BELL. – Deadly Nightshade. Hahnemann’s “Mat. Medorrhinum Pura,” Vol. I Duration of Action : from one day to eighteen months.
Aconite, Agaricus, Alumina, Am., Arnica, Arsenicum, Aurum, Baryta, Calcarea, Cantharis, Causticum, Chamomilla, China, Cina., Coffea, Coloc., Conium, Copaiva, Cuprum, Digitalis, Dulcamara, Ferrum, Hepar, Hyoscyamus, Lachesis, Mercurius, Nitr-ac., Opium, Phosph., Phosph-ac, Platina, Plumb., Pulsatilla, Rhus-tox., Seneg., Sep, Silicea, Stramonium, Sulphur, Valer. – Bell is frequently indicated after: Hepar, Lachesis, Mercurius, Phosph., Nitr-ac. – After Belladonna are frequently suitable: China, Conium, Dulcamara, Hepar, Lachesis, Rhus-tox., Seneg., Stramonium, Valer.
Large doses of Belladonna are counteracted by black Coffee. Almost all authors have recommended Vinegar as an antidote against Belladonna This is a mere conjecture, which one author has copied from another. Abundant experience has taught me, on the contrary, that Vinegar increases the pain produced by Belladonna* [*Stapf has also observed that applications of Vinegar to the forehead increase the headache produced by Belladonna, so as to make it insupportable; the application had to be discontinued.] Fits of paralysis and colic, produced by Belladonna, may be assuaged by Opium, although it acts only as a palliative.
A small dose of Op, probably also relieves the somnolence consequent upon the use of Belladonna Stupor, insanity, and frenzy, produced by Belladonna, are homoeopathically relieved, in the speediest and most certain manner, by a few small doses of Hyoscyamus The intoxication of Belladonna is relieved by Wine: myself, as well as Trajus and Moibanus, have witnessed this effect of Wine. A small dose of Belladonna having been administered non-homoeopathically, and being succeeded by a weeping mood, attended with chills and headache, these effects may be stayed by a similarly small dose of Pulsatilla Adequate help is the most necessary when a large quantity of the berries of Belladonna have been swallowed. In this case, relief may be obtained by large portions of strong Coffee, which restores the irritability of the muscular fibre, puts a stop to the tetanic convulsions – although acting as a mere palliative – and secures the vomiting of the berries; this may, moreover, be facilitated by tickling the pharynx with a long feather. The erysipelatous swellings of Belladonna are speedily removed by small doses of Hepar Camphor too, is a good antidote against some of the symptoms of Belladonna – HAHNEMANN.
According to Hahnemann, Belladonna may be used as a prophylactic against the genuine, erysipelatous, smooth, and glossy scarlet fever, as described by Sydenham, Pleneitz, and others. To effect this the smallest doses of Belladonna ought to be given every six or seven days. he says: “This great discovery of mine has been scorned and sneered at by a number of physicians, for at least nineteen years. They were ignorant of the character of this disease, which is proper to childhood, and they were indiscreet enough to mistake for scarlet fever the purple-rash, which had migrated into GErmany form Belgium, as early as the year 1801. They falsely applied to this purple-rash the term “scarlet fever,” and failed, of course, in trying to cure it by means of remedy which I had proposed. I rejoice that, in subsequent years, other physicians should have again observed the genuine scarlet fever, that they should have confirmed the prophylactic virtues of Belladonna against this disease, and should have done me justice, after the unjust derision which I had so long suffered.
