Urinary Organs. Painful, anxious urging to urinate (Borax).

Micturition painful, difficult, drop by drop; urine scanty, fiery, scalding-hot, red or dark-colored (apis., Arsenicum, Belladonna, Cantharis). Urine deposits blood. Burning in fossa navicularis (Petros). Retention or suppression of urine (Apis, Hyoscyamus, Stramonium), with pressure in the bladder, or stitches in the region of the kidneys; retention from cold, especially in children, with crying and restlessness.

Male Organs. Bruised pain in testicles (Argentum, Arn). Testicles swollen and hard (Agnus, Aurum, Conium mac.)

Female Organs. Menses suppressed from fright (Lycopodium) vexation; cold; especially in plethoric women. Active uterine haemorrhage (Erig., Hamamelis, Secale, Ipecac.); much excitability; giddy; cannot sit up; fear of death. Vagina dry, hot, and sensitive (Belladonna) Suppressed lochia (cimic); skin not and dry; milk scanty; abdomen inflated and sensitive (Belladonna). Ovaritis from suddenly checked menstrual flow (Cimic.). Impending abortion from fright or vexation.

Respiratory Organs. Hoarseness (Belladonna, Causticum, Kali b., Lobelia, Phosphorus, Spongia), weak voice. Larynx sensitive to touch (Lachesis) and to inspired air, as if denuded (Spongia, Osm.). Laryngitis with inflammatory fever; also with suffocative spasms. Croup, awakening in. first sleep; agony, tossing about; dry short cough; after exposure to dry, cold winds (Hepar s., Spongia). Cough dry, hoarse, loud (spong.), spasmodic, rough; awakening with danger of suffocation (Lachesis) dry, hard and ringing; from tickling in throat (Sang). Child grasps its throat every time it coughs (Iod) child grasps its throat every time it coughs (Iodi.) Expectoration of bright-red blood; of blood (sulph). Haemoptysis, the blood comes with an easy hawking, hemming or slight cough; anxiety, palpitation, w, quick pulse, stitches in chest (Bryonia, Kali carb., Phosphorus); from excitement, wine or exposure to dry, cold air. Cannot lie on the right side but only on the back (Mercurius). Stitches in chest with cough (Bryonia, Kali carb., Mercurius, Phosphorus); on inspiration (Bryonia). Lancinating pains through the chest, with dry heat, difficult breathing; often violent chill. Labored, anxious breathing; or quick and superficial; loud, stertorous, with open mouth. Agony; sits straight up; can hardly breathe; pulse thread-like (Ant. tart., Arsenicum, Sambucus); vomituritio; sweat with anxiety; swelling under short ribs; after scarlet fever. Oppression of the chest when moving fast or ascending (Ammonium carb., Arsenicum, Calcarea), in heart disease (Cact.). Pressive weight and burning under the sternum.

Heart and Pulse. Dreadful oppression and anxiety about the heart. Palpitation(Cact., Calcarea), with great anxiety (Arsenicum, Spigelia), and restlessness; difficult breathing; confusion in head; flying heat in face; pressive pain in cardiac region. Feeling of fullness; pulse hard and strong; contracted stitches in heart; constriction of the chest; in pericarditis. Uncomplicated cardiac disease; especially with numbness in the left am (Rhus tox.); tingling in finger, and fainting. Pulse strong, full, hard (Helleborus, Veratrum vir) in fever; small, intermitting, irregular, in asthma (Arsenicum); quick, hard, small, in peritonitis; contracted, full, powerful, over one hundred per minute; quicker than beat of heart imperceptible, like a thread, with anxiety. (Arsenicum)

Neck and Back. Tearing in nape of neck. Painful stiff neck, worse on moving neck; pain extending down to right shoulder (Gelsemium). Bruised pain between the shoulders (Rhus tox). Drawing, tearing pain in the scapulae. Stiffness of the back (Rhus tox.). Numbness in small of back extending into the legs. Pain in back prevents taking deep inspiration.

Upper Limbs. Drawing, tearing pain in shoulder joint, elbow joint, in forearm, wrists and fingers. (Bryonia, Rhododendron, Rhus tox., Puls). Numbness of the left arm, can scarcely move the hand. Formication in the arms, hands, and fingers (Rhus tox). ARms hang powerless, as if paralyzed by blows. Creeping in fingers especially in writing. Hands icy cold; cold sweat in palms. Palms hot. Blueness of nails.

Lower Limbs. Drawing, tearing pains in all the joints, and in the thigh. (Bryonia, Rhus., tox., Pulsatilla). Tired feeling in lower limbs during repose (Rhus tox). Legs almost powerless after sitting; numbness (Rhus tox). Legs almost powerless after sitting;l numbness (Rhus tox). Cramps in calves (Calcarea, Camph., Nux v., Silicea, Sulphur). Unsteadiness of the knees. Coldness of the feet, particularly the toes.

Generalities. Rheumatic inflammation of the joints; worse evening and night night; intense bright-red, shining swelling of the parts; sensitive feeling in the affected parts; pain intolerable; numbness and tingling in all pars. Great weariness and loss of strength (cinch). Faintness on attempting to sit up (Bryonia). Very sensitive to the least drags of cold air (cocc., Nux m). Drawing, tearing pains here and there (Rhus. Pulsatilla). Burning through all mucous membranes Bruised pains in in many parts. Body sensitive to touch; does not not wish to be touched or moved. Excessive restlessness and tossing about for several hours. (Arsenicum) Convulsions. Most symptoms accompanied by shivering and anxiety.

