General characters of Homeopathic Medicines prepared from Animal Kingdom. Various group from Animal source have also been discussed like Spiders, Snakes etc. by W.A.Dewey….

Give the general action of animal remedies.

They correspond to affections having a destructive tendency, and suit deep-seated diseases, poisoned blood and great nerve depression. They also act upon the mind, producing, so to speak, a poisoned condition there, hence they are valuable in insanity and organic cerebral disease.

Does the allopathic school use animal remedies; if so, what?

It employs Cantharis or the Spanish fly, Blatta orientalis or the Cockroach, Musk, from the Musk deer, and is commencing to use Apis mellifica or the honey bee, as well as other homoeopathic animal remedies.


Where is our pathogenesis of Moschus found?

In Hahnemann’s Materia Medica. See also the British Journal of Homoeopathy, Vol. XXII.

What is Moschus and how is it obtained?

It is probably the preputial secretion from the Musk deer, and our tincture is made from the dried product.

How is the tincture made?

The whole musk bag is dissolved in dilute alcohol in the proportion of I to 20.

Dilute alcohol, in the proportion of 20 to 80, is used in making the IX and 2X dilutions.

Give the symptoms indicating Moschus in hysteria.

The patient faints from the least excitement; the hysterical spasm is ushered in by a contractive feeling about the throat; suffocation, globus hystericus; spasms about the chest and alternate crying and laughing.

Compare Valeriana in hysteria.

It corresponds to general nervous and vascular excitement. Patients must keep constantly on the move. Slightest exertion causes headaches and the slightest pain causes fainting; there are pains in the limbs, simulating rheumatism, these are better by walking about.

What other important symptoms does Moschus produce?

A great deal of flatulence, which may cause the fainting by pressure on the solar plexus. Spasmodic asthma and attacks of sudden dyspnoea.

What is the applicability of Castoreum, the secretion from the beaver?

For nervous, irritable women, who do not react after severe diseases; women who are “pretty near” the hysterics.


By whom was Mephitis introduced?

By Dr. Constantine Hering.

What is Mephitis?

It is the secretion from the Skunk.

What constitutes the tincture?

One part of the secretion dissolved in 99 parts, by weight, of alcohol.

What is it principally used for and with what indications?

Whooping cough, with a marked laryngeal spasm and a whoop; cough is worse at night on lying down; there is a suffocative feeling, and the child cannot exhale.

How does Corallium rubrum, another animal remedy, compare?

Whooping cough, with smothering before the cough, and great exhaustion afterwards; the child gasps and gasps, and becomes black in the face. “Minute gun,” cough, short, quick and ringing. The “whooping” is worse at night.


What is Coccus cacti and how do we prepare it?

The Cochineal insect infecting the cactus plant. The dried insects are cleaned with tepid water and covered with 5 parts, by weight, of alcohol. Placed in a well-stoppered bottle and stood 14 days in a dark, cool place, being shaken twice a day. Decant, strain and filter. Drug power, 1/10.

Give indications for Coccus cacti in whooping cough.

Paroxysms of cough, ending with vomiting of clear, ropy mucus, extending in great long strings even to the feet. Sensation as of a thread in the throat. Shortness of breath.

How does the expectoration differ from that of Kali bich.?

The Kali bich, expectoration is yellow, not clear albuminous.

What are the indications for Lac caninum, or dog’s milk, in diphtheria?

Where the membrane forms on one side and goes to the other, or is constantly changing sides; the membranes is mother-of-pearl like. Much pain and swelling. There is some clinical testimony in favor of this remedy.

What are the principal Ophidians?

Lachesis, Crot., Bothrops, Elaps and the Naja tripudians.

What is the general characteristic action of the remedies of this family, as a whole?

They cause decomposition and fluidity of the blood; the parts swell rapidly and proceed to rapid decomposition; the blood is dark fluid and devitalized and hence they are suitable to disease where a poisoned condition of the blood obtains, as in typhoid fever, diphtheria, gangrene, low ulcerations etc.; they also stain the skin yellow, not from jaundice, but owing to the decomposed blood. The discharges are offensive and the heart is weakened.

What are some of the general antidotes to snake poisons?

