Back chapter from Joseph’s Repertory, based on Boericke’s Materia Medica. Symptoms related to Back….

Aches, weak; drawing of muscles below  scapulæ — PULEX IRRITANS.

Aching across lumbo-sacral region; cannot walk erect  (Cimicif) — MORPHINUM.

Aching and burning across the lumbar region; can trace outlines of kidneys by constant burningHELONIAS DIOICA.

Aching in back of neck — RADIUM BROMATUM.

Aching in legsVARIOLINUM.

Aching in lumbar and lumbo-sacral region — COLCHICUM AUTUMNALE.



Aching in small of back — AETHUSA CYNAPIUM

Aching pains in lumbar region; pains streaking up and down spine into sacrum — PHYTOLACCA DECANDRA.

Awakened in morning with burning soles, Spinal pains, legs and arms heavy and weak, cannot lie on  back — — NICCOLUM SULPHURICUM.

Back lame, weak, and painful — ABROTANUM.

Back stiff, especially in morning on rising and during damp  weather — PHYTOLACCA DECANDRA.

Back stiff; violent jerks in spinal  column — STRYCHNINUM PURUM.

Backache affecting sacrum and hips; worse walking or stoopingAESCULUS HIPPOCASTANUM.

Backache better pressure and lying on  back — RUTA GRAVEOLENS.

Backache between shoulders and lumbar-sacral region, better after walking — RADIUM BROMATUM.

Backache in lumbar region — NUX VOMICA.

Backache of congested kidneys (Senec aur) — SOLIDAGO VIRGAUREA.

Back feels as if in a vise — AETHUSA CYNAPIUM.

Backache, as if in a vise when sitting-AMMONIUM MURIATICUM.

Backache, better, rest and pressure — COLCHICUM AUTUMNALE.

Backache, extending down legs –XEROPHYLLUM.

Bends backward–ANGUSTURA VERA.

Back bent backward like an arch — CICUTA VIROSA.

Boring pain between scapulæ — PHOSPHORICUM ACIDUM.

Boring pain in lumbar region, extending down legs — HELONIAS DIOICA.

Bruised pain below  scapulæ — NUX VOMICA.

Bruised pain between scapulæ — BARYTA CARBONICA.

Bruised pain between scapulæ — ACONITUM NAPELLUS.

Bruised pain in coccyx when  sitting — AMMONIUM MURIATICUM.

Bruised pain in small of back, especially when sitting — MERCURIUS SOLUBILIS.

Burning along spine — HELODERMA.

Burning along spine — ZINCUM METALLICUM.

Burning in back; pain as if broken — PHOSPHORUS.

Burning in nape of shoulders — GUACO.

Burning in spine (Guaco) — KALIUM CARBONICUM.

Burning in spine; worse, 3 to 4 am — NUX VOMICA.

Burning pain in region of kidneysTEREBINTHINIAE OLEUM.

Burning between scapulæ as of hot coals — LYCOPODIUM CLAVATUM.

Cannot bear back touched (Sul; Therid; Cinch) — ZINCUM METALLICUM.

Cervico-brachial neuralgia; worse,  touch — NUX VOMICA.

Chilliness between shoulders or up the back — TUBERCULINUM.

Chilliness between the shoulder-blades; pain and stiffness in back — LACHNANTHES TINCTORIA.

Chronic backache in lumbar region; better resting on  back — GNAPHALIUM POLYCEPHALUM.


Coccyx injury from fall, with pain radiating up spine and down limbs — HYPERICUM PERFORATUM.

Coccyx painful — PETROLEUM.

Coldness  across scapulæ — HELODERMA.

Coldness between shoulders — SEPIA.

Coldness in sacrum — BENZOICUM ACIDUM.

Complete relaxation of the whole muscular system — GELSEMIUM SEMPERVIRENS.

Contractive pain between scapulæ — GUAJACUM OFFICINALE.

Contractive pain between scapulæ — GUAJACUM OFFICINALE.

Cracking of cervical vertebræ when moving head — COCCULUS INDICUS.

