Hahnemann’s proving symptoms of homeopathy remedy Ruta from Materia Medica Pura, which Samuel Hahnemann wrote between 1811 to 1821…


(From vol.. iv, 2nd edit., 1825.)

(The freshly expressed juice of the whole plant, Ruta graveolens, mixed with equal parts of alcohol.)

This powerful plant, hitherto almost only employed in haphazard fashion by common folk as a domestic remedy in indeterminate cases, acquires considerable importance from the following (all too meagre!)Symptoms observed from its administration. The homoeopathic practitioner sees what peculiar serious cases of disease he is able to cure by its means.

If ROSENSTEIN (Reseap., p. 40) cannot sufficiently commend the virtues of rue in affections f the eye and dimness of vision from too much reading, in which SWEDJAUR and CHOMEL agree with him, he must be very blind who fails to see that these are solely owing to the homeopathic power of rue to cause a similar condition in healthy persons. See symptoms 44, 45.

By this so similarly acting medicine the malady is certainly not increased and aggravated as our opponents, who think themselves so wise in their ignorance, would conclude with ridiculous expressions of alarm, and without interrogating experience. On the contrary, it will be cured, quickly and permanently cured (if not dependent on a miasmatic dyscrasia) to the bitter disappointment and confusion of learned routinists who reject the most beneficient of all truths

A dilution which in every drop contains 1/100000th of a grain of this juice, one drop for a dose- all heterogeneous irritants being kept away – I have found to be even a somewhat too large dose in many cases.

Camphor removes the too violent effects of rue.


The following old-school authorities furnish symptoms:

EL. CAMERARIUS. Hort. Medorrhinum

LEV. LEMNIUS, De Occultis Naturoe Miraculis, ii.

The 1st edit. Has 224, this 2nd edit, 288 symptoms.]


When sitting sudden severe vertigo: all turns round him in a circle; thereafter glowing cheeks (aft. 12 h.). [Lr.]

When walking in the open air severe vertigo; he would almost have fallen on the right side had he not held on to something (aft. 26 h.). [Lr.]

In the morning on rising from bed severe vertigo; he would have fallen forwards had he not held on to something (aft. 24 h.). [Lr.]

Slow flow of ideas, slow to remember things.[Stf.]

5. Frequent absence of thinking power; he does things which had become easy to him from frequent repetition, quite mechanically at the wrong time (aft. 48 h.). [Ws.]

Dulness of the head, a kind of want of recollection. [Hbg.]

Confusion of the brain in the forehead, with throbbing pain in it, in the evening before going to sleep, and still worse in the morning on waking from a too profound sleep.

Confusion of the head. [Stf.]

Sensation in the head and body as if he had not slept enough. [Hbg.]

10. Persistent heaviness in the head, chiefly in the forehead, as if a weight lay in it (aft. ¾ h.). [Htn.]

After dinner, headache, like pressure on the whole brain, with a great mobility of the nervous system and restlessness in the whole body, which did not permit him to remain seated. [Fz.]

In the morning after rising pressive pain on the whole brain (aft. 24 h.). [Fz.]

In the whole head a stupefying headache with nausea, especially in the right side of the forehead, with feeling of heat in the face (aft. 4.1/2 h.). [Lr.]

15. A regularly recurring aching pain in the sinciput. [Htn.]

Aching in the forehead above the root of the nose (aft. 2.1/2 h.). [Fz.]

Aching drawing pain in the right side of the forehead. [Hbg.]

In the side of the occiput a pecking aching pain. [Fz.]

Intermittent boring stitches in the right side of the forehead (when sitting) (aft. 3.3/4 h.). [Lr.]

20. A shooting drawing pain from the frontal to the temporal bone. [Htn.]

Shooting drawing on the crown externally (aft. 24 h.). [Ws.]

(A tearing on the right parietal bone, which went off in the evening, the following morning a boil the size of a walnut on the same spot, painful when touched as if festering, which went off after a few day.)

Tensive drawing pain, as after a blow or knock, externally on the lateral parts of the head. [Hbg.]

(First a violent pain- shooting and tearing – on the hairy scalp, after which a lump arose the size of a dollar and a finger’s breadth in height, which at first was painful when touched.)

25. Itching on the hairy scalp close behind the left ear, which part soreness; both itching and pain were removed by scratching. [Fz.]