“Purple-rash (Roodvonk) being a disease different from scarlet fever, it requires to be treated in a different way. In purple- rash Belladonna can do no good; and patients who are treated with Belladonna in this disease, will generally have to die; whereas all of them might have been saved by the alternate use of Aconite and the tincture of Coffea, – the former being given against the head, the increasing uneasiness, and the agonizing anguish; the latter against the excessive pain and weeping mood. Aconite and Coffea should be alternately given every twelve, sixteen, or twenty-four hours, in proportion as one or the other medicine is indicated. Of the Aconite, I give a small portion of a drop of the decillionth solution; of the Coffea, I exhibit the millionth degree of potency in the same form and quantity. Recently, both diseases, which are so different from each other the Sydenhamian scarlet fever and the purple-rash -seem to have become complicated in some epidemic diseases, so that one patient derives more benefit from Aconite, another from Belladonna”
HARTMANN. – This author states: “In addition to the antidotes mentioned by Hahnemann, Mercuriussol., in chronic sequelae, remaining after the use of Belladonna, deserves attention; acts more powerfully than any other substance on the nerves, particularly those of the cerebrum; is applicable, under certain circumstances, to intermittent, nervous and other fevers; is an admirable remedy during dentition; also, in inflammatory affections, as: Acute and chronic hepatitis; anginose affections; abdominal inflammations; inflammations of the lymphatic vessels and glands in children; catarrhal ophthalmia, also arthritic; amaurosis; inflammation of the brain; otitis; measles; and hydrophobia. Belladonna is indicated, also. for: Congestions of the head, chest, and uterus; haemorrhages; spasmodic diseases, cramp of the stomach; whooping cough; epilepsy; chorea; raphania; apoplexy; gout; rheumatism; prosopalgia-fothergill; vertigo; scrofula; otorrhoea; scirrhous indurations; dysentery; cachexies; insanity and imbecility.” – ED.
*Spasms, startings, and convulsions of the limbs; when waking from sleep; *after a fit of chagrin, so violent that he runs up the walls; *renewed by the least contact; with hiccough; with weariness and anxiety; *with screams and loss of consciousness; *with delirium; *with laughter; *with contortion of the eyes; *with extension of the limbs, or violent distortion of the muscles; affecting principally the flexor muscles; with starting, principally of the hands and feet, with insensibility and rattling breathing; alternating with complete immobility; *tetanic spasms, opisthotonos, spasmodic inclination of the body and head to the left side; *paroxysms of stiffness and immobility of all the limbs, or of single limbs only, sometimes with insensibility, distention of the cutaneous veins, red, puffed face, full and quick pulse, and profuse sweat; *epileptic spasms; *hysteric spasms; *eclampsia; *St. Vitus-dance, especially in girls; *the spasms are preceded by creeping in the muscles, as of a mouse, tingling, with feeling of swelling and numbness in the limbs, or colic, with pressure extending up to the head. *Trembling of the limbs; *weariness, particularly in the evening, which scarcely allows him to walk; *laziness and indisposition to work or stir. *Great general debility, with weariness and a desire to sleep, in the afternoon. *Lameness and paralysis of the upper and lower limbs; *hemiplegia of the right or left side, particularly of the arm and lower limb; *sometimes with loss of sensation. Fainting fits, sometimes resembling lethargy. *Excessive irritability and sensibility of the organs of sense. *Liability to take cold, with great sensitiveness to cold air. Seething of the circulation and rush of blood to the head, with debility as if he would faint. *Atrophy and marasmus of scrofulous subjects. *Ergotism, from eating Ergot. *Bad effects from taking cold; *from fright, chagrin, or mortification; *from abuse of chin., Valer., Mercurius, Opium, Chamomilla
*Rheumatic and arthritic complaints, with inflammation and swelling; *congestion of blood; *scrofulous and rachitic complaints. *Pressure, with sticking or tearing in the limbs; *burning stinging; *tingling in the limbs; pain as if bruised in the limbs and bones; lancinations in the affected parts, extending into the head.
*Belladonna is particularly suitable for complaints of plethoric individuals disposed to phlegmonous inflammation; or for complaints of lymphatic, scrofulous individuals liable to glandular swellings; *diseases of children, females, and young people of mild temper, blue eyes, blond hair, delicate skin, and red complexion. Some of the Belladonna pains disappear suddenly when they have reached the highest degree of violence, or they disappear in one place while other and different pains make their appearance in other parts of the body. Sudden and violent cramp- pains, which are generally experienced during sleep, obliging one to draw in the affected part, especially the side of the chest or abdomen, loins, elbow,. *Aggravations of the pains at night or in the afternoon at three or four o’clock; the least contact, and sometimes the least movement aggravates the pain; some of the Belladonna pains are aggravated or appear after sleep.