Alcohol, Whiskey in large quantities, radiated heat, Ammonia and Permanganate of Potash.


Where are our pathogeneses of Lachesis found?

In Hering’s Action of the Snake Poisons, British Journal of Homoeopathy, Vols. XI and XII., Allen’s Encyclopaedia, Hering’s Guiding Symptoms.

What is Lachesis?

A large South American snake, from three to fourteen feet long; the pure poison is used, and was first obtained by the late Dr. Hering, of Philadelphia.

How do we prepare Lachesis?

By trituration of the virus. None can be obtained below the 6th decimal trituration.

What is the general action of Lachesis?

It produces, in addition to the poisoned condition of the blood, a great hypersensitiveness of the body, which give rise to that great characteristic of the drug, cannot bear anything tight about the throat.

Give five general characteristics of Lachesis.

1. Great sensitiveness of body and intolerance of clothing about the neck.

2. It is a left-sided remedy.

3. A general aggravation after sleep. He sleeps into an aggravation.

4. Its use in climacteric disorders.

5. General blueness of the skin and all eruptions.

What are the characteristic mental symptoms?

Great loquacity, patient jumping from one subject to another, jealous, fear of being poisoned and refuses the medicine, muttering delirium with drooping of the lower jaw and illusions, such as imagining that he is under some superhuman control.

What are the head symptoms of Lachesis?

Headache over the left eye accompanying a cold, but as soon as discharge is established headache is better. Headache worse from heat of sun.

Give some characteristic ear symptoms of Lachesis.

Roaring and singing in the ears, which are relieved by putting the finger in the ear and shaking it, showing its catarrhal origin. Ears full of pasty, offensive wax.

Give the indications for Lachesis in facial erysipelas.

More on the left side, at first bright red then dark bluish or purplish, great infiltration of cellular tissues and great weakness; patient drowsy, perhaps has delirium and is loquacious.

What are the nasal symptoms of Lachesis?

Watery discharge, worse from the left nostril, with a throbbing headache, which is relieved when the discharge appears.

What is the characteristic tongue of Lachesis?

Dry tongue protruded with difficulty, catches on the teeth and trembles, cracked at tip and brown on dorsum.

Give the characteristic throat symptoms of Lachesis.

Sensation of lump in left side of the throat, which seems to go down when swallowing, but returns again; constriction of throat and difficult breathing, worse on arousing from sleep or after sleep; empty swallowing is painful and fluids escape from the nose; throat sensitive externally.

What are its indications in diphtheria?

Great difficulty in swallowing, great fetor and exhaustion, infiltration of tissue about the neck, membrane more on left side. Thin excoriating discharge from the nose.

When would Lachesis be indicated pneumonia?

In the typhoid form; late in the disease, when pus forms in the lungs and the patient is bathed in a profuse sweat and the sputa are mixed with blood and pus.

What are the symptoms of Lachesis about the heart and circulation?

Constriction about the heart; flushes of heat at the climacteric. Dark, bluish skin. Aroused from sleep suffocating.

What is the great craving of Lachesis?


Give the diarrhoea of Lachesis.

Horribly offensive diarrhoea, preceded by sopor; the offensiveness of the stool indicates it in low forms of disease; constant urging in the rectum and a sensation of beating as of little hammers there; the sphincter is unduly irritable.

Give the indications for Lachesis in ovarian troubles.

Pain in the left ovary relieved by a discharge from the uterus; can bear nothing heavy on this region; it also affects, in a like manner, the right ovary. Suppurative ovaritis.

What are the menstrual symptoms?

Menses scanty and feeble, black and offensive, with pain in the hips and bearing down in the left ovary; better when flow is established.

What are the symptoms indicating Lachesis in hemorrhages?

Hemorrhages of dark blood, depositing a sediment resembling charred straw; small wounds bleed profusely and the blood remains fluid, does not coagulate.

Give the indication for Lachesis in bed sores, carbuncles, boils, abscesses, etc.

When there is great sensitiveness of the surface, bluish in appearance and perhaps surrounded by many small pimples; carbuncles which slough and are very offensive.

Give its symptoms in scarlet fever.

