THE COMMON COLD-
Medicine frequently boasts of it great advances in the conquest of diseases, but close observation will usually show that to preventive rather than to curative medicine should be given the credit. There is, however, one extremely widespread and almost universal indisposition which medicine has thus far failed ingloriously to master, and that is the common cold or simple coryza, which even our O.S.friends admit has baffled their best directed efforts.
Many a snug fortune has been built upon the lucrative returns of the sales of patent medicines for cold in the head head, yet the victims each year sneeze on and on,and reddened noses and dripping nostrils snort defiantly in the face of science. Modern homoeopathy, pandering to popular clamor,both lay and professional, has its shot gum prescriptions, in the shape of the insinuating combination tablet, that invention of the combined devils of ignorance and sloth.
Yet homoeopaths have by far the advantage of their old school colleagues, in the possession of a materia medica, rich in remedies for common colds, if they will only take the pains to know well a few of their valuable medicines and rely upon these with confidence. Remedies for coryza will very greatly, according to geography, climate, season of the year, etc., but the following are more than likely to be demanded in the general run of cases Arsenicum album, Allium cepa, Capsicum,Camphora, Euphrasia, Gelsemium, Kali bichromicum, Kali iodatum, Mercuries, Natrum muriaticum, Pulsatilla, Sabadilla, make a list o twelve remedies, of which almost five may be said to be constitutional in nature a fact to be kept in mind when prescribing.
Thus the Arsenicum patient is likely to be of the hyper sensitive, nervous, restless and apprehensive type, particular about himself, his clothes s and his appearance,sensitive to cold in general, loving warmth,warm rooms and wraps.
His coryza begins on the right side and is marked by hot, burning, excoriating,watery discharges which rapidly cause a painful redness of the parts over which they flow, hence the upper lip and nostrils are apt to be inflamed and sore. Undue prostration for so small an illness will be manifest, and remedy is well indicated,a few doses of a high potency will work wonders in modifying the entire picture and bringing it to a speedy end.
Allium cepa resembles Arsenicum in a number f its symptoms, but is easily differentiated by certain strongly marked characteristics, An excoriating,hot, burning,watery discharge quite commonly commences in the left nostril and is often accompanied by frontal or occipital headache sneezing is frequent,and bland lachrymation is present. All these symptoms are relieved in the cold open air,which therefore the sufferer naturally craves. Herein lies the marked difference from Arsenicum.
Capsicum patients are apt to be obese, flabby, of poor resistance and slow reaction hence chilly and take cold easily, when they then have much sneezing,hot watery discharge, accompanied by burning,smarting of the pharynx. Drinking causes shivering and chilliness,especially in the back between the scapula. Peppery sensations in the throat are spoken of.
Camphora is of use as a modifier or prophylactic of coryza, in the per-catarrhal state, when chilliness and depression are compound of. The patient feels that he is taking cold. Taken at this time, a few doses at short intervals, of a potency,will be quite sufficient. If the potencies are not at hand,ten drops of spirits of camphor in four ounces of water, teaspoonful doses every fifteen or twenty minutes, well be apt to stop the oncoming catarrhal process. Once the coryza is established, Camphor will no longer be of use. It must be used early to be of any service.
Euphrasia is Allium cepa reversed, that is to say, a bland watery discharge from the nose worth an excoriating flow from the eyes. Sneezing is of course prominent,as well as copious lachrymation, particularly aggravated in the wind. Agglutination of the lids in the morning and redness and inflammation of the lids are present also.
Gelsemium spells relaxation, prostration, dullness, habitude, drowsiness the patient feels weak and sick all over, limbs tremble and seem as though too weak to carry him. Chilly sensation in the back, running up and down the spine. If temperature is present,there is no thirst. Occipital headache and vertigo. Sneezing, coryza, flushed countenance. In Gelsemium the general symptoms will determine the selection of this remedy.
Kali bichromicum suits the later stages of coryza, particulars in light-haired, obese individuals, when their is a thick, stringy, yellowish mucous discharge, together with the formation of tough clinkery masses in the nose, especially upon the septum. More deeply acting constitutional remedies,such as Sepia, Thuja, Tuberculinum, etc., will usually have to follow.
Kali iodatum., The effects of overdosing with the iodide of potassium w]give us a faithful picture of this drug in coryza. Violent convulsive sneezing, preceded by a filling up of the eyes with tears,m is very characteristics, Ineffectual urging to sneeze, as in Carbo vegetables and Silica. Burning in the nostrils and eyes, frontal sinuses; headache across the forehead or situated deeply in the head (ethmoidal congestion).
