Hahnemann’s proving symptoms of homeopathy remedy Scilla from Materia Medica Pura, which Samuel Hahnemann wrote between 1811 to 1821…


(From vol. iii, 2nd edit., 1825.)

In order to make the solution of squill in alcohol the simplest and best mode is to cut out a fresh piece of 100 grains weight from a very fresh squill-bulb, to pound it in a mortar, gradually adding 100 drops of alcohol, till it becomes a fine uniform pap, then to dilute and thoroughly mix it with 500 drops of alcohol; to allow it to stand for some days, to decant the clear supernatant brownish tincture, and to mix 6 drops of this 94 drops of alcohol by means of ten succussions, so as to form the first dilution (1/100).

The observations recorded below may be much added to; but they already suffice to enable us to estimate and correct the employment that has hitherto been made of this root; this I have partly done in some notes.

In large doses the action of squill lasts fourteen days in small doses its action is proportionally shorter.

MURRAY and TISSOT tell us that camphor is an antidote to squill, and this agrees with my own observations.


The following old-school authors are cited:

BERGIUS, Mat. Medorrhinum

CASPARI, Diss. de Scilla.

COHAUSEN, Commerc. lit. Norimb., vol. xii, sect. ii.

CRANZ, Mat. Medorrhinum, ii.

HOME, Clinical Exper.

LANGE, Medicana dom., Brunsvic.

LUDWIG, Adversaria Medorrhinum, vol. ii.

MUZELL, Wahrnehm., ii.

SCHULZE, J. H., et. SCHOETER, Diss. Asthma rad. Scilloe usu sublatum, Halae 1735.

TISSOT, Epist. Medorrhinum Pract. Edit. Bald.

VALENTINI, Hist. Simpl. Reform., lib. ii.

WAGNER, J. G., Observ. Clin., Lub.. 1737.

WEIKARD, Vermischte Schriften, i.

ZWELFER, Pharmac. Regia.

The 1st edit. Has 286 symptoms, this 2nd edit, only two more.]


In the morning on rising from bed, a vertigo as though he would fall sideways (aft. 48 h.).

Sick-vertigo as if he had been turning round in a circle for a long time. [Hbg.]

Weak in the head and dreamy (aft. 6 – 12 h.).

Confusion of the sinciput and occiput, as after intoxication, with an aching in the front and back of the head. [Htn.]

5. Cloudy dizziness in the head (aft. 2 m.).

In the morning after rising dull humming headache. [Bch.]

In the morning after waking heaviness in the whole of the top of the head. [Bch.]

An extraordinary heaviness in the whole head, as if he could not hold it still, only when sitting. [Htn.]

(Aching tearing pain in the head, which does not permit mental work)(aft. 12 h.).

10. Flat pressure all over the head as from a weight (aft. 12 h.). [Bch.]

Transient aching in the occiput. [Bch.]

Pressive pain in the frontal protuberance on a small spot. [Htn.]

Aching drawing pain in the forehead. [Htn.]

A transient pain in the occiput spreading from the left to the right side. [Htn.]

15. Single painful stitches combined with drawing in the forehead from the left to the right side. [Htn.]

A drawing ending in a stitch in the right temple (aft. ½ h.). [Htn.]

Contractive pain in both temples.

Twitching stitch in the right temple to the forehead.

Violent drawing stitches in the right temple; they drew half of the brain together.

20. Squeezing headache in the lateral parts of the head (aft. ½ h.).

A drawing shooting, long continued pain in the occiput, when sitting. [Htn.]

Rather slow stitches into the right side of the forehead. [Htn.]

A painful penetrating blow in the left frontal protuberance (aft. 1 h.). [Htn.]

Tearing pain in the occiput. [Htn.]

25. A digging pain in their occiput. [Htn.]

Painful sensitiveness of the top of the head. [Ws.]

Every morning painful sensitiveness on the top of the head, and stupefaction in the interior of it. [Ws.]

A splashing in the head when shaking it.

(Eroding) itching on the forehead and chin, as if an eruption would break out, going off on scratching, but returning immediately. [Bch.]

30. Stitches in the right frontal protuberance down to the nose. [Htn.]

The appearance of the countenance varies, and is sometimes very much dejected, sometimes animated, without heat or chill feeling. [Stf.]

Distorted, strained features, large wide open eyes and staring look, with redness of the cheeks, without thirst. [Htn.]

Staring look. [Htn.]

The left eye looks smaller than the right; the upper left eyelid is as if swollen, and hangs perceptibly down, making the eye seem smaller. [Stf.]

