Hahnemann’s proving symptoms of homeopathy remedy Oleander from Materia Medica Pura, which Samuel Hahnemann wrote between 1811 to 1821…

(Nerium Oleander.)

(From vol. I, 3rd edit, 1830.)

(The medicinal power of this vegetable does not seem to be very volatile, and we may therefore quite well employ for medicinal purposes the freshly dried and powdered leaves macerated in alcohol so as to form a tincture. But in order to obtain a uniformly powerful medicine, I prefer to use the green fresh leaves gathered at the period of commencing flowering One ounce of these, cut into the small pieces, is first put in a mortar, moistened with just enough alcohol, and well pounded, so as to form a thick pap, and then the remainder of the alcohol (in all about an ounce) added in order to attenuate the thick mass, the juice is then strained through a linen cloth, and allowed to stand for a few days in order to deposit the albumen and fibrous matters. After this the clear, dark-green juice is decanted off for use in the same way as is done with sabina, taxus, thuja, and similar leaves with little juice in them.)

I have introduced into our materia medica several new plants and parts of plants, and some minerals also, and I flatter myself that I have enriched it with these substances. Among these oleander is a new remedy with desirable curative powers, which are met with in no other medicinal agent.

It will be found to be if not a complete remedy yet an indispensable intermediate remedy in some kinds of mental derangements, e.g. absence of mind, and in certain kinds of painless paralysis, in eruptions on the head, and some external head affections. He homoeopathic physician will know how to employ it for other curative purposes from the symptoms it produces in healthy persons.

Hitherto I have only used the billion-fold attenuation of the above juice, but I believe that in order that it may be used without prejudice in cases of excessively sensitive patients, it will require to be carried to a much higher potency (and development of its inner power).


Symptoms are taken from:

ABONO, PETRUS DE., De Venenis.

MORGAGNI, De sedib. Et caus. Morb., Ep. lix.

The 1st edit has 28 symptoms, the 2nd and 3rd edit. 352.]


(While walking in the open air) vertigo, not so as to cause staggering and falling; he stood firmly, but the objects, trees, and people seemed to be mixed up among one another, as in a confused dance, and there came darkness before the eyes with flashing glittering (as when dazzled by snow)(aft. 4.1/2 h.). [Lr.]

Whirling, reeling. [Gn.]

When he stands up, and wished to look on the ground, he has giddiness before the eyes, and as if he saw all objects double; but if he looked straight before him, whether standing or stooping; he experienced nothing of the sort (aft. 7 h.). [htn.]

On rising from the couch hardly walk across the room on account of violent vertigo in the whole head (aft. 10 h.). [Htn.]

5. Whirling vertigo in the forehead and staggering of the lower extremities, as from weakness of them (aft. 1.1/2 h.). [Htn.]

The vertigo does not leave him even when walking in the open air. [Htn.]

Unconsciousness. [PETRUS DE ABANO, de Venenis, Cap. 37. (Statement.) ]

Confusion of the whole head (aft. ½ h.). [Gn.]

The mind is obtuse; he cannot think properly. [Gn.]

10. On reading rather long sentences in a book it is often difficult for him to apprehend the construction. [Gss.]

It is very difficult for him to read a learned book; he must red many sentences three or four times over, before he can understand them, because in spite of the greatest effort he cannot comprehend what he reads, but is distracted by other spontaneously arising thoughts, which always supplant those suggested by the reading. [Gss.]

While studying he has constantly other thoughts; he dreams about the future, and his fancy disports itself in beautiful visions (aft. 4 h.). [Htn.]

While reading a book he cannot apprehend the thoughts conveyed by it, when with the greatest effort to understand them he thinks that he will not understand them; his thoughts then become confused and render him quite unable to read further; but he certainly understands all things more easily when he does not think about understanding them; in that case no accessory ideas occupy him, only the subject itself. [Gss.]

His power of remembering is weak; he cannot recollect the most familiar names (aft. 2.1/2 h.). [Gn.]

15. Heaviness of the head (aft. 24 h.). [Gn.]

He cannot keep his head up on account of a great feeling of heaviness in it; he must leave off reading and lie down; while lying he has no headache and feels well, but when he rises up he again feels the heaviness and confusion of the head, the nausea, and other disagreeable sensations (aft. 9 h.). [Gn.]

