General [General] This is the most common disease of dogs, and at the same time the most difficult to treat successfully, presenting as it does such varied and complicated symptoms; indeed to describe all the symptoms that are at times exhibited by this disease, and to lay down a full and positive mode of treatment, would occupy more space than can be given to a single disease in a book like this. The following general description by Blaine is perhaps as good as any that can be given “One of the earliest symptoms is a short, dry, husky cough, which is followed by a lessening of the appetite, of the flesh, strength, and spirits; the coat also begins to stare, and the eyes to wink in full light, as though painfully affected by it; they also, if observed in the morning, exhibit the remains of a little hardened mucus, which may be seen adhering to the inner corner of each, while a general cloudiness of the eye steals over its surface; the nose also is bedewed with a watery discharge, greater or less as the membranous linings of the orbits and nasal cavities are more or less inflamed, in which state it may sometimes remain for two or three weeks without much
alteration; it eventually, however, increases, and changes from a limpid watery fluid to a muco-purulent discharge (something like the discharge from an abscess) which flows down the face from the inner corner of each eye, and as the disease becomes more intense, it frequently closes up the lids during the night, and blinds the dog until his efforts have opened them. The nasal discharge, which is at first thin and watery, becomes muco- purulent, and next one of direct pus, by which is nose is no less closed up each morning by the viscid exudations than his eyes. As the intensity of the inflammation extends, the cough also, which was at first a slight huskiness (or perhaps hardly existed at all, for in some cases but little cough attends the early stage) increases to a distressing, harsh-sounding, and frequent attempt at forcing some thing up from the throat, by an effort that appears compounded of coughing and vomiting. To these appearances are usually added wasting, weakness, listlessness, and lessening of the appetite also.”
REMEDIES: Aconite, Nux vomica, Mercurius vivus, Belladonna, Rhus toxicodendron, Arsenicum and Sulphur. Aconite [Acon] Aconite may be given when there is general fever, which is often the case at the early part of the disease.
Dose. Three drops every two or three hours until the fever is subdued Nux vomica [Nux-v] Nux vomica may also be used in the early stages of the disease when the discharge from the nose is clear and watery, also if there is constipation and vomiting.
Dose. Three drops morning, noon and night. Mercurius [Merc] Mercurius may be given when the eyelids are glued together in the morning, and the discharge from the nose is profuse, thick, and smells badly.
Dose. The same as directed for Mercurius. Arsenicum [Ars] Arsenicum may be given when the nostrils are excoriated, and the discharge from the eyes takes the hair off the cheeks; loss of appetite; great thirst; weakness; skin dry and harsh; dead- looking coat.
Dose. Three drops night and morning. Belladonna [Bell] Belladonna may be given if the brain appears to be affected and the dog champs, foams at the mouth, turns his heal up, and falls over backwards.
Dose. The same as directed for Aconite. Rhus toxicodendron [Rhus-t] Rhus toxicodendron may be given if the dog walks unsteadily; has frequent attacks of shivering; and convulsive twitchings of the muscles in different parts.
Dose. Three drops night and morning. Sulphur [Sulph] Sulphur may be given in any stage of the disease with a change of medicine, also when recovery is taking place.