Hahnemann’s proving symptoms of homeopathy remedy Taraxacum from Materia Medica Pura, which Samuel Hahnemann wrote between 1811 to 1821…


(The fresh expressed juice of the whole plant Leontodon taraxacum, gathered when not quite in full bloom, mixed with equal parts of alcohol.)

This plant, like many others, has been wrongfully administered in diseases in enormous quantities, on merely theoretical grounds, as a remedy of universal every day use.

In all diseases which the so-called practical glance, which pretends to be able to see everything, even the inner processes of morbid nature, could make nothing of, as in all those that would not fit in with any name in pathology, it was theoretically assumed that there were present viscid, inspissated humours and obstructions of the minute nameless vessels in the interior of the body which nobody could see, in order that the favourite assumption.

On account of its milky juice it was theoretically assumed that it must act like a soap, and as soap chemically dissolves all sort of substances in a vessel, so dandelion must dissolve in the interior of the living body whatever the practitioner was pleased to imagine existed in the diseased human system of a viscid, inspissated and obstructive character.

Had the pure powers of dandelion to effect changes in the human health been ever tested, and had it thus been experimentally ascertained what peculiar morbid states it was able characteristically to produce, and had been then a pure therapeutic trial been made of this plant, administered alone, in any case of disease, and it had been found to effect a rapid and permanent cure, it would have been seen convincingly on comparing the totality of the symptoms of the disease cured by this remedy with the morbid symptoms of the disease cured by this remedy with the morbid symptoms dandelion can produce in the healthy body, that this plant can only cure in virtue of its symptoms being similar to those of the case of disease, and that it could not fail to cure it in accordance with the eternal homoeopathic law of nature, and that for that very reason it could not be of use in those morbid states the like of which dandelion is not able to produce.

A knowledge of this fact would have converted practitioners, had they been capable of being converted, from a belief in their imaginary indication of an internal, non-existent, pathological obstruction-monster which they pretended had to be dissolved.

The following pure pathogenetic symptoms of dandelion, which are far from complete, may perhaps help to dispel this pathologicotherapeutical self-deception. But they will do more, for they will teach us a priori for what morbid cases this vegetable juice will be and must be a sure remedy, and prevent us torturing patients for whom it is unsuitable (unhomoeopathic) in a useless and injurious manner by giving it in large doses, as has hitherto been done.

When this drug is suitable from this homoeopathic similarity, we require to give it in the dose of scarcely a single drop of the juice in order to effect a cure. The juice as prepared above is much preferable to the officinal extract, which by prolonged stirring in a copper kettle is rendered impure by admixture with this metal.

[The provers of this medicine are FRANZ, GUTMANN, KUMMER, LANGHAMMER, ROSAZEWSKY; no symptoms are contributed by HAHNEMANN.]

No old-school authorities are cited.

The 1st edit. Has 209, this 2nd edit. 264 symptoms.]


Vertigo on walking in the open air as if drunk, the head fell at one time to the left, at another to the right side (aft. 2.1/4 h.). [Lr.]

When walking in the open air unsteady step and vertigo, as though he would fall forwards (aft. 10 h.). [Lr.]

When walking in the open air great confusion and dizziness of the head, like vertigo, sometimes sensation as though the brain were distented here and there, painless. [Fz.]

5. Sensation in the head, as if the brain were constricted by a soft pressure from all sides. [Fz.]

When walking in the open air aching crawling pain in the forehead, which spreads out from the centre of it, as though there were something alive in it (aft. 4 h.). [Lr.]

A sensation in the head compounded of pressure and itching. [Gn.]

Pressure deep down in the occiput and heaviness there (aft. 9.1/2 h.). [Gn.]

Heaviness of the head and redness of the face. [Gn.]

10. In the sinciput pressive pain out towards the forehead. [Gn.]

Pressive stupefying pain on the forehead, as after a debauch (aft. 1 h.). [Lr.]

Aching pain in the right temple (aft. 35 h.). [Gn.]

Burning pressive pain in the head going upwards. [Gn.]

Pressive pain in the head from within outwards (aft. 2.1/2 h.). [Gn.]

15. Heaviness in the occiput which goes off every time he stoops, and returns on raising up and keeping the head straight, and then it is worst. [Gn.]

When sitting aching stupefying pain in the whole forehead, so that he became unconscious when reading and did not know where he was, accompanied by nausea; he felt better only in the open air (aft. 1.3/4 h.). [Lr.]

