(Spirits of Wine).
Preparation: Form commercial spirits of wine, by redistillation.
He weeps and sobs with distorted face, or he froths with rage, and fills the house with curses.
Frenzy, accompanied by the most violent convulsions (convulsive intoxication).
Drunkenness, with various manias.
Mania, with excessive irritability, excited by slightest causes.
Mania, with disposition to commit murder or incendiarism.
Mania for alcoholic drinks, pepper, and other heating things.
Various hallucinations of sight, hearing, smell, and sensation.
Transition from delirium tremens into permanent mania, with hectic, or dropsy, physconia, especially hard stomach.
Much inconsiderate, confused talking.
Talkativeness, by which untimely confessions are drawn from him.
All weaknesses are exposed, and all secrets divulged, without reserve (misers excepted, according to Trotter) ( “in vino veritas”); all hypocrisy ceases.
He chats, scolds, brags, and curses.
He is ashamed of his intoxication, and the more he tries to conceal it, the more he betrays it.
Talkativeness, and abeyance of usual caution.
Rapid and incoherent talk.
Rum, and some other spirits, made us very talkative and hilarious in about ten minutes; so much so that my friend was altogether a king; but as minutes flow away, so did our joyousness, and little by little we lessened our garrulity and became silent, almost morose, and extremely miserable.
Never were the extremes of happiness and misery brought so vividly before us, or seemed to be in such close proximity, as on these occasions.
Every mental perception was darkened, and the dreaminess, which is not an unpleasant feature of it, is a condition in which neither thought nor imagination acquired power.
Transported into a garden of pleasure, he only sees cheerful and agreeable objects, but the predominating feeling is love and desire.
Infatuated, he discovers beauties in his mistress that he had before overlooked, and he uses all the images of posy to warm his feelings and heighten his passion.
The delirium of love breaks out first.
He (an octogenarian) became so amorous that he addressed the most passionate and flattering speeches to a lamp-post, which he took for a lady.
A sanguine and choleric temperament grows sentimental and passionate; they show the greatest inclination to love and voluptuousness.
All, even the coarsest, desires and inclination become uncontrollable.
General excitement of all the senses.
Moral and physical exaltation.
Indescribable serenity of mind, with cheerfulness, which the face expresses.
Inner gratification, accompanied by kindly intentions towards others.
Cheerfulness and happy humor.
The imagination grows lively, the mind mostly free, and overflows with wit and humor.
Old age descends to the exuberance of youth.
A sulky man becomes social and sympathetic; even the serious philosopher grows merry, lays aside his severity, and enjoys jest and song.
Immoderate bursts of laughter.
Screaming, singing, and immoderate merriment.
The dance is accompanied by convulsive gestures.
Sweet outpourings of friendship and tender confessions.
All care is set aside; all grief is relieved or set aside (Hoffmann).
The weak one grows strong, and the despondent bold.
The despairing lover leaves his solitude, and forgets the indifference of his mistress.
Amid the pleasures of the cup the soldier no longer complains of the campaign; the sailor forgets the dangers of the storm.
The French the merry; the English, gloomy and thoughtful; the Germans, brutal.
He grows loving, kind, and obliging; or hard, violent, and repellent.
He is courteous to an enemy, and forgets insults; or he sneers at his friend, and broods revenge.
He sings, chats, and is cheerful; or he is dull, gloomy, and reserved.
Cheerfulness and wit degenerate into shamelessness and licentious jests.
The modest blush of shame vanishes, and improper, undignified acts are committed.
Animation displayed in the features and gestures.
Exhilaration of spirits.
Increased self-esteem and importance.
Feeling unusually strong and rich.
He weeps and sobs, with distorted face.
Efforts to escape from the bed or room, or from some frightful object.
Grievous sadness and melancholy, that end in tears, complaints, and sighs.
Sadness, often constant through the whole disease (delirium tremens).
Melancholy, with inclination to commit suicide.
Depression of spirits.
Restlessness and anxiousness that he vainly seeks to disguise by words, making it more conspicuous by that means.
Solitude and repose in bed increase the anxiety; he refuses to remain in bed, often even in the house, on this account, and escapes.
He grows unmanageable; demands to go peremptorily to attend to his business.
