Hahnemann’s proving symptoms of homeopathy remedy Arnica Montana from Materia Medica Pura, which Samuel Hahnemann wrote between 1811 to 1821…

(From vol. i, 3rd edit.)

The root of this plant, whose favourite habitat is in shrub-grown upland plains, very soon loses in the air a considerable portion of its odour and of its medicinal power, but it loses most by boiling. Still the freshly prepared powder dried rapidly and thoroughly in the water-bath may be kept with almost unimpaired power for several years in wellcorked phials.

All the artificial dogmas enunciated by the ordinary medical art, which is in its way a learned science, all its scholastic definitions, distinctions, and hair-splitting explanations were in all past centuries unable to discover the specific curative power of this plant or to find out the real remedy for the often dangerous general derangement of the health which is caused by a severe fall, by blows, knocks, contusions, sprains, or by over-stretching or laceration of the solid parts(Hence it is very beneficial in the meat severe wounds by bullets and blunt weapons, as also in the pains and other ailments consequent on extracting the teeth, and in other surgical operations whereby sensitive parts have been violently stretched, as also after dislocations of the joints, after setting fractures of the bones &c.) of our body. Common people had to do this for them, and after the fruitless employment of innumerable things they found at last by accident the true remedy in this vegetable, and hence they called it Fallkraut (fall plant). Some 200 years ago a physician (FEHR) first mentioned this discovery of domestic practice to the learned medical art (this plant was then named by her “Panacea lapsorum”), which has likewise borrowed all the other still extant specific remedies she possesses without exception from the accidental discoveries of domestic practice, but was unable to find them for herself, because she never attempted to ascertain the pure effects of natural substances on the healthy human body.

The symptoms of all injuries caused by severe contusions and lacerations of the fibres are tolerably uniform in character, and, as the following record shows, these symptoms are contained in striking homoeopathic similarity in the alterations of the health which arnica montana develops in the healthy human subject.

In severe and extensive contusion-injuries the cure is very much promoted when, in addition to a small dose of arnica taken internally (when necessary a dose every three days), the parts are also for the first twenty-four hours externally moistened with wine or equal parts of brandy and water, with one pound of either of which five to ten drops of the hundred-fold potentized dilution of arnica are mixed and strongly succussed about ten times.

But the following list of its pule powers points to several other morbid conditions in the human system for which arnica offers sure homoeopathic relief. It is a medicine of much utility, and although its action even in same doses does not last beyond six days, yet I have found it an indispensable auxiliary and intermediate remedy even in the most chronic diseases.

But we must never employ it in purely inflammatory acute diseases, with general heat, chiefly external, nor in diarrhoeas. In such cases it will always be found to be very hurtful, the reason of which is obvious from its peculiar mode of action.

In some kinds of false pleurisy, however, it is very efficacious, in such, namely, whose symptoms correspond to those of this root.

The best preparation of this medicine for internal use is the decillionth(In this as in many other places. Hahnemann rally the potency by the degree of its dilution. And not as on other occasions by the number of times it has been diluted by the addition of 99 or 100 parts to 1 of the stronger preparation. Thus “the hundred-fold potentized dilution” is the first dilution.” The decillinth development of power” is the thirtieth dilution”) development of power. When we can obtain the plant in the green state we mix the freshly expressed juice obtained from the whole plant when near its flowering time with equal parts of spirits of wine. Two drops of the clear fluid, obtained by allowing the mixture to stand, are first diluted with ninety-eight drops of spirits of wine and potentized by two succussions. The dilution is carried on through twenty-nine other phials, always one drop of the weaker dilution added to 100 drops of spirit in the next phial, and shaken twice. In the last phial it is brought to the decillionth development of power.

But if we cannot get the plant in the green state we must be satisfied with a tincture made by adding ten grains of the finely powdered root, as fresh as it can be had, to 1000 drops of alcohol, and allowing it to digest for a week, giving it one shake per diem. Of this one drop is mixed with 100 drops of alcohol, and potentized with two succussions, and so on until the decillionth potency is reached. Two or three of the smallest globules moistened with the highest potency are the most ordinary dose for internal use.

