To excite symptoms similar to those that are developed in the organism during disease, is to help and imitate nature in her curative efforts, since morbid manifestations are nothing more than the effort with an instinctive tendency towards the preservation of life.

In view of the reduction in the number of our homoeopathic medical colleges, the question has very often come to mind whether or not it is possible to train homoeopathic physicians from the ranks of allopathic graduates. It has frequently been said that there should be only one school of medicine and that homoeopathy should be taught as a special branch of. therapeutics. If homoeopathy consisted only in a materia medica and therapeutics different from those taught by the old school we could say that homoeopathy is only one branch of medical science and therefore it is possible to teach it as a speciality.

But to us, homoeopathy represents the only truth in the science of medicine and since it can be but one truth, there must be some philosophical and fundamental differences between one school and the other to establish the fact that one is right and the other wrong. Just what are these fundamental differences?.

Medicine is a Science, and every particular science must have a well founded philosophical background, for philosophy is “the knowledge of the causes of all phenomena both of mind and matter”. The philosophy of medicine then should teach the fundamental laws and principles dealing with the causes of phenomena pertaining to human life in the states of both health and disease. The true interpretation of these two states and the knowledge of how to preserve the state of health, and to successfully correct the deviations from it, which constitute disease, are the two basic objects of medical science.

Medicine, therefore, since it deals with the recognition of disease and its cure, is a natural science, not only for that reason, but also because Nature is the Master of all Arts and all Sciences. Medicine is only a part of the general science of biology.

If we accept this fact, we must conclude that medicine could not and should not be a speculative science, but that is necessarily has to be a positive science; in other words, a reality that has to confirm with positive laws, and positive laws are direct, definite, unchangeable.

If the natural laws, responsible for the function of the cell in the tissue, the function of the tissue in the organ and that of the organ in the body, and which result in the harmonious living of the whole organism in state of health, would by any chance be transgressed, whether knowingly or not, disease sets in and its symptoms are nothing else but manifestations of Natures effort to readjust such functional disturbances in a spontaneous tendency towards preservation. To follow Nature in this effort in the administration of ones help, is by all means the only logical, rational treatment of diseased conditions. This is what homoeopathy does.

Similia similibus curentur still is, and will always be the most reasonable corollary to Hippocrates aphorism, Natura morborum medicatrix.

Philosophers of all times have vainly tried to describe the nature of life. Spencers definition says that “life is the continuous adaption of the external to the internal relations.” Beclard explains it as ” the organization in action”. Lewis believes it to be ” a series of successive and definite mutations of both structive and composition at the same time, taking its identity”; and to Bichat it is “the totality of functions con jointly resisting death”.

The true essence of life is still unknown and will always be beyond the reach of human knowledge. But life exists, and is evident to our perception by its phenomena, many of which we can detect and define. These phenomena give us the basic idea of motion, of continuous action, of constant changes. This is why Gustave LeBon, the noted French medical philosopher of our day, has arrived at the conclusion that in life” nothing is created, nothing is lost, everything is transformed”.

If we are to consider the phenomena of life in the human being from the medical standpoint, we can well classify them into two groups: those in the state of health, the normal phenomena, and those of the morbid state or abnormal. Hence the necessity of a correct interpretation of both, health and disease.

The orderly harmonious functioning of our whole body, maintaining the integrity of tissues and organs, results in health; any changes of structure or functional disturbances determine the abnormal state. The proper conception of the former enables us to recognize the latter; and medical science at its present stage of development has obtained, with the wonderful aid of other science, mainly physics and chemistry, the knowledge of disease. The stethoscope and the X-ray, which increase the scope of our senses, and the chemical reactions in the laboratory, are today efficient means of diagnosis. We have succeeded in finding and isolating the pathological agents of most diseased conditions, although the etiology of others is still obscure; but we do not know as yet what intimate forces are set into action in the cell or in the tissue before symptoms and signs give evidence of natures efforts of defense.

Eliud Garcia-Trevino