Creeping or crawling itching; prickling biting; the skin is painful to the touch. Watery vesicles (on the palm of the hand and tibia), so painful that he would like to scream; *pemphigus; red, scaly eruption on the lower parts of the body, extending as far as the abdomen; red spots, as if occasioned by flea-bites, or like bloody spots or petechiae, on the chest, abdomen, face, and neck; *eruption resembling measles; *purple-rash (giving first Aconite); *rubeolae; *scarlet spots and scarlet redness, particularly on the face, neck, chest, abdomen, and hands, sometimes with the swelling of the parts, and with small, quick pulse, asthma, violent cough, delirium, increase of memory, rubbing of the nose, and dilatation of the pupils; *natural small-pox, when metastasis to the brain threatens to set in; *blisters occasioned by a burn, with white margin, black scurf, and oedematous swelling of the parts. *Erysipelatous inflammation, with swelling, or even mortification of the parts:- redness inflammation, and swelling of the whole skin; *red, hot swelling of the affected parts, *vesicular erysipelas (giving Belladonna before Rhus. when the fever is violent). Cold and hit gangrene; *ulceration occasioned by a burn. *Boils; *chilblains; *bites of insects. Cold, painful blotches and swellings. *Glandular swellings, painful or suppurating. *Scirrhous indurations; cancerous affections; *scrofulous and mercurial ulcers. In the ulcers; burning when touching them; soreness around the ulcer; black crust of blood on the ulcer; secretion of bloody ichor. *Bleeding soreness in the bends of the joints. *Jaundice.
*Drowsiness; *continual, or more particularly in the evening, with desire to stretch the limbs. *Somnolence; *stupor, lethargy, deep sleep with snoring, he lies motionless, sometimes he raises his eyes, with wild looks, or subsultus-tendinum, pale, cold face, cold hands, and hard, quick, small pulse; also with thirst after waking, or hunger, with burning heat, dryness of the mouth and breath. Stupor at night. Sleeplessness at night; *even with drowsiness; *sleeplessness from anguish; sleeplessness occasioned by thinking about a business which requires to be attended to. Symptoms at night: *restless and tossing about; *frequent waking, with great difficulty to fall asleep again; *starting as in affright, particularly when on the point of falling asleep, sometimes with sweat on the forehead and in the pit of the stomach, or with dry heat and fear; *anguish, hindering sleep, with drawing in the limbs; intermittent breathing with forcible expirations, when sleeping or waking. During sleep: *tossing about (in children), they stamp with their feet and scold; *screaming, *moaning, *starts, which wake him even when on the point of falling asleep; aggravation of the pains, making sleep intolerable; singing and loud talking; suffocative snoring when taking an inspiration. In the evening, when on the point of falling asleep, he feels as if floating in bed; *frightful visions and convulsions after scarcely closing his eyes. *Dreams; after having scarcely fallen asleep; *anxious, frightful, terrifying, rendering sleep intolerable. Symptoms in the morning when waking: unrefreshed, languid; he finds it very difficult to rouse himself, and is ill-humored; weariness and reeling vertigo; headache with great languor; heaviness in the head, above the eyes, these are painful when touched. Symptoms after sleeping: *aggravation of the symptoms and *headache.
Coldness: of the whole body, generally with pale face; particularly of the feet, sometimes with bloated red face and congestion of blood to the head. Chilliness *in the back, or in the pit of the stomach, or commencing on the arms and spreading thence over the whole body; *particularly on the arms, when taking off his clothes, with goose-flesh, and redness and heat of the ears and nose; creeping chilliness, in the evening. Shuddering: when the least current of air blows upon him. *Fever, * particularly quotidian, also double quotidian, *or tertian; *commencing with a shaking-chill or shivering, mostly in the evening, sometimes in bed or at night; *less frequently early in the morning, *succeeded by heat, sometimes after a very short time, or on the left side only, or a mere flush of heat, *with or without sweat; *alternation of chilliness and heat; external coldness with internal burning heat. Symptoms during the fever. *absence of thirst during the chilly and hot stage, or else burning thirst in the hot stage: drowsiness; vertigo; dullness of the head. During the chilly stage: *nausea; drawing in the back and limbs, with sensation as if bruised. *Heat: *violent burning: *internal or external, or both at the same time; *dry; particularly of the hands and feet, also with paleness of face and absence of thirst; *principally of the head and face, with redness (and sometimes sweat) of the face; especially after dinner or every noon; *at night, with pain on removing the cover of the bed, as he feels when he is attacked with chilliness; in the evening, particularly in the hands and feet; during slight movement. Symptoms during the hot stage: *delirium; *redness of the face; *obscuration of sight; *violent burning thirst, or else absence of thirst burning in the stomach; *rage; *dullness of the head; *restlessness; *redness and puffiness of the face. *Inflammatory fever; *typhoid fever, especially when accompanied with an excited state of the circulation, with furious delirium, violent aching in the forehead, visions, frightful startings, and violent burning heat: *lentescent fevers; *gastric. Pulse: *strong and quick; *full and slow; large and frequent; *hard and tight. Sweat: *during or after the heat; from the least movement, over the whole body, especially in the f ace and on the nose; cold sweat on the forehead.