Constant pressive pain on the forehead (aft. 4 h.). [Gn.]

Drawing aching pain in the temple. [Fz.]

When standing drawing pressive pain on the frontal bone. [Fz.]

20. When sitting drawing pain at the left temple, which ceases when walking and standing (aft. 5 h.). [Lr.]

When walking tearing pain in the occiput, which goes off when standing still. [Fz.]

Shooting tearing in the occiput behind the right ear. [Fz.]

Tearing stitches in the rapid succession on the left side of the forehead. [Lr.]

25. A persistent shooting pain in the left side of the head, for six hours. [Rz.]

When sitting needle-pricks in the left temple, which go off when standing (aft. 1.1/2 h.). [Lr.]

When walking in the open air a violent persistent stitch in the left temporal region, which went off when standing (aft. 38 h.). [Lr.]

Sharp stitches externally on the left side of the forehead, which are not allayed by touching (aft. 13 h.). [Lr.]

Obtuse shooting pressure on the forehead (aft. ½ h.). [Gn.]

30. A pimple on the hairy scalp on the right side above the temple, which is painful when touched, as if the part were festering (aft. 15 h.). [Lr.]

The anterior skin of the hairy scalp is tense, as though it were tightly fastened to the crown. [Kr.]

A pimple in the centre of the hairs of the left eyebrow with pressive pain when touched (aft. 27 h.). [Lr.]

Contracted pupils (aft. 4 h.). [Lr.]

Dilated pupils (aft. 26 h.). [Lr.]

35. In the morning on waking the eyelids are stuck together with matter, for several days. [Kr.]

A kind of inflammation of the eyes; the eyes are intolerant of light and constantly watering, with pressure on the right upper eyelid, as if something were there which he in vain endeavoured to wipe away. [Kr.]

Eye-gum, more in the morning than during the day. [Kr.]

Burning in the left eyeball (aft. 11.1/2 h.). [Gn.]

Violent burning in the right eyeball towards the inner canthus. [Kr.]

40. Fine burning in the right eyeball towards the inner canthus. [Kr.]

Shooting burning pain in the left eyeball (aft. 20 h.). [Kr.]

A burning shooting in the left eyeball, towards the outer canthus (aft. ½ h.). [Kr.]

Sharp shooting pain in the right eye. [Kr.]

Acute aching, as from a grain of sand in the right inner canthus, with sensation as if the eyelids were swollen there. [Fz.]

45. (In the evening hardness of hearing; something seems to be before the ears; he only hears in a dull manner.) [Fz.]

Inward pressure in the interior of the left ear. [Gn.]

Chirping in the left ear, as from grasshoppers (aft. 33 h.). [Lr.]

In the meatus auditoriuos externus tearing, and behind the ramus of the lower jaw sharp pressure. [Fz.]

Stitches behind the ear, with tearing down the side of the neck. [Fz.]

50. In the right ear a shooting from within outwards, which always receded inwards again. [Gn.]

Itching burning shooting in the right ear. [Gn.]

Drawing pain in the auricle (aft. 5 h.). [Lr.]

A sharp pressure in the right cheek (aft. ½ h.). [Gn.]

An aching stitch in the cheek. [Gn.]

55. A suppurating pimple on the upper part of the left cheek, with red areola, which when touched has a gnawing pain (aft. 24 h.). [Lr.]

A suppurating pimple on the angle of the right alanasi (aft. 8 h.). [Lr.]

Two attacks of epistaxis from the left nostril, at noon before eating (aft. 30 h.). [Lr.]

The upper lip cracks in the middle (aft. 6 h.). [Kr.]

A suppurating pimple at the right commissure of the mouth (aft. 49 h.). [Lr.]

60. Sudden itching below the chin (aft. 1 h.). [Lr.]

In the lower part of the parotid gland and on the cervical muscles, and from the sternum to the mastoid process, an acute pain on moving the jaw and neck.[Kr.]

Twitching on the side of the neck, interiorly (aft. 15 h.). [Gn.]

Sharp boring stitches in the left side of the neck from within outwards, for some minutes (immediately). [Gn.]

Pressive twitching in the muscles of the nape behind the left ear (aft. 3.1/2 h.). [Gn.]

