensation, as though the brain were rolling loosely in skull, increased by the least motion, and even by speaking and drinking. Pain in the head, with inclination to vomit, also vomiting. Head, as if bruised, with sensation of bruising in the limbs. Stupefying pain in the head with sensation of compression and drawing together as from cramp, principally in the forehead and at root of the nose. Weight and Fullness in the forehead and in the temples, with expansive pressure, as if everything was going to issue forth through them, chiefly on stooping forward. Feeling as of a board before forehead. Shooting, blows and beatings in the head. Drawing cephalalgia, sometimes semi-lateral. Sensation as if a ball were mounting in the head, and spreading a coolness over it. Congestion of blood in the head, with heat and redness of face, or with a sensation of heat in the brain, sweat on a shrivelled skin, and paleness in the face. Inflammation of the brain. Sensation of Fulness and heaviness in the forehead, with the sensation as if the whole brain would start out of the eyes, with nausea and giddiness, aggravated by talking and from motion. Heat and ebullition in the head, as if there were boiling water in the brain. A roaring and cracking in the head. Sensation in the vertex, as if dragged by the hair. Sensation as if the hair were standing on end all over the head. Pain in the head, as if in consequence of cold or suppressed perspiration, with a buzzing in the ears, cold in the head and colic. Aggravation of the pains in the head by movement, by speaking, by rising from a recumbent position, and by drinking, relief experienced in the open air.


Eyes red and inflamed, with deep redness of the vessels, and intolerable pains. Profuse lachrymation. Heat and burning in the eyes, with pressive and shooting pains, especially On moving the balls. Swelling of the eyes. Dilated pupils. Lids feel dry, hard, heavy, sensitive to air. Red, hard swelling of the lids. Eyes sparkling, convulsed, and prominent. Look fixed. Cannot bear the reflection of the sun from the snow, it causes specks, sparks, and scintillations to dance before the eyes. Excessive photophobia, or a strong desire for light. Black spots and mist before the eyes. Disturbed by flickering, fears he may touch others passing by. Vision as if through a veil, difficult to distinguish faces, with anxiety and vertigo. Sudden attacks of blindness. A sensation of drawing in the eyelids with drowsiness. Ophthalmia, very painful, with blear-eyedness, or from foreign bodies having come into the eyes (dust, sparks), from operations.


Tingling and buzzing in the ears. Tickling and sharp pain in the ears. Sensation as if something was placed before the ears. Excessive sensibility of hearing, all noise is intolerable. Music goes through every limb, makes her sad. Tearing(left ear). Roaring in the ears.


Stunning compression or cramp at the root of the nose. Bleeding at the nose, bright red, especially in plethoric persons. Excessive sensibility of smelling, especially for unpleasant odour. Violent sneezing, with pain in the abdomen, and in the left side. Coryza, with catarrh, pain in the head, buzzing in the ears and colic. Coryza caused by cold, dry winds. Checked coryza with headache, better in open air, worse from talking. Fluent coryza, frequent sneezing, dripping of a clear, hot water, fluent mornings.


Anxious expression, frightened. Face bloated, hot, and red, or bluish, or alternately red and pale, yellow. On rising, the face, previously red, assumes a deadly paleness, afterwards becomes red. Red and pale alternately. Redness of one cheek, with paleness of the other, or red spots on both cheeks. Sweat on the forehead, upper lip, and on the cheek which has pressed the pillow. Distortion of features. Crawling pain and sensation of swelling in the cheeks. Tense drawing in trigeminus nerve, then shooting, wandering, intermittent, then constant pain, sometimes pressure. Pain, as of ulceration, in the cheek-bones. Semi- lateral prosopalgia, with swelling of the lower jaw. Lips black and dry, peeling off. Tingling in the cheeks. Burning, tingling, and shooting pains, with successive drawing in the jaws. Dropping of jaws. Trismus.


Lancinating shocks or throbbing pains in the teeth, often with congestion of blood towards the head, and heat in the face. Toothache from cold, with throbbing in one side of the face, intense redness of the cheek, and great restlessness. Grinding teeth.


Sensation of dryness, or dryness in the mouth and on the tongue. Tongue white. Coated, or thick yellow-white. Itching, prickings and burning sensation in the tongue, with accumulation of saliva in the mouth. Paralysis of the tongue. Numbness of tongue, also about lips. Speech tremulous and stammering. Pain, as of excoriation, in the orifices of the salivary ducts, as if they were ulcerated. Trismus, with salivation. Uvula feels elongated and coming in contact with tongue.


Pain in the throat, with deep redness of the parts affected, and difficult deglutition. Tingling in the oesophagus. Scraping, tingling sensation of strangling, burning and pricking in the throat, chiefly in swallowing. Acute inflammation of the throat (palate, tonsils and fauces) with high fever, dark redness of the parts, burning and stinging in the fauces. Burning and numbness in throat, throat almost insensible. Pricking, burning in throat and along Eustachian tubes, compelling swallowing. Sensation of contraction in the throat, as if caused by acrid substances. Stinging in the throat when swallowing and coughing. Almost entire inability to swallow, with hoarseness.


Taste in the mouth bitter, or putrid. All kinds of food and liquids, except water, tasting bitter. Burning and unquenchable thirst, sometimes with a desire for beer. Excessive hunger and thirst, but eats slowly. Generally worse from drinking. Gastric catarrh from drinking ice-water when over-heated. Generally better from cold drink, especially anxiety. Loss of appetite and a distaste for food. Beer lies heavy on the stomach. Desires: wine, brandy, beer, bitter drinks. Wine generally better.


Hiccough. Eructations of wind, and abortive risings in the throat. Flow of water from the stomach, as in water-brash, with nausea. Inclination to vomit, as after having eaten something sweetish or fat. Bilious vomitings, greenish, or mucous and bloody. Vomiting of pure blood. Vomiting of bloody mucus, or of what has been drunk, followed by thirst. Gagging and retching. Vomiting of lumbrices. Vomiting, with nausea and thirst, heat, profuse perspiration and increased micturition. Pains in the stomach after eating or drinking. Sensation of swelling, tension, and pressure as of a weight in the precordial region and in the stomach, sometimes with difficult respiration. Pressure in the stomach and pit of the stomach, as from a hard stone. Pit of stomach sore to touch and meteorismic. Sensation of contraction in stomach, as is from acrid substances.


Constriction, tension and pressure in the hypochondriac region, sometimes with Fulness and a sensation of weight. Burning pain, shooting, stinging and pressure in the hepatic region, with difficult respiration. Painful sensibility to touch in the region of the liver. Inflammation and sensation of soreness in the liver. Pressure in the region of the liver, with obstruction of breathing. Jaundice: of newborn, from fright, from chill. Drawing pains in the abdomen while in a crouching posture (as when at Stool and Anus.). Constriction, pinchings and burning in the umbilical region, sometimes with retraction of the navel. Unbearable cutting pains in the morning while in bed. Tension and painful throbbing in the abdomen, principally in the epigastrium. Swelling of the abdomen as in ascites. Painful sensibility of the abdomen to the touch, and to the least movement. Flatulent colic, chiefly at night, and pressure, tension, and borborygmus, with rumbling in the abdomen.

John Henry Clarke
John Henry Clarke MD (1853 – November 24, 1931 was a prominent English classical homeopath. Dr. Clarke was a busy practitioner. As a physician he not only had his own clinic in Piccadilly, London, but he also was a consultant at the London Homeopathic Hospital and researched into new remedies — nosodes. For many years, he was the editor of The Homeopathic World. He wrote many books, his best known were Dictionary of Practical Materia Medica and Repertory of Materia Medica