Bryonia Alba

Dr. S.R. Phatak describes the clinically confirmed symptoms of the homeopathic remedy Bryonia Alba in his Concise Materia Medica, published in 1977….


      Bryonia develops a marked action on all SEROUS MEMBRANES and the viscera they contain, causing INFLAMMATION and exudation. It disorders circulation, producing congestion; alters the blood, giving rise, to typhoid, bilious, rheumatic and remittent types of fevers. AVERSION TO LEAST MOTION, even to distant parts, is due to its action on nerves and muscles. Mucous membranes become dry, hence discharges are scanty and adherent. Complaints, develop slowly, but forcibly. Pains are BURSTING; Stitching or heavy sore; going backwards. Effects are very painful; on coughing holds sides, chest, head. Joints painful. Streaks of red-lymphangitis. Gastro-bilious-rheumatic constitution. Every spot in the body is painful to pressure. Dropsical swellings gradually increase as the day progresses and disappear during the night. Children dislike to be carried or raised. Physical weakness; on slightest exertion; all pervading apathy. Ill effects; of anger, fright; chagrin. Suppressed eruptions and discharges. Alcohol. Gluttony. Wounds. Complaints from taking cold drinks, in hot weather. Often indicated in injury of the joint when Arnica fails. Muscles become hard, after neuralgia. Dryness everywhere, of mouth, throat etc. It is adapted to nervous dry, slender people. Right sided effects. Vicarious bleeding.


      MOTION-LEAST; RAISING UP; STOOPING; COUGHING; EXERTION; DEEP BREATHING. Dry cold or heat. BECOMING HOT; IN ROOM. Hot weather. Drinking; while hot. EATING. Vegetables. Acids. Calomel. VEXATION. TOUCH. Suppressions. Taking cold. Early a.m.


      PRESSURE; LYING ON PAINFUL PART. Bandaging. COOL OPEN AIR. QUIET. Cloudy, damp days. Drawing knees up. Heat to inflamed part. Descending. Sitting up. Cold food, drink.


      Very irritable and ugly in behaviour. Determined. Taciturn. Delirium, wants to go home, thinking he is not there. Talks of business. Wants to be let alone. Desire for things which are rejected when offered. Dull. Apprehension and dread for future. Despair of being cured, with fear of death.


      DIZZY OR FAINT ON RISING UP. Vertigo felt in occiput. BURSTING; SPLITTING OR HEAVY crushing headache; fronto- occipital worse moving eyes, coughing, straining at stools etc. Vertigo; as though all objects are whirling, or as if sinking deep down in the bed, better cold. Pain over left eye, pressive, going to occiput, thence spreading over whole body. Scalp very sensitive, cannot bear even a soft brush, every hair pains. Oily hair. Headache; from ironing; when constipated.


      Eyeballs sore; pains behind the eyeballs. Glaucoma. Lachrymation, during day esp. in the sun. Lids swollen and puffed.


      Aural vertigo. Ringing, humming in ears. Vicarious bleeding from ears.


      Nose bleeding; vicarious; when menses should appear; in pregnancy. Swelling of tip of the nose, feels as if it would ulcerate when touched. Boils. Descending colds.


      Dark red, hot, bloated. Chewing motions, in brain affections, of children. Lips; dry, as if burnt, parched, cracked, wants to moisten them. Burning of lower lip in old smokers. Picking of lips.


      Dry. Tongue; very dry, rough, coated along centre; red at base. Taste BITTER, cannot swallow food, better cold drinks. Toothache better cold water, worse brushing teeth. Jerking toothache when smoking or chewing tobacco. Collection of soapy, frothy saliva.


      Hawks brown lumps, with effort. Throat; dry, scraping roughness in. Back of throat seems swollen. Aphthous patches; recurring.