35. The eyes appeared to swim in cool water for some minutes. [Stf.]

The pupils contract (aft. 5 h.).

Great contraction of the pupils (immediately). [Trn.]

Contraction of the pupils (aft. ½ h.). [Bch.]

Contracted pupils (aft. 1 h.). [Htn.]

40. Great dilatation of the pupils (aft. 2 m.).

(Very dilated pupils.) [Stf.]

Tickling in the outer canthus of the left eye.

Fine burning in the outer canthi. [Hbg.]

Swarming pricking in the outer canthus of the left eye. [Bch.]

45. Itching in the left eye (aft. 24 h.).

A contractive sensation in the right eye.

Violent tearing in both eyes at once, as it were behind the eyeballs. [Bch.]

Drawing stitch from the forehead into the right ear.

(Tearing pains in the interior of both ears.)

50. A tearing pain behind the left ear. [Htn.]

Acrid nasal mucus.

Sore feeling on the borders of the nostrils.

Stiffness in the left cervical muscles. [Hbg.]

A pricking itching in the neck and jaws, as from a flea, which was removed only for an instant by scratching, and returned immediately afterwards. [Htn.]

55. Daily, until the seventh day, increasing pimples on the neck, which are only painful when rubbed (aft. 4 d.). [Ws.]

Drawing and squeezing in the cervical muscles, also when not moving. [Hbg.]

The skin on the neck is outwardly painfully sensitive on being slightly rubbed by the neckcloth, and exhibits red, almost excoriating, spots (aft. 24 h.). [Ws.]

(Pain in the submaxillary glands)(aft. 3 h.).

Above the middle of the upper lip an eruption, which exudes moisture and erodes about it, like am ulcer, with pricking itching.

60. Stickiness and sliminess in the mouth. [Stf.]

Vesicles on the tongue.

Stitches darting upwards in both upper canine teeth, as when a sharp cold air comes into the teeth, when eating and drinking either cold or warm things.

Far back on the palate a rough and scrapy feeling. [Stf.]

Burnt taste in the palate, even when chewing food, which remained also after eating, and is only not felt when swallowing the food. [Bch.]

65. Burning in the palate and throat. [Hbg.]

Scratching burning in the palate, like heartburn (aft. 5, 6 d.). [Ws.]

Ravenous hunger (aft. some h.). [Trn.]

Insatiability in eating food which tastes well; his stomach felt full and yet he had appetite. [Htn.]

Complete anorexia; he cannot eat anything and yet his taste is unimpaired.

70. Complete anorexia. [J. H. SCHULZE et SCHROETER, (Observation, on a case of anasarca. – This symptom not found.) Diss. Asthma rad. Scilloe usu Sublatum, Halae, 1735.]

Anorexia, partly on account of feeling of fulness, partly because the food tasted burnt, partly because some food had not taste a all, e.g. meat and soup, whilst other food tasted disagreeably sweet, such as bread and butter. [Bch.]

Spoils the appetite. [BERGIUS,( Statements. – “Spoils”. Literally, “prostrates.”) Mat. Medorrhinum, p. 278.]

(Everything tastes sour and bitter to him.)

The taste for food is diminished and as if blunted. [Ws.]

75. Weak appetite. [Ws.]

Tastelessness of tobacco when smoked. [Hbg.]

Disagreeable sweetish taste of all food, especially meat and soup (aft. 48 h.). [Bch.]

Empty eructation, for several hours (aft. 1 h.).

Empty eructation. [Stf. – Htn.]

80. Short eructation. [Stf.]

Frequent eructation of a sour taste, up into the mouth.

Eructation of a disagreeable taste. [Stf.]

After dinner, eructation with the taste of the food and nausea. [Bch.]

Nausea with eructation. [Wth.]

85. Irritation to vomit in the gastric region. [Hbg.]

Nausea at the back of the throat and almost constant flow of saliva into the mouth (aft. 48 h.). [Bch.]

Constant alteration of inclination to vomit in the scrobiculus cordis and diarrhoeic feeling in the hypogastrium; when one is present the other is absent, but the diarrhoeic feeling is greatest. [Stf.]

Extremretching to vomit. [TISSOT, (Statements.) Epist. Medorrhinum Pract., edit. Bald., p. 207. – MUZELL, (Observations.) Wahrnem., ii, p. 34. (Observations in patients.) ]

Excessive nausea. [MUZELL,- BERGIUS, l. c. – COHAUSEN, Commerc. lit. Norimb., vol. xii, sect. ii, cap. 34.]

