“Inasmuch as mind creates every science and art, and constitutes the basis of all effort and of all enjoyment and suffering, it follows that to secure more mind becomes a fundamental opportunity and duty; and it follows that the animal organism is nothing more or less than the mechanism for the manifestation of mind, and that evolution is a process of mind embodiment-the embodiment being created by the minds own activities. Quite recently I succeeded in showing that the same process is applicable to unicellular organisms.

The simplest cell is capable of feeling a stimulus and of adapting acts to ends. Only mind can feel and make such adaptative reactions. A cell remembers its experiences and only mind can remember. An inanimate piece of gelatine does not feel a stimulus and remember the meaning of such an experience and adapt acts to ends with reference to such memory; but a piece of protoplasm can do these things, and therefore it is animate. It follows that life is mind and that the vital or physiologic processes are simply psychologic processes.

“When unicellular organisms are caused to perform different mental activities correspondingly different structures arise in these cells-that is, if one group of cells is caused to feel and respond to some stimulus, and if another group of the same species of cells is caused to feel and respond to a different stimulus, and if these activities are kept up in both groups for several months, there will arise structural differences between these two groups of cells which correspond to the differences between their mentative activities.

Even in these physiologic units it is the mind which creates organic structure and regulates the metabolism. As is well known, all the organs of the human body are made up of cells, and each cell, as is shown by the above experiments, has its own mental life, and it is this mental functioning which constitutes its vitality. The conclusion is that the physiological processes are explicable only as psychologic functionings.

“These experiments belong to the domain of psychologic biology, but these results have a deep medical meaning, namely that the mind activities create and control organic structures and the metabolisms upon which all organic structures and the metabolism upon which all organic changes depend. An animal is a mind organisms. The cells out of which an animal is built are mind organisms, and the duties of each cell are duties which require mind for their performance. A cell cannot perform its functions in the animal economy except in so far as it is capable of feeling stimuli and in so far as it is capable of adapting acts to ends. To change the mental characteristics of a cell is to alter it physiologic meaning in the animal economy.

“If mind activities create chemical and anatomical changes in the cells and tissues of the animal body it follows that all physiologic processes of health and disease are psychologic processes”.

From the effects of environmental conditions upon the human individual and from certain rhythmic phenomena that are synchronous in man and the earth, Professor Gates goes on to prove that the mind of the human beings is functionally connected with the cosmic whole, and that the human being is an organ in a large organism.

It is a striking corroboration by the methods of science of the certain great truths intuitively perceived by poets, prophets and philosophers from the earliest times, as well as by the Great Teacher and Saviour of mankind.

It is not necessary to quote further from the very elaborate experiments upon which these conclusions are based. Professor Gates is his own severest critic, and his conclusions are entitled to respect. Reviewing his works he says: “Suffice it to say the evidence is complete which demonstrates that every mental activity creates a definite chemical change and a definite anatomical structure in the animal which exercises that mental activity and that is the modus operandi of animal growth and evolution and that by this method more mind can be embodied ad libitum.

“The evidence is complete which shows that every mentation also produces a definite effect upon the environment of the animal which does the mentating.

“Action and reaction are equal,” says Professor Gates. “Force cannot come from nothing. Mentation is a mode of energy, and the organism of the animal cannot create the energy of life out of nothing, but must receive it from the great reservoir. But the conclusion that every mentation affects the environment is based upon direct testimony and quantitative measurement. Vary the mental activities of an unicellular organism and you will vary its structures, and the same is true of a multicellular dog or man. Mind underlies organic phenomena, and life is mind, and mind activity is the cause of evolution and mind embodiment is the goal”.

He reiterates: “Mind creates every science and art, and therefore the science of mind-psychology-is the science of sciences and therefore the art of using the mind and the art of getting more mind-psychurgy-is the art of arts. Mind is life. Life is not something different from mind. The life of a cell is its mind. The activities of a cell are psychological activities.

“Life and vitality and psychological processes are solely mental processes”.

Stuart Close
Stuart Close