Ambergris. Grey Amber. Hahnemann’s “Materia Medica Pura,’ Vol. I. Duration of Action: 4 days in chronic affections.
Calcarea, Chamomilla, Graphites, Lycop., Nux vomica, Phosph., Phosph. ac., Pulsatilla, Sabad., Sepia, Staphysagria, Veratrum, Verb.
Camph. Nux.V., Pulsatilla It antidotes Staphysagria, Nux vomica
RATIONALE OF ITS ACTION.
By some the Grey Amber is supposed to be a tallow like product from the gall-bladder of the whale. According to Pereira, it is produced from the sperm whale, and seems to be the indurated faeces (perhaps somewhat altered by disease) or the animal. Mr. Beale collected some of the semi-fluid faeces. It has a pleasant Musk-like odor, which is supposed to be derived from the squid, or Sepia-moschata, on which the whale feeds; in support of this opinion, it must be mentioned that the horny beaks of this animal are found imbedded in the masses of Ambergris. Swediaur was the first to trace its origin to he sperm whale; Lecleuse was the first to suggest that it might be hardened and altered faeces; Home the first to hint that it might be a hardened and altered secretion from the liver of the whale, or a kind of gall- stone: Oken supposed that it was indurated bile-resin, which opinion is strengthened by the chemical analysis of Pelletier and Caventou; while J. J. Ferey conjectured that it was species adipocere, arising from the decomposition of dead Sepia- octopedia, and the other kinds of Sepia, which emit an Amber or Musk-like odor, and bases his opinion on the fact that the beaks and bones of those cuttle-fish are found in Ambergris but, as these are also the most common food of the whale, it may have a double origin, one from the faeces of the whale, and the other from the spontaneous decomposition of dead cuttle-fish. When genuine, Ambergris has a peculiarly pleasant odor, not easily described or imitated, and which is exceedingly diffusive, especially in solution, so that a very minute quantity is perceptible even when mixed with other perfumes; a grain or two rubbed down with sugar, and added to a hogshead to claret, is very perceptible in the wine, and gives it a flavor by some considered as an improvement. J.C.P.
Boswell noticed, after taking thirty grains, quickness of the pulse, increase of muscular power, and of sight and hearing; also greater activity of mind and of the sexual power. It was formerly much celebrated as a stimulant and anti-spasmodic, supposed to produce excitation and strengthening of the whole nervous system, and even to prolong life. In the East, it has long been used as an aphrodisiacum; hence its action may be the opposite in this respect of that of Agnus-castus, Conium, Camphor,. According to Noack and F. Hofstetter, ambra is said to exert a remarkably specific action on the organ of hearing; and as curative effects, old-school physicians have noticed increase of muscular power, relief from intellectual weakness and mental depression, increased power of seeing and hearing, and increase of the sexual power and fluids. Its action has been compared by old-school physicians to that Musk, Castor, Coffee, Valerian,.,. It had also an ancient reputation for causing the reappearance of suppressed eruptions, such as itch and herpes. On account of its stimulating properties, Chaumeton and Cloquet were led to give it in typhus fever. J.C.P.
Spasms and convulsions of the muscles. Lacerating or cramping pains in the muscles; aching pains in internal organs; lacerating pains in the joints, frequently on one side of the body only. *Drawing through the limbs, and *cutting in the hands and feet. Tingling inquietude in all the limbs with anxiety, only in the day-time; agitation of the blood, and accelerated circulation, with increased debility of the body after a walk in the open air; he feels the throbbing of the arteries like the tick of a watch. Conversation produces fatigue, heaviness of the head, and restlessness. Nervousness, with great irritability of temper and impatience. great languor: especially in the morning in bed, and particularly in the lower limbs; sometimes relieved by walking; weariness and pain in all the limbs; sense of weight in the body, and weariness; prostration of strength; giving way of the knees; weakness, especially in the feet; a sort of insensibility to walk alone, and cold sweat upon the forehead and hands; he has to to lie down, owing to a feeling of weakness in the stomach, and giddiness. *Cramps in the body. Jerks and twitches of the limbs, the whole night, with coldness of the body. * Complaints incident to old age.?.