Camphor is the antidote for large doses in unhomoeopathic cases, but wine aggravates its injurious effects.


The old-school authorities quoted are :

AASKOW, Actea Soc. Medorrhinum Hafn., ii.

COLLIN, Obs. cirea Morbos, iv and v.

CRICHTON, A., Samml, br. Abh. F. pr. Aerste, xiii, 3.

DE LA MARCHE, Diss. De. Arnica vera, Halae, 1719.

DE MEZA, Samml, br. Abh. F. pr. Aerste, xiii.

Edinb, Medorrhinum Comment., Dec. ii. vol. ii.

MURRAN, Appar, Medicam., i.

PELARGUS, Obs., i.

STOLL, Rat. Medorrhinum iii.

THOMAS A THUESSINK, Waarnehm, Groning, 1805.

Vecko krift for Lakare, viii.

VICAT, Mat. Medorrhinum, i.

In the Frag. De Vir. Arnica has 150 symptoms in the 1st edit. 230, in the 2nd edit. 592, and in this 3rd edit 638.].


During dinner sudden vertigo, as if he would fall forwards. [Gss.]

Giddy whilst walking. [Stf. Gss., Archiro f. d. homoop.. Heilk. v, iii. ( In the original the symptoms contributed by Stapfand Gross, which first appeared in the Archiv. Are indicated by a reference of each to that periodical. For the reason stated in regard to aconite we have substitued the names of the provers for the reference to the periodical. No explanation of these symptoms is given in the Archiv, save that they were observed on healthy persons.)]

Vertigo in the forehead, especially when walking, when it seems to her as if all went round with her in a circle and would tumble with her. [Stf. Gss.]

Vertigo; when she sits and leans the head forward, almost unnoticed; but when she raises or moves the head, immediately a feeling as if all went round with her. [Stf. Gss.]

5. Vertigo.

Confusion of head.

Confusion of head, vertigo, and anxiety, increased by artificial vomiting.

Stupefying headache in the morning.

Heaviness in the forehead (aft. 1 h.). [Stf- Gss.]

10. He sits buried in thought, but does not actually think of anything.

Want of memory; he forgets the word on his lips. [Fr. H-n.]

Distraction of the mind; he cannot fix his thoughts long on one subject. [Ws.]

Along with cloudiness of the head and confusion of the lateral parts of the skull, contracted pupil.[Fz.]

Dulness in the head, without any particular headache (aft. 2 h.). [Kr.]

15. He readily falls into a waking dream. [Kr.]

Internal heat, especially in the head, with heaviness of it, without thirst. [Ws.]

Burning in the head, with aching, out-stretching pain.

Burning in the brain, the rest of the body being cool, at least not hot.

Heat in the head; the rest of the body being cool, at least not hot.

20. Headache. [DE Meza ( A case of paraplegia induced by suppressed menstruation (from fatigue and fright) in a young girl, cured (after lasting three years) by arnica. which brought on the menses immediately, motion returning on two days. (the symptoms have been translated direct from the Latin original.) in Samml. br. Abh, f. pr. Aerzte, xiii.-Editlb. Medorrhinum Comment., Dec. ii, v. ii, p. 350.]

In the temples an aching pain (aft.1/2 h.). [Kr.]

After aching headache, theoccurs also in the temples throbbing, aching headache.

Aching pain in the forehead.

Aching pain in the forehead, which increases when near the warm stove, as if the brain were rolled into a lump. [Fz.]

25. Aching and out-stretching pain, as from something soft in the crown, with drawing in the occiput and tearing towards the temples. [Fz.]

Aching pain over the eyes, going towards the temples, with sensation as if the integuments of the forehead were spasmodically contracted (aft. 1 h.). [ Ws.]

First aching pain in the forehead, then shooting and jerking-shooting pain in the forehead; with chilliness (aft. 8 h.).

Aching, pressing pain in the forehead, especially severe when walking, going up stairs, thinking and reading. [Hbg.]