      THIRST, FOR LARGE QUANTITY OF COLD WATER; also for warm drinks which better. Craves what he cannot relish. Loathing for food. Nausea worse rising up, lying on right side. Bitter vomiting; of bile and water, immediately after eating. Vomits solid food only. Heavy load in stomach worse eating. Stomach sensitive to touch. Great desire for coffee, wine and acid drinks. Aversion to milk, but when he takes it he relishes it. Tasteless eructations. Vomits warm drinks. Drinks hastily and eagerly.


      Epigastrium; tender, throbbing. Liver, heavy, sore swollen, better lying on it. Abdominal wall very tender. Appendicitis. Peritonitis. Stools; LARGE DRY, VERY HARD, as if burnt; loose, painless, undigested, involuntary, during sleep. Constipation. Diarrhoea; gushing worse in the morning, on rising, eating cabbage. Diarrhoea; in hot weather; after cold drinks. Lumps of tough mucus, after stools. Burning in anus, with stools. Yellow, mushy stools. Jaundice. Groins sore before menses. Complaints from over lifting, concussion.

Urinary Organs

      Urine; red, brown like beer; scanty, hot. Inclination to make water, with suspended respiration on lifting loads. Involuntary urination during exertion. Burning in urethra, when not urinating.


      Menses; suppressed with vicarious discharges or splitting headache. Pain in breast at menstrual period. Breast; hot and painful, hard. Milk fever. Intermenstrual pain, with great abdominal and pelvic soreness. Mastitis, stony hard mammae. Abscess of mammae. Ovaritis. Infant_sore mouth; child does not want to take hold of breast, but after mouth becomes moist it nurses well. Menses; dark, foul. Stitches in the ovaries on taking deep breath. Frequent nosebleed at the appearance of menses.

Respiratory organs

      Cough; DRY, HARD, VERY PAINFUL, at night as of from stomach, must sit up worse eating and drinking. Wants to take deep breath, but cannot or it excites cough. Expectoration; rusty blood streaked or tough. Bronchitis. Asthma. Pneumonia. SHARP STITCHES IN CHEST or at right scapula, worse deep breathing and coughing. Pleurisy. Coming into warm room excites cough. Holds chest, or presses the sternum when coughing. Dry friction sound. Cough, with sneezing.


      Stitches in cardiac region. Pulse; FULL, QUICK, harsh.

Neck and Back:

      Intrascapular numbness or pain going to epigastrium or from left scapula to heart. Painful stiffness of neck. Pain in the small of back worse walking or turning. Stitches and stiffness in small of back. Lumbago worse stooping.


      Joints red, swollen hot. Pins and needles in soles, preventing walking. Constant motion of left arm and leg, with sighing. Swelling of elbow. Knees totter and bend under him when walking. Tendency to run backwards. Sciatica better Lying quietly and Lying on painful side.


      Dreams; of hard work, about household affairs, about business of the day, in delirium. Drowsy. Starting when falling asleep. Walks in sleep.


      Chill with hot head and red face; worse warm room. Dry burning heat; with worse of all the symptoms. Blood seems hot. Painful continued fevers. Sweat; sour or oily.


      Slow development or sudden receding of rash, in eruptive fevers. Undeveloped measles. Skin; yellow, pale swollen, dropsical.


      Phyt; Rhus-t.


      Abrot; Alum; Kali-c; Lyc; Nat-m; Rhus-t; Sep; Sulph.

S.R. Phatak
A pioneer of Homoeopathy in Maharashtra, Dr Shankar Raghunath Phatak was born on 6th September, 1896. He did his MBBS from Grant Medical College, in 1924. Started his practice but somehow not satisfied with Allopathic Treatment.

He was convinced about Homoeopathy while going through Sir William Osler's writings on 'History of Medicine' so switched over to an entirely Homoeopathic Practice in 1932. He also started working on Homoeopathic literature along with his Practice.

He has contributed immensely to homoeopathic literature. He was an ardent follower of Dr Boger. His Repertory is based on Boger's ''A Synoptic key to Materia Medica'.