Many of the symptoms make their appearance during sleep, and abate after rising; many other symptoms are aggravated in the evening, when in recumbent posture and by warmth. Many symptoms are relieved by a walk in the open air, and by resting on the part affected, but reappears when sitting down..
Numbness of the skin as if asleep, early in the morning on waking. Itching and burning of the skin, *as if from the itch; causes suppressed itch and herpes to reappear upon the skin, *Burning herpes. *Dryness of the skin.
Drowsiness in the day-time, with inclination to stretch one’s limbs, followed by sleeplessness the whole night, without any apparent cause; sleepless until morning, when he falls into a slumber, disturbed with fanciful wanderings. Restless night- sleep, full of dreams; he wakes frequently at night. At night: uneasiness in the whole body; pressure in the epigastrium, with restless sleep; lacerating pain, with pressure form the occiput, and in the forehead, after falling; heat in the head before midnight, and uneasiness after falling asleep; heat in the head before midnight, and uneasiness in the occiput after midnight. On waking in the morning: great weariness, especially in the upper part of the body, dullness of the head, nausea in the pit of the stomach, aversion to getting up from bed, and sensation as if the eyes had been closed too tightly. Anxious and vexatious dreams, with talking during sleep; also disturbing sleep.
Chilliness: with great weariness and desire to sleep. At night: coldness of the body, and twitches of the limbs, with restless sleep, or internal chilliness, which does not permit him to fall asleep, or which wakes him frequently; * chilliness of single parts, followed by beat in the face. Flushes of heat, with anxiety about the heart; flushes of heat in the face and over the
body, every quarter of an hour. Profuse night-sweat. Sweat the whole day; worse during a walk, especially on the abdomen and thighs.
Great restlessness the whole day, with oppression of the chest; nervousness o f long duration. Anxiety in the evening. Great lowness of spirits; indifference to joy or sorrow; *disconsolateness; sad thoughts, with qualmishness about the heart and sadness of mood; despair; *Aversion to talking or laughing. *Embarrassed manners in society.
Dullness of the head, every morning; it feels muddled as after nocturnal revelling. Great weakness of the head, with chilliness about it, or vertigo. Dullness of the mind; weak memory. Vertigo; especially when walking in the air, obliging him to down with weakness in the stomach.
Headache: in the forehead, with apprehension of losing his reason; in the sinciput and forehead, with pressure from above downward, every other day, commencing in the morning, with heat of the head, burning of the eyes, paleness of face; or heaviness of the head, in the evening, on the top of he head; or in the whole of the head, with stinging pains; in small parts of the occiput, or in the left frontal eminence. Continuous headache, as if catarrh in the head would set in. Rush of blood to the head, especially when listening to music. Crampy sensation in the head, from temple to temple. Drawing in the head, with pressure from the, from temple to temple. Drawing in the head, with pressure from the nape of the neck to the sinciput; the pressure being afterwards felt in the occiput. Lacerating pain in the head, with paleness of face and coldness of the left hand. Stitches: above the left temple, from without inward in the head; violent stitches, in the evening, darting upwards in the direction of the occiput’ painful lancinations while making an exertion, which are felt at every step, and abate in a recumbent posture. Dartings in the head.
Painful spot in the occiput; tearing with pressure on the top of the head; whizzing noise about the temples. The hair feels sore when touched; falling off of the hair. Pimples on the forehead.
Pressure in the eyes, as if they had been closed too tightly; or as if they were lying deep in the sockets, especially early in the morning. Lacerating in the eye, and in the parts surrounding it. Smarting in the eyes; as if dust were lodged in them, with pressure; or with lachrymation. Burning in the right eye; and about the lids. Itching: of the lids, as if a stye would form; around the eyes, violent, titillating. Inflammatory redness of the white of the eye, and injected condition of the vessels. Dimness of sight, as through fog; obscuration of sight.
Frequent tearing in the right ear, and behind the ears. Tension about, and tingling, itching, and titillation in the ears. Boring, *ringing, and whistling in the ears, in the afternoon; crepitation and snapping, as from electric sparks in the ears. Diminished hearing; deafness of one ear.