Aching in the right frontal bone, followed by sneezing, whereupon it extended first into the left then into the right ear (aft. 2 d.). [ Hbg. ]

30. Aching, painful drawing in the left half of the skull from the ear upwards (aft. 3 h.). [Hbg. ]

Aching, stupefying pain in the forehead, rather externally (aft. 5.1/2 h.) [Lr.]

Aching pain externally, on the crown. [Ws.]

After sneezing twice, a pain in the left side of the forehead, as after a violent blow. [Hbg.]

When coughing violent shooting in the sinciput (aft. 7 h.). [Lr.]

35. Great shoots in the head on coughing (aft. 10 h.).

Headache; shootings outwards, which recur when coughing and even when moving the head, and which are only allayed when he lies on the painful side of the head.

Fine shooting pain in the forehead which is aggravated by raising the eyes, with heat of face and thirst.

Shooting in the forehead.

In the forehead jerking shooting.[Stf. Gss.]

40. On the left temple jerking shooting. [Stf. Gss.]

Headache as if a nail were driven into the temple, with general perspiration, about midnight, followed by exhaustion (aft. a few h.).

From time to time recurring, fine shooting tearing headache in the left temple (aft. 4 h.).

Stitches rapidly following one another in the temporal region towards the forehead (aft. 4 h.). [Kr.]

In the left frontal protuberance a rapid shooting, with the sensation as if blood were extravasated in the forehead. [Gss.]

45. Shooting pain in the forehead. [Hbg.]

Obtuse stitches into the temples (aft. 1 h.). [Ws.]

Jerking, shooting headache on stooping, as if all would come out at the forehead; at the same time nausea, qualmish about the heart. [Stf. Gss.]

Twitching, tearing headache, increased by stooping and coughing.

Twitching headache, in the sinciput (aft. 1 h.). [ Ws.]

50. Tearing in the left temple, and, when walking in the open air, recurrence of the aching outstretching headache (aft. 10 h.). [Fz.]

Repeated tearing headache in the left temple. [ Hbg. ]

Great internal and external heat of the head. [Bhr.]

Transient burning on the crown and neck externally. [Fr. H-n.)

Formication in the forehead.

55. Formication above the orbits.

(Headache only tolerable when lying, but on rising up and sitting in bed intolerable.)

Formication on the crown, externally.

Sensation of coldness on a small spot on the forehead, as if he were touched there by a cold thumb.

A pain as if a knife were thrust through from the left side of the head across to the other side; at the same time internal coldness in the head, so that the hair stood on end. [Stf. Gss.]

60. On some parts of the occiput pain as if the hair were pulled out or like sharp electric shocks. [Stf Gss.)

Shooting itching on the hairy scalp, not removed by scratching. [ Ws. ]

The scalp down to the eyebrows lies closely attached to the skull, and is almost immovable (aft. 1.1/2 h.). [Ws.]

On the side of the forehead pimples, partly filled with pus (aft. 3 d) [Kr. ]

The face is very much fallen in. [THOMAS A THUESINK, Waarnehm Groning., 1805.]

65. Dry heat in the face towards evening to behind the ears, without thirst, with very cold nose (aft. 24 h.). [Hbg.]

Cramp-like tearing on the left eyebrow. [Gss.]

Contracted pupils (aft. 2 h.). [Lr.]

Staring eyes, betraying anxiety.

The border of the upper eyelid, where it touches the eyeball internally, is painful when the eyeball is moved, as if it were too dry and somewhat sore.

70. Contracted pupils, with cloudiness of the head. [Stf. Gss.]

Sharp, fine stitches in the inner canthus. [Stf. Gss.]

When during the noon siesta he has the eyes closed, he feels comfortable; on opening them nausea in the pit of the stomach. [Stf. Gss.]

Dilated pupils (aft. 26 h.). [Lr.]

Stitches in the eyes. [COLLIN, (Effects of arnica when given for paralysis, amauroeis; epasnts, fever, and dysentery. SS 74 and 76 occurred in amaurotic eyes sight under the influence of the medicine (comp. note to S. 403) Oba. circa Morbos, iv, p. 5, and v, p. 108.]