*Derangement of the will faculty; *after suppression of erysipelas, meningitis, typhoid fevers, apoplexy; *in drunkards; *in pregnant and lying-in females; *after frights, chagrin, mortification, grief; *after a cold. *Melancholy, amorous, with sexual excitement. *home-sickness; she felt as though she ought to escape. *Great anguish about the heart. *Anxiousness in the praecordial region. *Frequent moaning, especially early in the morning; at every expiration; while asleep, alternating with jumping and dancing. He suddenly screams while his hands and feet tremble. *Anguish about the heart, headache, redness of the face, and bitterness of the mouth towards noon and evening. Anxiousness when meeting people. *Uneasiness; she changes from one place to another. Unceasing movement of the body, especially the arms; the pulse remaining unchanged. Violent agitation in bed. Incoherent speech in the evening. Constant delirium. The delirium subsides after a meal. She prepares for her departure for home. He talks deliriously as in a dream. *Talk about wolves and bulls, *war and soldiers. He is beside himself; in a rage; talks much about dogs; arm and face swell. *Nightly delirium, which subsides during the day. *He mutters as if asleep. *Senseless prattle. He talks like maniac, with staring, protruded eyes. Talkative, lascivious. Dumbness succeeding the talkativeness. Merry craziness. *Inactive, sitting behind the stove. *She tries to compose songs, and sings merry, but utterly senseless songs; she whistles occasionally, but refuses either to eat or drink; at the same time she hears nothing and sees nothing, with paleness of the face and sweat upon the forehead. *He sings and warbles an air. He smiles a long while to himself. *Frequent laughter. While laughing and singing she constantly touches the things around her. *Immoderate laughter. Wild and wantonly merry, disposed to quarrel without any cause, and to offend; *extreme mirth after supper. *Foolish manners: *At times he talks ridiculously like a crazy person, at times rationally. *He demeans himself like a fool and crazy person. He imitates the gesticulations of a juggler. Craziness; they undress themselves, run through the streets in their shirts, gesticulate in a strange manner, dance, laugh aloud, and utter and demand foolish things. Violent shaking of the head, foam at the mouth, and loss of consciousness. Horrible contortion of the muscles of the face, she puts out her tongue to its full length, smacks with her tongue, and is tormented by retching, in paroxysms. At times he grasps hurriedly at those who are near him, at times he recedes from them shyly Irritated mood, she would like to weep at the slightest provocation. When walking in the open air she is attacked with anguish and a weeping mood; she is weary of life and inclines to drown himself. *Violent weeping, moaning, and howling, without any cause, accompanied with fearfulness. *Now he weeps, then he sobs; *weeping, and extreme ill-humor when waking from sleep. Despondency, dejection of spirits. *Want of disposition to attend to anything whatever, indifference, deficient physical and mental activity. *Extreme indifference, for hours. *Apathy, nothing could make an impression upon her; *want of cheerfulness. Headache, with pressure as from a stone, during which she moans and is put out of humor by trifles. *Not disposed to talk; he answers with ill-humor and screams. He desires solitude and rest. *Irritable mood, with great dryness of the mouth. *Great irritability of the senses; taste, smell, tact, sight, and hearing are more refined and keener than usual. *She is very much irritated; she gets easily vexed and then weeps. Delirium, which is either continual or returns in paroxysms, first of a merry nature, and afterwards changing to rage. *Howling and screaming on account of trifles; this is made worse by talking to him kindly, the pupils being easily dilated and contracted. *Violent quarrelsomeness, which cannot be appeased. *Delirium, with wild manners. Rage; He tosses about in his bed in a perfect rage. *He tears his shirts and clothes. He strikes his face with his fists. *Frenzy, with attempts at violence. *Rage, with gnashing of teeth and convulsions. *Instead of eating that which he had called for he bit the wooden spoon in two, gnawed at the dish, and snarled and barked like a dog. *Rage, the patient being sometimes very cunning, and alternately singing and screaming, or spitting and biting. *He acts foolishly, tears his clothes, pulls stones out of the ground and throws them at those around him. *Rage; he injures himself and others, and strikes around himself. *He wants to bite those around him, at night. *Burning heat of the body, open, staring, immovable eyes, with rage, so that she has to be held constantly, lest one should be attacked by her; when thus held and prevented from using her limbs she constantly spit at those around her. *He bites everything in his way. *He tears everything around him, bites and spits. *He attempts to jump out of bed. Anxious and confused; she apprehends death. *Shy craziness. *He tries to escape. *She tries to throttle herself, and begs those around her to kill her.