Pain in the head as if a hundred-weight drew it forwards (aft. 10 h.). [Gn.]

Sensation as if the head were tightly bound, more stupefying than painful. [Gss.]

In the right temple squeezing pain. [Gss.]

20. Aching pain in the brain (aft. 6, 14 h.).

Stupefying pressure in the right side of the head, as from a blunt instrument slowly pressed it. [Gss.]

Out-pressing pain over the forehead, from within outwards (aft. 11.1/2 h.). [Gn.]

A dull compression on the forehead. [Gss.]

Pressing out pain at the forehead (aft. 4, 24 h.). [Gn.]

25. Aching in the upper bones of the skull, with a feeling as if they were sore (aft. 36 h.). [Gn.]

Pain in the forehead as if it would burst. [Gn.]

Painful pressing outwards in the left frontal protuberance, which went off on pressing on it with the hand (aft. 1.1/4 h.). [Htn.]

Aching uneasiness in the whole extent of the forehead. [Gss.]

An up and down drawing, aching pain in the left temple, which goes off in the open air. [Fz.]

30. A slight drawing in the left temple. [Gss.]

Slow pulse-like throbbing pain in the head, in the forehead. [Fz.]

Pain like a blow on the left temple. [Gss.]

Suddenly a stupefying pain anteriorly in the forehead, as from a hard blow. [Gss.]

Boring pain in the whole brain. [Gn.]

35. Boring pain in the upper part of the brain (aft. 26 h.). [Gn.]

Deeply penetrating sharp stitches in slow succession in the right side of the vertex. [Gss.]

Eroding itching as from lice on the whole hairy scalp, compelling scratching, repeatedly all day (aft. 56 h.). [Lr.]

Severe (itching) eroding on the hairy scalp as from lice; after scratching it smarts, as if excoriated. [Gss.]

Eroding itching on the hairy scalp, that forces him to scratch. [Gss.]

40. Eruption itching on the hairy scalp, that forces him to scratch. [Gss.]

Desquamation of the epidermis on the hairy scalp.

At night continued smarting itching on the hairy scalp, as from lice. [Fz.]

Contractive burning pain externally on the left side of the crown. [Fz.]

Sharp aching external pain on the left side of the occiput. [Fz.]

45. On a small spot of the occiput, obtuse pressure. [Gss.]

Pressure on the right side of the head as if it were pressed in. [Gss.]

Pressure on the right frontal protuberance. [Gss.]

A couple of blows on front of the forehead on a small spot as with a hammer. [Gss.]

Tensive stitch in the occiputal bone. [Gn.]

50. Aching pain in the bones of the right side of the face, persisting when moving the lower jaw (aft. ¾ h.). [Gn.]

Dull aching pain in the right upper jaw below the zygoma (aft. 48 h.). [Gn.]

Pressure on the zygoma, more stupefying than painful, that extends deep to the head and root of the nose; a tensive, stupefying tiresome sensation. [Gss.]

Violent aching pain, now higher, now lower in the temples, when chewing.[Fz.]

After rising from bed in the morning, countenance quite disturbed; he looked quite pale, the eyes are surrounded with blue rings and the cheeks are fallen in. [Htn.]

55. All day long pale complexion (aft. 40 h.). [Lr.]

On touching, sore pain in the right eyebrow, towards the temple (aft. 14 h.). [Gn.]

Obtuse pressure on the upper border of the orbit, intermittent, now greater, now less. [Gss.]

Dilated pupils (aft. 1 h.). [Lr.]

Contracted pupils (aft. 25 h.). [Lr.]

60. On looking sideways, without turning the head, as if blackness would come before the eyes.[Gss.]

It seems tohim as if blackness would come before the eyes. [Gss.]

While reading the eyes water. [Gss.]

While reading, a tension in the left eyelids (aft. 6.1/2 h.). [Gn.]

Pressure in the left eye from above downwards and in the left zygoma. [Fz.]

65. Pain in the eyes, as if he had strained them than by much reading. [Gss.]

Smarting in the left eye. [Fz.]

A pressure in the eyes, as if a hard body were in them. [Gn.]

Burning in the lower eyelid, and itching round about the lid. [Fz.]

Burning in the right upper eyelid (aft. 10.1/2 h.).

