Hahnemann’s proving symptoms of homeopathy remedy Chamomilla from Materia Medica Pura, which Samuel Hahnemann wrote between 1811 to 1821…


(This juice of the whole plant, Matricaria chamomilla, freshly expressed, and mixed with equal parts of alcohol.)

It will be seen from the following symptoms of camomile, though they are far from being exhaustive, that this plant must evidently be reckoned among the medicines of many uses (polychrests). Hence in their domestic practice the common people have employed it in all kinds of maladies, especially those of an acute character. On this account physicians in their ludicrous pride have not deigned to regard it as a medicine, but, giving it the contemptuous name of “domestic remedy,” they permitted their patients to use it by handfuls in infusion as a tea or as a clyster along with the medicines they prescribed, (In order to avoid the degradation of admitting into their elegant prescriptions a vulgar folk’s-remedy like the ordinary camomile, when it was desired to give a medicine of this sort, they preferred to order the dearer and more aristocratic chamomilla romana off, without considering that this, being quit a different plant, belonging, indeed, to a totally different genus t of plants (Anthemis nobilis, l.), must possess different properties and actions. But what does a man who only wants a name in his prescriptions care about the peculiar actions of medicines?) just as if camomile, being but a vulgar domestic remedy, was of no account. In like manner they allowed their patients to apply bagfuls of the warmed flowers in any quantity they pleased to painful parts, whilst they themselves directed quite different medicines to be taken internally. Obstetric practitioners permitted the midwives and mothers to mix camomile tea in almost all the drinks and food of children at the breast and wet-nurses, as though it were a purely wholesome, non-injurious, or at least a perfectly unimportant and indifferent matter.

To such an extent did the blindness of physicians go with respect to a plant which belongs to the category of powerful medicines, whose exact power and importance it was their duty to ascertain, in order not only to learn how to make a rational and wholesome employment of it, but also to prevent its misuse by the common people, and to teach them in what particular cases camomile could only be employed beneficially, and in what cases its use was to be avoided.

But hitherto physicians have neglected their duty in all these respects; on the contrary, they vied with the common people in the thoughtless recommendation or permission to use this powerful medicinal plant in all cases of disease, without any distinction, in any quantity or dose the patients chose.

But it does not require much sense to perceive that no medicine in the world can be useful in all diseases, and that every one possesses an accurately defined curative sphere of action, beyond which every powerful medicinal substance, like camomile, (Every medicine that is capable of curing serious ailments must naturally be a powerful medicine.) must act in a thoroughly injurious manner, and so much the more injuriously the greater its powers are. Hence the physician who does not desire to act like a charlatan ought to be able to tell beforehand, not only the cases in which camomile must be beneficial, but also those in which its use must be injurious. Finally, he should be able also to determine the exact dose, which shall be neither too large nor too small for the disease. By the administration of the appropriate dose the cure of the disease by this plant may be anticipated with the greatest certainty.

Did we not know by thousands of other instances in what a meloncholy state, in what incomprehensible blindness, so-called practical medicine has groped through so many centuries, and how it has done every thing to emulate the common herd in their folly, it would only be necessary to direct the attention of an unprejudiced person to the proceedings of physicians in regard to this powerful medicinal plant, camomile.

For as it is impossible that any one medicine, be it ever so useful, can be serviceable and curative in one tenth part of the enormous number of different morbid states that exist in nature, so neither can camomile.

