– The normal temperature of the body is 98.4 degree of the Fahrenheit scale. When it rises above this there is fever. Slight fluctuations are not of any great consequence, but if it rises above 100 degree there is cause for a certain amount of anxiety to ascertain the cause and when above 104 degree there is ground for alarm. It is not often that patients recover after the temperature has registered 106 degree.
Fever may be due to many causes. It may be simple fever and due to cold, disordered stomach, or mental emotions. The infectious fevers are due to blood poisoning, the poison being the contagious principle of the fever. Ague and malarial fevers arise from poisoning with marsh miasm. Inflammation of all kinds are attended with more or less fever, but in this case the fever is only symptomatic.
The specific fevers will be dealt with under their own headings. I only speak here of Simple Fever.
Simple Fever. – This may be the result of a chill, of overloading the stomach, or of fright. The temperature seldom rises very high. There may be headache, restlessness, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhoea.
General Treatment. – The patient must be kept quiet and have plenty of water to drink. The diet must be of the lightest. No solid food must be given, and when it is the result of overloading the stomach no food at all, only water sufficient to allay thirst, for a day or two until the stomach is right.
Medicines.-(Every hour or two.)
-Most cases of simple fever, especially following a chill or fright. Heat, restlessness, thirst, anxiety, are the leading indications.
-Flushed face; dry mouth and throat; headache.
-Fever with disordered stomach, white tongue, bitter taste in mouth, vomiting.
-Bilious fever; loaded tongue; heavy dull appearance; diarrhoea.