Tearing pains throughout the limbs, general amelioration in the open air, but the coryza us aggravated thereby, so that in a senses the sufferer is between the devil and the deep sea. Subnormal temperature alone will distinguish from Arsenicum. the right nostril and right eye are often most or primarily affected.
Mercurius is of use where a slimy, mucous, nasal discharge prevails, which is acrid and excoriating much sneezing soreness of the nasal bones, chilliness, easy sweat and the usual nightly aggravation of this remedy. The Mercurius patient is over- sensitive to both heat and cold and is prone to exhibit glandular swellings.
Natrum muriaticum presents a thin, watery excoriating discharge with much sneezing and lachrymation and a morning aggravation of the entire condition. Later, thick,yellowish mucous discharge, similar to that of Pulsatilla, ,will be present.
Loss of taste and of smell are characteristic of both remedies, but temperamentally they are decidedly unlike. General symptoms are apt to prevail, when Natrum mur. is needed, and these are of course of more importance than the local manifestations. Natrum mur., for example,is said, tearful and irritable, especially before the menses, but attempts at consolation aggravate,where was in Pulsatilla is not,and fever blisters or herpes labialis are common to the former remedy. Many such differentiating symptoms can easily be pointed out.
Hence, in choosing Pulsatilla for a coryza, we must bear these differences in mind. This remedy is of more use in the later stages of a cold,when the discharge is thick, bland, yellow,or yellowish-green. Nasal stoppage is particularly marked indoors and by night., General amelioration in the cold and prevails in Pulsatilla, and of course the patient must b e of the Pulsatilla a type for thus remedy to do its best work.
Sabadilla occasionally is useful in the common cold, when chilliness is marked and sore throat is present,commencing of the. left side,with dryness of the pharynx and paroxysmal sneezing, lachrymation,m heat of face and watery nasal discharge. the throat symptoms are relieved by heat, which will easily distinguish this remedy from Lachesis,where, although the left side is also the first affected, we have an amelioration from cold drinks.
The remedies above sketched by no means comprise all the possibilities in the treatment of the ordinary “head cold,” nor have all the finer indications been given; however,with these twelve remedies and a knowledge of their more essential characteristics,the general run of cases can be easily managed. In all recurrent cases, the underlying idiosyncrasy of the patient must be studied, and it so here that the great antipsorics of Hahnemann Sepia, Silica , Sulphur and Tuberculinum with reserve particular consideration.
THE STUDY OF MEDICINE IN THE UNITED STATES-
From time to time inquiries come to us, particularly from India, regarding the requirements necessary to secure a medical diploma and the degree of Doctor of Medicine in the United States.
There is evidently much misapprehension, especially in india, concerning these requirements,and in the minds of many there seems to prevail the idea that for a monetary consideration or through a short correspondence course, a deep, in a from a medical college can readily be obtained.
It is regrettable that in India, more particularly in Bangle within recent yours a rapid growth in the number of unqualified medical practitioners has taken place. This is especially noticeable in Calcutta, where the “doctor shops” of those so- called physicians are scattered all over the city.
Unfortunately the Government is powerless to change this state of affairs,or to interfere, so long as these unqualified practitioners deep within the present law; in this respect the condition is not dissimilar to that which obtains in Germany since the World War, where today there are hundreds of unqualified medical practitioners, who thrive upon the credulous and ignorant,., but cannot be interfered with so long as they o not prescribe powerful or dangerous drugs and stop short of drugs and stop short of death, in their treatment of cases.
In Bengal there are many “Kavirajes” and other doctors who use indigenous systems, but who are not registered law. These men are free to practice and, in fact, there is no restriction upon those who choose to follow the medical profession according to any system=Western, Ayurvedic, unani, or homoeopathic-provided that they do not break the law in their treatment of cases or in the supply of drugs.
It is a pity that homoeopath is compelled to be linked with the other “systems” in hits indictment, and our Indian homoeopaths will be wise if they endeavor to raise the standard of Homoeopathic medical teaching,so that none but qualified men can avail themselves of the title, Doctor of Medicine.
It is with this unsatisfactory state of affairs in mind that we present elsewhere in this issue a clear-cut exposition by Dr.Milton J.Raisbeck, registrar of The New York homoeopathic Medical college and Flower Hospital, of the entrance requirements to the medical schools of the Untied States. We commend his article to our Indian readers more especially.