Eroding itching on the left side of the hairy scalp, as from lice, which compelled scratching and frequently recurred (aft. 36 h.). [Lr.]

Eroding itching on the whole of the hairy scalp, especially on the left side and the occiput, as from vermin, which was only allayed by scratching much, but always recurred (aft. 38 h.). [Lr.]

Two small ulcers on the hairy scalp, one on the left side and one near the nape, the eroding itching of which made him scratch, and often recurred (aft. 38 h.). [Lr.]

Gnawing aching pain on the forehead (aft. 12 h.). [Ws.]

30. Dull tearing in the temporal bones (aft. 1 h.). [Ws.]

From the temporal bones to the occiput, in the periosteum, pain as from a fall. [Hbg.]

Burning compressive pain outwardly on the head, which stupefies (aft. 11 h.). [Hbg.]

Heat in the head. [Hbg.]

In the evening (about 11 o’clock) great heat in the head with febrile restlessness of the whole body and anxiety.[Fz.]

35. Sweat on the crown of the head (immediately).

Erysipelas on the forehead. (From pinching the plant.) [EL CAMERARIUS, Hort. Medorrhinum]

Itching on one side of the face (aft. 24 h.). [Fz.]

Cramp-like tearing pain on the zygomatic process, with aching stupefying pain in both sides of the forehead (aft. 5 h.). [Lr.]

Quivering and visible twitching in the muscles of the eyebrows (aft. 12 h.).

40. Dimness before the eyes as if shadows hovered before him. [Ws.]

(Flying points before the eyes.)

It seems to be not clear enough before his eyes. [Hbg.]

Contracted pupils (aft. 2.1/2 h.). [Lr.]

His eyes feel as if he had strained the sight too much by reading. [Hbg.]

45. Week pressive-like pain in the right eye, with dimness of surrounding objects, as if from having looked too long at an object that was fatiguing to the eyes. [Hrr.]

A feeling of heat and burning in the eyes and pain in them when he reads (in the evening by candle light). [Gss.]

A burning under the left eye (aft. 3 h.). [Hbg.]

Itching in the inner canthi and on the lower eyelids, which becomes smarting after rubbing them, whereupon the eye becomes filled with water (aft. ½ h.). [Hbg.]

Pressure on the upper border of the orbits, with tearing in the eyeball. [Fz.]

50. Pressure on the inner surface of the left eye, with great watering of it, in the open air (aft. 48 h.). [Hrr.]

Pressure on both eyeballs, together with a spasm of the lower eyelids, whereby they are drawn sometimes upwards, sometimes and to a greater degree towards the inner canthus, for some days (aft. 8 h.). [Ws.]

Spasm in the lower eyelid, the tarsus is drawn hither and thither, and when it ceases water runs from both eyes, for an hour and a half. [Hbg.]

Involuntary staring at an object, with contracted pupils (aft. ½ h.). [Htn.]

55. If he shakes his head he feels a rumbling to and fro in the ear. [Hbg.]

He feels in his ear as if a blunt piece of wood were pushed about in it, a kind of scratching pressure (aft. 2 h.). [Hbg.]

Pain about the ears as if they were strongly pressed. [Hbg.]

A tickling hot pressure in the ears; which was aggravated by introducing the finger. [Hbg.]

Itching pricks in the right internal ear (aft. 3 h.). [Ws.]

60.In the cartilages of the ears pain as after a contusion. [Hbg.]

Under the mastoid process a pain as from a blow or fall. [Hbg.]

In the bones of the face numb pain, as from a blow, which spreads down into the teeth and jaw. (Several pains in the bones and periosteum seem to be caused by rue.) [Hbg.]

Sharp pressure on the root of the nose (aft. 36 h.). [Ws.]

In the upper part of the nose a pain as if a plug were pushed transversely through it, which scratched and pressed; a sensation not removed by blowingthe nose nor by boring in the finger. [Hbg.]

65. On the dorsum of the nose slight sweat; the nose is warmer, as also the cheeks, with slight redness of the face, without thirst. [Gss.]


(She blows blood from the nose, all day.)

Pinching in the left cheek (aft. 24 h.). [Ws.]

In both cheeks an eroding gouty pain. [Hbg.]

70. Eruption on the upper and lower lips (from rue vinegar). [LEV. LEMNIUS, De Occultis Naturae Miraculis, ii, chap. 1.]

Digging pain in the lower teeth.

