Hahnemann’s proving symptoms of homeopathy remedy Cyclamen Europaeum from Materia Medica Pura, which Samuel Hahnemann wrote between 1811 to 1821…


(From vol. v, 2nd edit., 1826.)

(The expressed juice of the fresh root, obtained in autumn, mixed with equal parts of alcohol.)

From the earliest times this valuable plant has lain under the unfounded suspicion of acting violently and uncertainly. Even should we grant that Discorides really referred to this plant, still all he says about it was only from hearsay. The Arabians employed this root under the name of Arthanita as one of the ingredients of a purgative ointment for rubbing in (unguentum de Arthanita), which contains a number of the most powerful remedies, and in this dangerous combination they brought it into the unmerited reputation of a drastic purgative medicine, which it is far from being.

Modern physicians know nothing more respecting it scarcely as much as the ancients romanced about it.

But as our new (homoeopathic) medical art takes nothing on the authority of unintelligent tradition, and neither accepts anything because it has been praised, not rejects it because it has been condemned, without having first subjected it to impartial trial, I undertook the investigation of this much decried root.

Just as the virtue of a man cannot be determined by the deceptive appearance of his outward form, nor by the colour of his coat, nor by the shallow gossip of the multitude, but as it assuredly displays itself in no doubtful manner to the honest observer in the goodness of his conduct, so, truly, the real value of a medicine can be determined neither by its outward appearance, nor by any unfounded reputation it may have obtained. It is only by our own careful proving of medicines on healthy persons that we can truly learn what are the peculiar qualities of a medicine, what changes it can produce in the health, and thence the similar changes in the sick it can cure.

And so from the following few pure symptoms we may learn that cyclamen is one of the most excellent remedies in the most desparate morbid states.

Hitherto I have given it in a very small portion of a drop of the million-fold dilution of the juice, but even this I have found to be a too strong homoeopathic dose for many cases.

[HAHNEMANN (who only contributed five symptoms) was aided in this proving by FRANZ, HARTUNG, HERRMANN, LANGHAMMER.

He only cites one old-school authority of one symptom.


The 1st edition has 200 symptoms, only two more appear in this 2nd edition.]


The memory is sometimes very obtuse, and he can hardly recollect what has occurred quite recently; but sometimes it is very active – in quick alteration. [Fz.]

His mind is in a constant state of stupefaction, all its powers are in abeyance; he can neither rejoice nor be sad, although he is always as if after some great (though passed) sorrow; only when he is excited his head becomes somewhat clearer, and he behaves like a person wakened up from sleep, having only half understood what has happened about him (2nd d.). [Fz.]

Obtuseness of the mind; he is neither inclined for, nor capable of any work (3rd d.). [Fz.]

Vertigo; on standing still when he leans against something, he feels as if the brain moved in the head, or as if he was riding in a carriage with his eyes shut. [Fz.]

5. Dizziness in the head. [Hrr.]

Continual stitches in the fore part of his brain, on stooping.

When lying in bed in the evening, perceptible pulsation in the brain and delay in falling asleep.

Dull pain in the occiput. [Htg.]

Painful drawing in the brain from the left side of the occiput forwards, through the left temple to the forehead, in a line (aft. 1 h.). [Hrr.]

10. Slight pressure in the vertex, as if the brain were enveloped in a cloth, and he were thereby deprived of consciousness (2nd d.) [Fz.]

Aching pain in the middle of the vertex, that sometimes causes dizziness. [Fz.]

Aching drawing pain from the right side of the forehead to the left, and then back again to the right side; then in the left temple; the pain went off on touching (aft. 9 h.). [Lr.]

Dull stitches in the right temporal region in all position (aft. 3 h.). [Lr.]

Some drawing stitches in the left temporal region, that went off on touching (aft. 16 h.). [Lr.]

15. Twitching stitches, first in the left then in the right temporal region. [Htg.]

Pains in the head with yawning, without drowsiness (aft. 5 h.). [Lr.]

Tearing pressive pain, externally on the head. [Fz.]

Fine, sharp, itching pricking on the hairy scalp, which, when he scratches, always recommences on another spot. [Fz.]

Breaking out of an eruption of pimples on the hairy scalp of the occiput, without sensation, and painless even when touched (aft. 1.1/2 h.). [Lr.]

20. Dilatation of the pupils (aft. 1.1/2 h.). [Lr.]

Extreme dilatation of the pupils, especially of the right eye (aft. 15.1/2 h.). [Lr.]

Aching stupefaction of the whole head with dimness of vision; there seemed to be a mist before the eyes and the eyes were as if forcibly closed (aft. 1 h.). [Lr.]

Dimness of vision (Hence this root has proved serviceable in dimness of vision from cold, SIMON PAULLI, JOS, LANZONI, in Misc. nat. Cur., Dec. ii, An. 10, Obs. 133.) (aft. 1 h.). [Lr.]

