ITS PROVINGS, MATERIA MEDICA, CLINICAL. VERIFICATIONS AND PERSONAL OBSERVATIONS
Common Names. Sans.: Bimba; Hindi.: Kanduri Ki-bill; Beng.: Telakucha; Tamil.: Korai; Punj.: Kanduri; Persian: Khabare hindi; Latin: Cephalandra Indica. Natural Order. Cucurbitaceae.
Description of the Plant.
Telakucha is a perennial creeping herb with long tapering tuberous roots and deep green leaves. It is found to grow abundantly in a wild state in Bengal and in other parts of India. It possesses a smooth, green, fleshly fruit whose taste is very bitter.
When the fruit becomes ripe its colour becomes scarlet and its taste becomes sweet and it is sometimes eaten as a vegetable. It possesses the reputation of being an excellent remedy in reducing the amount of sugar in the urine of patient suffering from diabetes mellitus and mitigating their others sufferings.
Chemical Composition: The fresh plant was chemically analysed by Lt. Col. R.N. Chopra, M.A., M.D., I.M.S. and his co- workers.
Lt. Col. Chopra says, “Not only was a search made for the ordinary active principles which are found in plants (e.g. glucocides, alkaloids) but bodies of the nature of hormones and enzymes, which are sometimes present, were also investigated.” Dubbins and Corbett (1923) have shown that in certain plants and vegetables both the blood-sugar reducing and blood-sugar increasing principles are present.
Cephalandra indica was found to contain an enzyme, a hormone and traces of an alkaloid.
Varieties: There are two kinds of Telakucha. One is bitter and the other is sweet. The bitter one has been proved by me.
According to “Dhanvantwariya Nirghanta,” it is a good medicine for fever, dropsy, haemorrhage of the stomach, jaundice and flatulence. It suppresses urine.
According to Rajnirghanta, it is bitter, cures cough and vomiting, excellent remedy for blood poisoning, arrests haemorrhage of the stomach.
The Ayurvedic physicians of our country use the extracted juice of the leaves to allay the burning pains of poisonous boils and carbuncles and for general burning pains; it is also used by them in bloody dysentery and in biliousness. They also use it in diabetes mellitus.
“It is alterative; useful in Diabetes, enlarged glands and skin diseases.” (R.N. Khory, Vol. II, p. 307).
“The root and juice of the leaves is used medicinally. In Hindu medicine it is used in diabetes. Dutt states that he has known several patients who were benefited by its use. Ainslie notices its use in Southern India and says that the juice of the leaves is applied to the bites of animals.” (Dymock, Vol. II, p. 86.).
“Telakucha contains an enzyme with amylolytic properties, a hormone and traces of an alkaloid. It produces no reduction of sugar in the blood or urine of patients suffering from glycosuria.” (R.N. Chopra in his Indigenous Drugs of India, p. 313-16.).
Descriptions of the Proving.
Name of the prover: Sri N.M., cousin of the late lamented Sir. S.N. Banerjee, Kt, aged 42. He was perfectly healthy while he came forward to prove the new remedy. His urine was examined by the well-known bacteriologist, Dr. S.N. Ghose, L.M.S. It had a specific gravity of 1.012; it did not contain any sugar or albumin.
On June 12, 1905, at 8 a.m., he took four drops of the tincture of Cephalandra indica. He took another dose at 8 p.m. No symptoms appeared that day.
June 13, he took three doses of the tincture. No symptoms appeared that day even.
June 14, he took four doses (dose being five drops at a time). He felt an intolerable burning sensation all over his body.
June 15, the following symptoms were marked in the morning: Head: giddiness was present, worse after urination. Mind: moroseness was present, fretful. Face: red and burning. Mouth: there was excessive dryness with great thirst, worse after passage of urine. Throat: dryness was present. Appetite: there was slight loss of appetite. Abdomen: full of wind and distended. Urine: he began to pass large quantities of clear urine every three or four hours which seemed to exhaust him considerably. Stool: passed greenish, mucous stools mixed with blood and there was pain during and before stools. Burning sensation was experienced all over the body, hands, feet, head, abdomen, etc., ameliorated by cold applications.
Generalities: He grew thoroughly over-sensitive to noise and external impressions.
Prover: B.R., a young man of 28 years of age and robust constitution. He was perfectly healthy.
July 10, 1922, he took five drops of the tincture twice. No impression was observed.
July 12, took three doses (dose being five drops).
July 13 and 14, he experienced burning sensation all over the body. Took three doses daily.
July 15, the following symptoms manifested themselves:.