But let us suppose the impossible case, that camomile is curative in a tenth of all known diseases, must it not, if employed as hitherto, in almost all cases of disease without distinction, do harm in the other nine tenths? Is it wise to purchase a single benefit (It would be sufficiently stupid if one should purchase all the tickets of a classlottery in order to obtain the several prizes in it, without considering that he thereby incurs a palpable loss of ten per cent. But what could possibly be more foolish than, supposing there was a lottery which obviously brought a loss of nine whilst he could only win one? And yet the ordinary practitioner who employs camomile in every case is far more foolish; he does a much greater proportion of injury only with this difference, that the injury does not touch himself, but only his wretched patient.) by a ninefold injury? “What! injury?” retorts the ordinary practitioner;” I never saw any injury from camomile.” Yes, as long as you are ignorant of the morbid symptoms and ailments that camomile as a powerful medicine is capable of developing per se and in a peculiar manner in the healthy human body, you cannot recognize the ailments due to its employment in diseases, as the injurious effects of camomile; and in your ignorance you often attribute them to the course of the disease itself, to the malignity of the disease, and thus you deceive yourself and the poor tortured patient.

Look in this mirror, look at the following camomile symptoms, and when you are practising your ordinary slipshod treatment with unlimited simultaneous employment of camomile, behold the serious hurtful symptoms and ailments caused by camomile, consider how much discomfort and torture you inflict on your patients by the abuse of this powerful plant in unsuitable cases and in excessive doses. (Often, when, in the ordinary hap-hazard practice, camomile may have been administered in an appropriate case (for it must occasionally happen that a polychrest medicine, which is given in all sorts of cases, will by chance meet with a case of disease for which it is suited), it does harm, owing to the excessive quantity in which it is taken. It removes the symptoms of the malady to which it is homoeopathic, but inflicts in addition many useless sufferings, by producing some of its other severe symptoms which are not developed by a small dose, and thus it dose harm in even the most appropriate cases by the unnecessarily strong dose.)

See from this list of symptoms, incomplete though it be, how often where the disease would frequently have passed away by itself, you have prolonged, doubled, multiplied the sufferings of the patient by exciting an accumulation of the peculiar camomile ailments by your senseless continued abuse of this drug! As long as you really did no know, did not suspect the peculiar sufferings camomile is capable o occasioning, you sinned out of pure ignorance; but now that you have here displayed before you a list of the pure pathogenetic effects o camomile, you may well begin to be ashamed of your sin in inflicting so much suffering on your patients, who come to you in order to obtain from you an alleviation of their sufferings, a cure and relief of their diseases, by your everyday employment or unlimited permission to take it in cases for which it is unsuitable, and moreover, in ouch enormous doses.

From the symptoms and ailments which camomile excites per se in the healthy human being (and the same is the case with all dynamically acting medicines) we see what are the natural morbid states it can and must cure rapidly, certainly, and permanently. I need not point out these to him who knows how to employ it homoeopathically.

In the cases for which this plant is suitable, indicated by the correspondence of the symptoms of the disease with the peculiar camomile symptoms, it effects a perfect cure in very small doses, when the patient is protected from all other foreign medicinal influences, as he ought to be in every rational mode of treatment. I have found a single drop of the quadrillion-fold attenuation of the juice of the plant, prepared as above directed, not only sufficient, but sometimes (when the patient was very sensitive) rather too strong. Any one who has a fancy to compare these doses with the ordinary ones of a couple of ounces of camomile flowers in infusion, the drug being also given at the same time in clysters and fomentations, as it often is in the ordinary stupid routine practice, may do so. Well-attested truth is on my side.

Chamomilla has not a lone duration of action. but in large doses its action extends over some, occasionally many days.

The injurious effects of its employment in excessive doses and in unsuitable cases are soon removed, according to the symptoms, sometimes by raw coffee. sometimes by ignatia, sometimes by pulsatilla; but if they consist of tearing and shooting pains relieved by moving the affected part by aconite. Coffee, when it is not used by the patient as his daily beverage, also removes many of the sufferings caused by camomile, and, on the other hand, camomile is often a powerful antidote to the hurtful effects of coffee, when the symptoms do not rather point to nux vomica. But when the injurious effects of coffee are continually renewed by its daily use as a beverage, camomile can no more relieve the coffee-drinker of his morbid symptoms than wiping up can avail while the rain continues to fall.

