Weepy disposition; cries violently with facial jactitation or alternating with laughing and weeping. Piteous wailing. Inconsolable anxiety. Peevish, impatient. Screams aloud from least touch; with pain. Throws self about, constantly changing position; cannot continue long at one thing. Music unbearable, makes one sad. Sad and solicitous. Timid, especially after fright and about the dark.

IDENTIFICATION: Agonized tossing about.

ESSENTIAL: Agonized tossing about. Restless. Extreme anxiety. Great fear, especially of death. Expression of fear. Great. unquenchable thirst for large quantities which agree, everything else but water tastes bitter, the drinking seems. to increase the thirst. High fever. Dry, hot skin. Pulse. full and bounding. All the attacks come on suddenly and with. violence.

IMPORTANT: MIND: Dull, confused. Lost affection for friends, does not care what becomes of them. After fight when the fear remains, try Op. if Acon. is not sufficient. The anxious expression is one of the first manifestations of the Acon. sufferer. Insensible, stupid. Delirium, especially night, raves, springs out of bed. Pains intolerable, drives one crazy, screams. Weepy disposition; cries violently with facial jactitation or alternating with laughing and weeping. Piteous wailing. Inconsolable anxiety. Peevish, impatient. Screams aloud from least touch; with pain. Throws self about, constantly changing position; cannot continue long at one thing. Music unbearable, makes one sad. Sad and solicitous. Timid, especially after fright and about the dark. Fear of death with loquacity, r anxiety in region of heart. Rage in children, from anger. Vexed at trifles. Obstinate, tosses about impatiently. Ailments from fright, as fear of death, fear of dark, vertigo, trembling, fainting, threatened miscarriage, impending cessation of the menses and the remote effects of fright; from vexation, as congestion, anxiety, beside himself, threatened miscarriage and apoplectic congestion.

VERTIGO: From congestion, as in the sun. Stooping. Staggers. to right, or as if drunk, worse rising from a seat, less walking, none sitting. Black before eyes on. shaking head. Epistaxis. On rising from lying, red. face becomes deathly pale, or he becomes dizzy and. afraid to rise again. After fright anxious, as if dying, must lie down; from suppressed menses from cold.

Stupor with cold feet.

HEAD: Cerebral congestion from anger. Headache from exposure. to rays of sun. Lying relieves headache but aggravates other. symptoms. Forehead dull and heavy as if everything would push out. Squeezing in forehead above root of nose, feels as if she would lose her reason, worse walking in open air. Pulsation forehead, left side, along with attacks of severe blows. Head excessively hot. As if hair stood on end. Cold sweat on forehead.

EYES: Sensitive to light, especially of sun, it dazzles eyes. Desire for light, especially of sun, it dazzles eyes. Desire for light. Pupils contracted, then dilated. Balls feel too large, as if coming out of sockets. Bloodshot. Acute aggravation of granulated lids, and pannua of cornea, excessive hyperaemia, heat and dryness, especially from. exposure to dry, cold air, or induced by overheating from. violent exercise. Sticking and tearing pain around eyes, worse night. Upper half of ball sore on motion. Profuse lachrymation with intense pain. Lids feel dry, burn, sensitive to air; hard, swollen, tense feeling, red, worse morning.

EARS: Averse to noise, it startles and is intolerable. Music goes. right through every limb, makes one sad. Pain right ear. Ear stings, meatus red and narrowed, externally red and. hot, noise intolerable.

NOSE: Smell acute, especially to unpleasant odors. Distressing. cramp or pressing at root.

FACE: Expression anxious, frightened. Pale, burns, fiery red, bloated, unequally red. As if growing longer. One cheek red, the other pale (in fever one cheek red and hot the. other pale and cold). Red and pale alternately. Livid, lips. black. Crawling, creeping, tingling. Lips dry, black, peel.

TEETH: Grinds. Sensitive to air.

TASTE: Bitter to everything but water.

MOUTH: As if filled with air, tasting of rotten eggs. Trembling. and temporary stammering. As if dry, numb or raw in middle. of tongue, without thirst. Chronic affections of tongue. Dry mouth. Saliva copious, streaked with red, sweet taste in mouth.

THROAT and PALATE: Uvula and soft palate red. As if dry and something had stuck in throat. Severe sticking pains in posterior fauces. Throat burns, numb, stings, choking, muscles extremely sore on swallowing. Burning mouth along oesophagus to stomach. OEsophagus tingles.

