Hahnemann’s proving symptoms of homeopathy remedy Cina from Materia Medica Pura, which Samuel Hahnemann wrote between 1811 to 1821…

(Semen cinoe, Semen santonici, contra.)

(From vol. I, 3rd edit., 1830.)

(The tincture obtained by macerating, for a week, without heat, one part of the unpowdered buds with twenty parts of spirits of wine; twenty drops of this represent one grain of the drug.)

Even the best generally consists only of small oblong, light yellowish-green buds, mixed with a few stalks, from a shrub-like plant, Artemisia contra. The finest comes to us from Allepo. It has also been improperly called zedoary seed. Semen zedoariae, merely because its odour has a great resemblance to that of the zedoary root.

For centuries no other use has been made of this very important vegetable substance, except for the explusion of lumbrici in children, in doses of 10, 20, 30, 60, and more grains. I pass over the not unfrequently dangerous, or even fatal, effects of such doses, nor will I dwell on the fact that a few lumbrici are not to be considered as an important disease in otherwise healthy children, and are common in childhood (where psora is still latent., and generally unattended by morbid symptoms. On the other hand, this much is true, that when they are present in large numbers, the cause of this is always some morbid condition of the body, namely, the evolution of psora, and unless this be cured, though large numbers of the lumbrici may be expelled by cina, they are soon reproduced. Hence, by such forcible explusion of the worms not only is nothing gained, but such improper treatment, if persisted in, often ends in the death of the tortured children.

This vegetable substance has much more valuable curative properties, which may be easily inferred from the subjoined characteristic morbid symptoms produced by it in the healthy.

Experience of what it can do, for instance, in whooping-cough, and in certain intermittent fevers accompanied by vomiting and ravenous hunger will excite astonishment. I will not dwell on the other morbid states for which it is adapted, as the initiated homoeopathic physician will be able to discover these by himself.

Formerly I used to employ the tincture potentised to the trillion-fold dilution, but I have found that when raised to the decillion-fold development of potency, it displays its medical powers still more perfectly. One, two, or three smallest globules moistened with this serve for a dose.

[ In this proving HAHNEMANN was assisted by AHNER, GROSS, LANGHAMMER. RUCKERT, jun., STAPF.

The medical writers quoted are:

ANDRY, De Generations Vermium.

BERGUIS, Mat. Medorrhinum

PELARGUS, Observ., tom. i. ii.

In the 1st edition of the R. A. M. L. cina had 48 symptoms, in the 2nd edition 287, the 3rd, as we see, has 301. ]


On rising from bed blackness before the eyes, dizziness in the head, faintness; he staggers to and fro; on lying down he is immediately better.

Violent headache. [PELARGUS, (Observation of effects of over-dosing. The symptoms occurred in a child, with; S. 242 and 291.) Observat., tom. I, pp. 8. 31, 275.]

Headache, with a feeling of general discomfort. [L. Rkt.]

On the middle of the vertex intemittent pressure, as from a heavy weight, as if the brain were pressed down; pressing upon it increases and renews the pain. [Gss.]

5. A pain, pressing from above downwards, externally on the forehead, as if a weight gradually sank down there (aft. ¾ h.). [Lr.]

All day long some headache, a tearing aching, spreading even into the zygoma.

Aching pain in the head all day, in the evening also in the forehead. [L. Rkt.]

When walking in the open air stupefying, internal headache, especially in the sinciput, afterwards also in the occiput (aft. 3 h.). [Lr.]

On waking from sleep an out-pressing pain in the right side of the forehead.

10. (While sitting) pressive stupefying pain externally on the forehead and temples, which at length involved the whole head (aft. 36 h.). [Lr.]

Pressure on the frontal bone, and at the same time internally a fluctation like the beating of waves. [Gss.]

Headache, as if the whole head were screwed in, with numbness. [Gss.]

Pain, as if the upper part of the frontal bone were strongly pressed together from both sides. [Gss.]

Immediately after a meal and later, a dull drawing pain in the interior of the head, increased by reading and mental work. [L. Rkt.]

15. The headache is increased by reading and thinking, relieved by stooping. [Gss.]

Cramp-like drawing in the temples, increased by pressing on them. [Gss.]