Head: giddiness appeared, worse after urination. Mind:gloomy. Face: burning sensation was felt. Mouth: dryness with considerable thirst for large quantities of water at a time, worse after urination. Throat: there was excessive dryness. Abdomen: distended. Stools: passed greenish mucous stools every two or three hours associated with pains during stools. Urine: passed large quantities of clear urine every now and then, which made him very weak and disinclined to do any work. Sensation: the whole body “burned like fire,” as the patient himself expressed. He felt relieved by cold applications.
Provings No. 3 and 4.
These provings were made upon two more healthy persons, but unfortunately as I have lost the papers containing the records, I cannot publish them. This much I can say that the identical symptoms of poisoning were marked in these two cases. In those cases dysenteric stools appeared with greenish mucous stools and they were tinged with blood. Some pains were felt before and during stools and none after stools.
Clinical: Diabetes mellitus and insipidus; biliousness; bilious complaints; poisonous boil; abscess and carbuncle; burning pains all over the body; profuse urination giddiness; dysentery white and bloody; headache owing to excessive exposure under suns rays chronic fever associated with burning of eyes, face and other parts of body; dropsy; jaundice; flatulence; haemorrhage from the stomach; blood poisoning.
Mind: Moroseness; fretfulness; disinclination to do any work.
Head: Giddiness, worse after urination.
Face: Redness of face with burning.
Eyes: Burning of eyes.
Mouth: Excessive dryness of mouth with great thirst for large quantities of water at a time, worse after urination.
Appetite: Loss of appetite.
Abdomen: Full of wind and distended.
Urine: Passage of copious quantity of urine at a time; clear urine, exhaustion and weakness after urination; presence of sugar in urine.
Stool: Greenish, mucous stools mixed or tinged with blood; pain before and during stool.
Sensations: Burning sensation exists all over the body, ameliorated by anything cold or cold applications.
Generalities: Over-sensitiveness to noise and external impressions.
Case No. I.
Babu S.ch. R. fell a victim to diabetes mellitus and suffered from the disease for two years.
Nov. 12, 1928-I was called in to see the patient in the morning. The following symptoms were present: Mind: Gloomy, morose and fretful. Weight: Lost steadily. Urine: Passed large quantities every now and then which exhausted him greatly. Urine was examined and the test showed that there was sugar, quantity being 20 grains per ounce. Thirst: Great thirst was present. Sensation: Burning-present all over the body. Mouth and throat: Dryness was present.
I prescribed Cephalandra indica 1X, to be taken thrice daily. NOv. 18-I saw the patient again this morning. He was faring much better than before. Passed urine not so often as before; burning sensation and thirst were considerably less than before; cheerfulness returned and he was feeling stronger than before.
I prescribed the same medicine in the same potency twice daily. I asked him to get his urine examined again.
Nov. 28-I saw him this morning. The urine examination report indicated that sugar had lessened, quantity being 4 grains per ounce. Burning sensation and thirst practically disappeared. The same prescription was repeated.
Dec 10-The urine examination indicated that there was no sugar. In other respects the patient was all right. I advised him to take occasional doses of this medicine in 3x potency.
The patient made an eventful recovery and no sugar could be found in his urine later on.
Case No. 2.
Mr. J.N.G. had been suffering from diabetes mellitus for more than four years. He took allopathic and homoeopathic medicines prescribed by eminent practitioners of these schools of medicine, but their did him him no good.
At last I was called in to treat him on the 20th of January, 1933.
After questioning and cross-questioning, I gathered the following symptoms from him:
He began to pass large quantities of urine at night associated with burning sensation, thirst, weakness and giddiness of head in 1930. He did not take care of any of his complaints at that time.
It was on the 6th of August, 1931, that he got his urine examined by Dr. Surendranath Ghose of the Presidency General Hospital. The examination revealed 42 grains of sugar per ounce in his urine. After this he grew anxious and got himself treated by the physician mentioned above. Dietary regulations were made; but in spite of every possible precaution he did not improve in any way.
I found him to be very gloomy; there was great burning sensation all over his body, especially hands and feet; excessive thirst was present and he took large quantities of water at a time to appears his thirst; extreme weakness and prostration existed; mouth, tongue and throat were always dry; giddiness of head grew worse after urination; there was considerable loss of weight; 37 grains of sugar per ounce were present in his urine when I look him under treatment.
I prescribed Cephalandra indica 1X and asked him to take it four times daily.
Feb. 10, 1933-On the 9th he got his urine examined which revealed sugar at the rate of 27 grains per ounce. Burning sensation, thirst weakness and other complaints were less than before. The former prescription was repeated and I asked him to report after a fortnight.