70. In the evening a tensive pain in one canthus, just as if the eye were strongly turned outwards; it is difficult for him to turn the eye in the opposite direction (aft. 5 d.). [Fz.]

Burning tension in both right eyelids, even when moving (aft. 3 h.). [Gn.]

Itching in the right eyeball (aft. 30 h.). [Gn.]

Pricking and itching on the left upper eyelid. [Fz.]

The eyelids are involuntary closed, as if he were sleepy (aft. 8.1/2 h.). [Gn.]

75. Near the left eye, at the root of the nose and on the left zygoma a pricking itching. [Fz.]

Red swelling below the eyes, looking as if an eruption would break out.

A peculiar numb sensation externally rises from the neck up to the head. [Gss.]

Numb sensation, like a painless pressure on the back of the nose. [Gss.]

Smarting itching in the root of the nose towards the left eye, as if the room were full of smoke. [Fz.]

80. Stupefying, obtuse pressure betwixt the root of the nose and the left orbit. [Gss.]

Burning itching on the forehead, the left cheek, and the point of the chin, on which small pimples appear with elevated hard borders and painless when let alone and when touched. [Fz.]

On the left cheek feeling as if a cold wind blew on it; on laying the hand on it this feeling goes off and it feels hot to the hand, and warmer than the other cheek. [Gss.]

Redness of the cheeks without heat. [Fz.]

Hot feeling and hear of the cheeks without redness, with dryness in the palate and throat. [Fz.]

85. An (itching?) eroding feeling on the right cheek. [Gss.]

Stupefying compression of both zygomatic arches, as if they were grasped with forceps. [Gss.]

On the left zygomatic arch close to the ear, a dull, numb, painless pressure. [Gss.]

Violent pressure on the right cheek near the angle of the lower jaw. [Gss.]

Cramp-like drawing on the external ear and beneath it, as if it was drawn out, at first gradually increasing, then again diminishing. [Gss.]

90. Heat commencing at one time in the right, and at another in the left lobe of the ear, which spreads thence over the corresponding side and from there over the whole face. [Fz.]

In the left temple and external meatus auditorious, sensation such as is apt to occur when yawning. [Fz.]

In the interior of the ear a sharp pressive pain. [Fz.]

Constant howling in the left ear. [Fz.]

Singing in the left ear.

95. A shrill, stupefying ringing in the left ear. [Gss.]

Burning in the orifice of the left ear. [Gn.]

Beneath the ear, above the mastoid process, a pain as if a blunt nail were knocked into the head, with stupefaction. [Gss.]

All the afternoon, itching around the nose. [Gn.]

Burning shooting above the left corner of the mouth. [Fz.]

100. Painless sensation, as if the upper lip were swollen(a kind of numb feeling). [Gss.]

Burning pain in the right lower lip continuing whilst and after moving (aft. 79 h.). [Gn.]

The lips are brown, especially the lower lip, with otherwise unaltered, scarcely pale complexion. [MORGAGNI, de sedibus et caus. Morb. Ep. lix. § 12. (From expressed juice, in a woman of 60.]

Convulsive twitching outwards of the left angle of the mouth. [Gss.]

Sudden swelling about the left corner of the mouth.

105. A suppurating pimple on the right and left side of the chin (aft. 78, 48 h.). [Lr.]

Sensation as if a cool wind blew on the left side of the neck. [gss.]

Sharp pressive pain on the left side of the neck, near the Adam’s apple. [Fz.]

Pain as if a blunt instrument pressed in the right side of the neck on the oesophagus, and on external pressure a simple pain in the cervical muscles. [Gss.]

A pushing pressive in the anterior cervical muscles, so that he must loosen his cravat, a throttling, suffocating sensation. [Fz.]

110. A violent and full, though slow pulsation of the carotids, felt without touching. [Gss.]

Towards evening and in the night, obtuse tearing pain in the left side of the nape and in the left scapula, alternating with tearing in the temple and in the second molar tooth of the left side. [Fz.]

In the night constant toothache, tearing drawing in the first left molar, and sometimes in the hollow tooth nest it; this toothache went off immediately on leaving bed, and returned immediately on going to bed again, with an anxiety as if he should die; at the same time frequent micturition, inclination to vomit and heat in the left cheek (the first night). [Fz.]