65. Pricking in the left side of the nape, as from a rather blunt needle, when standing, which went off on sitting down (aft. 1.1/2 h.). [Lr.]

Pressive shooting in the nape. [Gn.]

Pressive pain like blows on two incisor teeth, more in their crowns. [Gn.]

Blood flows from the carious teeth on the right side (which tastes sour). [Kr.]

On chewing food sensation in the teeth as if they were set on edge by sour fruit (aft. 37 h.). [Lr.]

70. Drawing pain in the carious teeth of the right side, which extends up the cheek to the superciliary arch. [Kr.]

Burning shooting in the left side of the tongue (aft. 9 h.).[Gn.]

White furred tongue (aft. 2.3/4 h.). [Lr.]

White fur on the tongue which gradually exfoliates in patches (aft. 11.1/2 h.). [Lr.]

The tongue is covered with a white skin, with raw feeling in it, it then exfoliates in patches and leaves dark red, tender, very sensitive places (aft. 34 h.). [Lr.]

75. In the morning on waking a quite dry brown furred tongue. [Kr.]

Collection of saliva in the mouth and sensation as if the larynx were compressed (aft. 31 h.). [Lr.]

Difficult deglutition; a kind of pressure as from an internal swelling in the throat. [Gn.]

Sharp pressure on the anterior wall of the oesophagus and larynx when not swallowing which excites cough, but goes off when swallowing. [Fz.]

Water of a sourish taste collects in the mouth. [Kr.]

80. The mucus hawked up tastes quite sour and sets the teeth on edge (aft. 3, 4 h.). [Kr.]

Dryness and shooting in the throat. [Fz.]

Dry sensation in the fauces and a bitter mucus there, which makes the voice hoarse. [Fz.]

On the tip of the tongue butter tastes repulsively salty-sour; on the palate, however, it tastes as usual. [Kr.]

Butcher’s meat, but especially the gravy of roast meat, tastes quite sour when it comes on contact with the tip of his tongue. [Kr.]

85. Before eating bitter taste in the mouth; but food has a natural taste. [Lr.]

A bitter taste rises up the oesophagus into the mouth. [Fz.]

Tobacco-smoke has no taste, it causes burning in the throat, almost like heart-burn, and takes away the breath; this is removed by drinking. [Kr.]

Bitter eructation and hiccup. [Fz.]

Empty eructation, which lasted several days, and came on especially after drinking (aft. ½ h.). [Kr.]

90. Nausea, accompanied by anxiety, when sitting, which goes off when standing (aft. 2.1/2 h.). [Lr.]

Nausea, as from overloading with fat food; he thought he must vomit, with aching stupefying pain in the forehead – he only got better in the open air (aft. 1.3/4 h.). [Lr.]

Qualmishness and nausea in the oesophagus (aft. 2.3/4 h.). [Lr.]

After eating great chilliness, and especially after drinking. [Fz.]

Painless movement and rumbling in the abdomen. [Kr.]

95. Rumbling in the umbilical region, towards the left side. [Gn.]

A quickly occurring, persistent movement in the hypogstrium as if bubbles were developed in it which burst (aft. 5.1/2 h.). [Lr.]

Tension in the scrobiculus cordis and pressure on the ensiform cartilage when stooping. [Fz.]

Aching under the ribs on the left side. [Gn.]

Aching pain in the left side of the abdomen.[Gn.]

100. Pinching in the belly (aft. 1.1/4 h.). [Gn.]

Bellyache: pinching in the abdomen followed by discharge of flatus (aft. 3, 16 h.). [Lr.]

Persistent aching stitches in the left side of the abdomen (aft. 24, 30 h.). [Gn.]

Boring pain from within outwards, in the umbilical region, towards the right side. [Gn.]

Boring pain from within outwards, in the umbilical region, towards the right side. [Gn.]

Tensive aching stitches in the right side of the abdomen. [Gn.]

105. Single, violent and sharp stitches, sometimes in the left side of the upper abdomen, sometimes in the left or right side of the abdomen, sometimes also in the hypogastrium (aft. 14, 31 h.). [Gn.]

A severe stitch in the side of the abdomen, lasting a minute. [Rz.]

Burning stitches in the left hypogastrium towards the genitals (aft. 25 h.). [Gn.]

Pressure in the left lumber region from within outwards. [Gn.]

Itching pricking pain in the right abdominal muscles. [Gn.]

