AETHUSA CYNAPIUM


AETHUSA CYNAPIUM symptoms from Manual of the Homeopathic Practice by Charles Julius Hempel. What are the uses of the homeopathy remedy AETHUSA CYNAPIUM…


INTRODUCTION

AETH Garden Hemlock, Fool’s Parsley. See Hartlaub and Trinks’ Annals. vol. iv., 1. Duration of Action; from three tom four weeks.

COMPARE WITH.-

Cicut., Conium, and the other remedies belonging to that family.

ANTIDOTES

This plant has received the common name of Fool’s Parsley, from its resemblance to common Parsley, and the unpleasant accidents which have occurred from mistaking one plant for the other. It has a botanical alliance with Conium-maculatum, Cicuta-virosa.

RATIONALE OF ITS ACTION ON THE NERVOUS SYSTEM.

Nerves of Motion.

According to Christison, it is more apt to cause convulsions than any other Hemlock. It is homoeopathic to violent epileptic cramps, with turning in of the thumbs, redness of the face, convulsive movements of the eyes, which are turned down spasmodically; very great dilation of the pupils; frothing at the mouth; clenching of the teeth; small, hard, and quick pulse, with natural warmth of the body, or coldness of the extremities. From its marked action on the stomach, bowels, and liver, it would seem most homoeopathic to the abdominal or ganglionic epilepsy of Schoenlein. In this disease, the patient first experiences, from time to time, a gnawing, contracting, burning, or piercing pain in the region of the navel, corresponding to the superior or inferior mesenteric plexus of nerves; this pain may subside on the setting in of a feeling as if a vapor or a hot flame passed over the part. The aura may ascend to the stomach, followed by a feeling of spasm there, and by vomiting of an albuminous fluid; or it may extend from the stomach towards the right hypochondrium, followed by slight and transient signs of jaundice, such as yellowness of the whites of the eyes, yellowness of the face and tongue, or it may progress at once towards the brain, and an actual paroxysm of epilepsy may promptly occur. Abdominal epilepsy is said to happen most frequently between the seventh and eleventh years of life; it is four times more frequent ion males than females; the attacks are more common towards the full of the moon, after which they lessen, and towards the last quarter they are entirely absent. J.C.P.

If AEthusa be Homoeopathic to epilepsy, it ought to be antipathic to paralysis;, yet Noack has recommended it in paraplegia inferior. It causes great debility, lassitude, and tiredness, especially in the legs, attended with drowsiness; also, paralytic pain in the left shoulder;, sudden lassitude of the fore-arms while knitting; weakness of the right wrist; paralytic pains in the thighs while sitting, disappearing after notion; great lassitude of the legs. These are all symptoms which point to great debility, and perhaps, to approaching paralysis; but, as AEthusa is preeminently a convulsive remedy, it must be antipathic to paralysis, except when it occurs in consequence of the exhaustion which succeeds previous convulsive action.- J.C.P.

Nerves of Sensations.

It is supposed to act much less specifically upon these than upon the nerves of motion; in fact, most of the AEthusa, pains are rending and piercing, such as occur in muscular or fibrous strictures, and are comparable to rheumatic or muscular contractive pains, like labor-pains. Thus, it is homoeopathic to rending and piercing pains in the muscles; in the head, especially in the temples, mostly in the afternoon; in the ears; zygoma; in the gums; in the epigastrium, extending up to the oesophagus; in the lumbar and hypochondriac regions; in the nape; in the elbow, hand, and finger-joints; in the thighs, knees, and feet. J.C.P.

MUSCULAR SYSTEM.

Any remedy which acts specifically upon the nerves of motion, almost necessarily acts equally specifically upon the muscles. It may prove homoeopathic to the convulsions which attend Bright’s disease. J.C.P.

VASCULAR SYSTEM. Fever.

Chill in the room; chill after having walked in the open air. General coldness. Internal coldness. Coldness of the whole body, accompanied by somnolence; coldness of the whole body, perceptible to the touch, without thirst, for two days. Redness of the face during the coldness. Horripilation, with heat extending over the whole body. Painful lassitude, hot breath, and jactitation during the horripilation. General heat. Complete absence of thirst, notwithstanding the great general heat. General sweat. He cannot bear to be uncovered during the sweat. Irregular pulse; full, accelerated, imperceptible pulse. The febrile symptoms manifest themselves more especially in the morning with very great malaise and disposition to delirium, which go off during the sweat.- J.C.P.

Abdominal Typhus.

It causes blackness and dryness of the tongue, buzzing in the ears, and severe purging of light yellow bilious matters; these symptoms probably led Noack to suggest its use in typhoid fever. The stools in typhoid fever are for the most part loose and frequent, and either of a dark color and offensive, or else thin, yellow, and ochry, somewhat like pea-soup. But the most essential part in typhoid fever is the peculiar change in the blood; this consists in a diminution of the fibrin and increase of the carbonated salts, especially of carbonate of soda. Numerous experiments have shown that, in animals which have for a long time been submitted to the excessive use of alkalies, the blood becomes destitute of fibrin, and rich in the carbonated alkalies; hence the alkalies are homoeopathic to typhoid fever, and the acids antipathic. It is not known whether AEthusa, Rhus, Belladonna, also produce a change in the blood similar to that which occurs in typhoid fever. J.C.P.

