Hahnemann’s Assistants

We will accord permission to Dr., Lehmann to establish himself here as homoeopathic practitioner and as a help to Hofrath Hahnemann, and as such to prepare and privately dispense the remedies required for the treatment of his patients. …


HAHNEMANN’S REQUEST TO ALLOW DR. LEHMANN TO ESTABLISH HIMSELF AS HIS ASSISTANT. (All documents of Supplement 122 are copied from the original kept in the private archives of Anhalt at Zerbst.)

Most Serene and Gracious Lord,

For some years I availed myself of the permission, most graciously accorded by Your lamented Brother, my patron, whom I could never honour sufficiently to employ as assistant a homoeopathic physician, not dependent on the Allopathic medical authorities, whom I would still have retained had his moral conduct been only to tolerable.

Now I am compelled, by my great age and the afflux of patients from far and near which overtaxed my powers, to select another successor and assistant, and my choice has fallen on Dr. Lehmann of Leitzkau, a man who has for several years enjoyed a good repute as an allopathic physician, and a person of quiet and steady character, who has now embraced Homoeopathy from conviction, and displays such an active zeal for this health- promoting science, that he gives hopes of being able, with my aid, to do some excellent service therein.

I have considered it my duty to announce my choice to Your Serene highness, as your most obedient servant.


Cothen, Aug.6th,1832.

This letter has the following remark written on the back: The government authorities must report on this matter. Cothen, August 12th, 1832. The Director of the State College von Reuthe.

And a further remark:

The Director of the High Medical Council must express his opinion on this point soon.

The High Government of the State, v. REUTHE.

Cothen, Aug. 21st, 1832.

As a report of opinion the following was sent in:

1. It is unknown to the Directors of the Medical Council that Hofrath Hahnemann had authority to choose assistants which were independent of the Medical Council.

2. Dr. Mossdorf to whom Hofrath Hahnemann seems to allude, was accorded permission by His late Serene Highness to settle here as a medical practitioner, and was accepted as a subject, and he was also accorded, like the aforesaid Hahnemann, permission to prepare and dispense his own medicines. But he was placed under the direction of the Medical Council like Hofrath Hahnemann, as shown in the letter from the High Authorities. It is now a question of bringing in special physician, which is unnecessary as we are not short of doctors here. For it is known that Dr. Heinrich migrated from here because he could not make a living; the young physicians, Isensee and Heinrich junr. have gone elsewhere as there were no prospects for them, and since then Dr. Hoffmann from Biendorf has become qualified.

Also the appointment of homoeopathic physicians as a special kind of physicians, is not in conformity with science. It is more in keeping with the latter that the State should choose physicians who have sufficient scientific knowledge and intelligence to test the different systems, and are able to adopt the better one, and who consequently may have a conviction of an objective value. No one has ever heard that Brownians, Rollians, Humoral pathologists, and so forth, were appointed as special kinds of physicians.

The dispensing of drugs by the physician is in opposition to the acknowledged principles of the Medical Police. With that is removed a chief means of controlling the physicians, and of protecting the public against mischief and deception through medicines. In every place, where it was practised, it has been, in recent times, strictly forbidden. Only quite recently the prohibition of this has been renewed in Prussia, especially in connection with the homoeopathic physicians, as shown in the enclosed Royal Prussian Decree.

3. Otherwise every physician is at liberty to employ assistants, under the following restrictions.

(a). The authorities must be shown that these assistants (so- called Famuli) have the necessary knowledge. This is acquired either by an examination of the Medical board, or by satisfactory certificates.

(b). The Famuli are only the representatives of the physicians. The rights and privileges of the latter do not extend to them. They may not give medicines to the patients without consulting the physician, and generally they must not treat patients on their own. if they digress from this rule they fall into the category of dabblers.

(c.) The are under the control of the Medical Board, and must submit entirely to their supervision; this, control is very difficult, especially when the physician, who employs the famulus, does not act quite honestly.


Cothen, August 27th, 1832.


The Royal Ministry of March 31st of this year, which deals with matters relating to theology, education, and medicine, has learnt from past experience the necessity of withdrawing from homoeopathic physicians every right which leads to personal dispensing or could be regarded as such, to which belongs especially the preparing of remedies which may be bought from the chemist later, and also the dilution and remaking of remedies bought from the chemist.