Swelling of the upper eyelids (without dilatation of the pupils) aft. 1 h.). [Lr.]

25. The eyes lie deep in the orbits and have a dull appearance (aft. 1.1/2 h.). [Hrn.]

Dryness and aching in the eyelids, as if they were swollen, with violent itching pricking in them and in them and in the eye-balls (aft. 7 h.). [Fz.]

Obtuse stitches on the right eye-ball and the upper eyelid (aft. 4 h.). [Hrn.]

In the eyes and lids a fine pricking, penetrating itching. [Fz.]

Fine tearing in the interior of the left meatus auditorious. [Hrn.]

30. Drawing pain in the interior of the right meatus auditorious; he then hears less distinctly with this ear (aft. ½ h.). [Hrn.]

The right ear feels as if stopped up with cotton wool, or as if something were held before the ear, so that the sound cannot properly penetrate into it (aft. 36 h.). [Hrn.]

Itching pricking in the right cheek, that becomes always stronger, then goes off of itself and leaves behind it a burning on the spot. [Fz.]

Diminished power of smelling. [Fz.]

Dry lips, without thirst. [Htg.]

35. In the upper lip, numb sensation, or as if there were an induration in it. [Fz.]

Violent stitches in the farthest back hollow molar of the upper jaw (aft. 15.1/2 h.). [Lr.]

Tearing pain in the three left molars, as if the teeth were being drawn out. [Htg.]

(An existing, dull drawing toothache, that had lasted all night, went off in a minute. (Reaction of the organism, secondary action.) ) [Fz.]

Very white furred tongue, for three days (aft. 8 h.). [Lr.]

40. Fine stitches on the tongue (aft. 2 h.). [Fz.]

Drawing bruised pain deep in the muscles of the throat, which spreads internally down to the oesophagus and three causes a feeling of tension (aft. 10 h.). [Fz.]

Aching drawing pain in the submaxillary gland, when he bends his neck forwards. [Fz.]

Nausea, with flow of water into the mouth, like water-brash (aft. 1 h.). [Lr.]

In the evening and all day, very frequently accumulation of water in the mouth and imperfect eructation with taste of food. [Fz.]

45. Nausea and running of water out of the mouth, like water-brash (aft. 5 h.). [Lr.]

In the evening great dryness in the palate, with thirst and hunger. [Fz.]

In the mouth a continual rough, slimy feeling, as if he had not rinsed his mouth out in the morning. [Fz.]

Empty erection, soon after a meal. (aft. 7.3/4 h.). [Lr.]

Frequent, sometimes acid, eructation. [Hrn.]

50. Eructation, in the morning after a meal. That always ended with a hiccup, and during which a fluid with burnt taste rises up into the fauces. [Fz.]

In the morning after the (accustomed) tobacco-smoking, nausea and fulness in the chest, attended by unusual hunger (aft. 3 h.). [Fz.]

Little hunger and little appetite. [Hrn.]

No appetite for breakfast. [Hrn.]

If he takes but a small quantity of food, the remainder is repugnant to him and excites loathing, and he feels nausea in the palate and throat (aft. 27 h.).[Hrn.]

55. Complete anorexia; he has no relish specially for breakfand supper; as soon as he commences to eat at these times he is immediately satiated [Hrn.]

Fulness in the stomach, as if it were overloaded, and six hours after a meal, incomplete eructation with the taste of the food. [Fz.]

For eight days he could eat but little and felt always satiated. [Hrn.]

Sudden bad, putrid taste in the mouth. [Fz.]

He has dislike to bread and butter; warm food goes down better. [Hrn.]

60. His food has a good taste, but whilst eating and some time thereafter he gets hiccup – a hiccuping eructation. [Fz.]

Food has for him a flat, almost no, taste. [Hrn.]

Adipsia, for four days. [Hrn.]

After four days the thirst returned and was sometimes more intense than in his normal condition [Hrn.]

After dinner and supper nausea with inclination to vomit, squeamishness and qualmishness in the gastric region, as from eating too much fat.

65. Drowsiness after a meal (aft. 6.1/2 h.). [Lr.]

After dinner great drowsiness and weariness. [Fz.]

Hiccup after a meal (aft. 14.1/2 h.). [Lr.]

Samuel Hahnemann
Samuel Hahnemann (1755-1843) was the founder of Homoeopathy. He is called the Father of Experimental Pharmacology because he was the first physician to prepare medicines in a specialized way; proving them on healthy human beings, to determine how the medicines acted to cure diseases.

Hahnemann's three major publications chart the development of homeopathy. In the Organon of Medicine, we see the fundamentals laid out. Materia Medica Pura records the exact symptoms of the remedy provings. In his book, The Chronic Diseases, Their Peculiar Nature and Their Homoeopathic Cure, he showed us how natural diseases become chronic in nature when suppressed by improper treatment.