75. Itching in the canthi (aft. 27 h.). [Lr.]

Burning in the eyes. (See note) (COLLIN, l. c.]

Burning in the eyes, without dryness. [Bhr.]

Sometimes hot tears flow which burn like fire. [Bhr.]

The right eye protrudes somewhat from the head, and looks higher and larger than the left. [ Bhr. ]

80.Drawing pain in the right eyeball (aft. 2 h.). [Kr.]

On the border of the left orbit very painful, intermittent, obtuse aching. [Gss.]

Spasmodic aching twitching underneath the left eye on the nasal bone, which spreads over the eyeball. [Gss.]

On the left ear-cartilage internal pain as from a blow or a bruise. [Hbg.]

In bath ears in the neighbourhood of the membrana tympani, intermittent aching (aft. 10 h.). [Kr.]

85.Obtuse stitches inwards through the internal ear (aft. 1 h.). [Ws]

A shooting pain darts into the right ear, immediately after into the left, at last into the eyes, with the feeling in the latter as if they were forcibly turned upwards. [Stf. Gss.]

Heat and burning in the lobe of the ear. [Stf. Gss.]

Feeling as if one ear were hot, which it is not (aft. 1 h.).

Behind the ear dull long shoots.

90. First stitches, then tearing pain in the ear (aft. 1 h.).

Aching in the ear.

Perceptibly diminished heating (aft. 30 h.).

Much increased acuteness of hearing (aft. 10 h.).

Roaring in the ears.

95. Ringing in the left ear (aft. 3 h.). [Kr.]

Buzzing in the ears (aft. 7 h.). [Lr. ]

External hot feeling on the left ear and in the cheek. [Hbg.]

Small-pox-like eruption on the cheeks; mostly under the eyes.[Fr. H-n.]

Twitching throbbing in the left cheek (aft. 1/8 h.). [ Ws.]

100. In the swollen cheek throbbing and pinching, as when two hammers are knocked together bruising the flesh. [Bhr.]

(Pain as if bruised in the right maxillary joint, on moving the jaw backwards and forwards, in the morning) (aft. 20 h.).

Redness and burning in one cheek, the rest of the body being cool, at least not hot.

Red swelling of the right cheek, with throbbing nipping pain, swollen lips and great heat in the head and cold body; only the feet were sometimes hot.

Heat running over the head, at the same time her face becomes bathed in perspiration. [Stf. Gss.]

105. Heat running over the face, in the evening (aft. 36 h.). [Stf. Gss. ]

Hot, shining red, stiff swelling of the left cheek. [Bhr.]

On yawning, cramp-pain in the cheek (aft. 1 h.). [Ws.]

Running formication, like shivering without chilliness, on the left cheek, to the side of the occiput (aft. 6 h.).

Cramp-pain in the root of the nose (aft. 2 h.). [Ws.]

110. The nose pains from above downwards, as if he had had a severe fall upon it [ Hbg.]

Shooting tearing pain in the nose.

Swelling of the nose.

Sensation as if the nostrils were ulcerated;the nose is sore internally.

In and under the nose, pimples which get pus in their apices, with smarting pain.

115. Hot feeling in the nose, and yet it is cold to the touch. [Hbg.]

Frequent epistaxis. [ Bhr.]

The nasal bones ate the seat of obtuse pressure combined with numbness. [Gss.]

Sensation as if an insect was crawling near the nose; not removed by wiping. [Gss.]

Itching formication on the side of the nose, going off by rubbing (aft. 1 h.). [Ws.]

120. Itching on the upper lip, which becomes burning on rubbing. [Ws.]

The outer border round about the lips, especially about the upper lip, becomes rough and as if cracked, as from cold (aft. 8 h.). [Lr.]

On both sides of the upper lip a pimple (aft. 2 h.). [Kr.]

A pimple in the depression in the middle of the upper lip, with redness round about it and tensive pain. [Fr. H -n]

Dry lips as if parched by thirst.