APPETITE, etc. Impossible for him to get enough water and it agrees well. Excessive hunger and thirst, but eats slowly. Appetite lost, loathes food, qualmish. Desires especially wine and beer. After eating, violent pain in stomach with heat and tenderness. Wine generally relieves, but sometimes brings on congestion, haemoptysis, and palpitation and aggravates rheumatic pains.

NAUSEA, etc. Painful hiccough. Vomits: lumbrici, bile, mucus,. blood; bloody mucus; green masses with diarrhoea of the same appearance, anxiety, heat, thirst, profuse sweat and increased urine.

STOMACH: Distress, retching, vomits especially green. substances, after severe shock, as fright, or suppression of sweat or menses. Burning through oesophagus to mouth Pressure in, and pit, as from weight or stone.

HYPOCHONDRIA: Burning, stinging, hepatic pains. Constriction and pressure in hepatic region, dyspnoea. Swelling under right short ribs, hot, tense. Hypochondria heavy and tense Stitches: in hepatic region taking breath away; in diaphragm with heat.

ABDOMEN: Burning in navel region. Hard, puffed. Lower abdomen sensitive to touch. As of a weight from a heavy load resting on abdomen bearing one down.

STOOL: White with dark red urine. Cutting, griping followed by frequent urging to stool, after anger or fright.

URINARY: Urine retained in infants, from cold, cry, restless; in adults from cold. Congestion of kidney, bloody urine. and fever, rare cases. Child screams and in great pain because it cannot urinate. Painful, anxious urging. Urine:. hot, dark, red, clear, with white faces. Burning in. urethra during urination. Suppressed, pressure on bladder or stitches in region of kidneys.

SEXUAL: MALE: Testes feel hard, swollen. FEMALE: Pains: stitch, more to right of fundus uteri; sharp, shooting, abdomen very sensitive. Vagina hot, dry and sensitive.

LARYNX, etc. As if denuded. Sensitive to touch and inspired air.

BREATHING: Short, in sleep after 12 p. m.; labored, anxious orquick and superficial; deep, slow, sighing; difficult, must breathe deeply. Worse during inspiration, better. during expiration. Takes frequent deep breaths, cannot breathe deeply, as if lungs would not expand.

COUGH: Clear, ringing or whistling from burning prickling in larynx or trachea. Worse after eating or drinking; during sleep; from vexation; especially fright; from dry, cold air or wind.

CHEST: Congestion of lungs with great oppression, distress, anxiety and expectoration of bright, hot blood. In the hyperaemic stages of inflammations of thoracic viscera; with its general indications; prior to exudation Acon. will befound to be valuable. Tight. Oppressed, as of a great weight, must breathe deeply, with anxiety; pressive weight and burning under the sternum. Stitches: from lowest. right ribs through lungs to apex of scapula at every. inspiration; in left chest; worse bending sideways; between scapulae on breathing; burning and shooting into chest. Lancinating through chest, dry heat, dyspnoea, often. chill. Heat in lungs.

HEART: Great excitement of circulation and violent action of heart. In hypertrophy from valvular diseases it may do great harm. In numbness and tingling compare Kalm. and Rhus, remembering that neither have the agonized restlessness of Acon.

PALPITATION: Violent, lungs hyperaemic, face red, spits blood.

Oppressed about heart, burning flushes along back.

PULSE: Contracted, full, powerful, intermits, every 6th. beat. Heart heavy; slow, intermits, or feeble, weak and.

small; threadlike with anxiety.

NECK AND BACK: Tearing in nape. Neck stiff, painful,. worse moving neck. Pain: neck to right shoulder. Pain cutting, in a circle, spine to abdomen. Crawling in spine as from beetles. Formication.

LIMBS: UPPER: Formication, arms, hands and fingers. Pains:.

shooting, tearing, erratic, arms, forearms, ;wrists and. finger joints. Trembling hands. Paralysis wrists. Creeping pain fingers, also when writing. Hands icy cold; cold sweaty palms. LOWER: Shooting pains in legs, Knees, ankles, and toes. Tired sense during repose. Knees: unsteady; bend on standing or walking, knifelike. pains in joints. Legs: stiff on motion from taking. cold; feel numb; tingle from feet up. Cramp: feet,. calves. Hot prickling in toes, go to sleep while walking.

