Doctrine of Chronic Diseases Contd

I have frequently heard homoeopathic practitioners attributing to sycotic infection, the occurrence of ordinary warts and encysted and other tumours, but Hahnemann distinctly says that these are of psoric and not sycotic origin….

Opinions relative to the psora theory since the recognition of the itch-insect-Russell’s historical paper on itch-Abenzohr knew of the insects- The German peasants were acquainted with them- Moufet described them-Hauptmann gave a drawn of them-Bonomo wrote about them- Waehmann alluded to them-Afterwards they were lost sight of and disbelieved in -Rayer gets them pointed out to him- Adams describes them, and gives himself the itch-Since then they are generally believed in-Hebra’s account of scabies-His description of the acarus and its tracks-Hebra’s account of scabies-His description of the acarus and its tracks-Habitat of the vermin-Eruption dependent on its presence-The acarus the sole infecting agents-His treatment of the disease-Puffer defends the psora theory against Hebra-Denies itch to be a parasitic disease- The itch-insect the product of the disease-He allows that itch requires external treatment-Hebra reply to Puffer-He contends that the acarus is the sole essential feature of itch-He denies that any danger attends the suppression of itch- Griesselich’s views on the psora-theory-Hahnemann cured chronic diseases before he had a single antipsoric-The psora theory supplies a defect in Hahnemann’s previous doctrines-Influence of the theory on Hahnemann’s pathology of acute diseases-Hahnemann’s psora equivalent to dyscrasia, cachexia, and humours of others- Hahnemann wrong in his diagnosis of itch-Doubtful if itch can be cured by internal medicines-Influence of the ordinary treatment of itch in producing serious disease-Benefits conferred on practice by the psora theory-Absurdity of the division of medicines into antipsorics and apsorics-Weber’s definition of an antipsoric-Arnold’s views on the psora-theory-How can a parasitic disease give rise to other diseases?- The psora theory must include other skin-diseases besides itch-Hahnemann’s psora theory was a concession to the humoral pathologists- Henderson’s defence of the psora theory-Russell denies the repercussion of itch-Explains how its suppression may cause disease-Simon contends for more than three chronic miasms -Leboucher misapprehend’s Hahnemann’s cures of psoric diseases without antipsorics-Before he had any antipsorics he proposed to cure chronic diseases only by homoeopathy-Hahnemann fails to prove the origin of chronic diseases from itch-His diagnosis of itch incorrect-He confounds it with other diseases-Secondary diseases are sometimes produced by suppressing itch-How this happens- Danger of suppressing extensive exanthemata-Hahnemann erred in overlooking hereditary disease- They have been recognised in all ages-Aristotle-Piorry-Linz-Many causes of latent disease- Probability of certain eruptive diseases being connected with certain internal diseases-Nunez-Reasons for Hahnemann’s adoption of the psora-theory-Good done by the psora theory-Treatment of itch-Want of success of the internal treatment-Importance of destroying the acarus. Modes of doing so-Syphilis-Sycosis-After diseases of sycosis-Antisycotic medicines.

I NOW come to a consideration of the opinions of the more recent homoeopathic writers and others on the subject of Hahnemann’s psora-theory, expressed subsequent to the pretty general recognition of the presence of the acarus as essential to the disease with Hahnemann held to be the source of so many chronic diseases, viz., the scabies or itch.

In the sixth volume of the British Journal of Homoeopathy you will find a paper on the subject of psora or itch, written by Dr. Russell, in which the history of the knowledge of the existence of an animal inhabiting the skin in the disease we term scabies is traced from remote times.

It appears that about 640 years ago Abenzohr spoke of the existence of small vermin accompanying a skin disease, in such terms as must lead us to acknowledge their identity with the itch-insects of our days. His words are-“Syrones (called by the Arabs assoalat and assoab) are lice which creep under the skin of the hands, legs, and feet, and there excite vesicles full of water. So small are the animalculae that they can hardly be distinctly seen.” Magnifying-glasses had not yet been invented.

Abenzohr gives this as a popular brief, and it is curious, that in almost all countries a belief obtained that itch depended on the existence of a small vermin in the skin, and in many, certain old women and others were in the habit of driving a lucrative trade by extracting these small insects with a needle or other sharp-pointed instrument, and thus curing the disease. The peasants of Germany had a particular name for this operation. They termed it Sauren-graben, Sauren being probably a corruption of the more ancient syrones. In Moufet’s Theatrum Insectorum, published in the year 1634, this insect is introduced upon the stage as the chief actor in the drama of itch. Hauptmann of Leipzic gave a drawing of it in 1650; likewise an Italian of the name of Bonomo published an account of these creatures in 1683; and again, Wichmann in 1786 makes mention of their existence. Later pathologists and authors upon skin diseases, however, were either ignorant of the fact that it had ever been said that the itch had anything to do with an insect, or they noticed the report only to discredit it. Even Rayer and Biett, the celebrated dermatologists, continued as late as 1812 to disbelieve in the existence of the acarus; and a student from Corsica first convinced Rayer of their presence in the skin, and instructed him in the art of extracting them, as he had often seen the operation performed by the peasants of his native country.”

R.E. Dudgeon
Robert Ellis Dudgeon 1820 – 1904 Licentiate of the Royal College of Surgeons in Edinburgh in 1839, Robert Ellis Dudgeon studied in Paris and Vienna before graduating as a doctor. Robert Ellis Dudgeon then became the editor of the British Journal of Homeopathy and he held this post for forty years.
Robert Ellis Dudgeon practiced at the London Homeopathic Hospital and specialised in Optics.
Robert Ellis Dudgeon wrote Pathogenetic Cyclopaedia 1839, Cure of Pannus by Innoculation, London and Edinburgh Journal of Medical Science 1844, Hahnemann’s Organon, 1849, Lectures on the Theory & Practice of Homeopathy, 1853, Homeopathic Treatment and Prevention of Asiatic Cholera 1847, Hahnemann’s Therapeutic Hints 1847, On Subaqueous Vision, Philosophical Magazine, 1871, The Influence of Homeopathy on General Medical Practice Since the Death of Hahnemann 1874, Repertory of the Homeopathic Materia Medica, 2 vols 1878-81, The Human Eye Its Optical Construction, 1878, Hahnemann’s Materia Medica Pura, 1880, The Sphygmograph, 1882, Materia Medica: Physiological and Applied 1884, Hahnemann the Founder of Scientific Therapeutics 1882, Hahnemann’s Organon 1893 5th Edition, Prolongation of Life 1900, Hahnemann’s Lesser Writing.