90. Vomiting. [MUZELL, – COHAUSEN, l. c.]

Weakness of stomach. (Literally, “enervates the forces of the stomach.”) [TISSOT, l. c.]

Spoils the digestive power of the stomach. [BERGIUS, l. c.]

Painful squeezing below the chest in the scrobiculus cordis. [Hbg.]

Fine pricks in the left side of the scrobiculus cordis (aft. 32 h.). [Ws.]

95. Cardialgia. [ZWELFER, (Statements.) Pharm. Regia., p. 146.]

Intermittent aching in the scrobiculus cordis (aft. ½ h.). [Bch.]

Pressure like a stone in the stomach. (Not found.) [SCHULZE et SCHROETER, l. c.]

Excessive pain in the stomach. [LANGE, (Effects of a spoonful of powdered squill.)Medicina dom., Brunsvic., p. 167.]

Inflammation of the bowels. [ZWELFER, l. c.]

100. Painless rumbling and grumbling in the abdomen. [Hbg.]

Pinching in the abdomen. [Wth.]

Pinching and rumbling in the abdomen, as from flatus, which was discharged (aft. 14 h.). [Htn.]

Incarceration of flatulence and cutting in the hypogastrium, without discharge of flatus. [Bch.]

Rumbling and rattling in a jerky manner in the hypogastrium above the pubic region, like flatus, which, however, is not discharged (more frequently when walking and standing than when sitting), which went off quickly and permanently after eating. [Stf.]

105. Feeling of emptiness in the abdomen, as if fasting. [Htn.]

Drawing pain in the abdomen, increased by walking, and not relieved by compression (aft. 28 h.). [Bch.]

Tearing through the abdomen below the navel (aft. 4 h.). [Ws.]

In the hypogastrium, betwixt the navel and pubes, an acute pain (as from flatulence, or from a purgative, or as if diarrhoea were about to come on)(aft. 2 h.). [Stf.]

Tension of the abdomen, which, however, felt soft to the touch. [Stf.]

110. Cutting pinching in the hypgastrium. [Htn.]

Aching shooting pain in the left side of the abdominal muscles (aft. 24 h.).

Gurgling bubbling in the muscles of the right side of the abdomen.

Painful tenderness of the abdomen, which is considerably distended though soft. [Stf.]

Pinching in the hypogastrium (aft. 14 h.), which recurred the following day at the same hour, and was relieved and removed by discharge of flatus.

115. Every time and however often he touched the abdomen a loud discharge of flatus took place. [Stf.]

Frequent discharge of flatus (aft. 24 h.). [Bch.]

Discharge of flatus broken off short. [Stf.]

Frequent discharge of very foetid flatus (aft. 1 h.). [Trn.]

Incessant discharge of very noisy, foetid, strong flatus, whereby the abdomen is relieved, but only momentarily. [Stf.]

120. Hard, scanty stool, in the evening (aft. 12 h.). [Bch.]

Very hard, but daily stool. [Ws.]

Pappy stool, without pain in the belly. [Bch.]

Diarrhoeic evacuation of a quantity of brown, quite thin, slimy, very foetid excrement, without pain or tenesmus, with spulttering flatus, and mixed with thread-worms and a quantity of shapeless white shreds. [Stf.]

Diarrhoea from 1 till 7 a.m., at last quite watery, almost without flatus. [Stf.]

125. Constipation for several days. [Stf.]

Itching at the anus.

Shooting at the anus when walking (aft. 8 d.). [Ws.]

Stool coloured with blood. [TISSOT, l. c.]

Great urging to urinate and stool; on first making water a thin stool without pain in the belly (aft. 10 m.). [Htn.]

130. On the second call to make water there occurred simultaneously loose stool without pain in the belly. [Htn.]

Constant but ineffectual urging to urinate (aft. ¼ h.). [Wth.]

Less urine than usual seems to pass (aft. 48 h.). [Ws.]

Scanty discharge of watery urine (aft. ½ h.). [Ws.]

Violent urging to urinate; he passed an uncommonly large quantity of urine, which had the appearance of water (aft. 7 h.). [Bch.]

135. On a slight call to urinate, reddish urine 9of the usual quantity) with reddish sediment, for three days (aft. 20 h.). [Bch.]

He cannot retain his urine because the quantity is so great; it would have escaped had he not been quick to discharge it (aft. ¼ h.) – a state that lasted twelve hours. [Htn.]