IN GENERAL: Tremble; tingle with shooting pains; convulsive.

Cold. Convulsive contraction. Twitching in fingers and. toes.

NERVES: Excessively restless, tosses about. Muscles weak, weary, prostrated, almost total inability to stand. Drowsy, languid, unable to rise from couch, unable to. work, sense of prostration and inward fever. Faints on. attempting to sit up.

SLEEP: On falling to : fever becomes intolerable; jerks; restless tossing. During delirium; starts; profuse sweat hot; restless; talks. Restless: night, must walk about; alternating cold and hot partial sweat.

Sleepless:excessive wakefulness after midnight,. anxiety,restless, continued tossing about. Dreams:. vivid of days occurrences; anxious, night, wakes with. a start; long anxiety in chest taking away breath and waking him; anxious, heavy with oppressed. chest. Awakened: by asthma, nightmare, startings and. cough.

CHILL: Shuddering lying down night. Sudden, evening followed. by heat. After violent chill, dry heat, dyspnoea,. lancinating pains through chest.

HEAT: Face hot, hands and feet cold; mostly evening. Thirst. for beer, or burning thirst.

SWEAT: Profuse, warm, even hot. Free. Long continued general. sweat, sourish odor. Affected and covered parts sweat,. like to be uncovered. Wore sweating, better after. Cold. Bad effect of suppressed sweats, as: catarrh,. fever, local inflammations.

SENSATIONS: Pains intolerable. Stitches here and there. Stinging and burning as if in skin. Formication,. numbness and tingling. As if bruised or beaten in. different parts.

TISSUES: Seldom useful in typhoid states. Acts more on. arteries. Plethora; active capillary congestion. Local. congestions and inflammations. Complaints in joints;. crack, cramp, shoot, loss of power; drawing in joint and aponeurosis. Glands pain, hot, swollen.

SKIN: The nervous sensations, especially the formication and. the sleep sensation, point to its use in certain. neurosis. Tingling over whole surface. Dry. Swelling:. red, shining, hot, violent pains. Prickling, fine, as. from needles here and there. Erythema from suns rays;. papular. Rash: of children; scarlet, high fever (but. seldom used in scarlet fever).

GENERAL: Heat as well as cold is injurious to the Acon. patient. Tension, both mental and physical. Numbness in. limbs and other parts as if bound tightly. Time of. aggravation at night, about midnight. Very useful in. childrens diseases with high fever and great restlessness. Persons: dark hair and eyes, plethoric, who come. down violently; strong, robust; rigid fibre; who lead. sedentary lives; rugged children. Crawling, tingling. like ants along the nerves. More indicated in women and. children than in men; sensitive, excitable, vigorous. women. Trembling, tingling, convulsion of muscles.

INDIVIDUAL: FEAR OF DEATH PREGNANCY; while walking across a. busy street. Formication of head, better heat. Heat of. heat as from a hot iron around it. Pain in head, OVER. EYES FROM COLD, DRY WINDS. Cramping pain in head from. suppressed catarrh. Eyes INFLAMED FROM COLD WINDS, LIDS SENSITIVE TO COLD AIR. As of cold air on tongue. TEARING PAIN IN TEETH ON GOING TO BED. Tingling in oesophagus. STOMACH INFLAMED AFTER COLD THINGS; burning pain after fright. PAIN FROM ABDOMEN TO CHEST DURING. STOOL. Anxious urging on BEGINNING TO URINATE. URINATION INVOLUNTARY WITH THIRST AND FEAR. Menses. suppressed by a cold bath. Dry cough from change of. temperature. Inflammation of heart, must lie on back. with head raised; of upper right lung. SHARP CUTTING. PAIN IN CHEST AFTER CHILL. Rawness in chest after change of temperature. Palpitation on becoming chilled.

AS OF BOILING WATER POURED INTO CHEST. Numbness and. loss of sensation of back to lower limbs. Coldness of. limbs, better motion. Formication in fingers when. writing. Numbness of gouty lower limbs and legs. STITCHING PAINS; hot in toes. Paralysis of upper. limbs during meningitis. TINGLING FROM FEET UPWARDS. Shaking chill, night, on lying down. Burning, dry heat. extends from head and face, thirst for cold drinks. ONE CHEEK RED AND HOT, THE OTHER PALE AND COLD, IN FEVERS. Copious sweat and urine with diarrhoea. Faint, better continued walking.