Sighting, anxiety, and apprehension of evil.
Mental inquietude, making it impossible for him to settle to any ordinary occupation, or to complete the tasks which he begins (chronic).
Feeling of vague and unaccountable dread (chronic).
Dread arising from actual delusions, such as the belief that an enemy is constantly lying in wait to inflict an injury, etc.
They think they are on shipboard at sea, and fear being drowned in the storm; they therefore throw everything in the room overboard, i. e., out of the window, into the street, or into the sea, as they think.
Thinks himself pursued by robbers, murderers, police, etc.
Vivid apprehension that he is in danger of falling down a precipice, even when walking on firm ground in broad daylight (chronic).
Moral degradation, marked by cowardice and untruthfulness (chronic).
Flightiness and violence in his conduct, and restless manner.
Stubbornness in all he does or leaves undone.
Unreasonable inclination to quarrel.
He begins a quarrel, or imagines an insult which was not given, and challenges to combat or demands reparation.
Grudges long since adjusted or forgotten are renewed; he demands revenge or satisfaction, which frequently ends in bloodshed or even murder.
Impatience of contradiction.
Feeling insulted and abused by one’s friends.
Rapid changes of humor, exhibiting gayety, mirthfulness, petulance, anger, moroseness, and melancholy by turns.
Great ease in the use of the intellectual faculties.
Mind free, more animated, ideas flow more easily.
Rapid flow of thought, but he cannot keep his attention fixed continuously on one subject.
To relate a not very complicated occurrence causes an effort.
Rapidity and variety of thought.
The imagination of fanatics is occupied with religious ravings; they address confidential and irreverent discourses to the Deity.
Greater confusion of ideas.
Mind disturbed; consciousness, the power of fixing the attention, were lessened.
The last power to be completely regained was consciousness.
Inattention to outward objects.
General intellectual enfeeblement.
Loss of judgment.
Absence of the senses and of reason.
Reasoning powers altogether disabled.
Insanity breaks out more easily in those who have received injuries to the skull.
He perfectly recognizes familiar persons in the height of the disease (delirium tremens); he mistakes one person for another.
He strikes a post, which he mistakes for a man who will not get out of his way.
If only for moments, he confounds one person with another, and thinks he recognizes an absent friend in a stranger who is present.
A weak-nerved person shows blunted senses and childish freaks.
The phlegmatic temperament remains passive and silent, and rather falls from his chair before giving loud evidences of his intoxication.
Very vivid mental shocks shorten intoxication very much.
Increased perspiration moderates intoxication very much.
Feeling of lightness and clearness in the head, and afterwards confusion and weight.
Head dull, clouded, and hazy.
Attacks of vertigo, with sudden faintness and reeling; or falling down, with momentary loss of consciousness, but no twitchings.
Violent vertigo, nearly changing to apoplexy.
Vertigo enough to cause falling; or actual falling down.
Staggering, uncertain gait.
He staggers while walking and standing.
He strives, with a certain effort, to keep himself upright while staggering.
Momentary attacks of vertigo.
Sometimes head trembles.
The head nods.
Effusion of water into the membranes and ventricles of the brain.
Softening of the brain.
Induration of the brain.
Congestion to head.
Congestion of the brain and its membranes.
Violent congestion to the head and organs of the chest.
He became quite insensible and unable to sustain himself on his feet.
Four hours after, his consciousness and sensibility had entirely ceased; breathing, snoring irregular; pulse 80.
Enlarged pupil, without contractility when exposed to the light.
Power of swallowing entirely gone.
Death after fifteen hours.
Real apoplexy sets in during his highest stages of intoxication, with a complete insensibility of the iris, the skin, etc.
The highest degree of intoxication is apoplexy, during which sensation and motion cease, while the activity of the heart and arteries continues.
A high degree of intoxication is a truly apoplectic condition.
The sad end of a deeply intoxicated person is most frequently apoplexy.
Coma, that changes to paralysis of the brain, in persons of an apoplectic habit.
By frequently repeated intoxication, a predisposition to apoplexy is developed.
Headache, sometimes with nausea and vomiting.
Pressing headache, causing stupidity.
Drawing in the head.
Dull, diffused headache, with a buzzing or rushing sound in the ears.