The right upper gums are painful on their inner side as if sore and swollen, with drawing stitches in them, most severe when touched (aft. 36 h.). [Ws.]

Bleeding of the gums when cleaning and brushing the teeth.

Sometimes dry and sticky in the mouth. [Stf.]

75. aching pain in the palate, more when not swallowing than when swallowing (aft. 2 h.).

When swallowing, but not otherwise, a shore feeling and aching on the velum palati. [Gss.]

In the afternoon thirst for cold water (aft. 33 h.). [Lr.]

In the afternoon unquenchable thirst for cold water: he drinks often and much and it does nor oppress him (aft. 24 h.). [Gss.]

Eructation (immediately). [Hbg.]

80. Eructation of air oily. [Htn.]

After eating and drinking, eructation with the taste of the ingesta. [Gss.]

Food has to her a woody taste, as if dry and insipid (2nd d.).[Gss.]

He has appetite, but as soon as he eats anything he feels a tensive oppression in the upper part of the abdomen and chest, as if he were satiated (aft. 5 h.). [Gss.]

She has appetite as usual; but as soon as she begins to eat, everything is repugnant to her and fills her with loathing. [Gss.]

85. Frequent hiccup (during the accustomed tobacco-smoking)(aft. 4 h.). [Lr.]

Frequent hiccup with some nausea (during the accustomed tobacco0smoking)(aft. 34 h.). [Lr.]

Inclination to vomit when stooping. [Stf.]

A kind of nausea in the scrobiculus cordis with call to stool, which is allayed for instants by discharge of flatus.[Gss.]

(Shooting in the scrobiculus cordis.)

90. Shooting tearing in the interior of the scrobiculus cordis (aft. 24 h.).[Ws.]

Gnawing aching in the scrobiculus cordis, at night and in the morning (aft. 12 h.). [Gss.]

Aching causing restlessness in front near the scrobiculus cordis, in the hepatic region. [Fz.]

Burning gnawing in the stomach. [Hbg.]

Emptiness and gnawing in the stomach, as if he had been long without food (aft. 10 h.). [Hbg.]

95. Under the left short ribs a fine painful beating or pecking. [Gss.]

Under the left short ribs a pain per se, which becomes more severe when pressed upon and impedes inspiration, when she awakes at night. [Gss.]

Corrosive burning in the left abdominal region.[Hbg.]

When she attempted to sit down something stabbed her upwards from the abdomen.

Coldness in the internal umbilical region and a sensation as if something got loose there. [Hbg.]

100. Severe stitches in the abdominal muscles in the umbilical depression, which compel her to draw in the abdomen (aft. 1 h.). [Ws.]

From below the navel shooting jerks dart towards the pubes during expiration, so as to take away her breath; she feels nothing on pressing strongly there.[Gss.]

In the hepatic region an aching gnawing pain. [Hbg.]

In the umbilical region a scratching a gnawing intermingled with nausea (aft. 6 d.). [Gss.]

In both sides of the abdomen pushing cutting pinching, as from flatulence (aft. 2.3/4 h.). [Lr.]

105. Pinching and aching pain, with discomfort in the hypogastrium, as after a chill (aft. 48 h.). [Hrr.]

In the night a tensive pressing in the whole hypogastrium from the navel downwards, as if the catamenia were about to come in; the pain is aggravated by pressing on it. [Gss.]

Agreeable coolness in the abdomen and chest. [Hbg.]

Inward heat in the abdomen and chest. [Hbg.]

When sitting drawing pressure in the renal region, along the loins. [Fz.]

110. In the loins, a bruised pain with contractive tension opposite in the hypogastrium, only when sitting, but not when walking or standing. [Gss.]

(After a long walk) when sitting, a digging, as if bruised in the lumbar region just above the sacrum; when walking it lasts for some time and then gradually goes off; when standing still and sitting it recurs.[Gss.]

Grumbling in the hypogastrium (aft. 1 h.). [Hrr.]

Discharge of very foetid flatus (aft. 1.1/2 h.). [Lr.]

Flatus easily discharges. [Hbg.]

115. Discharge of flatus with feeling as if a stool would follow (aft. 39 h.). [Lr.]

When sitting tearing stitches in the rectum. [Fz.]

Tearing in the rectum and urethra, when not urinating (aft. 2 d.). [Fz.]