Feb. 26, 1933-A fresh examination of his urine was made and the amount of sugar was 101/2 grains per ounce. Burning sensation, thirst, weakness and other complaints were not present. In fact, the patient was livelier than before. I prescribed the same medicine in 3x potency and asked him to take it twice daily.
Mar. 16, 1933-The urine examination report indicated that there was no sugar. No more burning sensation, giddiness, exhaustion or any other complaint was felt by the patient. The medicine was stopped.
Apr. 15, 1933-There was no sugar in his urine. The patient was feeling all right. I see him every now and then and hear that he passes sugar- free urine at present.
Case No. 3
B.S.C.R. of Mymensingh had been suffering from diabetes mellitus for more than six years. He had recourse to every kind of treatment, but unfortunately his urine never became sugar free.
Mar. 6. 1932-It was on this day at 8 a.m. that I was asked by his father to undertake his sons treatment.
My examination revealed the following symptoms:
Head: Extremely weak; giddiness and empty feeling were present. Memory: Could not remember all events, memory partially gone. Sensations: There was excessive burning sensation in hands, feet and stomach; in fact in all parts of the body. Tongue, mouth, throat: Dryness was present.
Thirst: Considerable thirst was present. Skin: Sickly, yellow skin was marked. Pulse: Weak and intermittent. Heart: Was all right. Appetite: Loss of appetite was present. Weight: His normal weight was 135 1bs. As the disease progressed, his weight came down to 105 1bs. Urine: Passed large quantities of urine every three or four hours making him exhausted and terrible weak. The test revealed that he was passing sugar at the rate of 43 grains per ounce; indican was present; no albumen. Modality: Cold, cold things or cold water relieved his suffering temporarily. I prescribed Cephalandra indica 1X to be taken four times daily.
Mar. 16, 1932.-Test indicated lessening of the sugar in his urine, i.e., 32 grains per ounce. Burning sensation, thirst, giddiness, exhaustion were less than before. The same prescription was repeated.
Mar. 26, 1932-Urine examination report revealed 20 grains of sugar per ounce in his urine. All other complaints were gradually disappearing. Gained some weight.
Apr. 10, 1932-There were only 10 grains of sugar per ounce present in his urine. Appetite good, burning sensation and thirst were not present. Passed urine six times during twenty-four hours. The patient was advised to take the same medicine.
April 22, 1932-The urine was perfectly sugar-free. The patient gained weight by 10 lbs. No disturbance in any other organ was marked. Prescribed Cephalandra indica 3x to be taken twice daily.
May 15, 1932-No sugar was found after the examination; gained more weight; no burning sensation, dryness, thirst or any other complaint was present. In fact, the patient was completely cured by this new indigenous drug.
Jan. 6, 1933-The patient saw me after this long time and thanked me for this medicine he informed me that his urine was still sugar-free and he had been taking all sorts of food at that time.
Case no. 4.
(Reported by H.A. Ali, M.D.).
On the 26th of February, 1935, there came to me, H.M., aged 50. He was suffering from diabetes mellitus. He had tried Unani and allopathic medicine, but these medicines did him no good. He had also undergone sixty injections but he was not benefited by them in the least. He was disgusted with the Unani and allopathic medicines and even with the injections. At last a good sense prevailed upon him and he came under homoeopathic treatment.
I naturally took an interest in the case and gathered the following symptoms: Morose, gloomy; disinclination to do any work; disinclination even to read the “Holy Quoran” although he was very fond of reading it owing to his being Hafiz; excessive dryness of the mouth with great thirst; lips were dry and parched; loss of appetite; burning sensation all over the body, feels better from cold; aversion to noise; passes large quantities of urine very frequently.
Having seen the provings of Cephalandra indica and also the clinical cases of diabetes mellitus cured with it by Dr. Sarat Chandra Ghose in the Hahnemannian Gleanings, May 1935, I wished to try first Cephalandra indica in this case and so I prescribed Cephalandra indica 1X, three times a day.
Feb. 27, 1935- Very gloomy; passed urine fifteen times during twenty-fours hours, which was more than usual. Cephalandra indica 1X, one drop; distilled water, 1 ounce shaken vigorously 2 drams, three times a day.
Feb. 28, 1935-Passed urine six times during twenty-four hours and was somewhat better than before. Cephalandra indica 1X, one drop; distilled water, one ounce; shaken 2 drams, three times a day.