Bleeding form the nose, especially in the morning. Continuous dryness of the nose, a biting irritation and frequent desire to sneeze, with tingling in the nose; frequent sneezing. Dry coryza; stoppage of the nose, with a feeling of soreness; headache when blowing the nose; catarrhal feeling in the forehead and eyes. *Chronic suppression of catarrh.
Spasmodic tremor of the muscles of the face. Flushes of head in the face. Jaundiced complexion. Red spots on the cheek Corrosive itching in the face. Pimples on the face. Hot lips.
TEETH AND JAWS.
Stinging, drawing, and lacerating pain in carious teeth, aggravated by warm, allayed by cold substances. Bleeding of the gums, especially of those of the right lower jaw. The gums are painful and swollen.
Fetid smell from the mouth. Dryness of the mouth, tongue, and lips, early in the morning when waking; sometimes the parts feel numb. Smarting in the mouth, with sensation as if the parts were excoriated, and with inability to eat anything solid on account of the pain; vesicles in the mouth, with burning pain. Rheumatic pain in the tongue and fauces; scraping sensation about the palate. The tongue has a greyish-yellow coating.
THROAT AND OESOPHAGUS.
Scraping in the throat, as in catarrh; dryness early in the morning. Pain as if a foreign body were lodged in the throat. Secretion of mucus in the throat, with roughness and scraping; or with hawking, gagging, and vomiting. *Choking in the throat, when swallowing food. *Soreness in the throat.
*Insipid, rancid taste in the mouth; (bitter taste, in the morning on waking). *Loss of appetite. After dinner: anguish and pressure in the pit of the throat, as if food were lodged there. Acidity in the mouth after drinking milk.
Frequent empty eructations, after dinner or in the afternoon; loud and bitter, or frequent sour eructation; ineffectual eructation; or *tasting of the ingesta. Frequent heart-burn while walking in the open air, with ineffectual eructations; acrid rising in the throat, every evening, with sensation as if the stomach were deranged. Nausea and *vomiting.
STOMACH AND HYPOCHONDRIA.
Feeling of weakness in the stomach, with vertigo. Spasm of the stomach. Pressure in the region of the liver.
Pressure in the abdomen, and in the epigastrium, with coldness of the hands and feet. Crampy sensation in the abdomen, succeeded by a cutting pain in the epigastrium, or a fermentation and bubbling sensation in the epigastrium. Violent spasms in the abdomen. Tightness and distention of the abdomen, after eating or drinking. pain from incarceration of flatulence, principally in the right side; emission of inodorous flatulence, after pressure in the abdomen. Sensation as if the parts in the abdomen were compressed, early in the morning. Cutting in the abdomen. very violent in the evening and after midnight, with general seat; or with loose, diarrhoeic stools, early in the morning. Stitches over the hips. Twitchings in the abdominal muscles in the evening soreness of the muscles, when coughing or turning the body. Feeling of coldness in the abdomen, sometimes only in one side.
STOOL AND ANUS.
Frequent ineffectual urging to stool; crampy sensation in the abdomen, especially in the right side, after an ineffectual urging; constipation; scanty stool; *irregular intermittent stool, sometimes every other day, followed by copious, loose, light-brown stool. After stool: pressure in the hypogastrium, weakness in the pit of the stomach, and constant urging. Pain in the rectum and bladder; urging titillation of the rectum. Stinging, smarting, and itching of the anus. Discharge of blood with the stool; *varices of the rectum; haemorrhoids.
Increased secretions of urine, with inability to retain it, in the morning. The urine is turbid during the emission, and dark brown; or light brown, with brown sediment, the urine itself having a yellow color; urine with a reddish cloud; having an acrid smell after standing awhile; mixed with blood; scanty urine, with reddish sediment after a couple of hours. *Sourish smell of the urine. Burning of the orifice of the urethra and in the anus.
MALE SEXUAL ORGANS.
Lacerating in the glans; or pain as if ulcerated. Burning in the region of the vesiculae-seminales. itching in the glans.
FEMALE SEXUAL ORGANS.