Stretching tearing pain in the right temple. [L. Rkt.]

On the left side of the sinciput drawing aching. [Gss.]

Aching pain, like fine tearing, in the temporal region, that went off on moving the head (aft. 11 h.). [Lr.]

20. Confusing drawing from the left frontal protuberance towards the root of the nose. [Gss.]

In the left frontal protuberance a paralytic tearing with stupefaction of the head; immediately afterwards in the right frontal protuberance. [Gss.]

Drawing tearing pain on the whole left side of the head. [Ar.]

A small spot on the right parietal bone feels numb and as if asleep. [Gss.]

Obtuse stitches in the brain, especially in the left side of the crown.(aft. 1.1/2 h.). [L. Rkt.]

25. In the frontal bone over the right temple severe obtuse stitches deep into the brain, which threaten to stupefy him. [Gss.]

When the headache goes off there occurs an aching pain in the abdomen, and when this goes off the headache returns.

Over the upper orbital border a slow obtuse stitch extending deep into the brain. [Gss.]

Palpitation of the muscle of the eyebrow, a kind of convulsion. [Gss.]

Dull headache, affecting the eyes, in the morning. [L. Rkt.]

30. Obtuse pain in the eyes while reading, and during mental labour. [L. Rkt.]

Pressing ache in the interior of the eye, generally wit dilatation of the pupils. [L. Rkt.]

Dilated pupils (aft. ½ h.). [Lr.]

Contracted pupils (aft. 3.1/2 h.). [Lr.]

Great contraction of the pupils (aft. 1 h.). [L. Rkt.]

35. In the evening when he wishes to see accurately (read) by candle-light, he sees everything as through a veil; on wiping the eyes he sees better for a short time. [Gss.]

On reading a book there comes a dimness before the eyes, so that he can only read again after rubbing the eyes strongly with the finger. [Ar.]

(In the morning) fatigue in the eyes; the upper lids were so weak he could scarcely open them, lasting all the forenoon.[Ar.]

Burning pain in the outer canthus of the eye, mingled with itching, and on the border of the upper lid (aft. 2 h.).

(Burning in the eyelids, especially in the inner canthus, in the evening, by candle-light.) [Gss.]

40. In the evening, by candle-light. Dryness of the eyelids and an aching feeling in them, as if sand had got into them. [Gss.]

Feeling of dryness in the interior of the eye, and drawing aching pain, when he only exerts the eyes a little in reading. [L. Rkt.]

Formication in the eyelids, so that he must rub them. [Gss.]

Tickling itching in the right inner canthus, compelling him to rub (aft. 1 h.). [Lr.]

Tickling itching on the left outer canthus, compelling him to rub (aft. 26 h.). [Lr.]

45. (In the morning, after rising, the inner canthi are stuck together, as with matter.) [Gss.]

He looks ill about the eyes and pale in the face. [Gss.]

On the lower border of the orbit an obtuse pressure; by pressing on it increases, and may be excited anew. [Gss.]

Pain as if both zygomatic arches were seized and compressed by pincers; the pain is aggravated by external pressure. [Gss.]

Cramp-like twitching in the zygoma, a pain which, even after it is gone, can be excited anew by pressing strongly on it, only it then comes as a continued cramp-like or paralytic pain. [Gss.]

50. Periodical, stretching tearing pain in the zygomatic arches, going from one place to another, aggravated by pressure. [L. Rkt.]

In the external ear, cramp-like twitching, like earache. [Gss.]

Under the mastoid process, obtuse shooting, like a pinching pressure; on pressing on it, as from a blow or knock. [Gss.]

White and bluish round the mouth. [PELARGUS, l. c., tom. ii, p. 458.]

Puffy, bluish face. [Stf.]

55. The child often bores so long in his nose that blood comes from it.

On thecheek a boil, with hardness round about it.

Aching pain in the submaxillary glands.

Obtuse shooting pain in the right ramus of the lower maxilla, aggravated by pressure. [Lr. Rkt.]

Single fine pricks as with needles on the left lower maxilla, aggravated by pressing on it with the hand. [Ar.]

60. Twitching pain in the left side of the lower jaw. [Ar.]

Toothache as if excoriation.