The temporal veins look full, and the temporal arteries beat rapidly and forcibly; afterwards, they seem exhausted and collapsed.
Sensation of fullness at the crown and back of the head, or at the temples, according to the kind of spirit taken (in two to eight minutes).
Red, watery eyes (chronic).
Eyes fiery, brilliant. Eyes fixed and wild.
Shy, more oblique than fixed look.
Rigid, gleaming look.
Eyes bright and animated, or suffused and soft.
Eyes red and excited.
Chronic inflammation of the eye, in consequence of which, spots in the eye and dimness of vision.
Catarrhal inflammation of the eyes (in hard drinkers).
Linings and margins of the lids congested.
Roughness of the margins of the lids (granulations) in hard drinkers.
Contraction of the pupils, drooping lids, and coma.
Effusion and swelling below the eyes.
Conjunctiva more or less jaundiced (chronic).
Yellow tinge of the sclerotica.
Veins of the sclerotic membrane turgid and prominent.
Pupils dilated, sluggish, rarely contracted.
Dilated and almost insensible pupils.
Pupil enlarged, not entirely insensible to the light.
Entire insensibility of the iris.
Pupils dilated, and afterward contracted.
Contraction of the pupils, with drooping lids, and coma.
Perception of light lessened.
Vision weak; cannot use eyes; objects flicker and become dim, indistinct; cannot read or write.
Aversion to light.
Flickering before vision, as if a veil suddenly drawn before the eyes, which at last becomes thick and black, especially on exerting vision.
Black before eyes, especially on suddenly moving head after changing position on rising up, with vertigo; patient fears falling, and grasps at surrounding objects.
Sparks before the eyes.
Flashes of light before eyes.
Muscae volitantes, in clouds, before the eyes (chronic).
Visual hallucinations (chronic).
Dryness in external meatus.
Acute sense on hearing.
Perception of sound lessened.
Confusion on sounds.
Roaring in ears.
Roaring in ears, especially after spasms, or with vertigo.
Ringing in ears.
Buzzing or rushing sound in the ears, frequently though not always accompanied with dull, diffused headache (chronic).
Illusions of hearing.
Imaginary voices and sounds.
Symptoms worse when lying down, and in the quietude of the night.
Redness of the nose and cheeks (chronic).
Redness of the nose, especially at the tip.
Vessels of the skin congested.
Swelling and inflammation.
Red pimples, or tubercles.
Lining membrane of the nares inflamed and ulcerated.
Bleeding of the nose.
Illusions of the sense of smell.
There was a relaxation of the muscles and stiffness of the skin of the face, forehead, and upper lip, so that the features fell.
Great flabbiness of the muscles of expression (chronic).
The physiognomy expresses amiable cheerfulness.
Face bloated, without expression; stupid, silly.
Violent cramp in the muscles of the lower part of the face, which sometimes dislocates the lower jaw.
Redness of the cheeks and nose (chronic).
Redness overspreads the face, and all the features melt into a smile.
Face bloated and heated.
Face red and swollen.
Face blue-black, or pale.
Color of the face sometimes unchanged, sometimes red, sometimes icteric, like the rest of the body.
Face muddy, red in spots, mottled.
On the nose and other parts of the face, warts and eruptions appear, of different colors and sizes.
Tetter in the face.
Eruption in the face; a dark-red, ugly, shining redness of the skin on the nose, forehead, cheeks, sometimes on the chin, finally in other places, often covered with tetter, bluish-red or white vesicles and pimples.
Skin mostly dry and rough, with broad, red, raised clusters in the skin; itching pain; desquamation slight, or wanting.
Grinding the teeth.
Tongue fissured from middle to the edges, furred, or sometimes denuded of epithelium.
Papillae at tip of tongue enlarged and red.
Sore and dry condition of the tip of the tongue (after rum).
Perfect cleanness and moistness of tongue (chronic).
Dry, red, glazed tongue (chronic).
Thick yellow fur on tongue, especially at the back part (chronic).
Tongue covered with yellow slime in the middle, the margins clean.
White, and sometimes brownish coating on the tongue.
Tongue smooth and red, with tendency to stick to the teeth or roof of the mouth.
Tongue feels thick, is tremulous, partially paralyzed, causing one to stammer.