Great urging to pass very little water (aft. 40 h.0.

Great urging to urinate (Statements.) (aft. ¼ h.). [Htn.]

Micturition not more frequent, but less urine is passed (for three days).

140. Rare call to urinate and scantier secretion of urine (aft. 20 h.).

Rarer micturition than ordinary, and scanter secretion of urine which is not dark coloured (aft. 24 h.). [Htn.]

(Urine hot, and stool with undigested portions and very foetid.)

Bloody urine. [TISSOT, l. c. – CASPARI, (Statements.) Diss. de Scilla, p. 11.]

Brownish yellow, transparent urine, which is secreted in small quantity, and after standing forms flakes (Seemed to be a kind of curative action, as the prover had previously too copious a secretion and discharge of urine.) (the first 8 h.). [Trn.]

(Frequent micturition, (The primary actions of squill on the urinary passages is at first a great urging to urinate, 145, with copious discharge of urine, 136, especially of colourless urine, 134, 146; at least, when it is not copious, it is watery, 141. After the expiry of this primary and positive action of squill, there occurs after several hours the reaction (secondary action) of the organism, as the opposite of the primary medicinal action, namely, slight call to urinate, scanty secretion of the urine and rarer discharge of it, 139, 140, sometimes of the usual colour, 141, but more frequently of darker colour, 135, 144, and also with great urging to pass it, but only scanty, 137, or even wit no evacuation of urine, 148. Now, as hitherto all this was known, not ascertained, the very way to do so not being known, it was impossible that any true cures of dropsical diseases could be made with squill during all those thousands of years (very long before the Greeks, this drug was considered in Egypt as the only remedy for these diseases), hence most of these so affected were all the more certainly hurried to their graves by its employment. There was always great rejoicing because at first it brought away so much urine, and a speedy cure was joyfully anticipated but it was not known that this was only the primary action of squill, and in such cases the opposite of the actual morbid state, consequently only palliative. With sorrow it was perceived that notwithstanding an increase of the doses, nothing but the contrary effect (secondary action) could be maintened, to wit, a scanty quantity of dark urine, becoming ever rarer and rarer. Only the few dropsical diseases (for they are extremely numerous, and the dropsy is only a single symptoms of them; hence the general term dropsy, which should include then all, as though they are but one unvarying disease, is an unpardonable falsehood of the pathologists)(only those few dropsical affections whose symptoms can be found in tolerable similarity among the positive effects of squill, whose symptoms relating to the urinary discharge particularly correspond to those primary symptoms of squill recorded above (and such cases are rare), can be really and permanently cured by squill. Those kind of wasting diseases (diabetes) will be much more likely to find an efficacious, specific remedy in squill, which in its primary action causes increased secretion of urine, the more so as it is homoeopathically suitable in respect to the similarity of the other symptoms of these maladies.) Without increase of the urine (in the first hours).

Frequent discharge of urine as limpid as water; he has a quick call to urinate (aft. 1 h.).[Stf.]

He woke up at night to urinate (aft. 18 h.).

After urinating strangury, there is no water in the bladder (aft. 5 h., for 3 d.).

Shooting at the orifice of the urethra and somewhat farther back (aft. 2.1/4 h.). [Ws.]

150. Shooting pain in the urethra when pressing at stool (aft. 8 d.). [Ws.]

Anxious obtuse stitches in the glans penis.

Compressive pain in the testicles.

Metrorrhagia. [J. G. WAGNER, (Observation,- Thsymptoms not found.) Observ. clin., Lub., 1737.]

(She sneezes several times at night.)

155. Violent persistent sneezing and fluent coryza (immediately). [Mss. – Ws.]

(Flow of mucus from the nose.)

Stuffed coryza.

Smarting coryza with frequent sneezing (aft. 48 h.). [Bch.]

In the morning outbreak of severe, fluent coryza (aft. 6 d.). [Ws.]

160. Very violent coryza; the eyes have a dim dull look and fill with water (in the forenoon)(aft. 7 d.). [Ws.]

Coryza with ulcerated nostrils.

Difficult, slower inspiration and expiration. [Bch.]

Tightness of the chest with frequent, quicker breathing and anxiety as long as the tightness of chest lasts. [Bch.]

Tightness of, and shooting in the chest, which is most troublesome on inspiration. [Wth.]

165. Oppression over the chest, as if it were too narrow. [Wth.]

A tickle inwardly in the region of the thyroid cartilage that excited coughing, whereby, however, the tickle was increased.