In the right lower molars, simple drawing. [Gss.]

Sharp drawing toothache in the left second molar. [Fz.]

115. Whilst chewing, a cutting aching toothache, which goes off immediately after chewing,; but the tooth is not painful when touched or pressed (aft. 2 h.). [Fz.]

Sensitiveness of the molars when chewing as if they were all hollow. [Fz.]

Peculiar sensation in the mouth, as if all the teeth were loose, with bluish white gums of the whole upper and lower jaw (aft. 34 h.). [Lr.]

White furred tongue with dry feeling in the mouth and parched lips (aft. 31 h.). [Lr.]

The papillae of the tongue are all elevated, which gives the tongue a rough appearance, of a dirty white colour. [Gss.]

120. Burning stitches in the left side of the tongue (aft. 2.1/2 h.). [Gn.]

Fine pricks in the tongue. [Gn.]

Power of speech almost completely gone, with normal respiration. [MORGAGNI, l. c.(With small and feeble pulse, death following in four hours.) ]

When spoken to she tries to answer, but is only able to produce sounds, but no intelligible words. [MORGAGNI, l. c..(With small and feeble pulse, death following in four hours.) ]

A kind of burning in the gullet down to the stomach (aft. 9 h.0. [Gn.]

125. She relished nothing, would not take anything. [MORGAGNI, l. c.]

An insipid taste in the mouth, when not eating, as from deranged stomach.

No appetite for food or tobacco smoking. [Htn.]

He has no appetite, but is not without hunger; he eats with more discomfort than pleasure and very little. [Fz.]

No appetite; he relished his food, but was immediately satiated (aft. 5.1/2 h.). [Lr.]

130. Thirst; he drinks more than usual. [Fz.]

Thirst for cold drinks, especially for fresh water (aft. 30 h.). [Lr.]

No appetite and yet ravenous hunger; he swallowed much and avidity. [Gn.]

Ravenous hunger with trembling of hands when eating, and great weakness in the whole body (after walking quickly for half an hour). [Gn.]

Trembling of the hands from longing for the food before him. [Gn.]

135. During dinner, which he swallows hastily, as in bulimy, he is giddy in the head, as if he would lose his hearing and sight, and especially as if he would become black before his right eye. [Gss.]

Great hunger with much appetite (aft. 6 h.). [Gn.]

While eating, at noon, violent, frequent, empty eructation. [Gss.]

Eructation with a foetid smell, several times (aft. 4 d.).

Violent eructating, something comes from the stomach into the mouth (belching). [Gss.]

Loathing of cheese that he used to like. [Gn.]

In the evening all food tastes insipid and qualmish. [Gss.]

No appetite, he loathes everything, as though he should vomit or get diarrhoea after it. [Gss.]

He has a sickish rising and water collects in his mouth. [Gss.]

145. He is very sick, and his mouth fills with water, if he swallows this the sickness goes off for an instant; at the same time a peculiar flat taste in the mouth. [Gss.]

The sickness increases on stooping, and is allayed for instants by eructation. [Gss.]

After the sickness great hunger. [Gss.]

Nausea. [Gn.]

Nausea in the mouth, as if he must vomit (aft. 4 h.). [Lr.]

150. Nausea as if in the mouth, and every time he retches water often runs out of the mouth, like waterbrash, for two hours; at the same tihe has a painful cramp-like contraction of the cervical muscles, as if he should be choked, and also of the abdomen and abdominal muscles; at first, after much retching, he only gets mucus from the fauces; then there followed some of the fluid portions of the food with sour taste, for two hours (aft. 6 h.). [Lr.]

After eating a morsal of bread he immediately etched and he must vomit, but he threw up nothing but small pieces of bread and the little food he had just taken along with a quantity of water (aft. 6.1/2 h.). [Htn.]

His dinner was very much relished; but he must soon leave off eating as he become sick and qualmish. [Gss.]

Excessive vomiting followed by thirst. [MORGAGNI, l. c.]

Vomiting of a yellowish green water with a bitter taste (aft. 12 h.). [htn.]

155. General ill-feeling with sickness. [Gn.]

Feeling of emptiness in the scrobiculus cordis with feeling of fulness in the abdomen. [Gss.]

To the left over the scrobiculus cordis, intermitting throbbing. [Gss.]