Skin. Red, shining, hot, swelling violent pain (Belladonna, Bryonia). Fine prickling as from needles here and there. Spots like flea-bites (Coni); itching unchanged by scratching. Rash of children miliary; also in measles and scarlet fever (Apis, Bell, Pulsatilla).

Sleep. Sleeplessness after night, with great restlessness and tossing about (Abies can,. anxious, vivid dreams, waking with a start (Arsenicum, Belladonna, Hyoscyamus). Nightmare.

Fever. Chilliness on slight movement, or from being uncovered or touched. Goose-flesh. Shivering ascends from the feet to the chest. Chilliness towards evening, with thirst, hot head and face, red cheeks and out pressing headache (Bryonia). shivering art night on lying down. Heat with thirst, hard, full, and frequent pulse; anxious;l impatient; unappeasable; beside himself;f; tossing about in agony. Profuse hot sweat during sleep; cold or sour agony. Profuse hot sweat during sleep; cold or sour sweat. Sweat after midnight, relieving all symptoms. Sweat on whichever cheek he lies. Bad effect from suppressed sweat.

Aggravation. In the evening and night; when lying on the (left) side, or on the back; after getting in bed; when rising (Bryonia, Opium, Digitalis, in close room; from tobacco smoke (Ignatia).

Amelioration. In the open air (Bryonia, Platina, Pulsatilla); when sitting still (rheumatism);f rom wine; generally better while at rest, but during night in bed pains insupportable (Merc);l after sweat (Rhus).

Conditions. Especially applicable to plethoric persons, or those leading sedentary lives; dark hair and eyes; persons with rigid fibre.

Compare. Arnica, Arsenicum, Belladonna, Belladonna, Bryonia, Cact., Camph., Cantharis, cham., Cimic., Coffea, Convalaria., Colchicum, Digitalis, Nux v., Pulsatilla, Spigelia, Sulphur, Veratrum

Antidotes. Acetic ac., Paris, Sulphur To large doses; free vomiting by emetics; wine, vegetable acids, vinegar. abuse of Aconite calls for Sulph.

Aconite Antidotes. Belladonna, Chamomilla, Coffea, Nux v., Sepia, sulph., Veratrum, alb.


Aconite is most often useful in those disease where the so- called antiphlogistic treatment-blood letting, etc. would be the common practice. In sthenic or purely inflammatory fever in the fist state, before localization, eruption or exudation has taken place (when the latter is about to occur or has just occurred, Bryonia, Gels; after it has occurred, Apis, Arsenicum, Iodium, Mercurius Phosphorus, Rhus, Sanguinaria, etc.). Aconite is never indicated unless there be present great anxiety and restlessness. If the patient is quiet and a-pathetic Aconite is not the remedy. If the patient is quiet and apathetic Aconite is not the remedy. (In such cases if there is strong arterial excitement, full hard pulse, Veratrum vir.; less violence, soft pulse, Gelsemium). Aconite is also indicated in the chilly stage, before the febrile stage is developed, often inducing a critical sweat and aborting the attack. Aconite produces no alteration in the quality of the blood, therefore it is never indicted in fevers of a malarial or septic character. Aconite is especially useful in. the first or inflammatory state of respiratory diseases bronchitis, pneumonia, pleurisy and all respiratory catarrhs. It is the remedy for croup, either catarrhal or membranous, when the attack has been caused by exposure to dry,. cold north west winds, the arising from suppressing a profuse perspiration. Aconite is often indicated in. the first state of meningitis, not tubercle, but when arising from exposure to the sun’s rays, or from fright or anger; peritonitis; metritis; cystitis; hepatitis; enteritis; glossitis; In rheumatism. In pericarditis, endocarditis and angina pectoris; also in uncomplicated hypertrophy of the heart with numbness of the left arm and tingling in the finers.

A.C. Cowperthwaite
A.C. (Allen Corson) Cowperthwaite 1848-1926.
ALLEN CORSON COWPERTHWAITE was born at Cape May, New Jersey, May 3, 1848, son of Joseph C. and Deborah (Godfrey) Cowperthwaite. He attended medical lectures at the University of Iowa in 1867-1868, and was graduated from the Hahnemann Medical College of Philadelphia in 1869. He practiced his profession first in Illinois, and then in Nebraska. In 1877 he became Dean and Professor of Materia Medica in the recently organized Homeopathic Department of the State University of Iowa, holding the position till 1892. In 1884 he accepted the chair of Materia Medica, Pharmacology, and Clinical Medicine in the Homeopathic Medical College of the University of Michigan. He removed to Chicago in 1892, and became Professor of Materia Medica and Therapeutics in the Chicago Homeopathic Medical College. From 1901 he also served as president of that College. He is the author of various works, notably "Insanity in its Medico-Legal Relations" (1876), "A Textbook of Materia Medica and Therapeutics" (1880), of "Gynecology" (1888), and of "The Practice of Medicine " (1901).