Mar. I, 1935-Dryness of lips; increased thirst; urine passed as soon as he drank water great weakness; dry stool in morning; passed urine fifteen times during twenty-four hours. Cephalandra indica 1X, one drop; distilled water, one ounce; shaken; 2 drams, three times a day.
mar. 2, 1935-Tongue, lips and throat dry. The stool was so dry that it irritated the rectum. Passed urine ten times during twenty four hours. There was cough; phlegm was difficult to expectorate; voice hoarse. Cephalandra indica 1X, one drop; distilled water, one ounce; was shaken much more than before; 2 drams, three time a day.
Mar. 4, 1935-Passed urine ten times in twenty-four hours.
Better in other respects. Cephalandra indica 3x, one drop; distilled water, one ounce; 2 drams, three times a day.
Mar. 5, 1935-The benefit which he derived might be estimated from his own words, translated from Urdu into English: “Today by the grace of God I am better than all other days. I feel happy and the bodily weakness is somewhat less. This morning I felt not the least tired in walking. I passed urine only seven times in twenty-four hours. Praise to God, my heart obtained exhilarating pleasure.
“May God bless this joy both to the physician and the patient. Amen, again Amen”.
Cephalandra indica 3x as before.
Mar. 7, 1935-The patient writes as follows: “I pass urine as in health.” Repeat the medicine as before.
Mar. 30, 1935-The patient felt better in all respects; was cheerful and active. Cephalandra indica 3x, one drop; distilled water; 2 drams every morning.
Apr. 12, 1935-Very much better. He went home for the change of climate with three powders, each containing one drop of Cephalandra indica 3x, one powder to be taken once a week.
Apr. 29, 1935-He returned to Calcutta on the 27th of April and was very healthy. He said he had felt very much better at home. Today he reported that he passed more urine than usual and that the thirst had increased Cephalandra indica 1x, one drop; distilled water, one ounce; 2 drams, two times a day.
May I, 1935-Better. Cephalandra indica 3x as before, one dose each morning.
May 7, 1935-Very much better. Cephalandra indica 3x as before, one dose.
May 16, 1935-Now he is quite well. He eats rice, sugar, and drinks syrup. In short, he eats all sorts of food without any injurious effect. He says he is quite healthy, cheerful, and active and performs his duty well.
July 17, 1935-The cure holds good to date.
Besides these cases enumerated above, I received reports of several cases of genuine diabetes from Doctors M.N. Ghosh of Jesson, S.K. Roy Chandhuri, B. Bose, R. Dutta of Khulna and N. Chatterjee of Bogra which were cured by them with the help of Cephalandra indica. I think it worthwhile to inform my readers that pure and genuine Cephalandra indica in tincture and potencies can be had from the well-known pharmacists, Hahnemann Publishing Co. of Calcutta whose head-office is located at 165 Bowbazar St., Calcutta.
I do not possess the acumen of Hale, or the wisdom of Solomon, but I say in all humility that I have tried my level best to prove this new remedy to the best of my humble ability. The deduction that I have made from these provings and the experience that I have gained from clinical verifications conclusively prove, and embolden me to assert, that Cephalandra indica will turn out to be a grand homoeopathic remedy for diabetes mellitus.
I tried it in several cases of diabetes that were placed under my treatment and it gives me great pleasures to say that all those cases were radically cured by this drug. Its power to lessen sugar is unquestionably great. Lt. Col. R.N. Chopra, I.M.S., has mentioned in his book on indigenous drugs of India that the apparent beneficial results obtained after administration of this drug are probably due to the fact that a large number of cases of so-called diabetes in this country are really cases of intermittent glycosuria and these patients often improve without any medical interference.
With confidence I may point out that the cases cited by me do not fall in the same category fixed by Dr. Chopra and all of them are genuine cases of diabetes, pure and simple. All these cases were cured and there was no appearance of sugar in their urines even after four or five years. With these proofs available nobody can question the curative virtues of this drug in diabetes.
Of course, my individual experience is not enough and so I seriously entreat all the great “guns” of Homoeopathy to try this remedy whenever they will have patients suffering from diabetes under their treatment.
Since the introduction of three new homoeopathic remedies to the homoeopathic world, i.e. Ficus religiosa, Nyctanthes arbortristis and Justicia adhatoda, I could not take up the cause of any new indigenous drug for several obstacles.
I now take up the cause of Cephalandra indica, after mature experimentation and collecting and gaining uncontested clinical evidence in its favor. I publish my experience before my esteemed colleagues at home and abroad. Diabetes is a scourge of Bengal and many intellectual giants and flowers of our country fall victims to its inroad and meet with untimely death every year.
The efficacy of remedies exerted on the human system like the law of Medes and Persians “changeth not,” and, I am sure, the efficacy of Cephalandra indica will be apparent to all who will try it.