Sensation in the scrobiculus cordis, as if he felt each pulsation of the heart beat through the whole chest, as after overheating, though he feels nothing of it with his fingers, and the heart does not beat more strongly and perceptibly than at other times. [Htn.]

Painful aching under the short ribs on the left side of the gastric region, on only a small spot, at every expiration, which disappeared at each inspiration, was increased by external pressure, and lasted half an hour (aft. 3 h.). [Htn.]

160. Cold feeling as from a cool blast on the right side of the hypogastrium. [Gss.]

On the right near the navel, a prolonged shooting pain, as if twisting out of the abdomen. [Gss.]

In the side of the abdomen, above the left hip-bone a kind of twitching aching pain.[Gss.]

On the left under the navel, obtuse stitches or blows. [Gss.]

165. Itching pricking in the left side of the abdomen, immediately below the short ribs. [Gss.]

A pinching shooting in the abdomen, whist walking (aft. 60 h.). [Gn.]

Intermitting pinching in the abdomen sometimes with diarrhoeic movement. [Gss.]

Pinching in the bowels (aft. 24, 75 h.). [Gn.]

He feels as if the bowels were weakened by purgatives or as if he should have diarrhoea. [Gss.]

170. Great emptiness in the upper part of the abdomen. [Gss.]

Inwardly below the navel a gnawing. [Gss.]

On the left just above the navel a gnawing pain. [Gss.]

Pain like needle-pricks under the navel (aft. 58 h.). [Gn.]

Painful sensitiveness around the navel, with discomfort in the whole hypogastrium, and an uneasiness about the navel, which shows itself at one time as aching, at another as gnawing. [Gss.]

175. Quite low in the hypogastrium, above the root of the penis, transient twitching blows, which make him start. [Gss.]

Rumbling and rattling in the umbilical region, with empty feeling in the abdomen; soon followed by discharge of flatus (aft. ½ h.). [Htn.]

Rumbling in the upper and lower parts of the abdomen. [Gss.]

Rumbling in the abdomen. [PETRUS DE ABANO, l. c., cap. 37.]

Discharge of much very foetid flatus smelling of rotten eggs (aft. 26, 30 h.). [Gn.]

180. Frequent discharge of flatus. [Gss.]

Ineffectual straining and urging to stool. [Fz.]

The first day no stool. [Htn.]

Stool; the first faeces are diarrhoeic, but the nest firmer; he must, however, strain. [Gss.]

185. Stool only after 24 hours, the first part of which is hard and crumbly, the remainder thin. [Htn.]

Stool hard and difficult (aft. 31 h.). [Gn.]

Stool quite thin and yellow, but before the stool rattling and rumbling in the abdomen (aft. 39 h.). [Htn.]


The food eaten the previous evening passed somewhat undigested and almost without effort; he thought that flatus only was discharged (aft. 48 h.). [Gn.]

190. Soft stool (aft. 48 h.). [Gn.]

Evacuation of scanty, thin, watery stool (aft. 6.1/2 h.). [Lr.]

Burning in the anus, at other times than when at stool, also before and after stool. [Fz.]

Frequent urging to urinate with scanty discharge of urine (aft. 27 h.). [Lr.]

Frequent discharge of much urine (aft. 24 h.).[Gn.]

195. Two violent sneezes. [Gss.]

Prick in the thyroid cartilage. [Gn.]

Viscid mucus in the windpipe, he has much hacking cough in the morning on rising. [Gss.]

Tickling in the larynx, which is excited by inspiration, and produces a short cough that shakes the whole body. [Htn.]

Sudden cold feeling on the left side of the chest. [Gss.]

Samuel Hahnemann
Samuel Hahnemann (1755-1843) was the founder of Homoeopathy. He is called the Father of Experimental Pharmacology because he was the first physician to prepare medicines in a specialized way; proving them on healthy human beings, to determine how the medicines acted to cure diseases.

Hahnemann's three major publications chart the development of homeopathy. In the Organon of Medicine, we see the fundamentals laid out. Materia Medica Pura records the exact symptoms of the remedy provings. In his book, The Chronic Diseases, Their Peculiar Nature and Their Homoeopathic Cure, he showed us how natural diseases become chronic in nature when suppressed by improper treatment.