GLANDULAR SYSTEM.

Roth says it homoeopathic to swelling of the lymphatic glands of the neck; also of the axillary glands. It may prove homoeopathic to some scrofulous affections; as it is found to produce tumefaction of the meibomian glands, chronic photophobia, stoppage of the nose with thick mucus, yellowish discharge from the ears, herpetic excoriations of the thighs, great debility, emaciation, profuse perspiration from the least exertion, and general dropsy. J.C.P.

CLINICAL REMARKS.

Roth says it is homoeopathic and curative against; tumefactions of the meibomian glands; chronic inflammation of the edges of the lids; sticking together of the eye-lids in the morning; pustules on the cornea; commencing amaurosis; and chronic photophobia. He also says it is homoeopathic to a yellowish discharge from the ears. This remedy is one of the most homoeopathic to vomiting and diarrhoea; to cholera. It has been used very successfully against the vomiting of milk in infants; against regurgitation of food about an hour after meals; intolerance of milk; children throw up milk almost as soon as it is swallowed, wither coagulated or not coagulated, and by a sudden fit of vomiting, followed by great weakness and tendency to fainting. It is supposed to be homoeopathic to the first stage of granular liver; in one case, the liver was found hard and yellow; it also exerts a specification on the duodenum and liver. It is homoeopathic to that irritation if the duodenum which extends along the ductus- communis to the liver, thus causing a great accumulation of bile in the gall-bladder, and a great overflow of bile, sufficient to stain the whole liver, duodenum, and part of the colon and omentum with yellow bile; it is also homoeopathic to pain and tenderness in the region of the liver. According to Corrigan, the first stage of granular liver is marked by colic-pains, generally felt about four or six hours after dinner, quick pulse, vomiting, and constipation, or the stools may be loaded with mucus, and sometimes tinged with blood. As the disease advances, the fits of colic occur more frequently, the vomiting becomes more intense, the skin dry, the pulse quicker, the tongue red and smooth; in most cases there is pain at the top of the right shoulder, and in all a degree of jaundice, very slight at first, but progressing gradually, and sufficiently distinct, if the conjunctiva be examined. There is also some slight pain in the region of the liver and duodenum. It is very evident that AEthusa is homoeopathic to this train of symptoms. It is homoeopathic to cholera-infantum; to bilious diarrhoea and dysentery; to the diarrhoea of teething, children, when attended with acidity of the stomach and decided bilious derangement. It promises to prove homoeopathic to Bright’s disease; it is homoeopathic to oedema of the face, and to the diarrhoea and vomiting, which so frequently attends this affection. noack recommends it in paraplegia; it is homoeopathic to great debility, lassitude, and tiredness, especially in the legs, attended with drowsiness; paralytic pain in the left shoulder; sudden lassitude of the arms; weakness of the wrist; paralytic pain in the thighs; great lassitude of the legs.- J.C.P.

GENERAL SYMPTOMS.

Great prostration, debility, with drowsiness. The limbs become cold and stiff.- Epileptic fits of children, with clenched thumbs, red face, squinting of the eyes downward, dilated pupils, form at the mouth, lock jaw. Spasms, with stupor and delirium.- Fatal convulsions.

SLEEP.

Drowsiness, with languor and debility; soporose condition the whole day, with involuntary closing of the eye-lids; sometimes passing off in the open air. Drowsiness in the afternoon.

FEVER.

General coldness; sometimes with drowsiness. Shuddering when entering a room from the open air. Febrile heat The pulse is small, accelerated, and hard. Irregularity of the pulse and the beats of the heart.

MORAL SYMPTOMS.

Great anguish, restlessness, and oppressive anxiety; sometimes followed by headache and colic Ill humor, vexed and irritable mood; especially in the afternoon or in the open air. He looks serious, does not feel disposed to talk, complains of heat in the head. Sadness and oppressive anxiety, in the afternoon. Delirium, frenzy, insanity.

SENSORIUM.

Out of his senses; stupefied.- His head feels dull and stupid, as if intoxicated. Sensation as if the brain were constricted. Vertigo; coming on or going off in the open air; with drowsiness; the eyes close involuntarily while sitting and after rising from the seat; while sitting, and going off after rising.

HEAD.

Violent headache, as if the brain were dashed to pieces. The forehead feels as if compressed. Weight in the forehead, with ill humor, and pressure upon the eye-lids; during dinner; in the occiput, with beating in the forehead. Sensation as if both sides of the head were in a vice. Lacerating pain in the head, paroxysms of a sort of darting laceration. Stitches in the left temple, the head being drawn up; in the temple, when turning the head. Stinging and throbbing in the whole of the head. Throbbing in the head upon entering a room from the open air.- Most attacks of the headache come on in the afternoon. Rising of heat to the head, with increased temperature of the body, redness of countenance, and abatement of the giddiness.

SCALP.

After a walk in the open air, the head, face, and hands feel swollen; this sensation passes off in the room.

EYES.