LEADER: Delusion that he was about to die. Nervous. excitement. Fear in a crowd; of death during labor,. predicts the hour. Vertigo, sways to right. Boiling. sense in head. Stitching pain in eyes on motion, eyes. red after injuries; sensitive to cold air. Dry coryza. from cold, dry winds or currents of air. Face as if. large. Pulsating pain in face. Pain in sound teeth;. from, or in raw or cold, dry winds. Blood oozes from. throat. Burning pain in navel region. Stool like. chopped spinach. Urine retained every time child takes. cold; also in new-born infants. Tension in bladder. Child urges to urinate ineffectually. Inflamed ovaries. from checked menses. Sharp pain in uterus.

Dry trachea. Loud, barking cough. Palpitation during. day; also after fright. Sense of hot water in chest. Toes cold. Left forearm numb; also legs on sitting. Chill and fever alternate, night. Faint after urinating.

MISCELLANEOUS: ABUSE of Acon. calls for Sulph.

AILMENTS from Acon.: CHAM., CIMIC., COFF., NUX, Petr.,. Sep., SULPH. Antidoted by: Acet. ac., Alcohol,. Paris, Vin.

ANTIDOTES: BELL., CHAM., COFF., Morph. (secondary. symptoms), NUX, Petr., Sep., SULPH., VERAT.

COMPARE with: Op, and Stram. in effects of fright, but. these lack the agony of Acon.; Sulph. which is the. chronic of Acon.; Camph., better uncovering; Gels.,.

effects of bad news, fright or anger; China, white.

stools; Bry., diarrhoea from anger; Hep., effects. of cold, dry winds; Bell., Cham., Coff., Ferr. phos.

COMPLEMENTARY to: Arn. bruises; Coff. sleepless, fever, pain.

intolerable; Sulph. high in all cases.

FOLLOWED BY: ARN., BELL. (gastric states, and after. pulmonary febrile affections); Bry., Hep., Iod. (chest), Ip., Puls., SEP., SULPH.; colic: Ars.;. cough: Bry., Spong.; croup: Bry., Spong.; croup:. Hep. or Spong.; Strangury of child: Puls.;. dysentery MERC., Sil.


Related to the other Aconites. Acids, wine, coffee, lemonade and acid fruits nullify its action. From too many doses, or if given too strong and patient is slow in recovering from attack, or if the patient himself has taken it unwisely, Coff. or Nux will often set matters right.

Aconite means without dust. It grows on dry rocks almost devoid of earth. Its flower is the shape of a monks hood. Some of its principles are said to be contained in Hell., and in one variety of Staph. It is claimed in Persia and Switzerland the tops have been eaten as greens. Elephants are said to eat it with immunity. Tension, both mental and physical, characterize Aconite. The Acon. patient comes down suddenly, violently, and recovers rapidly, usually with a copious sweat. One cheek red, the other pale, with anxiety and chilliness, always indicates Acon. Acute symptoms occurring during a chronic disease often require it.

CLINICAL: Any disease that includes the above Essentials.

ABORTION (Miscarriage): Impends from fright, anger or. vexation, excited circulation and rapid respiration. Giddy on rising from lying cannot remain up. Often. afraid to get out of bed, to move, to go from room to. room, or to go out doors (See under menses).

AMENORRHOEA: (See under menses).

ANGINA PECTORIS: Intense pain in all directions, especially. down left arm and with numbness and tingling; anxious,.

colds, fear of death, cold sweats and feeble pulse. (See above Essentials).

APOPLEXY: Unconscious as if dying; speechless; congestion,. anxiety; face hot and dark red or pale; carotids throb;.

pulse full and strong or weak and rapid; worse toward. evening; limbs cold, left side lame, eyes stare, brain.

burns. (Other remedies in brief are: Apis; complete. stupor, Op. failing; Arn.: face paralyzed; paralysis. left side; pulse full, strong; stertorous breathing;.

aching soreness all over; bed sores from readily; Bar. carb.: of old people and drunkards; Bell.: early. convulsions; paralysis follows; Caust.: paralysis of. opposite side of body; Hell.: idiocy follows: Hyos.:.