When the rash is slowly and imperfectly developed, dark and accompanied with diphtheritic deposits; pulse weak, surface dark, and perhaps dark hemorrhages.

To what climacteric symptoms does Lachesis correspond?

The headache, and the fact that non-appearing discharges make the patient worse; flushes of heat during the day.


Who is introduced Crot.?

Dr. Constantine Hering. See, British Journal of Homoeopathy, Vol. XXXIV.

What is the Crot.?

It is the poison of the Rattlesnake, prepared by trituration.

What is the characteristic action of Crot.?

It causes a yellowness of the skin from disintegration of the blood. Tendency to hemorrhages.

In what disease is Crot. often indicated?

In yellow fever, in the stage of black vomit, where there is low delirium, yellow skin, and oozing of blood from every orifice of the body. It produces a perfect picture of this disease.


Who introduced Naja?

Dr. Constantine Hering.

What is the Naja?

It is the poison of the Cobra prepared by trituration.

What are its chief applications?

In valvular diseases of the heart with a dry, teasing cough; there is tremulous action; it also acts on the left ovary, causing a pain there during the cough.


What is Elaps?

The poison of the Coral snake triturated with sugar of milk. Introduced by Dr. Mure, of Brazil.

What are some characteristic indications of Elaps?

Catarrhal snuffles in children, nose stuffed up; also the great sense of coldness that cold water leaves in the stomach.

Give the characteristic indications for Bufo rana, a South American toad, sometimes used in medicine.

For masturbation, where the patient seeks solitude to perform the act; epilepsy caused by sexual intercourse, the aura seeming to start from sexual organs.


Where is the pathogenesis of Sepia found?

In Hahnemann’s Chronic Diseases; Transactions of American Institute of Homoeopathy, 1875; British Journal of Homoeopathy, Vols. XIII and XIV.

What is Sepia?

It is the inky secretion of the Cuttle fish, which it ejects when pursued by its enemies.

How is the tincture prepared?

The pure powdered Sepia is prepared as described under Coccus cacti, allowing it to stand 8 days instead of 14 days.

What class of patients does Sepia suit?

Tall, slim females with narrow pelvises. “Tall women, Sepia; tall men, Phosphorus.”

What is the general action of Sepia?

Sepia causes a venous plethora, first in the portal systems then throughout the body. This venous congestion accounts for many of its symptoms. It also acts prominently on the uterine organs, producing here many symptoms of value.

Give five characteristics of Sepia.

1. Weakness.

2. Yellow complexion.

3. Bearing down sensation.

4. Violent motion relieves symptoms.

5. Amelioration in the middle of the day.

What are the mental symptoms of Sepia?

Weak memory; sense of helplessness and great susceptibility to excitement, and still more to terror; dispair, she dreads to be alone, wants company, but has an aversion to her own and is indifferent to her household affairs.

What are the characteristic head symptoms of Sepia?

Headaches, commence in the morning and increase, relieved by sleep or violent motion; the patient is sad and tearful with the headache, and they are better in the open air. Menstrual headache with scanty flow.

What are the stomach symptoms of Sepia?

White-coated tongue; sour or putrid taste in the mouth; an all gone feeling in the stomach which is not relieved by eating; nausea at the sight or smell of food; great longing for acids or pickles; sensation of a lump in the stomach.

What drug has nausea at the thought of food?


Mention the characteristic symptom of Sepia on the face.

A yellow saddle across the nose.

Give the constipation of Sepia.

No desire or urging for days and days; the stools are hard and large; inactivity of the rectum, and a sensation of a ball in it; patient cannot strain and consequently cannot expel stool.

What are the urinary symptoms of Sepia?

Irritable bladder, involuntary escape of urine during first sleep. Red sediment in the urine, which is acid and fetid.

How does Causticum compare?

Both have enuresis in first sleep. Causticum is generally more often indicated in boys, and also in all male sexual disturbances. In Causticum the urine is involuntary in the daytime as well as at night. There is a paralytic weakness of the sphincter vesicae and great sensitiveness to cold air, which is not marked under Sepia.

What are the symptoms about the male organs?

Weakness of sexual organs. Gleet, with scanty discharge in the morning.

What are the characteristic symptoms of Sepia in the female organs?