A difference can no longer be made between the homoeopaths and the other physicians in respect to the laws governing the dispensing and preparation of remedies, and the former as well as the latter must prescribe their medicines from the chemist’s shop. The homoeopathic physicians, on the other hand, are at liberty, if they have any doubts, to be present themselves, and have them prepared under their supervision, in order to see that the necessary care is used.

With reference to this, the price of the medicines must be established, and only the existing taxes and principles concerning those laws can be used as a guide, that is, the price fixed for the work, with a correct application especially for dispensing fluid medicines, the dividing of powders, long continued trituration, etc., must be drawn up in order to ascertain and stabilise the prices for the remedies prepared according to homoeopathic prescriptions.

While giving public notice of the above orders, we advise the authorities concerned, especially the medical officers of health, to see that these instructions are carried out, and to be guided, in the case of medicines for the poor by the principles quoted.

SUPPLEMENT TO THE OPINION ON PAGE 258 Most obediently p.m. (pro memoria).

To the report, which the Ducal Medical Board have been asked to deliver, and which they recently had the honour to hand in, concerning the employment by Hofrath Hahnemann of an assistant independently of the Medical Board, may be added as supplement:-

(1) That also in the Imperial States of Austria, private dispensing has again been forbidden to the physicians. (Medorrhinum Year book of the Imperial Royal Austrian State, latest issue. Vol. I)

(2) That in the Imp. Austrian States, Hahnemann, s homoeopathic method of treatment has been generally and strictly forbidden especially to all Military Medical Officers by virtue of the above mentioned Decree, through the medical and surgical papers of July 16th. 1832.


BRUNN Cothen, September 14th, 1832.

Then we find the following record of the hearing of Dr. Lehmann:

Actum, Cothen, Sepia 8th, 1832.

To-day, Dr. Gottfried Lehmann, a native of Leitzkau, appeared before the Ducal Government, in response to the citation contained in the Decree of the 4th Inst.

Dr. G. Lehmann has thus become “Respondent” to the Citation.

He has been established as a practitioner in his native town since 1818, but has been staying in Cothen since the 29th of July of this year, partly to study homoeopathy under Hofrath Hahnemann, and partly in order that his wife might be treated by the latter.

After becoming personally acquainted with Hofrath Hahnemann the “Respondent” decided to adopt homoeopathy: he has hitherto been helping Dr. Hahnemann in his professional duties, as the increase of patients is so great that it is impossible for Dr. Hahnemann to treat them all personally. Both Dr. Hahnemann and Dr. G. Lehmann– the “Respondent” wish that the latter should continue to help Dr. Hahnemann.

Dr. G. Lehmann could not at present express any definite wish as to the duration of his sojourn here, this being dependent upon circumstances; it was moreover not his intention to acquire the rights of a subject here, and relinquish the same in the kingdom of Prussia.

For the present he only desires to be allowed to reside here for an indefinite time, with his wife and his two daughters of respectively 6 and 8 years of age, so as to be able to carry out the professional orders given to him by Hofrath Hahnemann.

Although he would not receive any honorarium from Dr. Hahnemann for his professional work, yet he could assure them, that he would be able to live on his private income during his residence here.

In Conclusion, Dr. Gottfried Lehmann handed over a certificate of his examination in Prussia, and of his qualifications as a practitioner, which certificates he asked to have returned to him after perusal.

Richard Haehl
Richard M Haehl 1873 - 1932 MD, a German orthodox physician from Stuttgart and Kirchheim who converted to homeopathy, travelled to America to study homeopathy at the Hahnemann College of Philadelphia, to become the biographer of Samuel Hahnemann, and the Secretary of the German Homeopathic Society, the Hahnemannia.

Richard Haehl was also an editor and publisher of the homeopathic journal Allgemcine, and other homeopathic publications.

Haehl was responsible for saving many of the valuable artifacts of Samuel Hahnemann and retrieving the 6th edition of the Organon and publishing it in 1921.
Richard Haehl was the author of - Life and Work of Samuel Hahnemann