ALOPECIA PREMATURA


Homeopathy treatment of Alopecia Prematura, with indicated homeopathic remedies from the Diseases of the Skin by Frederick Myers Dearborn. …


Premature baldness or loss of hair may be idiopathic or symptomatic. The idiopathic variety may begin at any age but rarely before the thirtieth year. It is similar to senile atrophy without any known cause beyond heredity and usually occurs in men. Frequently it is noted as an increase of the normal shedding of the hair, commencing about the temples and vertex and although the hair may be reproduced it becomes less vigorous until it ceases to appear. The process varies thus: the hair line at the sides of the forehead may gradually recede, sparing a central crest for some time and forming an arched forehead; or the entire forehead line may recede, presenting the high forehead; or the hair may become thin over the whole crown simultaneously; or it may extend from the vertex forward. No matter what the preliminary process, the resulting baldness is usually symmetrical. While there may be a temporarily increased hair growth, if left untreated, progressive, gradual thinning of the hair ensues. Rarely is the process rapid and seldom does grayness of the hair precede it, though this is not a fast rule. Usually the sides and back of the head remain unaffected.

In symptomatic premature alopecia the baldness may be temporary or permanent, depending upon the nature and the local or general etiological factors, but it always has a recognizable cause. Permanent loss of hair may result from the local lesions of lupus erythematosus, scleroderma, folliculitis decalvans, syphilis, kerion, favus and folliculitis. Temporary baldness may come from localized eczema, psoriasis, parasitic affections, erysipelas or superficial local injuries. However, the great bulk of cases give a history of antecedent seborrheic diseases, commonly known as dandruff (alopecia furfuracea seu pityrodes). Loss of hair, incident to or following the acute fevers, such as typhoid, smallpox and erysipelas (defluvium capillorum), the abuse of mercury, diabetes, phthisis, syphilis, leprosy, mental anxiety or nervous shocks, is too well known to need description. It is interesting to note that this loss of hair often occurs during convalescence rather than during the course of the disease. In most of these cases the baldness is temporary and often presents a thinning of the other hairy parts as well as the scalp. The shedding may be rapid or slow and persistent.

Etiology and Pathology. Heredity exists in about fifty per cent. of all cases of idiopathic premature alopecia and the percentage is usually much larger in female cases. Women are less affected with baldness than men because of the greater abundance of fat in their scalps, the greater care they give to their hair, and the lighter and looser covering usually worn by them. The daily application of water to the scalp which is so common among men contributes to alopecia. It is well known that brain workers and intellectual people in general are more often afflicted. My experience demonstrates that symptomatic alopecia is due in at least seventy-five per cent. of all cases to seborrhea in some form and I personally believe with Sabouraud that city life, lack of exercise, excessive meat diet, gout and heredity are all predisposing causes, contributing to the successful activities of some parasite, possibly the microbacillus of seborrhea and acne. It is interesting in this connection to note that baldness is more frequent in urban populations than in rural communities and is rarely noted among savages.

Pathologically, this condition is essentially one of atrophy, both of the connective tissues and the hair-producing structures, consequent on a diminished blood supply. The nature of the antecedent causal disease explains most cases of symptomatic alopecia and describes their etiology and pathology.

Frederick Dearborn
Dr Frederick Myers DEARBORN (1876-1960)
American homeopath, he directed several hospitals in New York.
Professor of dermatology.
Served as Lieut. Colonel during the 1st World War.
See his book online: American homeopathy in the world war