Crawling and tingling, as if bruised — ACONITUM NAPELLUS.



Curvature of dorsal  vertebræ — CALCAREA CARBONICA.

Cutting through loins; cannot walk; extends to groins — KALIUM BICHROMICUM.

Dislocated feeling in sacrum and better lying on right side — SANICULA AQUA.

Dorsal pain between shoulders — CONIUM MACULATUM.

Dragging backache, extending to genitals and down thighs — KREOSOTUM.

Drawing in of shoulders — ARSENICUM ALBUM.

Drawing in right kidney extending to hip — TEREBINTHINIAE OLEUM.

Drawing in the neck–ANGUSTURA VERA.

Drawing pain between shoulders — SULPHUR.

Dull aching about the last dorsal or first lumbar vertebræ; worse  sitting — ZINCUM METALLICUM.

Dull aching in lumbar and sacral region, passing upward — GELSEMIUM SEMPERVIRENS.

Dull aching in lumbar and sacral  region — CONIUM MACULATUM.

Dull pain across loins — COLCHICUM AUTUMNALE.

Dull pain between shoulders and about renal and splenic region; pain in lumbar region better lying down — EUONYMUS ATROPURPUREA.

Dull pain in nape of neck — CAUSTICUM.

Dull pain in region of kidneys; worse, wine — BENZOICUM ACIDUM.

Dull pressure in the shoulders, as from a weight–ANACARDIUM ORIENTALE.


Dull, heavy, dragging pain and stiffness, particularly across lumbar region, must use arms in raising himself from  seatHYDRASTIS CANADENSIS.

Every little exertion causes fatigue — GELSEMIUM SEMPERVIRENS.

Excruciating backacheVARIOLINUM.

Fatty tumors about neck — BARYTA CARBONICA.

Feels hot from sacrum to scapulæ — XEROPHYLLUM.

Fixed pain under inner and lower angle of right scapulaCHELIDONIUM MAJUS.

Formication and numbness — SECALE CORNUTUM.

From hard water and sudden changes of weather — BRYONIA ALBA.

General fatigue — CAINCA.

Gnawing pain, as if from hot iron — ALUMINA.

Great debility — KREOSOTUM.

Great exhaustion — KALIUM CARBONICUM.

Great languor, better exercising — HELONIAS DIOICA.


Hands and feet swell, and become red after washing, feel  full — AESCULUS HIPPOCASTANUM.

Heat between the shoulder-bladesPHOSPHORUS.

Heat deep in spine — XEROPHYLLUM.



Icy coldness between shoulders; not relieved by warm covering, followed by itching — AMMONIUM MURIATICUM.

Icy sensation down spineSTRYCHNINUM PURUM.

Ill effects of bruises and shocks to spine — CONIUM MACULATUM.

Insupportable pain in loins and hips — CHAMOMILLA.

Intense pain between angle of right shoulder-blade near spine, and through the chest-CHENOPODIUM ANTHELMINTICUM.

Intercostal rheumatism — CIMICIFUGA RACEMOSA.

Itches across kidney region — TARENTULA CUBENSIS.

Itching along back–ANGUSTURA VERA.

Itching and pain of neck and back–ANTIMONIUM CRUDUM.

Itching when undressing — NATRIUM SULPHURICUM.

Jerking and twitching of muscles — HYPERICUM PERFORATUM.

Jerking, tearing in coccyx, especially during menses — CICUTA VIROSA

Knife-like pains around back — CHINA OFFICINALIS.

Lameness in neck; aching between shoulder blades; region of spine feels weak; back and legs give out — AESCULUS HIPPOCASTANUM.

Languor; muscles feel bruised — GELSEMIUM SEMPERVIRENS.

Lightning-like pains; temporarily better by pressure — PLUMBUM METALLICUM.

Locomotor ataxiaSECALE CORNUTUM.

Lumbago (Rhus; Tart  em) — BERBERIS VULGARIS.

Lumbago alternating with headache and  pilesALOE SOCOTRINA.