Convulsions; Lach.: threatens in drunkards; of. drunkards; convulsions; paralysis follows; Nux:. paralysis follows; Op.: convulsions; face red; stertorous breathing; tetanic rigidity; threatened in drunkards, occiput feels heavy as lead, stertorous. breathing, free sweat which does not relieve, spasmodic. jerking of limbs,numb, variable pulse; Rhus: hemiplegia. of right side follows; Stront. carb.: threatens;. violent congestion of head, face gets hot and red. every time patient walks; mere exertion increases. circulation upward toward head; Tab.: deathly pale;. cold sweat breaks out over whole body).

ASPHYXIA: Newborn, hot, purple hued, pulseless and. breathless, or nearly so, (Other remedies, in brief,.

are: Amm. carb.: from charcoal fumes; Amm. tart.:. atelectasis; from drowning; from accumulation of mucus;.

in oedema pulmonum; in impending paralysis of lungs in. pneumonia; coma; delirium; face pale or dark red, lips. blue, muscles twitch; pulse threadlike in newborn, rattling of mucus in throat;

Arn.: from blows or falls; from charcoal fumes; in newborn; Bell.: newborn; face very red , eyeballs much.

injected; Bov.: from charcoal fumes; Camph.: newborn,. apparent death; Ant. tart.: failing; Camph.: newborn,. apparent death; Ant. tart.: failing; Carb. sulph.: From. alcohol or charcoal gas; China: from loss of blood; in. newborn from loss of blood of mother, or if infants is. pale; Chlor.; in laryngismus stridulus; Cochl.:. apparent apoplectic death after haemorrhage from nose. and lungs during whooping-cough; Hydr. ac.: during. cholera; coma; respiration gasping, irregular; body. cold and blue, distress about heart and repeated weak. spells; Hyper.: after a fall with shootings and. jerkings; Ip.: from mucus during influenza; Lach.:. apparent from drowning; after a jealous quarrel; Laur.:. cholera; newborn, face blue, muscles twitch, gasping. without really breathing; Nux: from a stroke of. lightning; Op.: from carbon gas; from hanging; newborn;. Tab.: speedy collapse; freely developed).

ASTHMA: From active hyperaemia of lungs or brain, or after emotions, or the suppression of an acute rash; face. red, eyes starting, can talk but little at a time, as. of a band around the chest, muscles feel rigid,. occasional vomiting, it wakens one (See also Essential. and Important above); after the paroxysms yellow or blood streaked sputum; pulse small, intermits,. irregular.

BILIOUS FEVER: (See Fever, Bilious).

BRONCHITIS (See Inflammation: bronchi).

CATARRH: Acute, with the above Essentials; Gastric: From. exposure, or the checking of acute eruptions, or. chilling stomach suddenly by drinking ice cold water;. Sharp, acute inflammations; retches, vomits bile or. blood, or ineffectual urging to vomit after stomach is. empty (See above Essentials).

CHILL: On least motion; sudden, evening followed by heat;. alternating with heat, terminated by sweat; violent at. beginning, more evening after lying down, often one hot. cheek and contracted pupil, or hot forehead and ears;. alternating with heat, all night, with desire to be. uncovered by gets chilly thereby. (Consult the above. Essentials).

CHOLERA: (See Stool: Cholera).

CHOROIDITIS: (See Inflammation: Choroid).

COLIC: Violent, inflammatory, after a cold; forces one to. bend double but without relief, involves bladder with. constant ineffectual urging to urinate, constriction in. hypogastrium in region of bladder; of INFANTS: Child. bites its fists; with above Essentials. (Other remedies. in brief are: Bell.: pain comes and goes suddenly,. bends forward, face re, pupils large; Bor.: screams. during downward motion; Cham.: angry, cross, draws up. legs, better carried; Chloral: threatens convulsions;. Coloc.: writhes, doubles up, draws up legs, better. pressure or carried on shoulder of nurse; if it fails. to cure or even give quick or prompt relief and the. attacks return, consult especially Kali carb. or. Stann.; Ign.: if mother or wet nurse suffered from. grief; Illicium. an.: 3 month colic, especially colic. returning at regular hours; Ip.: and indigestion from. acids, unripe fruit or beer; Iris: flatulent, better. bending forward, and discharging flatus; Kali brom.:. periodical 5 p.m.; Mag. phos.: flatulent, draws up. legs, better heat and pressure; Nux vom.: from. stimulating food taken by mother or wet nurse;. constipated, much flatus; Nux mosch.: transient. paleness, lassitude, faint; Staph.: from indisposition. of mother or wet nurse.)