Weakness and bearing-down sensation as if everything would protrude from the vulva, compelling patient to sit with limbs crossed. Sharp, clutching pains, as if clutched with a hand; enlargement and hardening of the uterus.

What are the menses of Sepia?

Almost any combination, though late and scanty, is the most frequent; they may be early and scanty, or early and profuse.

What is the cough of Sepia?

Cough seeming to come from the stomach or abdomen; a cough with salty expectoration, attended by stitches in the epigastrium. Whooping cough with vomiting of bile and soreness of chest during cough; relieved by pressure.

Give indications for Sepia in sciatica.

Aggravation from sitting, from getting up from a seat; often after violent exertion, though at times this relieves. Lancinating stitches, must get out of bed for relief.

What are the characteristic eruption produced by Sepia?

Vesicular eruptions around mouth and chin; ringworms; yellow spots, liver spots on abdomen and chest; herpetic conditions about knees and ankles.

What is another useful remedy for ringworm?

Tellurium, which has offensive discharge.

Give the main characteristic symptoms of Murex purpurea, a member of the same family as Sepia.

Sensation as if something were pressing on a sore part in the pelvis; the secretions are profuse, such as the menses and urination, and it differs from Sepia in having great sexual excitement; otherwise its symptoms are very similar.


Where are our data concerning Spongia found?

In Hahnemann’s Materia Medica Pura.

How do we prepare this drug?

A tincture is made from the Turkey sponge roasted brown, in the same manner as that of Sepia is prepared.

What is its general sphere of action?

The glandular system and mucous membranes are the special sphere of Spongia. It produces enlargement of the former and inflammation of the latter, especially the mucous membrane of the larynx and trachea.

Give the indications of Spongia in orchitis.

Where there is hardness and squeezing pains in the testicles and cord, worse from any motion; great enlargement of the testicles.

In acute laryngitis when should Spongia be given?

Where the cough is harsh and barking, where there are suffocative spells during sleep with external sensitiveness to the touch.

What are the indications for Spongia in croup?

The breathing is harsh and hard as if the patient were breathing through a sponge; hard, barking, ringing cough with scanty expectoration; the cough seems to get tighter every minute; threatened suffocation.

Is Spongia ever indicated in phthisis pulmonalis; if so, with what symptoms?

Hard, ringing, metallic cough worse from deep breathing, with a sensation of weakness as if the patient would fall, worse from deep breathing, talking and dry, cold winds; flashes of heat, which return when thinking of them.

What are the heart symptoms of Spongia?

Organic affections, cannot lie on the back with head low without suffocating; arouses from sleep as if smothering with blowing sounds over some valve.

What is the temperament of Spongia?

Fair, light complexion and light blue eyes.

Give an indication for Badiaga, another variety of sponge.

Indurated buboes. Palpitation of the heart from unpleasant news.


When was Apis introduced into our Literature?

Metcalf’s Materia Medica; Wolf’s Monograph; British Journal of Homoeopathy, Vols. XI and XII; Hering’s American Provings etc.

What is Apis mellifica and how does if differ from Apium virus?

Apis mellifica is made from the whole honey bee, treated in the same manner as Spongia. Apium virus is simply the clear poison of the bee triturated.

What is the general action of the poison of the bee?

Rapid swellings with redness, burning and stinging pains. OEdema of any part of the body. OEdematous infiltrations and inflammations are met by this remedy. Serous inflammations and dropsies.

Give seven characteristic symptoms of Apis.

1. Drowsiness.

2. OEdematous swellings.

3. Thirstlessness.

4. Intolerance of heat.

5. Stinging pains.

6. Afternoon aggravation, from 4 to 6.

7. Bruised sensations.

What are the mental symptoms of Apis?

The patient is fidgety and awkward; drops things; is very clumsy, or is silly, laughing and jealous.

What are the head symptoms?

In meningitis it is indicated by the shrill outcries in sleep, and especially if due to a suppressed eruption.

How does it compare here with Belladonna?

The nervous agitation is more marked under Apis, and the cephalic cry belongs especially to Apis.

What are the characteristic eye symptoms of Apis?

Asthenopia and chemosis, a puffiness of the conjunctiva showing oedema. OEdematous swelling of the eyelids and especially under eyes.