Lumbago with numbness in lower part of back and weight in   pelvis — GNAPHALIUM


Lumbago with sudden sharp pains extending up and down back and to thighs — KALIUM CARBONICUM.

Lumbago worse morning before rising — RUTA GRAVEOLENS.

Lumbago, with pain in hips and thighs — BELLADONNA.

Lumbago; worse in open  air — AGARICUS MUSCARIUS.


Lumbar and sacral backache, pain appears to be in bone, continued motion relieves — RADIUM BROMATUM.

Lumbar pains, of nervous originKALMIA LATIFOLIA.

Metatarsus and metacarpus feel sprained — BERBERIS VULGARIS.


Muscles and skin sore, as if beaten — BADIAGA.

Muscles of neck rigid,  lame — JUGLANS CINEREA.

Must situp in order to turn in bedNUX VOMICA.


Nape of neck stiff and rigid — CALCAREA CARBONICA.

Nape of neck weary from writing or any exertionZINCUM METALLICUM.

Neck so weak cannot hold head up — ABROTANUM.

Neck stiff; cramp in sterno-cleido muscles; relieved by heat and  irritation — TRIFOLIUM PRATENSE.


Neuralgia of coccyx, worse rising from sitting posture; must sit perfectly still — LACHESIS MUTUS.

Nightly rheumatic pains; worse from warmth of bed; lightning-like from small of back to feet; must get out of bed and sit up — KALIUM MURIATICUM.

Numb, bruised sensation — BERBERIS VULGARIS.

Numb,  stiff, painful — ACONITUM NAPELLUS.

Numbness — OPIUM.

Numbness and tingling in feet and legs — ONOSMODIUM VIRGINIANUM.

Opisthotonos — OPIUM.

Pain across sacral and lumbar region — SALIX NIGRA.

Pain across sacrum, with urgency to stool — AMMONIUM BENZOICUM.

Pain along cord, with paralytic  weakness — ALUMINA.

Pain along spine radiating to abdomen and  thighs — JOANESIA ASOCA.

Pain along spine; worse, bending — GUACO.

Pain along spine — MORPHINUM.

Pain and burning in back (Oxal  ac) — ARSENICUM ALBUM.

Pain and lameness in cervical vertebræ, worse dropping head forward, better standing, or sitting erect — RADIUM BROMATUM.

Pain and stiffness in small of back; better, motion, or lying on something hard; worse, while sitting — RHUS TOXICODENDRON.

Pain and stiffness near nape of  neck — CALCAREA ARSENICOSA.

Pain and weight in back; tired and weak — HELONIAS DIOICA.

Pain as if sprained; can scarcely rise; from overlifting — CALCAREA CARBONICA.

Pain at lower angle of left scapula — CHELIDONIUM MAJUS.

Pain between sacrum and pubis from one bone to anotherSABINA.

Pain between scapula and under right — JUGLANS CINEREA.

Pain between scapulæ, extending to forearm — GUACO.

Pain between shoulder-blades, impeding breathing — CALCAREA CARBONICA.

Pain between shoulders on swallowing — RHUS TOXICODENDRON.

Pain down back, as if it would break; in localized regions of spine; through shoulders — KALMIA LATIFOLIA.

Pain from head to neck — GUAJACUM OFFICINALE.

Pain from head to neck — GUAJACUM OFFICINALE.

Pain from last cervical to fifth dorsal vertebra, very sensitive; worse touch (Chin s; Phosph) Sciatica; worse right side, coughing, straining, and at night, with sensitive vertebral column — TELLURIUM METALLICUM.

Pain from neck down arm; in upper three dorsal vertebræ extending to shoulder- blade — KALMIA LATIFOLIA.

Pain in back and limbs, as if beaten — PHOSPHORICUM ACIDUM.

Pain and aching in lumbar region; aching of legs; in big toe — CONVALLARIA MAJALIS.

Pain in back and sacrum; worse while sitting; better, walking or  lying — COBALTUM METALLICUM.

Pain in back as from incarcerated flatulence from abdomen through to back and down into sacrumCOCHLEARIA ARMORACIA.

