Hahnemann’s proving symptoms of homeopathy remedy Verbascum from Materia Medica Pura, which Samuel Hahnemann wrote between 1811 to 1821…


(From vol. vi, 2nd edit., 1827.)

(The freshly expressed juice of Verbascum thapsus at the commencement of flowering mixed with equal parts of alcohol.)

Who would believe that the medical school, as if has hitherto existed, in place of earnestly endeavouring to ascertain experimentally what genuine, peculiar dynamic powers this plant manifests on the health of human beings was content to ascribe to it conjecturally (falsely)a demulcent, resolvent and laxative medicinal power, from the sickly odour of its flowers when crushed with the fingers, and from the slimy character of its juice, and to employ it blindly, in combination with other herbs whose medicinal qualities were equally unknown, for such conjectural objects in the form of gargles, poultices, and clysters?

The following pure symptoms and morbid states which have been produced by this plant on healthy persons will show how much mistaken the medical world was in its frivolous conjecture, and, on the other hand, for what true curative objects it may be employed with sure effect in natural morbid states corresponding in similarity to the characteristic symptoms produced by it.

A small portion of a drop of the above juice is a sufficient dose for homoeopathic purposes.

[HAHNEMANN was assisted in this proving by GROSS, HARTMANN, LANGHAMMER, MOSSDORF]

No old-school authorities are cited.

The 1st edit. Has 175 symptoms, two less appear in this 2nd edit.]


Attacks of vertigo when the head is supported by pressure on the left cheek. [Gss.]

Sudden vertigo, as from a pressure in the middle on the whole head. [Gss.]

Confusion of the head (aft. 5 h.). [Mss.]

Diminished memory, it costs him a great effort to recall ideas he had had a short time previously (aft. 4 h.). [Mss.]

5. He is stupid and dazed in the head, as if all would come out at the forehead.

Violent pressure in the whole forehead. [Gss.]

Violent but transient outward-pressive pain in the whole right half of the brain, which gradually declines (aft. 4 h.). [Htn.]

Persistent pressing outwards in the forehead, especially between the eyebrows (aft. 3 h.). [Htn.]

Violent outward-pressive pain in the forehead, which is removed by stooping (aft. 2.1/2 h.). [Htn.]

10. Twitching pressure in the left half of the brain (aft. 5 h.). [Mss.]

Violent, stupefying deep pressure in the right frontal protuberance, on coming from the cold into the warmth. [Gss.]

Stupefying pressure on the whole left side of the head and face (cheek). [Gss.]

Aching stupefying pain in the head, which affected particularly both sides of the forehead, in every position (aft. ½ h.). [Lr.]

Violent pressing inwards in the left side of the frontal bone, like a stupefaction. [Gss.]

15. Aching stupefying, more external pain, especially in the forehead, in all positions (aft. ¾ h.). [Lr.]

Severe pressure in the right side of the occipital protuberance (aft. 4.1/2 h.). [Htn.]

Pressing pain in the occiput (aft. 1/8 h.).

A stitch in the left side of the occiput (aft. 1.1/2 h.).

Tearing pressure in the right half of the brain (aft. 4 h.). [Htn.]

20. More pressive than tearing pain above the left orbit (aft. 2.1/4 h.). [Htn.]

An intermittent pressure and fine throbbing near the left frontal protuberance. [Gss.]

A slow hammering in the left frontal protuberance (immediately). [Gss.]

In the right temple an aching pain (immediately).

Pressure in the left temple an aching pain (immediately). [Gss.]

25. Sensation as if both temples were pinched together with forceps. [Gss.]

Violent intermittent deep shooting behind left the parietal protuberance. [Gss.]

Violent, slowly occurring and slowly declining stitch in the left frontal protuberance, going outwards (aft. 2 h.). [Htn.]

Prickling in the left frontal sinus (aft. 5 h.). [Mss.]

Stupefying, deeply penetrating shooting in the right temple, while eating, increased by external pressure; it extends as a tearing into the upper teeth of that side, after some hours. [Gss.]

30. Aching pain in the crown of the head.

Pressive, long drawing stitch through the left half of the brain, from behind forwards (aft. 2 h.). [Htn.]

Just above the right temple, sharp, stupefying knife-stabs. [Gss.]

Deep, sharp, intermittent stitches between the left frontal protuberance and the parietal protuberance. [Gss.]

Intermittent fine needle-pricks in the right side of the forehead (aft. 1.3/4 h.). [Lr.]

35. Stupefying drawing in the left frontal protuberance, in a draught of air (aft. 72 h.). [Gss.]

Burning and prickling in the left temple (aft. 8 m.). [Gss.]