Stool of scanty hard faeces almost like sheep-dung (aft. 40 h.). [Lr.]

The stool was evacuated with difficulty, as if from absence of vermicular movement in the rectum, in the first twenty-four hours, and it was of large size. [Hbg.]

120. Constant urging to stool, which, however, is softer than usual, and even after the evacuation straining and urging (aft. 24 h.). [Hrr.]

After sick feeling in the abdomen, two soft stools, which were evacuated with difficulty on account of a kind of rigidity and inactivity of the rectum (aft. 1.1/2 h.). [Fz.]

Stool on the second day much later than usual. [Fz.]

Frequent pressing to stool with prolapsus of the rectum, which then occurred frequently, with feeling of urging, during which much flatus is always discharged; the slightest stooping, and still more crouching together brought down the rectum (aft. 72 h.); the following days the rectum remained constantly prolapsed, and though it can easily be replaced without pains still it always came out again immediately, for several days. [Fz.]

Discharge of blood with the stool.

125. Pressure in the region of the neck of the bladder, like a painful closure of it, shortly after urinating (aft. 24 h.). [Ws.]

On the whole he passes but little urine, but after urinating there occur a pressure and urging in the bladder without further discharge of urine (2nd and 3rd d.). [Fz.]

Immediately after urinating, at every step she feels as if the bladder were full and were moved up and down; not when sitting (aft. 18 h.). [Gss.]

Great pressing to urinate as if the bladder were always full, and yet but little urine passed, and after it is discharged there is urging as if more would come, but it does not (aft. some h.)., for several days. [Gss.]

She feels as if she could not retain her urine any longer, such extreme urging she has, though but a drop of urine was in the bladder; during and after urinate there is painful burning in the genitals and the urging continues for a long time; but at night she could sleep just as quietly as ver; she has urging to make water only early in the morning before daybreak. [Gss.]

130. Increased, powerful sexual desire. [Gss.]

Nocturnal seminal emissions without amorous dreams. [Lr.]

Frequent sneezing. [Lr.]

On the larynx, pain as from a blow or contusion. [Hbg.]

Agreeable coolness in the chest. [Hbg.]

135. Inward hot feeling in the chest. [Hbg.]

Corrosive, eroding drawing in the left side of the chest. [Hbg.]

A gnawing in the left side of the chest. [Hbg.]

In the right side of the chest a gnawing sensation combined with something corrosive and burning. [Hbg.]

Great compression of the lower part of the chets at the last false ribs, at night; he dreamt that someone was clasping him violently, and he wakes in consequence (aft. 24 h.). [Ws.]

140. A pressive fulness in the chest which causes tightness of the chest and short breathing.

Pressure on the sternum, according to the feeling, inwardly and outwardly. [Hrr.]

Hard pressure on the sixth true rib, more violent during expiration and when touched (aft. 2 h.). [Hrr.]

Obtuse blow in the left side of the chest. [Hbg.]

Sharp shooting between the left nipple and axilla, worse during inspiration (aft. 30 h.). [Hrr.]

145. Shooting pain inside the left nipple, worse during inspiration (aft. 4 d.). [Hrr.]

On going upstairs stitches on the chest and stoppage of the breath which caused him the greatest anxiety. [Fz.]

Stitches on the sternum at every movement (2nd d.).[Fz.]

During both inspiration and expiration pressive oppressive shooting on the sternum (when sitti)(aft. 4 h.). [Lr.]

Fine cutting extending from the throat into the chest, especially at the clavicle and axilla where it is persistent, when walking: increased by quick walking (aft. 36 h.). [Ws.]

150. Trembling twitching on the last true ribs of the right side (aft. ¼ h.). [Ws.]

At night over the ensiform cartilage, on one of the costal cartilages, an intermittent gnawing or pecking. [Gss.]

Pain from the coccyx to the os sacrum as from a fall or blow. [Hbg.]

Hard pressure on the left lower surface of the os sacrum. [Hrr.]

Pain in the limba vertebrae, as if bruised. [Hbg.]

155. In the spine, opposite to the scrobiculus cordis, a painful twitching; when she presses on it with her hand it is worse, and then there occurs at the same time a pain under the last short ribs, that afterwards extends into the belly and impedes respiration. [Gss.]

The spine is painful, as if bruised, when sitting and walking – a pain which takes away the breath. [Fz.]