110. Painless gurgling in the muscles of the left hypogastrium. [Gn.]

Feeling of pain in the left groin when walking, as if dislocated, which is somewhat diminished by standing and touching (aft. 6 h.). [Lr.]

Tickling itching on the perinaeum, between the anus and pudendum, which compels scratching (aft. 14 h.). [Lr.]

Voluptuous itching on the perinaeum, which compels scratching, which caused on eroding pain in this part, lasting many hours (aft. 32 h.). [Lr.]

The first day a second, not hard stool, evacuated with difficulty and with much pressing (aft. 8.1/2 h.). [Lr.]

115. The first day a third, less hard stool, evacuated with much pressing (aft. 16 h.). [Lr.]

Stool sooner than usual and pappy; but the urging to evacuate continued without anything more passing. [Fz.]

Urging to urinate without pains (aft. 1 h.). [Lr.]

Frequent urging to urinate with copious discharge of urine (aft. 3 h.). [Lr.]

Frequent urging to urinate with scanty discharge of urine (From these two symptoms the first of which is primary action, but the second secondary action, or permanent reaction of the organism, we see hoe perverse is the ordinary practice, when it is attempted to cure chronic dropsical effusions with diminished urinary secretion by means of dandelion. If as it is its nature to do, it at first produces a greater discharge of urine, it diminishes the secretion all the more in its permanent secondary action. On the other hand, it would be more likely to effect homoeopathic service in certain kind of morbid diuresis (diabetes) for which dandelion is otherwise suitable, provided no miasmatic cachexy is the cause of the affection – as, indeed, is often the case.)(aft. 25 h.). [Lr.]

120. Tickling on the prepuce, which comples rubbing (aft. 7.1/2 h.). [Lr.]

A constant boring pain in the glans penis. [Gn.]

A fine stitch in the left testicle. [Gn.]

Burning shooting in the right testicle. [Gn.]

Seminal emission on alternate nights. [Kr.]

125. Long-continued, involuntary, erections (aft. 9 d.). (No name is attached to this symptoms.)

When walking in the open air frequent sneezing (aft. 4, 28 h.). [Lr.]

Tickling irritation to short cough in the region of the pit of the throat, the coming on of which he is sensible of several seconds previously, but is unable to suppress it (aft. 40 h.). [Lr.]

A boring and digging pain in the right side of the chest, more severe and persistent when walking (aft. 3 h.). [Gn.]

Pressure in the left side of the chest under the axilla. [Gn.]

130. In the right side of the chest, from the hepatic region up into the chest, on a space large than a hand, a pressure from within on the ribs during expiration, when standing. [Fz.]

Burning aching in the sternum, more severe during expiration than inspiration (aft. ½ h.). [Gn.]

An aching stitch in the right side of the chest, which went off on inspiring and expiring more strongly; but when he pressed on the spot it returned more violently and extended farther, as a prolonged stitch-pain (aft. 2 h.). [Gn.]

A stitch in the right side of the chest (aft. 4 h.). [Gn.]

Obtuse shooting in the left side of the chest shooting towards the back. [Gn.]

135. In the left side of the chest shooting towards in the chest during inspiration. [Fz.]

When walking continued shooting in the right side of the chest. [Gn.]

Violent shooting inthe sternum (aft. 6 h.). [Gn.]

Stitch in the right side of the chest, just below the axilla (aft. 1.1/2 h.). [Gn.]

140. Under the last rib of the left side, towards the back, three violent stitches, one at every breath. [Kr.]

A severe stitch in the region of the sixth rib. [Kr.]

Violent shooting in the left side of the chest, at the lowest rib. [Gn.]

Shooting in the right side of the diaphragm, when lying on that side.[Gn.]

On the shoulder end of the right clavicle a boring shooting drawing. [Fz.145.]

Twitching in the left intercostal muscles.[Gn.]

Twitching in the right intercostal muscles (aft. 14 h.). [Gn.]

On taking a full inspiration tensive pain in the region of the diaphragm (aft. 11 h.). [Gn.]

Aching in the sacrum. [Gn.]

Gentle pressure in the sacrum when standing. [Fz.]

150. Painless running in the sacrum. [Gn.]

Tensive shooting in the back towards the right side. [Gn.]

Aching shooting pain in the whole spine towards the right side, when lying, with difficult respiration, especially severe in the sacrum. [Gn.]