Tongue moved with difficulty.
Sudden trembling in tongue and lips.
Convulsive motions of the tongue, causing stammering and inarticulate speech.
Trembling and twitching in the coated tongue.
Dry state of the mouth.
Breath offensive, especially during digestion.
Peculiar, foul breath; smell quite impossible to describe, or to mistake when once it has been smelt; quite unlike the odor of the alcoholic liquor itself, and may be separately distinguished even when the latter is also present (chronic).
Offensive smell from the mouth.
Offensive breath in the morning.
Mouth filled with black saliva.
Rising of tasteless or foul liquid in the mouth.
Sometimes frothing at the mouth.
Froth in mouth.
Foul taste (chronic).
Sour, saltish, or bitter taste in the mouth, in the morning.
Bitter taste in the mouth.
Illusions of the sense of taste.
Muttering; he utters inarticulate sounds.
Throat red, and feels stiff.
Granulations on the posterior wall of the throat, also on the base of the tongue.
Engorged appearance of the veins of the fauces.
Redness, dryness and heat.
Aphthous ulcers in the throat.
Throat full of tough mucus, difficult to hawk up.
Collection of mucus, sometimes bloody.
Spasms in pharynx and oesophagus.
Paralysis of pharyngeal muscles.
Paralysis of the muscles of deglutition.
Burning sensation back of the sternum.
Soreness felt from the throat down to the stomach after swallowing solid food, or very hot or cold drinks.
Sensation as if something lodged in the oesophagus.
Feeling of contraction or stricture, preventing the discharge of flatulence by belching.
Strong efforts to clear the throat, or belch or vomit, bring up blood or bloody mucus.
Hawking causes vomiting.
Swallowing with burning and painful sensation.
Desire for pepper, mustard, and other heating articles.
Longing for spirituous liquors, and, if not speedily gratified, becomes raving, or has convulsions.
At first no desire to eat; afterwards, ravenous hunger.
Loss of appetite.
Desire to eat entirely lost.
Aversion to food and alcoholic drinks.
Thirst before breakfast and through the day.
Thirst often excessive; often none.
Eructations, sour or foul.
Eructations of water.
Eructation like rotten eggs.
Nausea, and vomiting mucus and water.
Morning, nausea, or vomiting.
Vomiting after eating or drinking.
Vomiting of sour and offensive-smelling matters.
Excessive vomiting (vomitus crapulosus).
Vomiting in the morning hours of a tough mucus, resembling white of egg; stringy, with flow of saliva.
Vomiting of sour matter.
Hematemesis (rare) (chronic).
Fullness and distension after eating.
Inflammations of the stomach and intestines.
Burning heat in stomach.
Peculiar burning sensation in stomach, best allayed by water.
Pressure in the stomach.
On waking, a more tickling, contractive sensation in the region of the stomach, which spreads from there to the chest, causing shortness of breath, and irritation to cough.
Sense of oppression and weight.
Weakness of the stomach.
Heat and burning in the epigastric region.
Constriction, uncomfortable tension and pressure in epigastrium.
Tension in epigastrium.
Oppression in the pit of the stomach, that is often aggravated to intense anxiety.
Sense of pressure in both hypochondria.
Heat, weight, and soreness in the region of the liver.
Inflammation of the liver.
Swelling of spleen.
Recti muscles of abdomen become rigid and prominent.
Rumbling and growling in intestines.
Inflammation of the intestines and stomach.
Colic (colica crapulosa).
Intestinal hemorrhage (rare) (chronic).
Stool and Anus.
Hemorrhoids and varices.
Bleeding hemorrhoids (chronic).
Paralysis of anus.
Faeces compact, knotty, blackish, or light-gray.
Stool blackish, bilious, slimy, and bloody, or thin and clay colored.
Diarrhoea bilious or mucous, or mealy.
Diarrhoea (diarrhoea crapulosa; cholera crapulosa), but also constipation.
Diarrhoea often alternating with constipation.
Involuntary excretion of stool and urine.
Frequent need to urinate; finally incontinence.
Involuntary excretion of urine and stool.
Increased quantity of urine.
Lessened secretion of urine.
Retention of urine.
Urine scanty at first, yellowish or deep red, then more copious, with sediment.