Camomile in the smallest dose seems to diminish in a remarkable manner over-sensitiveness to pain or the too acute sufferings of the organs of the emotions from excessive pain. Hence it alleviates many of the affections caused by coffee-drinking and by courses of treatment with narcotic palliatives. On this account it is unsuited for persons who bear pain calmly and patiently. I attach great importance to this observation.

Of late I have seldom been able to employ camomile as a curative agent. When in new patients the symptoms indicated the employment of camomile I have usually found that they were not original symptoms of disease, but as the history showed, symptoms resulting from the abuse of camomile, so that I had only to give antidotes for the ailments occasioned by the latter in order to cure the disease that had been artificially produced thereby.

[The only one of his disciples who assisted HAHNEMANN in this proving was STAPF.

The old-school authorities are very few.

CULLEN, Mat. Medorrhinum, is quoted for one symptom: “diarrhoea.”

LIND, MONRO, PRINGLE, and ROSENSTEIN (no reference being given to their works) are cited for another: “vomiting-“

SENAC, De Recondita Febrium Intermit. et Remitt. Natura, supplies a third: “pungent heat.” All the other symptoms were observed by HAHNEMANN himself. The Frag. de Vir. had 276 symptoms, the let Edit. 481, and this 2nd Edit. 493.]


(Vertigo on stooping forwards.)

Giddy when sitting upright, not when lying. [Stf.](In a girl of 19, from some cupfuls of strong camomile tea. [Apparently all Stapf’s symptoms were observed in this subject.])

Vertigo, especially when talking (aft. 16 h.).

Vertigo after a meal.

5. Soon after a meal, when walking, vertigo as if he would fall, just as if the head were top-heavy.

Vertigo after drinking coffee.

Vertigo in the morning.

Drunken, staggering vertigo in the morning on rising from bed.

Vertigo with dizziness. (See also the following symptoms of dizziness, also 245.)

10. Vertigo in the evening, as if he could not recollect himself properly.

(Vertigo and dimness of vision after lying down, with flying heat in the face.)

Syncopal vertigo.

Slight attacks of syncopal vertigo (aft. 1/4 h.).

Obtuseness of the senses, diminished power of collecting himself. (aft. 4, 5, 6 h.).

15. Joyless obtuseness of the senses with drowsiness, but without being able to sleep.

Stupidity in the head. [Stf.]

He does not rightly understand a question, and answers wrongly, with low-toned voice, as if he was delirious (aft. 6 h.).

He is easily fatigued by thinking.

He understands and comprehends nothing properly, just as if he were prevented doing so by a sort of dulness of hearing, or a waking dream (aft. 1/5 h.).

20. A state of distraction; he sits as if absorbed in thought.

His thoughts leave him.

When writing and speaking he leaves out whole words.

He stammers, he makes mistakes in speaking (aft. 4 h.).

Unobservant, inattentive; external things make no impression on him; he is indifferent to everything (aft. 2 h.).

25. Dull aching headache when sitting and thinking.

Heaviness in the head.

Heaviness in the head. [Stf.]

Headache compounded of heaviness and bruised feeling (aft. 3 h.).

Headache felt even when asleep.

30. Headache, in the morning in bed, while the eyes are still shut, in a half waking state, which goes off when quite awake and after getting up.

On awaking from sleep, pain in the head, as if it would burst (aft. 13 h.).

Repeated attacks of tearing pain in the forehead.

(When sitting up or turning in bed, tearing pains in the forehead, with the sensation as if a lump fell forward. [Stf.]

Very violent tearing headache at midnight, which, however, only wakes him up for instants on account of the very profound sleep.

35. Semilateral drawing headache (aft. 3, 4 h.).

Tearing headache on one side in the temple.

Shooting tearing pain in the forehead, which extends to the chest.

Pain in the bone on both sides of the forehead (aft. 3 h.).

Tearing and shooting outwards at the temples.