HEPATIC (Gallstone colic):. with the above Essentials. (Other remedies, in brief,. are: Bell.: clutching, clawing pains, come and go. suddenly, red face; Berb.: pains radiate in all. directions; Calc.: darting pains, right to left,. profuse sweat; Card. m.: pains pressive, drawing,. stitching; Cepa: pains begin in hepatic region and. spread over abdomen, worse about navel; Cham.:. irritable, snappy, uncivil; Chel.: every 2 weeks;. chilly; pains across gall-bladder, extends quickly. downward across navel to intestines; constant pain. under lower angle right scapula; clay-like stools;

China: periodic; pains shoot, parts extremely sensitive. to touch; Chloroform: intense pain, tympanites,. restless, Cholest.: said to be almost specific for. gallstone colic, relieved after Card. m., China, Nux,. Pod., and other apparently indicated remedies failed;. to be considered when it is impossible to obtain. symptoms. By no means use morphine until this remedy. has been tried; Dios.: pains cut, squeeze, twist,. often extend to nipple; Elat.: dull pain in right. hypochondria; cutting in bowels; Nux: sudden severe. pain in right side, spasms abdominal muscles, stitching. pain in liver; Sang.: skin and urine dark yellow;. Staph.: after domestic disturbances or indignation).

MENSTRUAL (Dysmenorrhoea): Bends double, with the above. Essentials. (Other remedies, in brief, are: Alum.: with. prolapsus; Apis: congestive; discharge scanty, slimy. blood; ovarian neuralgia; Arg. nit.: day before menses. (Lach. 1st day); Arn.: bruised pain and general bruised. soreness; Ars.: burning, cutting, stinging in. epigastrium, sides and back ; Bell.: bearing down,. spasmodic, labor-like, congestion to head, face deep. red, pains come and go suddenly; Bry.: membranous;. bruised pains, worse least motion; congestion to head;. Calc.: membranous; labor-like; from excitement, cramp. at beginning, cutting;

Carb. veg.: bruised pain; desire. to be fanned; Caust.: on appearing, cutting, tearing;. Cham.: after anger, labor-like, back to front, uncivil;. Cim.: bearing down, labor-like, rheumatic, down thighs;. Cocc.: contractive, on every motion and breath, cramp,. cutting, as if parts were crushed between stones; worse. motion, cold and contact; Coff.: cramps, bends double,. throws herself on ground; Coloc.: cramps, cutting,. sometimes worse after eating and drinking, bends. double, better pressure; Collin.: pelvic and portal. congestion, piles diarrhoea and loss of appetite; Con.:. bearing down, labor-like; drawing in legs; shooting in. left chest or pain around heart;

Croc.: bearing down; dark stringy blood; Crot. hor.: at. beginning; in lower abdomen and down thighs; Cup.: cramps, to. chest, causing nausea and vomiting; Cyc.: flow ceases. during pain; Dulc.: in cold, damp weather; takes cold easily; Erig.; with haemorrhage; Ferr.: face flushes. easily, deep red; must move slowly; Gels.: neuralgic;. rheumatic; labor-like; to hips; bearing down;. congestion to head, face deep red; cramps in legs;. Graph.: labor-like; obstinate megrim; Glon.: discharge. scanty with epilepsy; congestion to head; throbbing. instead of flow; Ham.: inflammatory; neuralgic;. irritable ovaries; Helon.: delicate, chlorotic women of. lax fibre; Ign.: labor-like; contractive;; crampy;. pressive, better pressure and lying, irritable nervous. system and sighing; Ip.: sick headache; Kali bich.:. membranous; eruption and periostitis;

Alfred Pulford
Alfred Pulford, M.D., M.H.S., F.A.C.T.S. 1863-1948 – American Homeopath and author who carried out provings of new remedies. Author of Key to the Homeopathic Materia Medica, Repertoroy of the Symptoms of Rheumatism, Sciatica etc., Homeopathic Materia Medica of Graphic Drug Pictures.
Dayton T. Pulford