When frostbite is intense it causes death of part, leaving an ulcerating surface, which must be treated as other ulcers. When it is less intense it causes a low kind of inflammation, of which chilblain is a familiar form.
General Treatment.–When a part becomes frozen, as the tip of the nose or ears, great care must be taken not to let the person go near a fire. The frozen part should be rubbed with snow until it thaws and becomes quite soft.
Chilblains may be treated by rubbing with snow or bathing in cold water. Among other applications that are useful is painting with strong tincture of Veratrum viride, or Tamus communis or Rhus tox., or with coal oil (petroleum) in which camphor has been dissolved. For broken chilblains a lotion of Veratrum v.0 (one part to two of water) should be applied as a compress. When ulcerated, Calendula ointment.
Medicines.–(Every hour or two.)
In blonde girls, with scanty or delayed menstruation.
Rhus t. 3.–
Dusky red chilblains, with much burning.
Acute burning pains; irritable, ill-conditioned ulcers.