40. Single stitches in one-half of the brain, especially the right (aft. 11 h.).

Single severe stitches in the brain.

Severe stitches in one-half of the head, as after a chill.

Fine shooting headache.

Headache like needle-pricks, as if the eyes would fall out of the head.

45. Transient attacks of throbbing in one-half of the brain.

Throbbing headache (aft. 14 h.).

Single beats in the head (aft. 1/4-h.).

Twitching headache in the forehead, especially after a meal.

A cracking and grating in the left half of the brain.

50. The left temple is swollen, and painful when touched (aft. 6 h.).

The forehead wrinkled above the nose. [Stf.]

Her head waggles to and fro. [Stf.]

Puffiness of the face and hands. (52, 53,-see 91, 104, 105.).

An eroding itching on the skin of the forehead.

55. When the consciousness has returned and the drowsiness is past the pupils become more dilated (aft. 7 h.).

Pupils very contracted, or rather having a tendency to contract (See 411) (aft. several h.).

Contracted pupils (the first 4 h.).

A great dryness (of the Meibomian glands) on the border of the upper and lower eyelids (aft. 1 h.).

Feeling of soreness in the outer canthi of the eyes, and sore excoriated lips (aft. 36 h.).

60. The canthi in the morning full of matter.

The eye is swollen in the morning, and sealed up with mucus.

After sleeping the eyelids are gummed together.

Painless extravasation of blood in the white of the inner angle of the right eye (aft. 14 h.).

Aching in the eyes; the eyes are inflamed and full of mucus in the morning.

65. An aching pain under the upper eyelid on moving the eye and on shaking the head.

Severe stitches in the eyes.

Sensation as if fire and heat came out of the eyes(See 412) (immediately).

Glittering before the eyes (immediately).

Glittering before the eyes; she did not see where she was. [Stf.]

70. Obscuration of the sight on one side, when he fixes his look on a white object.

Eyes dull and weak in the morning, more rarely in the evening; with the candle a ray of light seems to extend from the eyes to the candle flame.

Dimness of vision, with chilliness.

It became black before his eyes. [Stf.]

Red miliary rash on the cheeks.

75. Tearing in the ears, earache.

(Tearing in the lobe of the right ear.)

Single coarse stitches in the ear, especially when stooping, with taking things ill and vexation about trifles.

Some stitches on the neck near the ear.

When stooping obtuse pressure in the internal ear, as from a blow.

80. Sensation as if the ears were stopped up, and as if a bird were rustling and scratching in them.

In the evening he has dulness before the ears. (See 410.)

Roaring in the ears as from rushing water.

Ringing in the ears (aft. 1, 3, 4 h.).


85. Ulcerated nostrils; sore nose.

The lips become cracked and desquamate (aft. 16 h).

The lower lip parts in the middle in a crack (from the 3rd to the 10 th h.).

Scabby ulceration on the border of the lip (from 1 to 4 h.).

Swelling of the gums.

90. Looseness of the teeth.

Toothache, with swelling of the cheek. (See 104 and 105, also 50 and 53. The toothache which camomile can cause (see 89 to 108) corresponds very closely to that so frequently prevailing in recent times (generally resulting from drinking coffee) and hence this will be homoeopathically and specifically cured by small doses of camomile.)

After midnight (3 a.m.), wakened by toothache (a gnawing pain as if the nerve were scraped), which ceased about 7 a.m., so that only occasional stitch-like jerks remained.

In the teeth of the upper jaw a stirring up and formication.

Stirring-up drawing toothache in the jaw.

95. Drawing pain in the teeth.

Toothache as from a chill from exposure to the open air while perspiring profusely.

Toothache on taking something warm into the mouth.

(Toothache renewed in the warm room.)

Toothache particularly severe after warm drinks, especially after coffee.

100. After eating and drinking, especially warm things (but also from cold things), the toothache comes on either immediately or after a minute.