A persistent obtuse stitch in the right scapula, from within outwards (aft. 21 h.). [Gn.]

Vibration and quivering in the right scapula. [Gn.]

155. Pulsating throbbing on the left shoulder, for a minute. [Kr.]

Twitching in the top of the left shoulder. [Gn.]

Painless vibration on the left shoulder, with chilliness all over. [Gn.]

Twitching in the muscles of the left upper arm, on the outer side (aft. 4 h.). [Gn.]

Quivering in the upper rm. [Gn.]

160. In the interior of the upper arm pulsating throbbing, in fits. [Kr.]

Pressive pain in the muscles of the left upper arm (aft. 30 h.). [Gn.]

Pressive pain on the inner side of the left arm. [Gn.]

Pain like electric shocks on the outer side of the left upper arm. [Gn.]

Shooting pain on the inner side of the left upper arm. [Gn.]

165. Sharp shooting on the outer side of the left upper arm. [Gn.]

At the back of the upper arm a series of painful, sometimes violent, needle-pricks, which are removed by rubbing. [Kr.]

Intermittent stitches on the outer side between the elbow and middle of the right upper arm, when at rest. [Fz.]

Shooting in the right elbow-joint. [Gn.]

Pricking in the left forearm, which go off on touching (aft. 13 h.). [Lr.]

170. Sharp stitches in the right forearm, which go off on touching (aft. 13 h.). [Lr.]

Twitching in the muscles of the left forearm (aft. 13 h.). [Lr.]

Burning in the right forearm. [Gn.]

Pressive pain on the inner side of the right forearm. [Gn.]

In the forearm frequently recurring drawing pains. [Kr.]

175. In the left wrist-joint a tearing drawing, which spreads into the three last fingers. [Kr.]

On the hands a papular eruption, especially on the sides of the fingers, also on the back of the hand, with some itching. [Kr.]

Burning pain in the thirst and fourth fingers of the left hand. [Gn.]

Shooting pain in the fourth finger of the left hand. [Gn.]

Aching pain in the three last fingers of the right hand. [Gn.]

180. The tips of the fingers are icy cold (aft. 6 h.). [Lr.]

Twitching in the muscles of the left natis extending downwards. [Gn.]

Itching in the muscles of the left natis. [Gn.]

Quivering in the upper muscles of the thigh (aft. 2 h.). [Gn.]

Shooting pain in the whole of the left thigh (aft. 9.1/2, 10.1/2 h.). [Gn.]

185. When sitting boring shooting on the inner side of the thigh. [Fz.]

Quite at the top of the thigh in front a part is painful as if bruised, worse when touched than when walking. [Kr.]

Pressure on the inner side of the right thigh, when sitting and standing, but not when walking (aft. 2 h.). [Gn.]

Eroding itching on the left thigh, compelling scratching (aft. 7.1/2 h.). [Lr.]

Tearing in the hough, on its outer tendon, when sitting. [Fz.]

190. Drawing shooting pain on the outer side of the right knee, when at rest mad when moving (aft. 3 h.). [Lr.]

A shooting pain prevading the whole knee-joint. [Gn.]

On the outer side of the knee sharp pressure when he flexes the leg. [Fz.]

Burning pain in the left patella. [Gn.]

A persistent burning pain anteriorly in the right knee. [Gn.]

195. Burning pain on the outer side of the right leg. [Gn.]

Burning pain on the lower part of the right leg. [Gn.]

Burning anteriorly on the tibia. [Gn.]

In the right leg a violent pricking, going from below upwards, when standing, which went off when sitting (aft. 30 h.). [Lr.]

On the outer side of the left leg needle-pricks darting upwards, when standing, which go off when sitting (aft. 31 h.). [Lr.]

Samuel Hahnemann
Samuel Hahnemann (1755-1843) was the founder of Homoeopathy. He is called the Father of Experimental Pharmacology because he was the first physician to prepare medicines in a specialized way; proving them on healthy human beings, to determine how the medicines acted to cure diseases.

Hahnemann's three major publications chart the development of homeopathy. In the Organon of Medicine, we see the fundamentals laid out. Materia Medica Pura records the exact symptoms of the remedy provings. In his book, The Chronic Diseases, Their Peculiar Nature and Their Homoeopathic Cure, he showed us how natural diseases become chronic in nature when suppressed by improper treatment.