When walking a tingling in the head (aft. 4.1/2 h.). [Mss.]

Tension on the left side of the vertex, which gradually becomes a sharp pressure, during which the left ramus of the lower jaw feels pressed against the upper jaw. [Gss.]

Shooting twitching externally, first on the left temple (aft. 1 h.), then on the right, externally. [Mss.]

40. Dull, painful heaviness in the head (aft. ¾ h.).

Heat in the eyes and feeling of contraction of the orbits (aft. ½ h.).

Dilated pupils (aft. 7.1/2 h.). [Lr.]

A myope became still more myopie (dim-sighted?); he could hardly recognise objects at a yard distance, on account of gauzy and watery dimness of vision; the objects, as they became indistinct, seemed to be imagined, and the daylight generally seemed to be diminished, though such was not the case (aft. 8.1/2 h.). [Lr.]

Violent pressure on the right zygomatic process (aft. 36 h.). [Gss.]

45. Obtuse pressive shooting sensation on the left zygomatic arch (aft. 2.1/2 h.). [Htn.]

Stupefying. Intermittent pressure on the upper border of the zygomatic process. [Gss.]

Tension in the left zygomatic process, in the articular projection of the temporal bone, and on the frontal protuberance, when exposed to the air and when in a draught of air. [Gss.]

Obtuse pressure on the articular projection of the temporal bone, painfully increased by biting the teeth together. [Gss.]

50. The whole cheek takes part in the obtuse pressure in the left maxillary joint and the pressure becomes a stupefying tension. [Gss.]

Sensation as if the left zygomatic process as far as the ear were violently pressed, aggravated by the pressure of the hand, frequently during the day, in the evening before going to sleep, and in the morning on awaking. [Gss.]

Sensation as if both the articular projections of the temporal bone were forcibly seized by a pair of forceps and pinched together. [Gss.]

Obtuse pressure on the articular projection of the temporal bone just in front of the left ear. [Gss.]

Tearing shooting downwards in front of the left ear (immediately).

55. Quickly occurring pressure, coming on with a severe stitch behind the right ear, which gradually went off (aft. ¾ h.). [Htn.]

A tearing stitch in the left ear (while eating) (aft. 2 h.).

Violent tearing in the interior of the right ear. [Gss.]

Painful tearing and drawing inwards in the left ear. [Gss.]

Sensation as if the left ear were drawn inwards. [Gss.]

60. Sensation as if something had fallen before the ears first the left then the right ear. [Gss.]

He is as deaf in the left ear. [Gss.]

On reading aloud feeling as if the nose were stopped up, also the larynx and the ears, which, however, did not interfere with hearing (aft. 8 h.). [Lr.]

In front of the right ear, on the cheek, a papule, which has shooting pain when touched (aft. 24 h.).

A pressive squeezing pain on the right side of the lower jaw (aft. ½ h.). [Htn.]

65. Great tension in the integuments of the chin, of the masseter muscles and of the neck, during which, however, the jaws can be readily moved (aft. 10 m.). [Gss.]

On the neck, near the thyroid cartilage, a large red lump, which is painful when pressed for two or three days (aft. 2 d.).

Tearing in the large right lower molars. [Gss.]

Intermittent tearing in the small left lower molars. [Gss.]

Brownish yellow tongue, covered with viscid slime, without bad taste, immediately after dinner. [Gss.]

70. In the morning on rising and in the forenoon the root of the tongue is brown, without bad taste in the mouth. [Gss.]

Root of the tongue brown, with flat, disgustingtaste, in the forenoon. [Gss.]

Flat taste some time after a meal. [Gss.]

Flat taste, with disagreeable smell of the breath and brownish-yellow furred tongue, in the morning (aft. 96 h.). [Gss.]

(Salt water collects in his mouth.)

75. Empty eructation (immediately). [Lr.]

Much empty eructation.

Belching up of a tasteless fluid (aft. 5 m.). [Htn.]

Bitter nauseous eructation (immediately). [Mss.]

Hiccup (aft. ½ h.).

80. Frequent hiccup (aft. 2.1/4 h.). [Lr.]

All day hunger without appetite; he relishes nothing and yet he will eat. [Gss.]

Pressure in the stomach.

Intermittent, blunt needle-pricks on the left near the ensiform cartilage. [Gss.]

On the left near the ensiform cartilage, under the last ribs, an intermittent, benumbing, frightful cutting. [Gss.]

85. In the left side, where the ribs terminate, a deep sharp stitch, so violent that it makes him start. [Gss.]

In the region below the right ribs (hypochondrium) a shooting pinching (aft. 1/2.). [Htn.]