*Vertigo. *His head turns; *vertigo attended with nausea, as is experienced when turning quickly round in a circle, or when waking from the morning sleep, after spending the night in revelry. *Sense as of turning in the head and in the pit of the stomach, becoming so excessive after rising that everything vanished from before her sight. *Vertigo, as though everything turned in a circle. Sense as of turning in the head, relieved in the open air, aggravated in the room. Fits of vertigo, both when at rest and in motion. *Sense as of a reeling in the head, while sitting, resembling vertigo. *She totters to and fro, as if intoxicated. Fits of vertigo attended with dullness of the mind; *accompanied with loss of consciousness and falling; *with anguish and luminous vibrations before the eyes; *when rising from a recumbent posture; *when stooping, *early after rising from bed. Cloudiness of the head, with glandular swellings in the nape of the neck. Dullness of the head, increasing during motion. Reluctance to all sorts of mental labor. Lassitude of both mind and body. Mental weakness. *Stupefaction. Confusion of the mind and sense. Illusion of the senses. *He imagines he sees things which are not present. *He does not recognize his own relatives. *He wants to pull out his teeth; *he walks about as if very busy; * he gathers herbs, which he names wrong, and then offers for sale; *he converses with his late sister in the church-yard. *Loss of consciousness. *Highest degree of stupor. *Loss of sense, with convulsions of the extremities. *Loss of intellect, for some weeks. Insensibility. She has a headache, during which she loses her ideas. Absence of mind.
Headache, as if the brain were stunned. *His whole head feels heavy as from intoxication. His head feels heavy as if he were going to fall asleep;h e is not disposed to do anything. *His head aches, but only above the eyes; the headache is like a weight in the head, and is experienced early on waking up. Sense of weight with violent pressure in the whole of the occiput. *Heaviness of the head as though it were about to fall down. *Early in the morning, headache, as if something were descending in the forehead from above the eye-brows, by which the opening of the eyes is prevented. *Headache, especially in the forehead. Continuous dull headache in one of the sides of the head. Aching in the head, especially in the lower part of the forehead, close above the nose, becoming insufferable on setting the foot down for the purpose of standing or walking. headache above the orbits, as though the brain were pressed into a smaller space; *this pain obliges him to close his eyes. Violent pressure and aching pain in the forehead. Pressure in the head, extending over large surfaces. *Aching in the forehead; during motion it increased so much that it caused his eye-lids to close; the headache became milder when seated or lying down; as soon as he walks into the open air the forehead feels pressed upon, as though it would be crushed, *as if a heavy stone were pressing upon the forehead; aching, deep in the brain which is felt over the whole head, both when walking and after having walked in the open air. Tension and pressure in the left vertex, and in the forehead. Headache, as though the head were screwed together from side to side. *Continuous and forcible dilatation of the whole brain. Violent pressing in the whole head, from within outwards, as though it would be dashed to pieces, increased by coughing, and in the open air. *Headache, close above the orbits as though the brain were pressed out; the eyes remain forcibly closed on account of the pain, the pupils being contracted. pain when stooping, as though everything would press out at the forehead. *An aching in the forehead frequently obliges him to stand still when walking; at every step the brain feels as if it were ascending and descending in the forehead; the pain decreased by strongly pressing upon the parts. Violent pulsations in the forehead, with pain as if the bone were being raised. Pulsations in the head and in most parts of the body, when waking. Violent throbbing in the brain from before backwards and towards both sides; this throbbing terminates in the shape of painful stitches. *Pressure, with a sense as of lacerating, in the head, especially in the frontal and temporal region, the pain is wandering. *Drawing in the head, extending towards the forehead, as if the brain would dilate. *Drawing pain extending from the temple across and over the right orbit. Boring and throbbing in the head, in the cheek; increased by motion. *Stitches in the head. *Sharp stitches through both frontal eminences from within