Drawing pain in the teeth after eating and drinking.

Toothache after eating and drinking, although neither was either warm or cold (later).

On opening the jaws, pain as if the masseter muscles ached as from cramp, which pain at the same time extends into the teeth.

Toothache recurring intermittently in fits, with swelling of the cheek and accumulation of saliva; the pain darts hither and thither, and extends even to the eyes, and is aggravated by drinking cold water.

105. Tearing toothache in the jaw towards the ear, with swelling of the cheek.

In the lower jaw, towards the front, drawing toothache (aft.1/2 h.).

Drawing toothache, he knows not in which tooth exactly, which goes off while eating, and rages particularly at night, during which the teeth feel too long. (The camomile-pains have this peculiarity as a rule, that they are most severe in the night and then often drive the victim almost to despair, not unfrequently with incessant thirst, heat, and redness of one cheek; sometimes also hot sweat in the head even in the hair The pains of camomile seem generally intolerable, and not to be endured (see 457). All these characteristic symptoms of camomile point to the similar cases of disease capable of being cured homoeopathically by it.)

Single stitches in the jaw into the internal ear.

Spasmodic drawing pain in the palate towards the fauces.

110. On and under the tongue vesicles with shooting pain.

A severe smarting at the back of the tongue and on the palate (aft. 1 h.).

Red tongue. [Stf.]

Simple pain at the back of the throat, which is increased on moving the neck and on swallowing.

Sore throat, as from a plug in the throat, on swallowing (aft. 4 h.).

115. Sore throat, with swelling of the parotid gland.

(Throbbing pain in the submaxillary glands (aft. 4 h.).

Throbbing at the back of the throat (aft. 1/4 h.).


Teeth covered with mucus.

120. Slimy taste (aft. 2 and 12 h.).

Sour taste (aft. 3 and 18 h.).

Bread tastes sour.

Everything he takes tastes like old rancid fat (aft. 2 h.)

What he hawks up tastes putrid.

125. (At night he has a putrid taste in the mouth.)

He has a putrid smell from the mouth after dinner, like foetid breath (aft. 3 h.).

In the morning bitter taste in the mouth (aft. 24 h.).

Want of appetite.

Anorexia, but on eating his appetite returns.

130. He has no appetite and he relishes nothing; the food will not go down.

No desire for food; nothing tastes good.

He shudders when food is placed before him; he has repugnance to it.

Want of appetite, as if he loathed the food, though it tastes all right.

No hunger and no appetite.

135. (He dislikes soup.)

Beer smells ill.

He dislikes coffee.

After his early coffee nausea, as if he would vomit, with suffocative attacks.

In the morning, after drinking coffee, heat all over and perspiration, with vomiting of bitter mucus; afterwards bitter taste in the mouth, weakness in the head, and inclination to vomit.

140. Great appetite for coffee. (140 seems to be alternating action with) (aft. 7 h.).

(Appetite for raw sour crout.)

Unnatural hunger, in the evening (aft. 3 h.).

During supper the food seems to go no further than the pit of the throat and to stick there, with sensation of fulness, sickness, and eructation.

Empty eructation (aft. 1/4 h.).

145. Sour eructation.

The pains present are aggravated by eructation.

Frequently a single hiccup (aft. 1 h.).

Samuel Hahnemann
Samuel Hahnemann (1755-1843) was the founder of Homoeopathy. He is called the Father of Experimental Pharmacology because he was the first physician to prepare medicines in a specialized way; proving them on healthy human beings, to determine how the medicines acted to cure diseases.

Hahnemann's three major publications chart the development of homeopathy. In the Organon of Medicine, we see the fundamentals laid out. Materia Medica Pura records the exact symptoms of the remedy provings. In his book, The Chronic Diseases, Their Peculiar Nature and Their Homoeopathic Cure, he showed us how natural diseases become chronic in nature when suppressed by improper treatment.