In the scorbiculus cordis feeling of great emptiness, which went off with a rumbling under the left ribs. [Htn.]

A tearing shooting downwards in the abdomen.

Flatulent distension of the abdomen, and thereupon repeated rumbling under the left ribs, which several times caused a loud violent eructation (aft. 4 h.). [Htn.]

90. Constant grumbling and rumbling under the left ribs (aft. 5 h.). [Htn.]

Gurgling in the hypogastrium (aft. ¼ h.). [Gss.]

Sharp, intermittent stitches on the left above the navel. [Gss.]

On the right near the navel intermittent blunt needle-pricks. [Gss.]

Intermittent, obtuse shooting on the left under the navel, increased by bending the body forwards, after a meal (aft. 3 h.). [Gss.]

95. When taking a deep breath and stooping forwards pricks, as from many needles, in the whole umbilical region to round about behind, and also in the dorsal vertebrae. [Gss.]

Painful deep knife-stabs on the right in the hypogastrium, above the os pubis. [Gss.]

Pinching in the abdomen, as from displaced flatulence, in every position (aft. 1.3/4 h.). [Lr.]

A cutting pinching in the whole abdomen, with repeated eructations. [Htn.]

Cutting pinching pain in the abdomen, sometimes in one place, sometimes in another, but always rising up towards the ribs, where it settled (aft. 3 h.). [Htn.]

100. The pain in the belly, that extended deep down, causes a spasmodic contraction of the splinter ani and a transient call to stool. [Htn.]

Painful hard pressure, as from a stone, on the navel, aggravated by bending the body forwards. [Gss.]

Sensation as if the bowels near the navel were adherent to the peritoneum and were forcibly drawn out, which was increased by external pressure [Gss.]

Constriction of the abdomen in the umbilical region at different times. [Gss.]

No stool the first day. [Mss.]

105. Scanty evacuation of fauces in small, hard bits, like sheep’s dung, with pressing (aft. 15 h.). [Lr.]

A soft stool, with urging (aft. 3 h.).

Frequent call to urinate; the urine passed in greater quantity (aft. 2 h.).

He must urinate very often and very copiously (aft. ½ h.), but after thirty-six hours uncommonly little urine is passed. [Htn.]

Frequent urging to urinate, with scanty discharge of urine (aft. 7 h.). [Lr.]

110. Nocturnal seminal emissions.

Nocturnal seminal emission, without lascivious dreams. [Lr.]

Hoarseness when reading aloud. [Lr.]

Sharp pressure just under the left nipple. [Gss.]

Under the left nipple several times a violent stitch, during inspiration, which went off slowly, whereby another deep inspiration was caused (aft. 4 h.). [Htn.]

115. Immediately after lying down on bed in the evening a painful tension over the chest, with stitches in the region of the heart.

Aching shooting pain in the penuitimate false rib, where is passes into cartilage, which rapidly goes off by pressure from without, but also returns immediately. [Htn.]

In the region of the first and second costal cartilages a stupefying, oppressive stitch, that takes away the breath (aft. 5 m.). [Gss.]

A very fine persistent prick in the last dorsal vertebra when sitting in a crooked posture (aft. ½ h.). [Htn.]

In the middle betwixt the right flank and the spine intermittent, deep, sharp knife-stabs, quite in the interior of the bowels. [Gss.]

120. Sharp, intermittent stitches in the left scapula. [Gss.]

On the top of the right shoulder a pain more pressive than tearing, which goes off by movement (aft. 5.1/2 h.). [Htn.]

Cramp-like pressure on the left elbow extending into the forearm, in every position (aft. 3.1/2 h.). [Lr.]

Tearing downwards in the shaft of the left ulna.

Itching on the forearm (aft. ¾ h.).

125. Tensive pain in the left wrist, when at rest and when moving (aft. 20 m.0.

Obtuse shooting in the outer knuckle of the palm. [Gss.]

Tearing shooting in the palm.

Some obtuse stitches in the joint where the carpal bone of the thumb is joined to the radious, like a kind of (paralysis or) sprain. [Gss.]

Sharp shooting in the proximal phalanx of the thumb. [Gss.]

130. Numbness and insensibility of the thumb. (From applying the juice externally.)

When moving the arms cramp-like pressure, at one time on the right, at another on the left metacarpus, which went off when at rest (aft. 2.1/2 h.). [Lr.]

In the thick flesh betwixt the metacarpal bone of the right thumb and that of the forefinger a violent stabbing, as with a blunt knife. [Gss.]