“Halbersteadter points out that it takes years for Roentgen cancer as well as xeroderma pigmentosum and “sailors skin to develop. The amount of short rays which act upon the skin and the sensitiveness of the skin are determining factors. In all of these conditions we have at first regressive changes,then an abnormal distribution of pigment, regressive changes in the connective tissue, and the very important formation of warts. These processes resemble exceedingly the experimental tumors produced by tar. At last,. even after the original cause that been removed, carcinoma, sarcoma or a mixed rumor may develop”.
Another note concerning cancer, which emphasizes several interesting and instructive thoughts. The Roentgen ray is truly a wonderful power for good, as well as for evil, and should on this account be employed by qualified experts only. The present tendency of so many physicians to dabble in X-ray therapy is to be deprecated. Study, knowledge, experience,e apprenticeship to those who know, are all necessary qualifications for the physician who essays to take up this work.
DEATH REGISTRATION IN THE UNITED STATES-
The government bureau of the census has recently issued its annual mortality table for the continental Untied States and in this compilation of figure we find much interesting food for thought. Thus, heart diseases carried off 130,351 in the year 1921; tuberculosis (all forms) accounted for 88,135; cancer killed 76,274, an increase or 3k,343 over the deaths from the same cause in1920. Nephritis took 75, 696. Automobiles killed 10,168, an increase of 1,065 over 1920; railroads killed 5,297, a decrease of 1,129 over 1920.
Accidental shooting ended the careers of 2,346 while homicides amounted to 7,545. there were 11,136 suicides, an increase of 2,177 over 1920, Diarrhoea and enteritis in subjects under 2 years of age brought about the death of 37, 192 infants. Arterial diseases (atheroma) caused 19,377 to die;diphtheria, 15, 683, diabetes,14, 933. and syphilis, 14, 252. Appendicitis accounted for 12,809 deaths typhoid fever took off 8,007; cirrhosis of the liver, 6,598, and puerperal septicemia, 6,057. Scarlet fever hurried 4,718 to an early grave and measles snuffed out 3,790 lives. Malaria terminated the earthly existence of 3,229 persons, while smallpox hustled off 641.
No doubt these figures can be made to prove all kinds of theories or to point out various morals. So far as a smallpox is concerned, there will be those who will explain the excellent showing relative of this disease on the ground that vaccination has been more thoroughly carried out than formerly was the case. On the other hand, some may serve,that since this disease has killed so few, why make so much fuss about it.
The enormous number of deaths from heart disease (endo-and myocarditis are included) is certainly disquieting and points to the possible causative factors of modern life, with all its competitions, strains and hectic pleasures as well as to the increased consumption of deadly coal-tar and other drugs, which we Americans so thoughtlessly and habitually use.
The increase of cancer goes on pace, with all our research committees and in spite of surgeons, whose insistence upon early operation has thus far not reduced the mortality rate of this disease. Possibly there is a relation between vaccination and the increase of cancer; at all events, this possibility is one which should be investigated in a scientifical and judicial manner, especially so, since vaccine therapy and immunization have come to occupy so permanent a place upon the therapeutic stage. there seems to be excellent reason for the belief that cancer is a constitutional disease fact emphasized by no less a cancer authority than Dr.L. Duncan Bulkley of New York. If so, then surgery must indeed play but a very minor part and that, relative to the removal of the end-product only for after all,is it not true that surgery cannot cure cancer,but can only remove it?.
Deaths by automobiles continue to increase, testifying eloquently to out national vice of recklessness and general disregarded of all laws. The American habit of taking a chance may stamp us as a sport-loving people,but the price we pay seems heavy indeed. the death from accident shooting are likewise far too many; the daily press each fall contains the accounts of such tragedies, occurring in field and forest, where ignorant and would-be hunters killer maim each other, or themselves, in search of our rapidly disappearing game. Mistaking humans for deer is far too common,and the small-town spirit of “Lets go out and kill something” is far too much in evidence. There is great need of nation wide reform in this reject; but education alone will bring it about;legislation cannot do it.
The number of homicides is probably indirect relation to the lust for killing,which,is an aftermath in direct relation to the lust for killing,which is an aftermath the world war. Familiarity with weapons is likely to breed contempt and to furnish a sure and rapid means of redressing supposed or alleged wrongs and grievances. Incidentally, the notorious tardiness of he machinery of justice in bringing criminals to bar, the many legal loopholes open to the guilty,the sinister influence of corrupt politics, all tend to foster to spirit of lawlessness and of crime We might with profit stud to methods if our British cousins, whose criminal procedure is far more certain and speedy in results.