Pain in back, relieved only by lying on abdomenACETICUM ACIDUM.

Pain in cervical vertebræ–ANGUSTURA VERA.

Pain in small of back and coccyx — KALIUM IODATUM.

Pain in small of back with great  weakness — GRAPHITES.

Pain in coccyx and sacrum extending up and down — KALIUM BICHROMICUM.

Pain in coccyx — SILICEA TERRA.

Pain in dorsal and lumbar regions — ONOSMODIUM VIRGINIANUM.

Pain in loins, with incessant desire to urinate — CANTHARIS VESICATORIA.

Pain in lumbar and sacral region, down thighs, and through  hips — CIMICIFUGA RACEMOSA.

Pain in lumbar region and in lower left shoulder-blade; chest feels tight — CUPRUM ARSENICOSUM.

Pain in lumbar region extending along spermatic cord — ABROTANUM.

Pain in lumbar vertebræ — JUGLANS CINEREA.

Pain in muscles of back, hips, and lower extremities, mostly deep-seated — GELSEMIUM SEMPERVIRENS.

Pain in nape of neck, stiff and painful — PETROLEUM.

Pain in nape of neck — HYPERICUM PERFORATUM.

Pain in nape, as if it would break — BELLADONNA.

Pain in nape, back and loins — RUTA GRAVEOLENS.


Pain in nates and thighs and  hip-joint — KALIUM CARBONICUM.

Pain in neck, especially upper sterno-cleido muscles — GELSEMIUM SEMPERVIRENS.

Pain in neck, worse cervical  region — LACHESIS MUTUS.

Pain in region of kidneys and  loinsCOCCINELLA SEPTEMPUNCTATA.

Pain in region of kidneys; better lying bent backward — CAINCA.

Pain in sacrum, with hæmorrhoids — ABROTANUM.

Pain in sacrum; cannot bear slightest touch — LOBELIA INFLATA.


Pain in sacrum, around hips and  legs — BALSAMUM PERUVIANUM.

Pain in small of back, as after long stooping — DULCAMARA.

Pain in small of back, hips and lower limbs — BADIAGA.

Pain in small of back; worse  moving — ALOE SOCOTRINA.

Pain in small of back — ABIES NIGRA.

Pain in small of back — LYCOPODIUM CLAVATUM.

Pain in small of back — ZINCUM METALLICUM.

Pain in spine, at nape of neck and sacrum, worse on pressure–ANGUSTURA VERA.

Pain low down in back and extremities — BUTYRICUM ACIDUM.

Pain over kidneys — XEROPHYLLUM.

Pain in shoulder and arms as if bruisedCOCCULUS INDICUS.

Pain, with sensitiveness of spine to touch; worse in dorsal region — AGARICUS MUSCARIUS.

Painful stiffness in nape of  neck — BRYONIA ALBA.

Pains extend into backSEPIA.

Pains extended into pelvis — EUPIONUM.

Pains shift from back to  abdomen — VARIOLINUM.

Pains shooting in zig-zag course from lumbar region to middle of scapula — SARRACENIA PURPUREA.

Paralysis of lower extremities — PLUMBUM METALLICUM.

Paralytic pain in muscles of nape of neck — ASARUM EUROPAEUM.

Paralytic pain in small  back — SABINA.

Paralytic pain in small of the backCOCCULUS INDICUS.

Persistent lameness — CUPRUM ARSENICOSUM.

Piercing pain between scapulæ — NATRIUM SULPHURICUM.

Post-operative pain in lumbar region; soreness with sharp pain following course of circumflex iliac nerve to bladder with frequent  urination — BERBERIS VULGARIS.

Potts’ disease — SILICEA TERRA.

Pressure in scapula and nape — COCCULUS INDICUS.

Pressure on dorsal region most painful — BELLADONNA.

Pressure on spinal column — BENZOICUM ACIDUM.

Pressure over sacrumHYPERICUM PERFORATUM.


Rheumatic arthritis — NATRIUM PHOSPHORICUM.