Itching formicating tickling on one side of the middle finger, exciting scratching (aft. 3.1/2 h.). [Lr.]

In the middle joint of the forefinger a violent pecking (intermittent obtuse shooting). [Gss.]

135. Cramp-like pressure on the proximal phalanx of the right thumb, which went off on moving it (aft. 7 h.). [Lr.]

Paralytic drawing in the whole left little finger (aft. 4 h.). [Htn.]

Paralytic pain of the left fingers, especially in the joints connecting them with the metacarpal blunt shooting in the distal phalanx of the forefinger; on moving the finger the pain extends into the proximal joint. [Gss.]

140. Pain on the outer side of the metacarpal bone of the right and left little fingers, as from a confusion – only felt on touching it. [Gss.]

On the back of the right hand a pain more pressive than tearing (aft. 1 h.). [Htn.]

On going up and downstairs a very great heaviness in the lower extremities, as if a weight were attached to them (aft. 2 h.). [Htn.]

When walking in the open air, staggering gait, as if the lower extremities could not bear the rest of the body for weakness (aft. 4 h.). [Lr.]

When crossing the right thigh over the left, a weakness and tired feeling in the bones of the right leg, which, however, he does not feel when walking (aft. 3.1/2 h.). [Htn.]

145.On the inner side of the right thigh a paralytic pain when the limb is drawn up in a sitting posture – when treading pain (like shooting) towards the knee. [Gss.]

Drawing aching sensation from the middle of the right thigh to the knee (when sitting)(aft. 3 h.). [Htn.]

When walking in the open air a cramp-like pain in the muscles of the right thigh (aft. 4.1/2 h.). [Lr.]

Above the right knee an aching spasmodic pain in the muscles when sitting and standing (aft. ¾ h.). [Htn.]

Blunt stitches just above the left patella, only when treading (aft. 24 h.). [Gss.]

150. His knees tremble as if he had had a great fright (aft. 2.1/2 h.). [Htn.]

Sudden pain through the right knee when standing, sitting, and walking (aft. 26 h.). [Htn.]

Tearing downwards in the leg.

Cramp-like pressure on the left leg near the ankle-joint (aft. 2.1/4 h.). [Lr.]

Violent intermittent obtuse shooting in the metatarsal bones of the big toe and the next one on the left foot, when at rest. [Gss.]

155. When standing a cramp-like pressure on the right sole, which went off when walking. (aft. 2.1/2 h.). [Lr.]

Weariness of the lower extremities (aft. 2.1/2 h.). [Lr.]

Disinclination for work (aft. 8 h.). [Htn.]

Laziness and drowsiness in the morning after rising. [Gss.]

Stretching in the limbs (aft. ½ h.).

160. Frequent yawning and stretching as if he had not slept enough (aft. 2 h.). [Lr.]

Immediately after a meal he cannot resist sleep, his eyelids close (aft.7 h.). [Mss.]

Restless sleep at night, he tossed from one side to the other. [Lr.]

Sleep only till 4 a.m., full of dreams of war and corpses, on several nights.

Slight transient coldness in the whole body, also perceptible externally on the hands and feet. [Gss.]

165. Shivering, especially on one side of the body, from the shoulders to the thighs, as of cold water were poured down them.

Unquenchable thirst (aft. 2.1/2 h.). [Htn.]

Indifference to things at other times interesting to him (aft. 4 h.). [Mss.]

Very great crossness and surly humour, without exciting cause; at the same time, however, inclination for and urging to work; he also feels pleasure in having people about him and in talking to them (aft. 2.1/2 h.). [Htn.]

All day long peevish humour, but somewhat more cheerful towards the evening. [Lr.]

170. All day long faint-hearted disposition; he held all effort and hope to be useless. [Lr.]

Excessive gaeity, with laughter (aft. 24 h.). [Htn.]

Distraction; various trains of thought and fancies forced themselves upon him (aft. 8 d.).

Excitement of the imagination, especially by fancies of a voluptuous character for several days.

Samuel Hahnemann
Samuel Hahnemann (1755-1843) was the founder of Homoeopathy. He is called the Father of Experimental Pharmacology because he was the first physician to prepare medicines in a specialized way; proving them on healthy human beings, to determine how the medicines acted to cure diseases.

Hahnemann's three major publications chart the development of homeopathy. In the Organon of Medicine, we see the fundamentals laid out. Materia Medica Pura records the exact symptoms of the remedy provings. In his book, The Chronic Diseases, Their Peculiar Nature and Their Homoeopathic Cure, he showed us how natural diseases become chronic in nature when suppressed by improper treatment.