The number of suicides, 11,136 seems enormous; it would be interesting to analyze these as to race,religion, business, nationality, etc. No doubt the terrible economic depression, now happily passing , has been responsible for many self- inflicted deaths. But the there should be any suicides at all, is indeed a sad commentary upon our boasted civilization with its alleged with standards of ethics and social morality. Small wonder that social unrest is becoming increasingly manifest, in the fact of so many social ills which our so-called civilization has thus far failed to cure.
That malaria should kill 3,299 persons is likewise a sad state of affairs. It is fair to assume that most, if not all these cases died under orthodox quinine and arsenic therapy. Pure homoeopathy would make an infinitely better showing, but then, pure homoeopathy lacks the characteristics of spectacular medicine and is therefore not welcome to the ignorant or unthinking, who clamor for quick results, no matter what the cost may be.
To sum up, it seems fair to say that so far as medical skill is concerned, there is still much room for improvement. It is happily true that the average span of life is considerably longer than it was some twenty years ago; the credit for this advance must be given to better hygiene and sanitation. The protection of our water supplies is far greater than formerly contained. The question of sewage disposal is better understood, although in this department of sanitary engineering the ideal has by no means been reached.
Still, we no longer have the typhoid epidemics which thirty years ago were the main source of income of the average doctor. Sanitary science has made great strides,thanks to the altruism of m many jig-minded men and women who have been identified with this important work. Many, then, in the not too distant future, to ;law of similars find more widespread application and thus help to reduce the annual sacrifice we now must witness.
ARSENICAL KERATOSIS FOLLOWED BY CANCER-
“The case reported by Semon illustrates the danger of prolonged arsenical medication by the mouth. the patient had taken arsenic continuously for seven years for psoriasis. By this time pigmentation of the abdomen and warty growths on the palms and soles developed. Fourteen years after cessation of the a drugs the hyperkeratosis on palms and soles was as obvious as ever, and as small painless ulcer made its appearance in our around one of the warty growths on to outer border of the right sole. The ulcer persisted,and was not regarded as serious until Semon saw the man and recognized the lesion. The right leg was amputated through its lower third and recovery was uneventful.”: J.A.M.A.
Such a little thing as the loss of a mere leg seems to be of small moment to many of our O.S.friends, especially if the recovery is uneventful. What a multitude of tragedies is charitably hidden by that mellifluous phrase, “the recovery was uneventful,” so much like its companion phrase, “the operation was successful, but the patient died.” Perhaps the poor man, now hobbling about minus his cancerous leg, has time to reflect upon the possible relationship between overdosing with arsenic and the development of cancer.
That the permitted himself to be fed upon arsenic for seven long years in the endeavor to cure his psoriasis,illustrates, what blind faith in the wisdom and skill of the medical man, especially if he be of the orthodox school, still holds many often laity in its grasp. That the vicious and far reaching effects of the drug continued as long as fourteen years after its season is, of course, of interest to us homoeopaths and should admonish us not to repeat too often,. even our higher potencies of the minerals and metals especially.
A dose of Arsenicum album high. in a chronic case and proved that the remedy is homoeopathically indicated,will continue to act for days, weeks and even months. Surely, Semons experience as above related serves to emphasize the fact. Furthermore,if arsenic, like the X-ray, can produce cancer,it must be capable of curing it, always, of course, in suitable cases, in which the malignancy has not progressed too long or too far. CARBOLIC ACID-Homoeopathic physicians who study their Materia medica well know the dangerous power of this drug and conversely, its opportunity to do good, when prescribed in accordance with the law of seminars and in a highly potentized form.
Allens Encyclopedia of Pure Materia Medica,volume II, pages 590-604, gives an exact record of he numerous provings in potency of this drug, as well as the symptoms produced by the crude drug, when taken accidentally or with suicidal intent. the symptoms recorded by Allen find verification in a most interesting case of accidental poisoning,reported in full by the LONDON LANCER of December 16th, 1922, and which we herewith publish,with greatful acknowledgment to the English journal;l., The report well demonstrates not only the lethal power of carbolic acid when applied even externally, but also the peculiar elective affinity of this drug for the kidney tissues especially.
Thus we are told by this account of poisoning that the autopsy revealed an “acute hemorrhagic nephritis.” Allen mentions, “urine very dark colored,dark greenish-brown color to the urine, urine dark, smoky color , alkaline urine, almost black.” Also, a diminished amount of urine.
These pathological or objective symptoms are in themselves sufficient to call our attention to carbolic acid as a remedy of promise, in acute parenchymatous nephritis, acute Haemorrhagic nephritis,and in haemoglobinuria and in these conditions,comparison should be made with apis mel., Cantharis, Mercuries corr and Terebinthina especially.
Herewith the :Lancets report.