Struma or Scrofula

Scrofula or Struma constitution is generally inherited, but it is remediable, either completely or to a very large extent. The underlying cause of it all is the presence of the psoric “miasm” as described by Hahnemann in his “Chronic Diseases.”…


SCROFULA, or struma as it is also called, is a constitutional state which manifests itself in peculiarly intractable inflammations, especially of the skin, eyes, eyelids, and glands, and in a tendency to tuberculosis of the lungs, abdomen, or membranes of the brain. The constitution is generally inherited, but it is remediable, either completely or to a very large extent. The underlying cause of it all is the presence of the psoric “miasm” as described by Hahnemann in his “Chronic Diseases.”

Though not identical with “psora,” scrofula forms a large section of the diseases described by Hahnemann as psoric. It is analogous to constitutional or inherited syphilis, and not unfrequently the two “miasms” are combined in the same person.

Scrofulous individuals are much more susceptible to morbid influences, and are thus more liable to take colds and inflammations than other people, and when they do become affected, they are longer in getting well. The processes of life are more sluggish, and as the lymphatics are intimately concerned with the process of repairing waste tissues, they naturally suffer more almost than any other part. It is for this reason that in the public mind the presence of enlarged glands in the neck has come to be regarded as the sign and proof of scrofula.

And though there are many scrofulous persons who have no diseased glands, and many who have had gland abscesses who are not scrofulous, still the popular view may be accepted as in the main correct. Abscesses in the glands of the neck are a very common sequel of the ordinary fevers of childhood-scarlatina, measles, chicken-pox, and diphtheria.

In a perfectly healthy state lymphatic glands are not discoverable by either sight or feeling. When inflamed and enlarged they feel like “kernels” (a popular name for them) under the fingers; and if near the surface are more obvious to sight. Simple inflammations of a gland does not make that gland scrofulous.

The truly scrofulous gland is a gland affected with tubercular taint; and by the time a gland is affected the constitution is p73 also affected. Hence it follows that the only philosophical treatment is one which is directed to the constitution, and seeks to so change that for the better as to make it heal the gland itself.


In May 1893, I was consulted by Miss D., aged 14, who had a gland in the neck under the right ear, about the size of a filbert, which had been troubling her for three years. She was tall (had grown much lately), stoop-shouldered (possibly due to short sight), pale and delicate-looking. She came of a very consumptive family.

May 31.- Bacillin 100 every eight days.

July 1.-Very much better. Gland smaller but not gone. Calcarea phos. 30 thrice daily. Bacil. every eighth day.

July 28.-Better Repeat.

Oct.28.-Gland all but gone.

I have seen her brother repeatedly since, and hear she has kept quite well.


Matt. B., aged II, a very delicate boy, was under my care for enlarged glands in the summer of 1891. Under Bacil. 200 chiefly he got quite well.

In February last, after a blow on the side of the neck, one of the glands under the ear inflamed rapidly, and by the time that I saw him, a few days later, there was already suppuration present, the sensation of fluctuation being distinct. I forbade poulticing, and treated him constitutionally-Bacillin, Hepar s., and Psorinum being the chief medicines given. Maturation went on, but at no time did the matter seem like pointing, and I refused to open the abscess.

On the 12th of March he developed measles, for which I gave Morbillin 30. In a few days all fluid disappeared. The abscess dried up. I sent him away to the country, and he came back with no swelling of the neck to be seen, and only the remains of the gland to be felt.


Herbert B., aged 5, but not looking more than 2, extremely emaciated, without any power in his legs, which were no longer than a three months baby’s was admitted to the hospital in the autumn of 1893.

He had lived in an underground room without sunlight and proper food. Under Bacillin 200 he made progress, gaining very slightly each week in weight. Under Thyroidin 3X he gained 3/4 lb. a week.

Then an attack of diphtheria threw him back, but he recovered well under Mercurius cyan., but it left him with swollen glands on each side of the neck, and on the left side suppuration took place. He received Hepar, and afterwards Silica, and no external treatment. The abscess opened spontaneously with a very small opening, and healed rapidly, leaving a scar so small as to be hardly visible. The boy then gained weight again, and was sent for a change into the country.