What remedy has swelling over the upper lid like a little bag, and occurring more often in the morning?

Kali carb.

How does Apis compare with Rhus in eye affections?

There is less tendency to formation of pus with Apis than with Rhus. Rhus is relieved by warmth and Apis by cold.

What are the indications for Apis in glossitis or inflammation of the tongue?

Great swelling; vesicles on the tips and sides of the tongue; the tongue is very sore and dry, in fact, the whole mouth is sore.

Give the symptoms calling for Apis in diphtheria.

Great oedema of the throat; stinging pains; elongated, swollen and oedematous uvula and tonsils; breathing is difficult from swelling of the throat and tongue; the throat has a red, varnished appearance.

What laryngeal symptoms have we under Apis?

OEdema of the glottis.

Give the stool of Apis.

Thin, watery, yellow diarrhoea worse in the morning; the child is much debilitated and emaciated. Involuntary stools at every movement, as if the anus stood constantly open.

What are the characteristic urinary symptoms of Apis?

Urine scanty or suppressed, with general oedema and drowsiness, lack of thirst and suffocation on lying down. Albuminous urine with tube casts.

What symptoms does Apis produce in the external genital organs of both sexes?

OEdematous swellings of the scrotum, testicles or labiae.

What are the symptoms indicating Apis in ovarian troubles?

It affects especially the right ovary. Ovaritis with soreness in the inguinal region, with burning and stinging and tumefaction. Ovarian cysts in their incipiency; numbness down the thigh; tightness across the chest or a reflex cough accompanying.

What are the peculiar respiratory symptoms of Apis?

Difficult breathing, “he does not see how he can get another breath,” cough seeming to start from a little spot in the larynx, relieved by a little expectoration. OEdematous conditions about the chest and lungs.

Give the general symptoms of the extremities.

Affections of the joints with burning, stinging pains, swelling from effusions; the skin over the joints feeling tightly stretched; oedema of the extremities.

What affection of the skin is especially met by Apis?

Urticaria or nettle rash; they are pinkish white welts which itch and sting intolerably.

Give two remedies having urticaria from eating shell fish.

Urtica urens and Terebinth.

Give the symptoms of Apis in erysipelas.

It is of a rosy, pinkish hue, later livid and purple, the parts become quickly oedematous, and there is a bruised sore feeling to the skin.

Give the symptoms of Apis in dropsy.

The skin is waxy and transparent like alabaster; the urine is scanty and albuminous, or with a dark sediment like coffee grounds. Patient is thirstless.

How does Acetic acid compare here?

There is a waxy look about the face and limbs and a great predominance of gastric symptoms, thirst and waterbrash.

What are the febrile symptoms of Apis?

Chill without thirst, followed by burning heat of the whole body and oppression of the chest, sweat partial without thirst.


When was Cantharis introduced into homoeopathic literature?

In Hahnemann’s original works; Hartlaub and Trinks; Allen’s Encyclopaedia.

What is Cantharis?

It is the Spanish fly, and the tincture is made of one part of dried Spanish flies and five parts of alcohol. Triturations are made of the powdered insect.

What is the general action of Cantharis?

Its special field of action is the mucous membrane of the genito-urinary tract, producing violent inflammation throughout this system; it also affects the gastro-intestinal and respiratory mucous membranes.

What peculiar eye symptoms has this drug?

Objects look yellow.

What are the indications for Cantharis in facial erysipelas?

Erysipelas beginning on the dorsum of the nose and spreading to right cheek with the formation of large vesicles, which break and discharge an excoriating fluid.

What are the throat symptoms?

Burning from the mouth to the stomach; throat highly inflamed and covered with plastic lymph; spasm and intense constriction about the throat.

W.A. Dewey
Dewey, Willis A. (Willis Alonzo), 1858-1938.
Professor of Materia Medica in the University of Michigan Homeopathic Medical College. Member of American Institute of Homeopathy. In addition to his editoral work he authored or collaborated on: Boericke and Dewey's Twelve Tissue Remedies, Essentials of Homeopathic Materia Medica, Essentials of Homeopathic Therapeutics and Practical Homeopathic Therapeutics.