The inspired air and cold drinks cause pain in the tooth.

The child leans the head on one side.

Paralytic feeling in the nape. [L. Rkt.]

65. Boring stitches in the right cervical muscles, synchronous with the pulse, which go off on moving the neck (aft. 11 h.). [Lr.]

Dryness and roughness of the interior of the mouth, especially of the palate, with sick qualmishness (aft. 3.1/2 h.). [Lr.]

Cannot swallow.

Inability to swallow; liquids roll about in the mouth for a long time. [Stf.]

Great hunger shortly after a meal. [Gss.]

70. Thirst.

In the morning when fasting, empty eructation. [Gss.]

After a meal, eructation with the taste of the food. [Gss.]

Not long after a meal, belching of a bitter-sour fluid up into the mouth. [Gss.]

Qualmish feeling in the scrobiculus cordis with a shudder running over him (immediately). [Gss.]

75. (Several lumbrici come up through the child’s mouth.) [Stf.]

Sickness, with empty feeling in the head. [Ar.]

Frequent hiccup (aft. 1.1/4 h.). [Lr.]

(At night, a continued pressure in the stomach.)

Transversely across the epigastrium, in the region of the scrobiculus cordis, a pinching or cramp-like pressure, after a meal. [Gss.]

80. In the scrobiculus cordis, a pain that hinders respiration (aft. 4 h.). [Lr.]

A digging, wriggling pain in the epigastric region (scrobiculus cordis), as if bruised. [Gss.]

Obtuse shooting, on the left below the scrobiculus cordis, aggravated by pressure, and relieved by deep breathing. [Gss.]

Boring pain above the navel, going off by pressure. [Lr.]

Continued pinching in the abdomen. [PELARGUS, l. c., t, i.]

85. Intermitting needle-pricks in the left side of the abdomen, like colic, when sitting (aft. 10 h.). [Lr.]

Sudden, deep, sharp, intermitting stitches internally, on the left near the navel, especially on inspiring, and always at the same time stitches on the internal side of the scapula, towards evening (aft. 12 h.). [L. Rkt.]

Cutting pinching in the abdomen, that does not cease until he has been to stool (aft. 48 h.). [Lr.]

Violent pain in the navel and in the umbilical region, as if the navel were forcibly pressed in, or as if he had been struck there, at first for a short time, afterwards for a longer time, when it was aggravated by breathing. [Ar.]

About the navel a painful twisting, also pain when pressing on the navel. [Gss.]

90. After a meal an aching pain in the navel, also when pressing on it. [Gss.]

Cutting in the small intestines, in the morning. [Gss.]

Disagreeable warm feeling in the abdomen, that at last changed into pinching. (aft. 4 h.). [Lr.]

Labour-like, frequently – recurring pains in the abdomen, as if he felt the pulse beat in the interior. [Gss.]

95. Flatus explodes with little noise and goes quietly about in the bowels. [Gss.]

During discharge of flatus single in the lower part of the rectum. [Ar.]

Feeling of emptiness in the abdomen, with silent discharge of flatus (aft. 1 h.). [Lr.]

(A voluptuous itching on the anterior part of the anus, which compels him to scratch) (aft. 4 h.). [Lr.]

Frequent urging to pass water, with copious discharge of urine, all day (aft. 3 h.). [Lr.]

100. Turbid urine (immediately).

Urine that soon becomes turbid.

Uterine haemorrhage as long as she (a girl of ten years) taken cina seeds. [BERGIUS, (Observation.) Mater. Medorrhinum, p. 709.]

In the left nostril, deep in, a not disagreeable, hot, burning sensation, as if blood would come, or as if brandy had been sniffed up. [Gss.]

In the left nostril on the septum narium a burning pain, as if a scab had been scratched off; aggravated by external touch. [Gss.]

105. Violent sneezing (aft. 1/8 h.). [L. Rkt. – Lr.]

Sneezing so violent that it rushed into the head and pressed out at the temples; the headache pressing out through the temples remained some time afterwards. [Gss.]

Sneezing so violent that it seems as if it would burst the thorax on both sides; afterwards he still feels a pain, especially in the right side. [Gss.]

Fluent coryza (aft. ¾ h.). [Lr.]