Rheumatic pain in intercostal and lumbar muscles; sleeplessness from pain in back and hips — SINAPIS NIGRA.

Rheumatic pains and aching in bones — ABIES NIGRA.

Rheumatic pains in muscles of back and  neck — CIMICIFUGA RACEMOSA.

Rheumatism in lumbar region; weakness in small of  back — CALCAREA CARBONICA.

Rigitidy of cervical musclesSTRYCHNINUM PURUM.

Sacrum pains, as if  broken — EUPIONUM.

Sensation as if vertebræ glided over each  other — SULPHUR.

Sensation of heavy weight at the coccyx, dragging downward all the timeANTIMONIUM TARTARICUM.

Sensation of threads stretched from back to arms, legs, eyes,   etc — LACHESIS MUTUS.

Sensitiveness between vertebræ; avoids pressure on spine — THERIDION CURASSAVICUM.

Severe backache during pregnancy, and after miscarriage — KALIUM CARBONICUM.

Severe backache; must lean against something for  support — EUPIONUM.

Severe backache; must walk bent, with oppression of  chest — ARGENTUM METALLICUM.

Severe pain in lumbar and hypogastric region, extending down   legs — HAMAMELIS VIRGINIANA.

Severe pains in region of lower inner angle of left shoulder-blade, running into chest–APHIS CHENOPODII GLAUCI.

Sharp pain in nape and down spine — STRYCHNINUM PURUM.

Sharp pains across kidneys, worse movement and at  night — CHINA OFFICINALIS.

Shooting pain in the nape and back, between shoulders; in sacrum after sitting — PULSATILLA PRATENSIS.

Sits leaning forward — LOBELIA INFLATA.

Sitting is painful — NUX VOMICA.

Slightest effort to move may cause retching and cold, clammy  sweat–ANTIMONIUM TARTARICUM.

Small of back feels weakKALIUM CARBONICUM.


Soles feel sore, tired, and  swell — AESCULUS HIPPOCASTANUM.

Sore pain down cervical vertebræ — HAMAMELIS VIRGINIANA.

Soreness in region of right kidney — AMMONIUM BENZOICUM.

Spasms and cramps in muscles of nape of neck, and spasmodic drawing backward of head — CICUTA VIROSA.

Spinal concussion — HYPERICUM PERFORATUM.

Spinal cord sclerosed — PLUMBUM METALLICUM.

Spinal irritation after injuries to spine; diseases of bones of  spine — SILICEA TERRA.

Spinal irritation, tingling of lower extremities; can bear only slightest covering — SECALE CORNUTUM.

Spinal irritation — ZINCUM METALLICUM.

Spinal meningitis; opisthotonos — NATRIUM SULPHURICUM.

Spinal paresis, especially for the aged and after disease — IRIDIUM METALLICUM.

Spine sensitive with nocturnal pains, (Oxal acid) paraplegia; posterior spinal sclerosis — ARGENTUM NITRICUM.


Spine very sensitive, especially upper part — CIMICIFUGA RACEMOSA.

Sticking pain in region of kidneys radiating thence around abdomen, to hips and groins — BERBERIS VULGARIS.

Stiff neck and sore shouldersGUAJACUM OFFICINALE.

Stiff neck and sore shouldersGUAJACUM OFFICINALE.

Stiff neck, head drawn to left — CHELIDONIUM MAJUS.

Stiff neck — BELLADONNA.

Stiff neck — DULCAMARA.

Stiff, numb sensation, worse in  neck — — NICCOLUM SULPHURICUM.

Stiffness and contraction in neck and backCIMICIFUGA RACEMOSA.

Stiffness and lameness across neck and shoulders, after getting cold and wet — DULCAMARA.

Stiffness in back — GINSENG QUINQUEFOLIUM.

Stiffness and paralytic feeling in  back — KALIUM CARBONICUM.

Stiffness at nape of neck–ANACARDIUM ORIENTALE.

Stiffness between shoulders — CAUSTICUM.

Stiffness in nape of neck — ACONITUM NAPELLUS.

Stiffness in sacrum — BARYTA CARBONICA.

