Dr. S.R. Phatak describes the clinically confirmed symptoms of the homeopathic remedy Cantharis in his Concise Materia Medica, published in 1977….


      Commonly known as Spanish fly, attacks THE URINARY AND SEXUAL ORGANS; perverting their function, and setting violent inflammation, causing frenzied delirium. Its action is rapid and intense. INFLAMMATIONS ARE VIOLENTLY ACUTE, or rapidly destructive; in the mucous and serous membranes. PAINS ARE CUTTING, SMARTING OR BURNING-BITING or as if raw, causing mental excitement. Discharges are bloody, acrid, watery, tenacious. Sudden attacks of weakness that takes the voice away. Serous effusions. Nephritis; acute parenchymatous. Expels moles, dead foetus, placenta; promotes fecundity. Hemiplegia of (right) side, with aphasia. In any condition when the urine is scanty, cutting and burning Cantharis should be considered. Convulsions, with dysuria and hydrophobic symptoms. Excitement, during pains. Valuable remedy for burns and scalds. Painful urination, as a concomitant in any diseased condition.


      Warmth. Rest. Rubbing.


      URINATING. Drinking; cold. Bright objects. Sound of water. Touch esp. larynx. Coffee.


      Amorous frenzy. Acute mania; of sexual type. Excessive sexual desire; not better by coition. Paroxysms of rage with crying, barking, biting and worse by bright objects; by touching the larynx, drinking cold water. Sudden loss of consciousness, with red face, (dentition). Constantly attempts to do something but accomplishes nothing. Sings lewd songs. Prattles about genitals, urine, faeces. Insolent, contradictory mood.


      Sensation of burning or as of boiling water in brain. Head heavy; aches from bathing or washing. Hair falls when combing.


      Objects look yellow. Fiery sparkling, staring look.


      Sensation as if wind were coming from ear or hot air.


      Pale wretched, death-like. Expression of extreme suffering, terror or despair. Hot and red. Itching vesicles on face. Jaws tightly closed; acute mania.


      Grinding of the teeth, with lock-jaw. Burning in mouth, pharynx and throat. Swelled tremulous tongue; edges raw. Saliva disgustingly sweet.


      As if on fire. Painfully constricted; great difficulty in swallowing liquids. Full of blisters.


      Burning thirst; but aversion to all fluids. Violent retching and vomiting. Sensitiveness over stomach; slightest pressure produces convulsions. Aggravation from drinking coffee, even in small quantity. Aversion to everything.


      Violent burning pain through the whole intestinal tract; with painful sensitiveness to touch. SHREDDY BURNING STOOLS, with tenesmus of rectum and bladder, with shuddering after stools. Dysentery or diarrhoea, with dysuria. Cutting in rectum partially better by flatus, entirely by stools. Constipation, with retention of urine. Desire for stool while urinating.

Urinary Organs

      Kidney region very sensitive. URINE; BURNING, SCALDING; WITH CUTTING INTOLERABLE URGING, AND FEARFUL TENESMUS OR DRIBBLING. Strangury. Dysuria. Bloody urine. Griping in bladder. Acute nephritis; nephritic colic; cystitis. Dropsy. Renal colic better somewhat by pressure on glans penis. Atony of bladder, from long retention of urine.


      Painful swelling of genitals. Priapism. Pulls at penis. Sexual desire increased not better by coitus. Bloody semen. Pollutions. Gonorrhoea. Burning in urethra, after coition.


      Nymphomania. Cutting burning in ovaries; ovaritis. Menses, too early; too profuse, blood black or scanty. Breasts painful, with dysuria. Expels moles, dead foetus and placenta. Pruritus, with strong sexual desire; at climaxis. leucorrhoea, with sexual excitement, causing itching and masturbation.

Respiratory organs

      Voice hoarse, feeble. Tenacious mucus in air passages. Short dry coughing spells. Pleurisy with exudation. Chest pains better eructations. Burning in chest. Stitches at sternum.


      Tendency to syncope. Pericarditis with effusion. Pulse; feeble, irregular.

Neck and Back:

      Emprosthotonos and opisthotonos. Pain in loins with frequent desire to urinate.


      Knees totter when ascending steps. Ulcerative pain in soles, cannot step.


      Vesicular eruptions; turning black; with burning and itching. Erysipelas; vesicular. Burns and scalds, better cold water. Tendency to gangrene. Eruptions burn when touched.


      Chilly; as if cold water poured over him; during stool. Hands and feet cold. Urinous sweat; on genitals.


      Apis; Ars; Merc-c.



S.R. Phatak
A pioneer of Homoeopathy in Maharashtra, Dr Shankar Raghunath Phatak was born on 6th September, 1896. He did his MBBS from Grant Medical College, in 1924. Started his practice but somehow not satisfied with Allopathic Treatment.

He was convinced about Homoeopathy while going through Sir William Osler's writings on 'History of Medicine' so switched over to an entirely Homoeopathic Practice in 1932. He also started working on Homoeopathic literature along with his Practice.

He has contributed immensely to homoeopathic literature. He was an ardent follower of Dr Boger. His Repertory is based on Boger's ''A Synoptic key to Materia Medica'.