Graphites [Graph]

Outer canthi suffer most (Alum: inner) with tendency to crack and bleed; burning and itching of lids.

Ignatia [Ign]

Asthenopia in nervous hysterical people; from onanism; cannot bear the glare of light; pain under upper lid, as if too dry, flickering zig zags before eyes.

Jaborandi [Jab]

Asthenopia from irritable condition of ciliary muscles.

Kalmia [Kalm]

Stiff, drawing sensation in the muscles when moving the eyes; dull, weak eyes, evenings and in open air.

Lachesis [lach]

Asthenopia during climaxis, sensation of stiffness in and flickering before eyes when reading; (<) on walking in the morning.

Lilium tigr [Lil-t]

General spasmodic contraction of the fibres of the ciliary muscles; aching, tired feeling in the eyes, as if they must be closed and pressed upon with the fingers to get relief and see better; photophobia with frontal pains; blepharitis:(>) in open air; blurring of vision and lachrymation on looking down; ovarian pains; morning diarrhoea.

Lithium [Lith-c]

Conjunctiva dry and painful; lids feel sore while and after reading; uncertainty of vision and vanishing of right half of whatever is looked at, on both eyes; sensitiveness of eyes to candlelight, sunlight blinds him.

Manganum [Mang]

Aching pains in eyes on looking at near objects; (<) when looking at a near light, has to close them; burning in eyes and dim sight during day.

Natrum-mur [Nat-m]

Muscular asthenopia; muscles feel stiff and drawn and ache in moving the eye in any direction; burning, smarting, itching and heat in the eyes upon reading or writing, with headaches, etc.; heaviness and drooping of the lids on use of the eyes for near vision; eyes irritable, with dread of light, so that he desires to close them firmly; (>) on looking down; often associated with spinal irritation in women whose wombs are displaced.

Onosmodium [Onos]

Heaviness of eyes; stiff, strained, lame feeling in eyeballs; dull headache over eyes, (<) in and over left eye, from use of eyes for near vision, especially evenings when eyes burn and water; letters blur when reading; occasional headache and pain in back of neck (Ruta: supraorbital).

Phosphorus [Phos]

Muscular asthenopia with photopsies and dark spots before eyes from hyperaesthesia of retina or of optic centres; dull pain deep in eyes from reading; black spots before eyes, (<) from looking on bright objects., (>) in twilight; stiffness of eyeballs and pain on motion, with smarting and burning in eyes after attempts to read.

Physostigma [Phys]

Drawing, twisting sensation in eyes which feel weak; spectres flitting constantly before eyes, disturbing reading; straining and blurring before eyes, so that they must be closed; weakness of rectus internus with double vision; headache; asthenopia in near-sighted persons.

Plumbum [Plb]

Paretic weakness of internal recti; ptosis; cloudiness before eyes; including one to rest them.

Rhododendron [Rhod]

Insufficiency of the internal recti muscles, with darting pains through eyes and head, (<) before a storm.

Ruta [Ruta]

Aching in and over eyes, with blurring of vision, after using and straining eyes feel hot like balls of fire, appear irritable, especially towards evening, after working all day, continuous lachrymation; long-standing cases; supraorbital headache.

Senega [Seneg]

Dulness of head with pressure and weakness of eyes, which do not bear touch, (>) in open air; weakness of eyes from exerting them, with slight burning and lachrymation; aching pain over orbits; paralysis of recti and oblique muscles; especially superior.

Sepia [Sep]

Aching, sticking pains in eyes, (<) by rubbing and evenings; (>) by cold water, mornings and in afternoon; blurring of vision with disturbances of female generative organs or from hepatic ailments in both sexes.

Spigelia [Spig]

Asthenopia from excessive drinking tea (Thuja); sharp stabbing pains in the eye and around it, extending back into the head, (<) from motion and at night,. Ciliary neuralgia and oversensitive retina; eyeballs feel too large; supraorbital and temporal boring pains; chronic twitching of eyelids.

Thuja [Thuj]

Pains go upward and backward, (<) in horizontal position though patient wants to lie quiet, (>) when eyes are warmly covered; granular lids; granules large and wartlike.

Samuel Lilienthal
Dr. Samuel Lilienthal (1815-1891) was from Germany, and became a pioneer homeopath in America. He received his Doctor of Medicine Degree from the University of Munich in 1838. After he moved to the United States, he was hired as Professor of Clinical Medicine at New York College for Women, and also as Professor of Mental and Nervous Diseases at the New York Homeopathic College.
Dr. Samuel Lilienthal was the author of many great books including “Homeopathic Therapeutics”. For many years, with the support of Dr. Constantine Hering, he was the editor of the North American Journal of Homeopathy. Dr. Lilienthal passed away on February 2nd 1891 in San Francisco.