Burning in the genital organs, with discharge of a few drops of blood, especially after walking and a hard stool. Pain as of soreness, and violent itching of the pudendum; swelling and soreness of the labia. The menses are too early. Discharge of blood between the menses. During the menses the left leg looks blue, on account of the distended varices, with pressing pain. Leucorrhoea: (only at night); discharge of thick mucus, with stitches in the vagina before the discharge; discharge of pieces of a bluish-white mucus from the vagina. Inflammation of the ovaries.?.
LARYNX AND TRACHEA.
Hoarseness and roughness of the voice. Accumulation of a greyish mucus, which it is difficult to cough up, with scraping in the throat. Burning titillation from the larynx to the abdomen. Tickling in the throat, inducing cough. Cough: excited by a scraping sensation in the throat. Deep, dry cough, with confluence of water in the mouth, and subsequent scraping in the throat. Cough, with occasional violent paroxysms; a kind of shopping cough; spasmodic cough, *especially in slender persons; with eructations and hoarseness. Cough, with expectoration of white mucus and coryza; cough, with saltish expectation. With the cough. Pressing in the temples; itching in the throat and in the region of the thyroid gland; pain in the side, below the pit of the stomach; sore pain in the throat; pressure in the umbilical region.
Fetid breath, in the morning on waking. Oppression and tightness of the chest, with uneasiness, impeding a deep inspiration. *Shortness of breath. *Asthmatic complaints of children and scrofulous persons? Oppression of the chest, extending to the back between the scapulae, and relieved for a short while by eating. Wheezing. Feeling of rawness, and burning lancination in the chest, extending through to the back; in the right half of the chest a violent lancination, arresting the breathing. Pressure in the chest. *Nightly tremor in the chest. Pain as if bruised, with oppression of the chest, relieved by eructating. Anxiety about the heart, with arrest of breathing and flushes of heat; palpitation of the heart during a walk in the open air, with paleness of countenance; during the palpitation of the heart he experiences a pressing in the chest as from some foreign body. Burning with pressure, aggravated by pressing upon the part; rheumatic pain in the right side; pressure with lacerating in the left.
BACK, SACRAL REGION.
Stitches in the small of the back, aggravated by movement. *Stiffness in the small of the back, after sitting. Pressing pain in the small of the back, from within outward, with great weight. Painful tension in the lumbar muscles; rheumatic pain, with tension in the back. Burning, with stinging-rheumatic pain in the scapula; drawing with pressure in the nape of the neck.
The arms go to sleep easily; when lying down upon them; while carrying something in the hand, also at night (the right arm), with numbness of the left arm, in rest; of the hands, at night; tingling in the thumb as if gone to sleep. Lacerating in the arms. Drawing: in the shoulder, fingers, and thumb, with pressure in the right fore-arm; rheumatic pain from the thumb to the wrist-joint. Stitches in the arms. Pain in the shoulder as if sprained and lame; in the evening with drawing. *Tremor of the arms; bubbling sensation and jerking in the arm. Lameness of the hand. Cramp in the hands; *in some cases only when taking hold of anything. (Painful swelling and stiffness of the articulations of the fingers and thumb, when in a state of rest). Continuous coldness of the hands; particularly in the evening, with chilliness of those parts. Itching of the hands.
Lacerating in the lower limbs; rheumatic lacerating in the leg? Sensation in the thigh and legs as if asleep, with weight or rigidity of the muscles. Lameness of the knee, as if sprained, aggravated in the evening. Intense and painful coldness of the legs, particularly in the evening. Cramp in the thighs and calves, almost every night; buzzing sensation in the calves and feet; tingling and numbness of the feet, when lying g down, with fainting and obscuration of sight on rising, followed by vomiting of bile; he is obliged to lie down again. *Stiffness of the tarsal joint, of the feet, with great weariness; the feet are painful when walking, the heel and the left tarsal joint are painful; *pain in the bottom of the feet, as from subcutaneous ulceration; arthritic pain in the tarsal joints and in the ball of the big toe; stinging in the left foot, in the heel, in the ball of the big toe. *Swelling of the feet; of the left malleolus, with pain when beginning to walk; (pain in the legs up to the knees). Itching of the toes and interior of the bottom of the feet, not removed by rubbing. Cold feet. Burning of the bottom of the feet. Lancinations in the chilblains on the toes.