125. Chapped lips.

Ulcerated angles of the mouth, with burning pain, especially on moving these parts.

Fornication in the lips, as if they had gone to sleep (aft, 2.1/2 h.).

Burning heat in both lips with moderate warmth of the body. [Ws.]

Thick swollen lips. [Bhr.]

130. Violent trembling of the lower lip. [A THUESSINK, 1. c.]

Commencing paralysis of the lower jaw.

Swelling of the submaxilIary glands.

In the muscles on the ramus of the lower jaw, aching jerking (intermitting tearing). [Gss.]

The submaxillary glands are swollen and painful, especially when he raises and turns the head, but particularly when touched (aft.4 d.). [Kr.]

135. The cervical glands are projecting and swollen, and are excessively painful per se, but more especially when moving and when speaking. [Bhr.]

Rough drawing in the left cervical muscles, with bruised pain. [Hbg. ]

Tearing pain in the neck. [COLLIN, 1. c.]

Aching in the cervical muscles, as if the neckcloth was tightly tied.[Hbg.]

Her head is so heavy that it always sinks to one side. [Bhr.]

140. The head is heavy and on account of weakness of the cervical muscles so movable that it easily falls to either side (aft. 4 h.). [Kr.]

Pain in the teeth, as if their roots were scraped with a knife. [Bhr]

In the gums formication, as if they had gone to sleep. [Gss. Stf.]

Slimy teeth (aft. 1 h.).

Looseness and elongation of the teeth, without pain.

145. (Toothache as from bitten out-dislocated, loose-teeth, aching throbbing, as if they were pressed out by afflux of blood;they are more painful on being touched.)

Pressure on the lower gums internally, as from a leaden ball. [Fz.]

While eating, tearing pain in the left upper molars, going off after a meal. [Fz.]

When chewing, the gums are painful as if ulcerated, particularly also the part under the tongue. [Fz]

Dryness in the mouth, without thirst. [Fr. H-n.]

150. Dryness in the mouth, with great thirst. [Bhr.]

Tongue furred quite white, with good appetite and proper taste (aft. 2 d.). [Hbg.]

In the morning dryness of the mouth, without thirst, with foul, taste in the mouth (aft. 14 h.).

Sensation of thirsty dryness on the tip of the tongue, the palate, and the lips, with rigor over the arms and thighs (aft. 2 h.).

Smarting sensation on the tongue (aft. 4 h.).

155. Sensation of soreness of the tongue (aft. 4 h.).

Corrugating sensation on the palate as from an astringent (aft.5 h.).

Aching pain on the hard palate.

Burning posteriorly in the throat, with sensation of internal heat, or rather of that anxiety that heat occasions (without perceptible external heat.).

Shooting posteriorly in the throat when not swallowing.

160. Pain in the gullet as if something hard and rough (e. g. a crust of bread) were sticking in it, in the afternoon when lying down, which goes off on standing up (aft. 6 h.).

Noise when swallowing.

Swallowing prevented by a sort of nausea as if the food would not go down.

Bitter taste in the mouth in the morning after waking.

Putrid slimy taste in the mouth.

165. (All he takes tastes sour.)

(Distaste for milk.)

The (accustomed) smoking is distasteful to him, he has no relish for it.

Distaste for meat and meat-soup.

Longing for vinegar.

170. Want of appetite in the evening.

Want of appetite, with yellow and white furred tongue.

Dysphagia. [Bhr.]

Rotten-egg taste in the mouth when not eating. [Fr. H-n.]

Mucus is the.throat, which tastes bitter on being hawked up (aft. 12 h.). [Fz.]

175. Bitter taste in the mouth (aft. 4 h.). [Hbg.]

Blood in the saliva ejected (aft. 2 d.). [Hbg.]

After eating a kind of suppressed incomplete hiccup. [Fz.]

Empty eructation (aft. 1/4 h.). [Hby.]-(aft. 1/2 h.). [Kr.]