A kind of coryza; in the morning he must frequently blow his nose, the nose is always full of loose mucus (aft. a few days). [Gss.]

110. Discharge of purulent matter from the nose. (With S. 2, 242, 291.) [PELARGUS, l. c. t. i.]

In the evening the nose is stuffed, after having had fluent coryza in the forenoon. [Gss.]

Mucus in the larynx, which he expels by voluntary tussiculation and hacking cough (aft. 6 h.). [Lr.]

On walking in the open air short, rattling respiration, as if he had much mucus in the chest, without being obliged to cough (aft. 6 h.). [Lr.]

Difficult, loud breathing (aft. ½ h.).

115. Very short, rattling respiration.

Very short breathing, sometimes with interruptions, so that some respiration are awanting.

The child is very short breathed, with loud rattling in the chest. [Stf.]

On inspiring a loud whistling whooping in the windpipe, not audible during expiration (aft. 12 h.). [Lr.]

In the morning after getting up, mucus adheres to the larynx, so that he must often hawk, after which, however, it is soon formed again. [Gss.]

120. In the morning he must always hack, and scrape, and clear the throat on account of mucus, which is constantly produced at the back of the throat and in the larynx. [Gss.]

In the morning great dryness at the back of the throat (trachea); a feeling of catarrh. [Gss.]

Inclination to cough is caused by deep breathing. [Gss.]

Tickling irritation to cough, rather deep in the wind-pipe, and if he does actually cough there occurs expectoration of whitish phlegm (aft. 24 h.). [Lr.]

Tickling irritation to cough in the region of the trachea, under the sternum, with expectoration of white mucus (aft. 16 h.). [Lr.]

125. Before the cough the child suddenly rises up, stares about, the whole body is somewhat stiff; she is unconscious; just as if going to have an epileptic fit, and then the cough comes.

After the cough the child whines. Au, Au! A gurgling- down sound is hear; she is anxious, grasps for breath, and becomes at the same time quite pale in the face – in fits of two minutes’ duration.

Attacks of violent coughing from time to time.

Hoarse hacking cough consisting of few impulses, with long pauses before the exciting irritation recurs; in the evening. [Gss.]

In the morning, after rising, hoarse hacking cough, the exciting irritation to which (as if from feather dust) occurs after a long pause on inspiring. [Gss.]

130. In the morning, after rising, hollow cough; violent succusions against the upper part of the wind-pipe, whereby mucus is detached, though with difficulty (after several days). [Gss.]

In the morning, in order to get rid of the mucus accumulated during the night, he must cough so violently that tears come into the eyes. [Gss.]

During the morning cough, the upper part of the chest (under the top of the sternum) is painful, and when he detaches something with difficulty this part continues to have raw and burning pain for a long time, as if something were torn away. [Gss.]

Squeezing on the chest during inspiration. [Gss.]

Tightness of the chest when standing (lasting half an hour) with anxiety, during which he perspires profusely on the chest. [Ar.]

135. A kind of oppression of the chest; the sternum seems to press on the lungs and the breathing is somewhat impeded. [L. Rkt.]

In the left half of the chest, cramp-like contraction. [Gss.]

Pain anteriorly under the sternum only per se. [Gss.]

When running, a squeezing pain on the sternum. [Gss.]

Sudden oppressive pain in the left side of the chest. [Ar.]

140. Under the sternum cramp-like digging pain, as if the thorax would burst asunder. [Ar.]

On the clavicle, a fine squeezing, like the pressure of a blunt point. [Gss.]

An out-pressing pain sometimes in the left side of the ches, sometimes in the sacrum, the latter as from prolonged stooping, especially during expiration (aft. 4 h.). [Lr.]

Painful digging superiorly under the sternum. [Gss.]

In the left side of the chest, pinching pains, increased by every inspiration (aft. 30 h.). [Ar.]

145. Pinching pain in the left side of the chest, between the second and third ribs. [Ar.]

Pinching, shooting pain in the left side of the chest (lasting a quarter of an hour.[Ar.]

From time to time single stitches in the chest. [L. Rkt.]

Prickling burning, intermitting, fine stitches in the side, on one of the true ribs. [Gss.]