Burning in the eyes as from smoke, in the room. The eyes are glistening and protruded; staring and inanimate. The conjunctiva looks red, and the vessels of the conjunctiva are injected. Staring, strange look. The pupils are very much dilated and insensible.

EARS.

Violent itching in the ears, going off by rubbing. Stitches, particularly in the right ear, sometimes with a sense of lacerating. Tearing around the left ear, following upon stitches in the ear. The ears feel obstructed. Hardness of hearing, especially of the left ear.

NOSE.

Stinging in the side of the nose, followed by burning. Pain in the nose as if ulcerated. Sneezing and irritation, inducing a desire to sneeze, especially in the left nostril. Stoppage of the nose; early in the morning after waking.- Copious secretion of a dry nasal mucus.- Fluent coryza.

FACE.

Features expressive of anguish and pain. The countenance is pale, altered, and collapsed. Lacerating in the face; in the malar-bones.

TEETH.

Stinging in the gums. Painful sensitiveness of a hollow molar tooth, increased by contact.

MOUTH, THROAT, AND OESOPHAGUS.

The mouth feels dry, although it is moist. Heat and dryness in the throat. Stinging between the acts of deglutition.- Sensation as if deglutition were impeded, with spasmodic contraction of the throat and ear of the right side.

TASTE AND APPETITE.

Flat, sweetish taste in the mouth; early on waking; accompanied with dryness of the mouth. Bitter taste.- Thirst; continual thirst.

GASTRIC SYMPTOMS.

Empty eructations (in the afternoon). Eructations, tasting of the ingesta. Singultus in the evening. Violent vomiting, with diarrhoea; vomiting of coagulated milk (in children); of greenish mucus; of a frothy, milky-white substance.

STOMACH AND HYPOCHONDRIA.

Sensation as if something were turning about in the stomach, followed by burning, which extends up into the chest. lacerating in the pit of the stomach, extending into the oesophagus. piercing in the hypochondria; in the left hypochondrium, accompanied with burning and a pressure from without inwards, or succeeded at times by a piercing under the left mammae, and a whining mood. Sensitiveness of the region of the liver.

ABDOMEN.

A cutting across the abdomen, above the umbilicus; and in the hypogastric region. Pinching and shifting of flatulence around the umbilicus, with urging to stool. A sensation as of boiling water in the umbilical region, followed by pinching in the stomach.- Cold feeling in the abdomen.- The abdomen is distended and sensitive to the touch; black and blue swelling of the abdomen.

STOOL.

Hard stools, with violent urging, and lacerating sensation in the anus.- Loose stool, generally preceded by a pinching or cutting in the abdomen; accompanied with tenesmus, and followed by urging; early in the morning, after rising. Diarrhoeic stools, of a liquid, bilious, light yellow, or substance, accompanied with violent tenesmus.- Bloody stools.

URINE.

Copious, pale, watery urine.

LARYNX, TRACHEA, AND CHEST.

Frequent turns of a short and hacking cough. Dry cough after dinner. The breathing is short and anxious, or interrupted by singultus. Rending sensation and tightness in the right side of the chest; and in the middle of the sternum, followed by burning and anguish.

BACK, SMALL OF THE BACK.

Sensation as if the small of the back were in a vice; burning in that part, passing off by rubbing it. Sensation of heat in the back from below upward. Lacerating in the nape of the neck, sometimes throbbing and drawing.

UPPER EXTREMITIES.

Tension in the muscles. Lacerating in the fore-arm and hand.

LOWER LIMBS.

Lancination in the left thigh, from the hip down into the leg, accompanied with drawing; in the bottom of the right foot. Great languor in the lower limbs.

PATHOLOGICAL ANATOMY.

IN MEN.

The body is but slightly decayed after the lapse of three days. A multitude of cadaverous spots.- Immediately after death the body becomes stiff and very cold. The upper limbs are movable, the lower stiff. The hair is very firmly rooted in the scalp. Bloated countenance, the cornea is dim and deeply sunken, the pupils are very much dilated. The mouth is firmly closed. Black tongue. Contraction of the cardiac orifice of the stomach; the stomach contains a brownish, serous fluid. Apparent, but not fully developed inflammation of the mouth, fauces oesophagus, and stomach. The whole of the intestinal canal is distended with air.- Light color of the bile in the duodenum; the anterior edge of the liver, a portion of the colon near the liver, and a portion of the omentum exhibit a similar color. The liver is hard and yellow; the gall-bladder is turgid with a fluid, yellowish-brown bile. The spleen has a livid color. The kidneys are congested with blood. The brain and the sinuses are congested with blood. The venous blood is fluid throughout.

Charles Julius Hempel
Charles Julius Hempel (5 September 1811 Solingen, Prussia - 25 September 1879 Grand Rapids, Michigan) was a German-born translator and homeopathic physician who worked in the United States. While attending medical lectures at the University of New York, where he graduated in 1845, he became associated with several eminent homeopathic practitioners, and soon after his graduation he began to translate some of the more important works relating to homeopathy. He was appointed professor of materia medica and therapeutics in the Hahnemann Medical College of Philadelphia in 1857.