Hard pressure on the left about the os innomination, near the spine (aft. 2 h.).[Hrr.]

In the back just above the left os ilii, when at rest and when moving, an intermittent painful throbbing that goes off by pressing on it, and afterwards recurs. [Gss.]

(After a long walk) at the posterior border of the left os ilii, a throbbing that extends downwards over the hip, on the anterior aspect of the thigh almost to the knee, and goes off by pressing on the os ilii. [Gss.]

160. In the anterior spinous process of the left ilium an intermittent beating. [Gss.]

Pain on the posterior spinous process of the iliu, even when sitting like a forcing forwards and as if something would come out there; it was always relieved by pressing on it.

When sitting, stitches in the spine, with quickly occurring anxiety. [Fz.]

In the right side of the spine, opposite the liver, aching drawing pain, especially severe during inspiration (aft. 2 d.). [Fz.]

In the dorsal vertebrae pain as from a fall, when moving and when at rest. [Hbg.]

165. Drawing bruised pain in the spine which often takes away the breath. [Fz.]

When sitting, bruised pain on the left side of the back, which went off when walking and standing (aft. 10.1/2 h.). [Lr.]

In the spine pain as if bruised and like lumbago. [Hbg.]

(When sitting) bruised pain along the spine, especially on the left side (aft. 7.3/4 h.). [Lr.]

Pressure on the inside of the right scapula (aft. 14 h.). [Hrr.]

170. Pricking itching between the scapulae; not removed by rubbing (immediately). [Ws.]

On moving the scapula a drawing shooting pain on its apex, so that he must immediately let the arm sink down. [Fz.]

Drawing pain on the scapula, that takes away the breath. [Fz.]

Drawing in the nape. [Stf.]

In the shoulder-joints acute pain, as from dislocation; when he draws and turns the upper arm upwards this pain is somewhat relieved, but it returns immediately when he hangs or lays down the arm. [Hbg.]

175. Under the right axilla a pain as from a burning smarting ulcer (aft. 48 h.). [Hbg.]

Cramp-like drawing in the bicceps muscles of the upper arm. [Fz.]

Painful jerks in the upper arms, from their middle; when the pain reaches the elbow it extends farther into the fingers and seems to be in the shaft of the bones, at the same time fatigue and heaviness of the lower extremities. [Gss.]

Coolness inwardly in the arms. [Hbg.]

Itching on the left upper arm that excited scratching (aft. 8 h.). [Lr.]

180. In both arms fine, very close, deep pricks, that changed into an eroding itching, with redness and heat of the skin of the arms.

Hard pressure on the right elbow-joint, worse on extending the arm (aft. 12 h.). [Hrr.]

In the left elbow-joint pain, as from a blow, with weakness in the arm (aft. 36 h.).[Hbg.]

Dull tearing in the arm bones (aft. 1 h.). [Ws.]

Dull tearing in the right elbow-joint and neighboring parts, extending to the lower end of the humerus; on extending the arm merely an aching pain (aft. 36 h.). [Hrr.]

185. The shaft of the ulna is as if bruised. [Hbg.]

Cramp-like tearing in the left forearm (aft. 25 h.). [Lr.]

Paralytic pressure on the outer side of the right forearm (aft. 10 h.). [Hrr.]

Painful aching drawing in the middle of the anterior surface of the right forearm (aft. 34 h.). [Hrr.]

Tearing pressure in the right wrist-joint, more severe during energetic movement (aft. 32 h.). [Hrr.]

190. Swollen veins on the hand, after eating (aft. 4 h.). [Hbg.]

Fine pricking itching tickling in the left palm (aft. 26 h.). [Lr.]

Erysipelas on the hands from plucking the plant. [CAMERARIUS, l. c.]

Samuel Hahnemann
Samuel Hahnemann (1755-1843) was the founder of Homoeopathy. He is called the Father of Experimental Pharmacology because he was the first physician to prepare medicines in a specialized way; proving them on healthy human beings, to determine how the medicines acted to cure diseases.

Hahnemann's three major publications chart the development of homeopathy. In the Organon of Medicine, we see the fundamentals laid out. Materia Medica Pura records the exact symptoms of the remedy provings. In his book, The Chronic Diseases, Their Peculiar Nature and Their Homoeopathic Cure, he showed us how natural diseases become chronic in nature when suppressed by improper treatment.