Frequent irritation to dry, short cough of four or five impulses, caused by a tickle under the thyroid cartilage.

Slight irritation to dry, short cough of four or five impulses, caused by a tickle under the thyroid cartilage.

Slight irritation to cough in the pit of the throat, in the upper part of the trachea; he coughs several times (aft. 1 h.). [Stf.]

He is forced to breathe deeply, and this deep breathing excites him to cough.

170. Dry violent cough which causes pain like as shock in the abdomen and dryness of the throat.

Cough with diminished expectoration (aft. 9 d.); at every cough impulse painful pressure outwards in the thoracic cavity and painful contraction of the abdominal muscles. [Ws.]

A cough, at first accompanied by expectoration. (All my observations show that squill excites the mucous glands of the trachea and bronchial tubes, so that the phlegm, rendered more movable and thinner, can be expelled by coughing, only in its primary action. [See 172, 173, 174, 178, 180.) Hence its employment as a so-called expectorant can be only palliative, that is to say, its continued employment must certainly increase the malady if the fulness of the chest from tough adherent mucus was a chronic complaint, for after this primary expectorant action the organism produces the opposite state as its secondary action; the mucus of the bronchial glands becomes ever tougher, and the cough drier. (See 166, 167, 170, 171.) This root will therefore rather prove curative in too copious and too frequent mucous secretion on the chest, as was formerly insisted on by WEIKARD. )

In the morning cough with copious mucous expectoration (aft. 7 d.). [Ws.]

A continual expectoration of mucus (aft. 2 h.).

175. When coughing and when walking pain on the slightest movement, an intolerable feeling of heat without outwardly the perceptible heat (aft. 20 h.).

(Before the cough rattling which went away after the cough.)

Peripenuemonia. (If we consult the observations of practitioners of all ages, we shall occasionally find that the best of them – the empirical discovery being confirmed by experience – made use of squill with excellents result in the stitches in the side accompanying some imflammation of the thoracic organs, though they knew very well the great acridity of this root on the tongue and in the internal parts, when administered in large doses, It was inevitable that they should find it so useful as if proved in their hands, on account of the many homoeopathic primary effects primary effects of this root on the chest of healthy persons (See 164, 179 – 190, 194, 195.). They did vastly more good than the ordinary practitioners, who, as has again become the fashion, acting on theoretical views, only employ so-called antiphlogistics and merciless bleedings (venesections), and thereby do an immensity of harm. Yet the former would have been still more successful in curing acute pleurisy had they made a more accurate homoeopathic selection of the cases for which squill is suitable in accordance with its now ascertained symptoms, and if they had preserved their patients from all heterogeneous influences, and refrained from mixing with this medicine any other drugs, and had understood how to give the squill in the most appropriate cases, not merely alone, but also in a sufficiently small dos. In most cases I have found the most servicable dos to be a small portion of a drop of the quintillion-fold dilution of squill, indeed, often only of the sextillion-fold, or a still smaller quantity.) [ZWELFER, l. c.]

180. In the morning, suddenly a violent cough with stitches in the side at every cough, with expectoration (aft. 6 d.); the preceding days there was hardly a trace of cough. [Ws.]

Stitches on the left and right true ribs, simultaneously. [Htn.]

A kind of stitch in the side. (From squill mixed with vincaetoxicum. The patient (a dropsical woman) had first “muscular rheumatism” of left arm and neck (to which she was subject), and then, on the same side, a “Pleuritis sicca exquisitissima.” She died soon after.) [WAGNER, l. c.]

During expiration pressive broad stitches under the last rib on both sides (for two days).

Obtuse, broad stitches in the lowest left rib, in the morning in bed, causing him to awake.

185. In the left side, just below the last rib, a constrictive stitch, excited by quick walking. [Trn.]

Shooting in the left side (aft. ¼ h.). [Hbg.]

Stitches in the middle of the ensiform cartilage, almost like a continued stitch. [Htn.]

Samuel Hahnemann
Samuel Hahnemann (1755-1843) was the founder of Homoeopathy. He is called the Father of Experimental Pharmacology because he was the first physician to prepare medicines in a specialized way; proving them on healthy human beings, to determine how the medicines acted to cure diseases.

Hahnemann's three major publications chart the development of homeopathy. In the Organon of Medicine, we see the fundamentals laid out. Materia Medica Pura records the exact symptoms of the remedy provings. In his book, The Chronic Diseases, Their Peculiar Nature and Their Homoeopathic Cure, he showed us how natural diseases become chronic in nature when suppressed by improper treatment.