I was sent for late on the evening of Oct. 31ST, 1893, to see a boy, T. W., aged 18 months. Eight days before, he had been taken ill with sore throat, which caused him to make a peculiar noise in breathing. The obstruction to breathing had gradually become worse, till he seemed in imminent danger of choking. Two days become I saw him he had come out in little red patches, which only lasted one morning. He had also complained of pain in his ear. The practitioner who attended him was so much alarmed by his condition that he proposed examining the condition of the throat under chloroform, and operating if necessary. This the parents objected to, and sought my advice.

I found the patient looking very ill, sitting up on his mother’s lap, as he could not be laid down for fear of his choking. He had an enlarged gland, painful and tender, on the left side of the face under the ear. Saliva was running from his mouth, and a discharge from his nose. He was very peevish and irritable, and exceedingly difficult to examine. He had very little appetite, and there was great difficulty in swallowing. The bowels were regular. The urine was scanty, slightly alkaline, and contained a copious deposit of white urates.

The chest sounds were clear. Temperature normal; pulse 120. It was hardly possible for him to sleep, as he immediately woke up choking.

I was unable to examine the state of the throat on account of the child’s condition, but it was evident that the whole difficulty lay in some swollen or paralytic condition of the soft parts at the back of the nose. The difficulty was all in drawing in the breath; he could breathe out easily. As there was no fetor of the breath I excluded diphtheria. There was much working of the alae nasi. He was constantly picking his lips and nose. The last symptom decided me to give Arum triphyllum in preference to many other more or less appropriate remedies.

The last symptom decided me to give Arum triphyllum in preference to many other more or less appropriate remedies. I gave it in the 30th every two hours. I took upon myself the responsibility of avoiding surgical measures.

Nov. I.-The next morning I found he had had a very bad night, had coughed more, in choking. One, but had more rest in p73 the morning. The gland was less swollen and less painful. He had not taken any more milk. More running from the nose. He still picks his lips; still making the same noise on breathing. I now gave Bromine 30 every two hours.

At 9.30 P.M., the same day, I found him no better; the nasal obstruction was rather worse.

I gave now Laches 30 every ten minutes.

Nov. 2.-Very bad night. Breathing very bad; cannot lie down at all. More gurgling in throat. Clammy forehead. Much discharge from nose. Has taken a little nourishment, and in spite of the bad night seems a little better when awake.

Rx Hepar 200 every half hour.

4.30.-A quarter of an hour before I saw him he vomited white phlegm, very sour. Is crying because he cannot go to sleep. is more lively when awake. His cry is stronger. The Hepar seemed to relieve him very soon. The neck is much less swollen. He is very peevish.

Taking into account his constitutional symptoms, some what rickety enlargement of wrists and ankles, backward state of dentition, head-sweat, which he had till he was five months old, and also the fact that his father had had a foot amputated for some disease of the ankle, I gave now one dose of Bacillin 200, without interrupting the Hepar.

Nov. 3.-In the evening he seemed brighter, and wanted food. Slept an hour and a half this morning. Is better; breathing better. The bowels have moved twice: the first motion like white jelly and blood, very offensive; the second, slight, dark and offensive. There is now very little running from the nose; just a little dribbling of saliva.

The swelling is still diminishing. He cannot yet lie down, but sleeps with his head on his chest.

Nov. 6.-Has kept improving. To-day for the first time I was able to examine the throat. I found the soft palate depressed and bulged forward on the left side. Tongue white; nothing like false membrane seen. Repeat Hepar.

John Henry Clarke
John Henry Clarke MD (1853 – November 24, 1931 was a prominent English classical homeopath. Dr. Clarke was a busy practitioner. As a physician he not only had his own clinic in Piccadilly, London, but he also was a consultant at the London Homeopathic Hospital and researched into new remedies — nosodes. For many years, he was the editor of The Homeopathic World. He wrote many books, his best known were Dictionary of Practical Materia Medica and Repertory of Materia Medica