Urine acid, contains serum and bile.
Discharge of blood.
Want of sexual desire.
Sexual powers at first increased, then diminished.
Impotence; want of sexual power.
Intoxicated persons beget drunkards.
The children of drunkards grow up dull, indolent, and stupid, and become intemperate.
Abortion in the first months.
Sensation of heat in the larynx.
Accumulation of mucus in the air-passages.
Frequent disposition to clear the throat.
Hacking, dry cough.
The respiratory muscles acted in a gasping manner, so that there was a jumping, quick, inspiratory effort, and a lazy, feeble expiratory effort in the later stage.
Respiration quickened, and then retarded.
At all periods, there was a sense of impediment to respiration.
Heavy, labored breathing.
Heart and Pulse.
Organic difficulties of the heart and the large vessels.
Hypertrophy of the left side of the heart.
Increased action of heart set in so soon as three minutes, and continued from thirty to fifty minutes.
Increased activity of the heart and arteries.
Pulsation of the heart and arteries violently increased, hard and full.
Increased heat and rapidity of action in the heart.
Very excited action, violent throbbing of the heart.
Palpitation of the heart.
He grinds his teeth with anxiety, and presses his hand on the region of the heart.
Pulse nearly always accelerated, sometimes small and empty, sometimes full and even rather hard.
Small, usually frequent pulse.
Congestion of lungs.
Sensation of warmth in chest.
Tension of chest.
Neck and Back.
Veins of neck swollen.
Temporal and throat arteries throb; jugular veins turgescent or protruding.
Weakness, finally, in muscles of back; cannot even sit erect.
Sensitiveness, aching, and pain in the region of the kidneys.
Extremities in General.
Sudden startings of the limbs, as from electrical shocks.
Trembling of extremities.
The muscles of the limbs were inactive.
Increased warmth; then coldness.
Creeping sensation (formication) under the skin of the hands and feet.
Uneasy, restless feeling in the extremities.
At first, a feeling of increased strength, and then of debility and weight.
Weakness and relaxation of the muscles of locomotion, first in fingers and hands, especially in thumb and index-finger, extending all over both extremities, which become heavy and difficult to move.
Limbs numb, as if paralyzed, and again extremely sensitive to touch and motion; more sensitive to a light touch than to a firm grasp.
Trembling in arms and hands.
Sometimes, when lying, a peculiar persistent trembling in muscles under the skin in loins or upper arms, most marked if one suddenly presses on any place.
Trembling of the hands, with constant working of the tendons of the wrist, with the hands turned in.
Trembling of hands.
Mornings on waking, trembling in fingers and hands, aggravated by stimulants; or sometimes, after rising; later, continues all day, painless, worse after keeping still.
Tearing in fingers, often with a benumbed sensation and convulsive attacks.
Relaxation and exhaustion in general locomotion.
Weakness in lower extremities, beginning in knees; gait becomes stumbling, unsteady.
Spasmodic drawings, especially on bending joints, feet, and knees; very painful.
Pains in the legs, going to the nates.
Indescribable aching and pains in the legs, below the knees, and in the feet.
The flesh feels as if torn from the legs, or cut with knives.
Twitchings in muscles of calves and flexors of the feet; become painful and prevent falling asleep.
Numb pain in the marrow of the bones of the legs.
Varicose condition of the veins of the legs.
Tearings in soles of feet.
Formication in the soles.
Inflammation and acute pain in the toes.
Scaly patches, very itchy.
Convulsions, sometimes like chorea.
Convulsions, with a peculiar sensation in head, as of wind, or a painful drawing, as if something twisted and turned in the head.
Convulsions often begin in one extremity; are often confined to one side; sometimes the head is drawn backward, the back bent, the teeth clenched, and eyes distorted.
Convulsions and hysterical paroxysms break out in intemperate women.
Epileptic attacks, generally coming on while standing; sometimes while sitting or lying.
Epilepsy returns after every excess in drinking.
Convulsive-like epileptic attacks.
The whole body trembles, commonly after exertion.
Tottering and shaking.
Trembling of the whole body, especially of the upper extremities, so that he cannot take hold of any object, cannot walk without stumbling, and only with difficulty control the lower jaw when speaking, etc.