Stiffness of nape — SULPHUR.

Stiffness of neck muscles — CHAMOMILLA.

Stiffness of the nape of the neck — RHUS TOXICODENDRON.

Stiffness on moving shoulders — COCCULUS INDICUS.


Stitches between scapulæ to occiput — GUAJACUM OFFICINALE.

Stitches between scapulæ to occiput — GUAJACUM OFFICINALE.

Stitches  from  kidneys  into  bladder — BERBERIS VULGARIS.

Stitches in nape,  scapulæ — BADIAGA.

Stitches in neck and back; worse, respiration — BERBERIS VULGARIS.

Stitches in region of kidneys and right scapula — KALIUM CARBONICUM.

Stitches through sacrum — ALOE SOCOTRINA.

Stitches and stiffness in small of backBRYONIA ALBA.

Stitches — ALUMINA.

Sudden feeling of coldness in back as if cold water were thrown over him; icy-cold extremities — CROCUS SATIVUS.

Swelling of glands of neckBELLADONNA.

Swollen     veins   of   neck — OPIUM.

Swollen glands in nape of occiputBARYTA CARBONICA.

Synovial  crepitationNATRIUM PHOSPHORICUM.

Tearing  in shoulder-blades — ZINCUM METALLICUM.

Tearing pain in coccyx; better, pressing on  abdomen — MERCURIUS SOLUBILIS.

Tearing, sticking with stiffness, making rising difficult, involving hips, nates, limbs,  with numbness — BERBERIS VULGARIS.

Tension and stinging between shoulders — ZINCUM METALLICUM.

Tension in nape of neck and down spine — TUBERCULINUM.

Tired all over with restlessness — VARIOLINUM.

Tired feeling and dull pain in small of back, worse walking — BUTYRICUM ACIDUM.

Tired feeling in back and neck and shoulders — SARCOLACTICUM ACIDUM.

Tired, aching throughout lumbar region — HYMOLUM.

Twitching and jerking along back–ANGUSTURA VERA.

Twitching of cervical musclesAGARICUS MUSCARIUS.

Twitching of muscles; limbs tremulous–ANTIMONIUM TARTARICUM.

Unable to step out quickly — SALIX NIGRA.

Very stiff neck — BADIAGA.

Violent backache, throbbing, drives out of  bed — CALCAREA ARSENICOSA.

Violent pain in sacro-lumbar  regionANTIMONIUM TARTARICUM.

Violent pains in back of neck, and at base of brainNATRIUM SULPHURICUM.

Weak spine; very susceptible to draughts on back — SILICEA TERRA.

Weak spine — PHOSPHORUS.

Weakness and dull pain in region of kidneys — PHYTOLACCA DECANDRA.

Weakness in the kidney  region — IRIDIUM METALLICUM.

Weakness in legs and backache after emissions — COBALTUM METALLICUM.

Weakness in small of  back — PETROLEUM.

Weakness in small of back — SEPIA.

Weakness in small of back — ARSENICUM ALBUM. Weakness  of loins — MORPHINUM.

Weakness of spine — BARYTA CARBONICA.

Weakness,  with staggering — ASARUM EUROPAEUM.

Weariness through hips and lumbar region — GUACO.

Weariness; aching in wrists and finger-joints — NATRIUM PHOSPHORICUM.

Weight and heaviness in loins and  back — EUPATORIUM PURPUREUM.

When walking feet turn under — AESCULUS HIPPOCASTANUM.

Worse, mental and physical labor — HYMOLUM.

Joseph Fernandez
Joseph S Fernandez started his career as an assistant in the High Court of Kerala after obtaining a master’s degree in English language and literature. Later, he opted for a banking career.
Even as a student, Joseph was deeply interested in homoeopathy and made an in-depth study of the subject. He uses his expertise for the management of an occasional minor ailment in the family or among friends. It is in this context that he decided to compile a handy and easy-to-use repertory. The task required deep study and a sentence-by-sentence analysis of Boericke’s Materia Medica. Joseph’s Repertory is the result of this work.