Tendency to eructate. (DE LA MARCHE, (Effect of arnica in cases of injury treated with it.-This symptom preceded the vomiting of S. 200 (see note there).) Diss. de arnica vera, Halae, 1719, pp. 15-22.]

180. On eructating a bitter mucus rises up. [Kr.]

Empty eructation.

In the morning eructation like rotten eggs.

Eructation bitter and like rotten eggs (aft. 2 h.)

Salt water rises up and is belched up.

185. In the morning nausea and inclination to vomit (aft. 14 h.).

Heartburn. [A CRICHTON. ( A brief statement of the observed effects and virtues of arnica This symptom does not appear in the English original (Lond. Medorrhinum Journ., 1789, p, 236). in Samml. br, dbh. fur pr. A. xiii,3.]

She wants always to drink, and knows not what, because everything is repugnant to her. [Bhr.]

Half-suppressed eructation. [Stf. Gss.]

Inordinate appetite in the evening, and after eating immediately a sensation of fulness and a colicky aching in various parts of the abdomen, especially in the sides.

190. (When eating, at noon, a perceptible warmth in one cheek.)

After the (evening) meal she weeps, is peevish, will listen to nobody, and will not hear of anything.

Total want of appetite with nausea. [Bhr.]

Nausea. (MURRAY, (Summary of observed effects of arnica.) Appar. Mediaam., i, p. 234.]

Nausea in the stomach, with empty eructation. [Ws.]

195. Nausea without vomiting and without stool. (DE LA MARCHE. 1. c.]

On reading for a long time he grows giddy and sick. [Hbg.]

Retching. [STOLL, (As in note) Rat. Medorrhinum, iii, p. 162.]

Violent retching to vomit. [AASKOW (Not found at place referred to.) Actea soc. Medorrhinum Hafn. Ii, p. 162.]

Vomiting. [MURRAY,Collin, 1. c.]

200. Vomiting of coagulated blood. (In a case of fall from a height, where the chest was bruised.) [DE LA MARCHE, 1. c.]

Empty retching, ineffectual inclination to vomit (aft. ΒΌ h).

She must get up at night and retch as if to vomit, -but is unable to vomit; she feels a weight like a lump in the acrobiculua cordis.

Above the scrobiculus cordis, in the sternum, violent aching, [Stf. Gss]

Violent jerks under the stomach [Stf. Gss.]

205. In the scrobiculus cordis a digging, and sensation as if something knotted itself there together. [Stf. Gss.]

After eating a fulness in the scrobiculus cordis, and a painful aching on a small spot deep in the hypogastrium, just behind the os pubis (tn the bladder?), most felt when standing, which almost constantly urges to urinate (aft. 4 h.).

The stomach is as if full; a satiety combined with loathing.

Pressure as with a hand on the scrobiculus cordis; this pressure rose up gradually to the throat; then she became sick, and water collected in the mouth;after lying down this went off, and then she had only pressure in the abdomen (aft. 1 h.).

A pinching spasmodic grasping in the stomach.

210. (A smarting pain in the stomach (immediately)

Flatulence with stomach-ache.

In the cardiac region pain as if it was compressed, or as if it got a severe blow. [Stf. Gss.]

Cardialgia. [CRICHTON-STOLL, 1. c.]

Pressure as if a stone lay in the stomach (immediately). [ Hbg. ]

215. Rumbling in the stomach and colic. [Hbg.]

Painful pressure in the scrobiculus cotdis transversely across, with tightness of breath. [Hbg.]

Spasm in the region of the lower ribs (praecordia). [COLLIN, 1. c.]

Pressure under the last ribs (aft. 2 h.). [ Ws. ]

Digging in the scrobfculus cordis (aft.1/2 h.), and sensation as if something knotted itself there (aft. 24 h.). [Hbg.]

220. Pinching in the stomach. [Hbg.]

In the splenic region a pressure darting upwards, with a continual stitch (what one calls a stitch in the spleen) when walking (aft. 6 h.). [Fz.]

Stitches under the false ribs of the left side which take away the breath when standing. [Hbg.]

Samuel Hahnemann
Samuel Hahnemann