Obtuse stitches near the sternum on one of the costal cartilages, increased by pressing on it and by expiration, diminished by inspiration. [Gss.]

150. Near the sternum underneath the left clavicle on deep inspiration, two obtuse, penetrating stitches, in rapid succession; during expiration he feels nothing, on pressing on it is very painful. [Gss.]

In the right side of the chest, between the sixth and eighth ribs, twitching shooting pains, not affected by pressing or by inspiration or expiration. [Ar.]

Sudden twitching stitch in the left side of the chest, between the fifth and sixth ribs.[Ar.]

In the middle of the right side under the ribs, a boring shooting pain, that goes off on pressing thereon. [Ar.]

Bruised pain in the sacrum, not increased by movement (aft. 35 h.). [Ar.]

155. Tearing in the left hip and buttock.

Paralytic drawing in the loins. [Gss.]

After a meal, sensation as if the lumbar region just above the hips were constricted by a tight ligature. [Gss.]

In the loins, a weary pain as if he had stood long. [Gss.]

Pain of the loins and spine when he bends to the side or backward, as if he had over-fatigued himself. [Gss.]

160. Tearing twitching pain in the middle of the spine. [Ar.]

Shooting pain in the middle of the spine, that went off on moving the body, but returned when at rest. [Ar.]

In the evening in bed, when lying on the side, the spine is painful, as if broken. [Gss.]

When lying on the back in bed, the spine is painful as if broken. [Gss.]

Drawing tearing pain downwards throughout the whole spine (aft. 29 h.). [Ar.]

165. Tearing shooting pain in the upper part of the spine towards the right scapula. [Ar.]

Shooting pain on the outer border of the right scapula.[Ar.]

In the scapulae pain when he removes them. [Gss.]

A squeezing on the top of the shoulder. [Gss.]

Needle-prick on the top of the left shoulder. [Ar.]

170. Shooting pain on the top of the left shoulder, which does not go off by pressure or by moving the arm (aft. 32 h.). [Ar.]

Single stitches anteriorly in the left shoulder. [L. Rkt.]

Paralytic drawing down through the right arm, especially when he lets it hang down, or when he lays it down anywhere, particulary on a hard place. [Gss.]

Paralytic pain in the arm, so that he must let it sink down, [Gss.]

Paralytic sensation in the whole of the right arm; it felt as if stiff in the joints, so that he could not move it (aft. 29 h.). [Ar.]

175. Stretching tearing pain in the arms, with paralytic pain; on touching it, bruised pain, as after great muscular exertion. [L. Rkt.]

Paralytic drawing through the upper arm from above down to the middle, so that he hardly dare move it; on pressing on the affected part it is painful, as if he had received a knock or blow there. [Gss.]

Boring cramp-like pain in the left upper arm, not removed by pressure (aft. 25 h.). [Ar.]

Drawing tearing pain in the right upper arm, going off by pressing on it, but immediately returning (aft. 27 h.). [Ar.]

Violent squeezing pain in the right upper arm, that went off on moving it, but returned when at rest. [Ar.]

180. On the upper arm, above the elbow joint, pain as from a knock or blow. [Gss.]

Paralytic pain in the bend of the elbow towards the outside, like a twitching, in fits.[Gss.]

Tearing pain in the right elbow-joint, when at rest, not affected by movement (aft. 27 h.). [Ar.]

In the left forearm, a drawing digging pain from the wrist to the elbow-joint (aft. 1.3/4 h.). [Ar.]

In the whole right forearm, a drawing tearing pain, that did not go off, by movement (aft. 7 h.). [Ar.]

185. Cramp-like aching pain in the muscles of the forearm, especially when bending it. [L. Rkt.]

Paralytic twitching from above downwards on the under surface of the forearm, but especially violent in the place where it commences. [Gss.]

In the morning, after rising, when he extends the arm forcibly, cramp-like pain in the forearms, especially from the elbow downwards; if he bends the hands to and fro whilst keeping the arms extended, the same pain comes in the wrist-joints.[Gss.]

Contractive tearing, like cramp, in the inferior muscles of the left forearm, close to the wrist, quickly going off on movement (aft. 17 h.). [Lr.]

Samuel Hahnemann
Samuel Hahnemann